JaLCDOI 10.18926/17833
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_43_27.pdf
著者 東辻 浩夫|
抄録 When the Coulomb coupling between fine particles becomes sufficiently strong in fine particle plasmas, the isothermal compressibility of the whole system diverges and we have a phase separation and an associated critical point. Experimental conditions of fine particle plasmas, densities and temperatures of components and the fine particle size, are obtained corresponding to characteristic parameters around the critical point and the dependency on ion species and other factors is discussed.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 2009-01
43巻
開始ページ 27
終了ページ 31
ISSN 1349-6115
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002308947
JaLCDOI 10.18926/17835
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_43_32.pdf
著者 馬渕 周治| 小西 正躬| 今井 純|
抄録 A tractor-trailer vehicle in the factory might move on the route determined beforehand. However, automation of a tractor-trailer vehicle is difficult so that it is necessary to consider the nonlinearity of a vehicle and a trailer. In this research, the effective tracking control method of a tractor-trailer vehicle is proposed. The control method using time-state control form for a preview control is presented, and be applied a tractor-trailer vehicle with nonholonomic characteristics. Results of numerical experiments are presented to check effectiveness of the proposed control method.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 2009-01
43巻
開始ページ 32
終了ページ 38
ISSN 1349-6115
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002308736
JaLCDOI 10.18926/17837
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_43_39.pdf
著者 桑嶋 崇行| 今井 純| 小西 正躬|
抄録 This paper presents method of the controller design for one link arm with parametric uncertainty. Recently, many manufacturing robots are operated in manufacturing facilities, with the aim of labor and cost saving or improvement of the productivity. Such robots need to have positioning performance of high precision. In condition that there is an uncertainty in plant dynamics, desired control performance may not be attained because the controller is designed according to the mathematical model of a plant. So it is important that the designed control system have a robust control performance. In this paper, the robust controller is designed using Quantitative Feedback Theory (QFT) for one link arm with parametric uncertainty. Simulation experiments are run for control system designed by using QFT and conventional method. The results are compared with each other and it is found that the control system designed by QFT shows a robust performance and can suppress the unevenness of output against parametric uncertainty.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 2009-01
43巻
開始ページ 39
終了ページ 48
ISSN 1349-6115
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002308875
JaLCDOI 10.18926/17839
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_43_49.pdf
著者 赤松 慎也| 小西 正躬| 今井 純|
抄録 In this paper, the controlled target is the SCARA robot with two links, and the object is fine control of the arm head position of the robot. To attain the object, Internal Model Control (IMC) is introduced. A nonlinear equations are for robot dynamics formulated by solving Lagrange equation, and is linearized to design control system by IMC. The controller of IMC is designed or synthesisted as the inverse system of the linearized model, and IMC filter model is selected. Also, reference filter is introduced to make the improvement of performance. The result of control performance by IMC is compared with that of PID numerically, accuracy and incoherency are confirmed.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 2009-01
43巻
開始ページ 49
終了ページ 54
ISSN 1349-6115
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002308854
JaLCDOI 10.18926/17841
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_43_55.pdf
著者 井上 真一郎| 小西 正躬| 今井 純|
抄録 In this research, an image processing method and a system for inspection support of a rod figured cutting tool are developed. As is well known, the visual inspection of a cutting tool by image processing is not easy, because cutting blade have a helical blade structure. To cope with the problem, an experimental facility with rotation and longitudinal tool shift functions to enable acquisition of blade surface pictures along a cutting rod is developed. The type of the defect treated in this paper is the spot of coating on blade surface. To judge the quality of the processed image of blade surface, neural network with autonomous learning is used. The processed image of cutting tool is divided into 64 × 64 blocks used for the input to the neural networks. Before input, each block data is preprocessed applying a edge detection filter and a transformation by the discrete fourier transform (DFT). Using these technologies, the experimental inspection system is built and tested to check the capabilities of the inspection algorithms. The diagnostic performance of the surface defect of a cutting tool was confirmed. There remained a problem to mis judge the normal tools as the defect.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 2009-01
43巻
開始ページ 55
終了ページ 60
ISSN 1349-6115
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002308973
JaLCDOI 10.18926/17843
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_43_61.pdf
著者 川村 真央| 小西 正躬| Yamagata, Katuki| Shimomura, Koichi|
抄録 In this research, a Human Interface system is designed intended to mobile crane. The intervention of human is unavoidable to attain the high performance of electro mechanical system. As is known, crane operation is complicated. Recently, the decrease of expert person induced crane accident. So in near future, it is required a partial automation of crane operation and human support technology. We are aiming at the development of the operation support system for a crane. In this research, development of the hydro mechanical models representing both of static and dynamics movements are made. Further, actual experimental data of operating mobile crane, which are electrical signal data and three-dimension (3D) position of moving load is measured. The actual operating data are compared with the model and it is found that the developed electromechanical model can explain the behaviors of actual data.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 2009-01
43巻
開始ページ 61
終了ページ 74
ISSN 1349-6115
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002308930
JaLCDOI 10.18926/17844
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_43_75.pdf
著者 大江 啓太| 小西 正躬| 今井 純|
抄録 As is well known, an advanced knowledge and know-how are needed in the design and the diagnosis work. Further, human experts can cope with the recent trend of customers needs. Therefore, the design and the diagnosis work have been privately performed in the past, and its information cannot be shared. In addition, the number of experts is decreasing. It is a very important problem to maintain and to extend experts technologies having been built up. For the purpose, methods and systems for technical inheritance of the advanced techniques of the skilled engineers are needed to train the unskilled operators and also can assist skilled operators. In this research, attention is focused on the design of analog filter circuit. To attain the target, the circuit structural classifier system to support design work is developed. Furthermore, simulation technology for hot strip rolling mills based on distributed agents is presented aimed to develop tools for the diagnosis of hot strip rolling mills operation.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 2009-01
43巻
開始ページ 75
終了ページ 92
ISSN 1349-6115
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002308900
JaLCDOI 10.18926/17847
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_43_93.pdf
著者 Ueno, Hirokazu| Morikawa, Yoshitaka|
抄録 This paper investigates the relation between error distribution and predictive order of minimum mean abusolute error predictors (MMAE predictors) designed for lossless coding of grayscale images. Design of MMAE predictors reduces to the linear programming problem. Let k be the number of coefficients in a predictor (predictor order), we imagine that predictor order k may have a distribution shaping effect. Main purpose of this paper is to ensure that k has such an effect.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 2009-01
43巻
開始ページ 93
終了ページ 98
ISSN 1349-6115
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002308979
JaLCDOI 10.18926/19584
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_29_1_1.pdf
著者 Uno, Yoshiyuki| Kubota, Shin-ichiro| Yokomizo, Seiichi| Ogata, Kojiro| Tada, Nobuhiko|
抄録 Scribing of copper coated alumina ceramic board with Q-switched YAG laser used for the maskless direct patterning of circuit board is experimentally investigated, which leads to efficient production of trial circuit board. Better dividing of alumina circuit board 655μm in thickness can be attained by the scribing of about 100μm depth. Higher repetition frequency of laser irradiation leads to smaller notch angle and lower breaking load.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 1994-11-30
29巻
1号
開始ページ 1
終了ページ 6
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002309083
JaLCDOI 10.18926/19585
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_29_1_23.pdf
著者 Kawara, Osami| Fukumoto Kohji|
抄録 In this study we investigated the water quality of surface runoff and groundwater runoff from the basins of the Yodo River and the Asahi River based on that separated by a numerical filter. The water quality of the surface runoff is greatly different from the groundwater runoff. The tendency of concentration change in accordance with river discharges is different from each other. The water qtiality of groundwater runoff changes with river discharges clockwise in many cases. The differences of COD and SS originating from those of population and industrial activities in each basin are found in the lower SS concentrations of the surface runoff and the COD cencentrations of the groundwater runoff. The nutrients and chlorine ion were investigated, too.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 1994-11-30
29巻
1号
開始ページ 23
終了ページ 34
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002309068
JaLCDOI 10.18926/19599
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_31_2_53.pdf
著者 Fujihara Yutaka| 大崎 紘一|
抄録 This paper presents a method using simulated annealing(SA) and genetic algorithm(GA) to solve the plant layout problem in which the layout is evaluated by material handling cost and maintainability. In the former study about facility layout problem, it was either the minimization of the objeective function consisting of transport cost or the maximization of the objective function consisting of closeness rating. In this paper, both transport cost and maintainability were included in the objective function to be minimized. The plant layout problem, this paper proposes the heuristic procedures to obtain a suboptimal layout solution by combining SA with GA. From the simulation by computer, it concluded that the method which SA is combined with GA is more efficient than the method which utilizes SA and GA independently.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 1997-03-28
31巻
2号
開始ページ 53
終了ページ 60
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002309131
JaLCDOI 10.18926/19601
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_31_2_61.pdf
著者 Yamada Mitsuru| 大崎 紘一|
抄録 At present, the two dimensional CAD systems which are used to make drawings go around widely. But in order to use design data at the lower stream of production process, the replacement from the two dimensional CAD systems to the three dimensional CAD systems have started. Accordingly it is dimensional drawings for the three dimensional shapes. And it is also necessary to store them in the three dimensional CAD systems. And in the studying of the machine vision which is often used as "Eyes of robot" , it is being studied the method to recognize the three dimensional objects from the two dimensional image. This is the problem about data exchange, too. Therefore in this report, we propose the method to exchange the plural two dimensional elements of figure from image relations between elements were found from reference of the element coordinates. Next, the three dimensional shapes were reasoned from reference of the knowledge (for corner, etc) prepared beforehand. Then that data were exchanged to the three dimensional CAD data. We report one example about this method.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 1997-03-28
31巻
2号
開始ページ 61
終了ページ 65
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002309050
JaLCDOI 10.18926/19603
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_31_2_67.pdf
著者 Li Zhenzi| 大崎 紘一| 梶原 康博|
抄録 In this paper, we propose the price determination method using the parameter of the price elasticity that shows the relation between price and demand. Firstly, the state of the price elasticity is examined under the condition that the relation between price and demand are assumed by the inverse proportional function, the linear function and the quadratic function. Secondly, the profit is estimated for each product by break even point analysis. And the price is determined under the condition that the relation between the demand and price is shown by one of three demand-pridce functions above mentioned.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 1997-03-28
31巻
2号
開始ページ 67
終了ページ 72
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002309056
JaLCDOI 10.18926/19604
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_33_1_1.pdf
著者 榊原 精| Kanadani, Teruto|
抄録 Aging of diolute Al-Ag alloys after quenching from low temperatures were studied mainly by electrical resistometry. Maximum resistivity observed in the aging curve of specimens quenched from high temeperature disappeared when the quenching temperature was lowered to 473 or 453K. When the quenching temperature was lowered further to 423K or lower, however, maximum resistivity reappeared. At the temperature lower than or equal to 423K but higher than the GP zone solvus, the alloys were not homogeneous but had clusters of solute atoms or fluctuation of solute concentration. Inhomogeneous distribution of solute atoms may affect the aging behavior after quenching from that temperature.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 1998-11-30
33巻
1号
開始ページ 1
終了ページ 4
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002309092
JaLCDOI 10.18926/19606
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_33_1_5.pdf
著者 阿部 武治| Namikoshi Ryuji| Nagayama Noriyuki| Takano Yasuju|
抄録 The influence of the slip between the inclusion and the matrix during the plastic deformation of inhomogeneous material with elliptic inclusions is investigated. The material is assumed to be rigid-plastic. The boundary slip region is modeled by assuming lower yield stress for the thin boundary region than those of the inclusion and the matrix. The rigid-plastic finite element method is used for the numerical calculation under the plane strain condition. The effects of the aspect ratio of the inclusion, the yield stress of the boundary region, and the volume fraction of the inclusion on the deformation mode are studied. The patterns of the strain concentration and the averaged flow stress of the inhomogeneous material are also discussed. The results may be helpful for understanding creep or superplastic deformation of metals with inclusions.
キーワード Plasticity Composite Material Sliding Inclusions Rigid-Plastic Deformation Finite Element Method
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 1998-11-30
33巻
1号
開始ページ 5
終了ページ 17
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002309204
JaLCDOI 10.18926/19618
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_33_1_59.pdf
著者 Fujihara Yutaka| 大崎 紘一|
抄録 In this paper, we propose a method to solve simultaneously facility layout problem and scheduling problem. About a initial random layout planning, the production scheduling and the transportation scheduling of AGV are obtained by using priority rules. From the obtained transportation scheduling, the critical transportation and the closeness rating are obtained. Facility layout is renewed by the combined procedure of genetic algorithm and tabu search in order to reduce the material handling cost. By using this renewed facility layout, the production scheduling and the transportation scheduling of AGV are also revised until no further improvement is possible.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 1998-11-30
33巻
1号
開始ページ 59
終了ページ 64
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002308989
JaLCDOI 10.18926/19619
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_31_1_1.pdf
著者 榊原 精| Nakagawa, Keiyu| Hosokawa, Norio| Kanadani, Teruto|
抄録 Dependence of precipitation hardening on the distance from specimen surface and effect of the surface layer on the fatigue strength of an Al-1.2mass% Si alloy were studied by microhardness test, transmission electron microscopy and repeated tension fatigue test. Rate of age-hardening was slower in the vicinity of surface than in the interior of the specimen aged at 423K after quenching from 853K. The result of the electron microscopy was that the size ot Si precipitates formed in the vicinity of surface was smaller than in the interior of specimen aged for 6ks at 423K. This difference was considered to be caused by the effect of the surface as vacancy sinks which slowed down the growh of Si precipitates in the vicinity of the specimen surface. A specimen surface layer whose hardness was different from that of the specimen interior was formed at the vicinity of the surface when the specimen was aged at relatively low temperature such as 423K. The fatigue strength in repeated tensile test ot the specimen did not depend on whether the specimen surface layer was present or not.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 1996-12-27
31巻
1号
開始ページ 1
終了ページ 3
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120005816788
JaLCDOI 10.18926/19632
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_32_7.pdf
著者 Adli| 山本 尚武|
抄録 This paper describes a new measurment method and principle of power line interference elimination in ECG signal using inverse loop and AC power line configuration (APC). First, we considered that magnetic induction effect not only depend on a conductive loop area that formed by shielded wires that connect the object and amplifier but also effect of body area effective must be considered. It is simple and useful because interference can be eliminated to very small value show that the condition and it can be applied in a real ECG signal recording. Second, results show that the contribution of displacement currents into the object especially APC in vertical configuration is smaller than it in other one. Because this method is so easy that it is convenient to be used to understand some aspects of power line interference elimination phenomenon. Hence we expect that this method can be used as one of improvement method in measurement system of ECG signal recording.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 1998-04-20
32巻
1-2号
開始ページ 7
終了ページ 14
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002309065
JaLCDOI 10.18926/19636
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_32_23.pdf
著者 東辻 浩夫| 岸本 篤也| 東辻 千枝子|
抄録 Parameters characterizing the structure ot confined Yukawa system are estimated for 'dusty plasmas', clouds of charged macroscopic particles formed near the boundary between plasma and the sheath and leviated by negatively biased electrode. When we have dust particles with different ratios of charge to mass, they form a two-dimensional Yukawa mixture or separate two-dimensional one-companent Yukawa systems, depending on the charge density in the sheath and number density of dust particles. In order to provide a basis for numerical simulations on Yukawa mixtures including Coulombic case, we summarize mathematical expressions necessary for molecular dynamics.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 1998-04-20
32巻
1-2号
開始ページ 23
終了ページ 41
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002309150
JaLCDOI 10.18926/19637
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_32_43.pdf
著者 東辻 千枝子| Matsubara Takeo|
抄録 Large isotope effects have been observed in various kinds of hydrogen bonded ferro / antiferroelectrics. In clariflying their origin, themodynamic properties of the hydrogen bond are of essential importance. Two numerical methods are applied to analyze the model for isolated hydrogen bond at finite temperatures and the results of excited energy levels of proton or deuteron are examined. It is found that the second excited state is not far enough from the first excited state to be neglected discussing themodynamic properties of hydrogen especially in their ordered states.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 1998-04-20
32巻
1-2号
開始ページ 43
終了ページ 54
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002309098