JaLCDOI 10.18926/46995
フルテキストURL mfe_36_1_001_006.pdf
著者 Kondou, Ryouji| Abe, Takeji| Tada, Naoya| Shimizu, Ichiro|
抄録 Change in crystal orientation and strain of individual grains during tensile plastic deformation are studied to clarify on the microscopic deformation behavior of polycrystalline copper. The orientation of grain is measured by electron backscatter diffraction (EBSD) technique in the scanning electron microscope. The principal strain of grain is also measured by obtaining the approximated ellipse of strain distribution. The deformation of grains dependent on their initial orientation and the rotation of the principal strain during uniaxial tension are clarified.
キーワード Polycrystalline Copper Plastic Deformation SEM EBSD Method Grain Orientation Crystal Orientation Map
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 2001-12
36巻
1号
開始ページ 1
終了ページ 6
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120003497021
JaLCDOI 10.18926/46976
フルテキストURL mfe_37_2_005_012.pdf
著者 Abe, Takeji| Sato, Takashi|
抄録 Cork is a material that has many characteristics, for instance, light weight, elasticity, insulation against heat, impermeability for liquid, and so forth. There are two types of cork, the natural and the agglomerated corks. In the present paper, compression tests of the natural and the agglomerated cork specimens were carried out. The compression test were done in various directions. Compressive stress was measured by a original compression apparatus, and stress-strain curves were obtained in various directions of the cork specimens. In the natural cork, there are differences between the radial and the non-radial direction. The recovery of dimensions after compression was also studied in respective directions. The structure of the deformed surface was observed by a scanning electron microscope.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 2003-03
37巻
2号
開始ページ 5
終了ページ 12
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 80015999990
JaLCDOI 10.18926/19674
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_33_2_71.pdf
著者 鶴田 健二| 東辻 浩夫| 東辻 千枝子|
抄録 A parallel tight-binding molecular dynamics with an order-N [O(N))] algorithm is implemented to perform large-scale simulation of nanostructured materials. The algorithm is based on the Fermi-operator expansion of an electronic energy and force, and we present its basic formalisms. Accuracy necessary for molecular-dynamics simulations can be obtained by a proper truncation in the expansion. Parallel efficiency on a parallel PC cluster shows nearly ideal scaling behavior with respect to the number of processors. Applicability of the method to a silicon-carbide system is examined.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 1999-04-27
33巻
2号
開始ページ 71
終了ページ 77
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002309027
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15409
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_29_2_5.pdf
著者 稲葉 英男| Tu Ping| 尾崎 公一|
抄録 Transient characteristics of the rectangular latent heat storage vessel packed with shape-stabilized phase change (solid-liquid) material (PCM) are investigated numerically by solving the governing equations of both the PCM and the heat transfer medium(water) simultaneously as a conjugate problem with the finite difference technique. It's found that the heat storage characteristics are greatly affected by the flow direction of the heat transfer medium since the natural and forced convection coexists in the heat storage vessel. That is, it is classified that the effectively thermal efficiency of the latent heat storage system is obtained by the downflow along vertical PCM for heat storage process and the upflow for heat release process. The effect of the inlet velocity of heat transfer medium(water) on transient heat characteristics of the latent heat storage system is also revealed in the present study.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 1995-03-27
29巻
2号
開始ページ 5
終了ページ 12
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002307377
JaLCDOI 10.18926/47022
フルテキストURL mfe_36_2_007_013.pdf
著者 Abe, Takeji| Nagao, Makoto| Ohta, Tomoyuki| Nagayama, Noriyuki|
抄録 It is important to study the microscopic deformation behavior of inhomogeneous material, for most engineering materials are inhomogeneous. The aim of the present study is to clarify by numerical analysis some features of microscopic plastic strain distributions, the mean flow stress and the material factors affecting on it. The rigid-plastic solution is important not only for plastic deformation problems with large strain, but also for creep deformation problems through the plastic analogy in the creep analysis. The effects of material parameter and loading conditions on the deformation behavior of the material are examined and discussed based on the result of calculation. The effects of the aspect ratio of the inhomogeneous regions on the deformation mode are studied. The patterns of the strain concentration and the averaged flow stress of the inhomogeneous material are also discussed. The results of rigid-plastic material are compared with those of the elastic material.
キーワード Plasticity Deformation Inhomogeneous Material Strain Concentration Coefficient Rigid-Plastic FEM
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 2002-03
36巻
2号
開始ページ 7
終了ページ 13
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120003497044
JaLCDOI 10.18926/14059
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_42_48.pdf
著者 東辻 千枝子| Miyake Takashi| Nakanishi Kenta| 鶴田 健二| 東辻 浩夫|
抄録 Based on the mapping introduced by the classical-map hypernetted-chain (CHNC) method, classical numerical simulations, Monte Carlo and molecular dynamics, have been applied to the twodimensional electron fluid and the results are compared with those of quantum Monte Carlo simulations hitherto reported. It is shown that polarization properties of the ground state obtained by the diffusion Monte Carlo method are reproduced within the accuracy of quantum simulations by both of two mapping functions for the quantum temperature which have been proposed within the CHNC method. These results may serve as the basis of numerical simulations based on the CHNC method which are applicable to finite non-periodic systems like quantum dots and systems at finite temperatures.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 2008-01
42巻
1号
開始ページ 48
終了ページ 52
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002308425
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15447
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_28_1_129.pdf
著者 谷口 健男| 廣瀬 壮一| Ouchterlony Finn| Nakagawa Kohji| Miyaji Akihiko| Fukuoka Yasufumi|
抄録 The testing method of rock toughness is proposed by the international society of rock mechanics (ISRM), but the results may be influenced by the test pieces, and the details of the crack propagation and the stress intensity factors are not clarified through the testing. Also the experimental test requires tedious works for the preparation of test specimen and economical responsibility. The present study aims to simulate numerically the rock toughness testing which is proposed by ISRM. For this purpose, the authors propose a numerical method which can simulate the experimental testing, and they show the propriety of the proposed method by comparing the results with the experimental and other numerical methods. At the same time, they clarify the details of crack propagation behaviors in rocks, and show the change of the stress intensity factors. The proposed method is based on the displacement-type finite element method, and several techniques are introduced to obtain accurate solution of the mechanical behavior near the crack-tip area.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 1993-11-30
28巻
1号
開始ページ 129
終了ページ 138
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002307126
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15460
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_28_2_45.pdf
著者 東辻 浩夫| 橋本 成仁| 奈良 重俊|
抄録 Difficulties in simulating systems composed of classical and quantum particles lie in the treatment of the many-body interactions between quantum particles and the geometrical variety of configurations of classical particles. In order to overcome these difficulties, we have developed some numerical methods and applied them to simple cases. As for stationary states, the finite element method provides us with sufficient geometrical freedom. Combined with the Kohn-Sham equation based on the density functional theory, this method virtually satisfies our requirement. In order to investigate time-dependent phenomena, we apply the time-dependent Kohn-Sham equation. Adopting the finite difference method, we are able to follow the development of quantum many-body system. As an example, we estimate the effects of the potential height, the electric field, and many-body interactions in some transition processes in quantum wells coupled by a tunneling barrier. This example is important in itself in relation to semiconductor superlattices and also serves as a benchmark for quantum simulations, variety of geometry corresponding to that of classical particles.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 1994-03-15
28巻
2号
開始ページ 45
終了ページ 52
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002307158
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15487
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_24_1_135.pdf
著者 谷口 健男| 末次 剛| Iwasaki Masaki|
抄録 This paper describes the numerical simulation method of the multi-crack propagation behaviour which appear in a part of civil engineering structures with complex geometrical configuration like steel bridges. Proposed method can treat the interaction of several cracks which locate in a short distance each other, and the process of their growth can be grasped. The method is based on the finite element method, and the linear fracture mechanics is assumed. Proposed method includes following tools for the simulation of the crack propagation behaviour: Automatic Mesh Generators for 3-D, 2-D structural analysis, and 2-D crack propagation analysis, Multi-level Structural Analysis Technique, Estimation Method of the crack growth and the angle of cracks and the modelling method of traffic loadings. The validity of the method is investigated by comparing the result to the experimental one.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 1989-11-29
24巻
1号
開始ページ 135
終了ページ 152
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002307854
JaLCDOI 10.18926/19954
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_44_7.pdf
著者 Maetani Noriaki| Kurose Tomoyuki| 鶴田 健二|
抄録 The lens effect of acoustic waves in a two-dimensional (2D) phononic crystal is studied by numerical simulation based on the finite-difference time-domain (FDTD) method. We calculate the phonon band structure of 2D phononic crystals, consisting of metal cylinders placed periodically in water. Lens effect is observed by the negative refraction of acoustic waves, which results in refocusing of the waves at the point outside the crystal. To increase the focal intensity, we introduce a 2D phononic crystal shield with a different composition of material, which returns the incident waves back to the lens via the perfect reflection. Also, the dependence on filling fraction of metal in the crystal is studied.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 2010-01
44巻
開始ページ 7
終了ページ 12
ISSN 1349-6115
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002309019
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15508
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_25_2_25.pdf
著者 Nsunge Felix Chintu| 冨田 栄二| 浜本 嘉輔|
抄録 A suddenly started cold methane gas jet issuing from a 1 mm diameter orifice into still air at Mach one has been predicted using the two-equation, high Reynolds number version of k-ε turbulence model and SIMPLE algorithm which employs so called primitive variables and a hybrid scheme for treating combined diffusion and convection. Global trends of predicted radial distributions of velocity, temperature, methane concentration in the steady rear part of the transient jet and axial jet tip penetration compare reasonably well with universal profiles representing measurement for the steady jet particularly in the fully developed turbulent core and semi-empirical relation for the transient jet respectively. The prediction scheme has shown reasonably good accuracy especially in prediction of main flow parameters of a transient, high speed compressible gas jet issuing into a dissimilar surrounding gas(binary gas mixture jet).
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 1991-03-28
25巻
2号
開始ページ 25
終了ページ 38
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002307676
JaLCDOI 10.18926/19637
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_32_43.pdf
著者 東辻 千枝子| Matsubara Takeo|
抄録 Large isotope effects have been observed in various kinds of hydrogen bonded ferro / antiferroelectrics. In clariflying their origin, themodynamic properties of the hydrogen bond are of essential importance. Two numerical methods are applied to analyze the model for isolated hydrogen bond at finite temperatures and the results of excited energy levels of proton or deuteron are examined. It is found that the second excited state is not far enough from the first excited state to be neglected discussing themodynamic properties of hydrogen especially in their ordered states.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 1998-04-20
32巻
1-2号
開始ページ 43
終了ページ 54
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002309098
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15440
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_28_1_71.pdf
著者 西垣 誠| Sudinda Teddy| Hishiya Tomoyuki| 河野 伊一郎|
抄録 In this paper, method of Eulerian Lagrangian numerical analysis is used to described Advection-Dispersion phenomena. The influence of concentration to the density of fluid is considered. A laboratory model of a two dimensional confined aquifer containing an isotropic, homogeneous porous medium (Hosokawa et.al 1989) was used to validate the applicability of Advection-Dispersion of numerical analysis with steady and unsteady state condition [1].
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 1993-11-30
28巻
1号
開始ページ 71
終了ページ 85
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002307975
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15461
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_28_2_53.pdf
著者 東辻 千枝子| Matsubara Takeo| Miyata Satoru|
抄録 One of the best known solid solution of perovskites is the PbTiO(3)-PbZrO(3) system which is usually abbreviated as PZT. In the phase diagram of this system, there is a drastic phase change from tetragonal to rhombohedral at the molar ratio around 50:50. The PZT crystals are widely used as a practical piezoelectric material because of its very strong piezoelectric effect near this morphotropic phase boundary. We try to explain this anomaly in piezoelectric constant by a phenomenological theory.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 1994-03-15
28巻
2号
開始ページ 53
終了ページ 58
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002307223
JaLCDOI 10.18926/20012
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_29_1_15.pdf
著者 東辻 千枝子| Matsubara, Takeo| Obuchi, Masumi|
抄録 A molecular orbital approach to the electronic structure of C(60) molecule is formulated on the basis of optimized bond orbital model and the stability of the truncated icosahedron structure is examined.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 1994-11-30
29巻
1号
開始ページ 15
終了ページ 22
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002310919
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15358
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_35_63.pdf
著者 Shinomiya Shigeru| 東辻 千枝子| 鶴田 健二| 東辻 浩夫|
抄録 We present a theoretical study of Si(1-x)Ge(x) alloys based on tight-binding molecular dynamics (TBMD) calculations. First, we introduce a new set of nonorthogonal tight-binding parameters for silicon and germanium based on the previous work by Menon and Subbaswamy [Phys. Rev. B 55, 9231 (1997); J. Phys: Condens. Matter 10, 10991 (1998)]. We then apply the method to structural analyses of Si(1-x)Ge(x) alloys. The equilibrium volume and atomic structure for a given x are obtained by the TBMD method. We also calculate the bulk modulus B, elastic constants C(11), C(12) and C(44) as a function of x. The results show that the moduli vary monotonically, but nonlinearly, between the values of Si crystal and Ge crystal. The validity of the results is also discussed.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 2001-03-27
35巻
1-2号
開始ページ 63
終了ページ 75
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002307673
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15516
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_25_2_115.pdf
著者 谷口 健男| Irie Hirotsugu|
抄録 Nested dissection method is an elimination method for a set of linear algebraic equations with minimum fillins. Physically it divides a domain into four subdomains, and each subdomain is again divided into four. This procedure is repeated till all nodes are included in some subdomains. Using this characteristic, the authors examine the efficiency of the method on the transputer.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 1991-03-28
25巻
2号
開始ページ 115
終了ページ 122
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002307316
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15397
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_30_2_1.pdf
著者 竹元 嘉利| 飛田 守孝| 榊原 精|
抄録 The mechanism of brittle fracture in Ti-14mass % Mo alloy aged for 1x10(6)s at 623K was studied using transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and dynamic hardness test (DHT) on the structure deformed by means of tensile elongation at elevated temperature or cold rolling. Many band products were observed by TEM in either deformed specimens. These band products were identified to neither slips nor twinning bands, moreover, they were different from α , α ' and α " phases. The band product consisted of β phase and granular unknown phase which was transformed by deformation from ω phase. The newly discovered phase, named β" phase, in the band products had a body-centered triclinic structure. The β" was similar to the ω zone with respect to the morphology and the concentration of Mo, but it resembled β in structure. The result of DHT on the band products and the matrix showed that the band products were softer than the matrix. It is suggested that the band products are easily deformed because of the disappearance of obstacles such as ω phase, and consequently behave like paths to lead cracks preferentially.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 1996-03-29
30巻
2号
開始ページ 1
終了ページ 7
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002307225
JaLCDOI 10.18926/19673
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_33_2_61.pdf
著者 東辻 浩夫| 鶴田 健二| 東辻 千枝子|
抄録 The behavior of multicomponent plasmas in the Penning-Malmberg traps is discussed with the parameters corresponding to experiments with antiprotons and cryogenic electrons. The relaxation times for the energy transfer antiprotons to electrons and between parallel and perpendicular components of electrons are estimated. It is shown that, depending on the values of parameters, both the former and the latter can be the bottleneck in the cooling process.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 1999-04-27
33巻
2号
開始ページ 61
終了ページ 69
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002309106
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15501
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_24_2_67.pdf
著者 名合 宏之| 前野 詩朗|
抄録 Many hydraulic structures are damaged by under flood flow and storm waves year after year. Many cases of dike and breakwater failure are caused by the suck out of sand from behind the revetment. This type of failure will be in close relation to the dynamic behavior of sand bed around the revetment. In this paper, from this point of view, we investigated the basic characteristics of such sand movement by small model tests and tried to explain the hydro- and soil-mechanical mechanism of this phenomenon theoretically.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 1990-03-29
24巻
2号
開始ページ 67
終了ページ 78
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002307928