JaLCDOI | 10.18926/15372 |
---|---|

フルテキストURL | Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_30_1_25.pdf |

著者 | Sun Yonghao| 加川 幸雄| |

抄録 | Identification of unknown electric charges or sources distributed in space is made from the data observed over the field boundary using dual reciprocity boundary element models. The inhomogeneous term of the Poisson field can equivalently be expressed as the linear combination of the functions associated with the particular solutions to transform into Laplace equation. For the solution procedure, the variational formulation is employed, in which the regular boundary integral approach is incorporated to avoid the singularity. Numerical examples are presented to demonstrate the availability and the capability. |

出版物タイトル | Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University |

発行日 | 1995-12-28 |

巻 | 30巻 |

号 | 1号 |

開始ページ | 25 |

終了ページ | 33 |

ISSN | 0475-0071 |

言語 | English |

論文のバージョン | publisher |

NAID | 120002307314 |

JaLCDOI | 10.18926/19958 |
---|---|

フルテキストURL | Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_44_42.pdf |

著者 | 金谷 健一| Rangrajan Prasanna| |

抄録 | This paper presents a new method for fitting an ellipse to a point sequence extracted from images. It is widely known that the best fit is obtained by maximum likelihood. However, it requires iterations, which may not converge in the presence of large noise. Our approach is algebraic distance minimization; no iterations are required. Exploiting the fact that the solution depends on the way the scale is normalized, we analyze the accuracy to high order error terms with the scale normalization weight unspecified and determine it so that the bias is zero up to the second order. We demonstrate by experiments that our method is superior to the Taubin method, also algebraic and known to be highly accurate. |

出版物タイトル | Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University |

発行日 | 2010-01 |

巻 | 44巻 |

開始ページ | 42 |

終了ページ | 49 |

ISSN | 1349-6115 |

言語 | English |

論文のバージョン | publisher |

NAID | 120002309054 |

JaLCDOI | 10.18926/44496 |
---|---|

フルテキストURL | mfe_045_015_026.pdf |

著者 | Kanatani, Kenichi| Rangrajan, Prasanna| Sugaya, Yasuyuki| Niitsuma, Hirotaka| |

抄録 | We present a new least squares (LS) estimator, called “HyperLS”, specifically designed for parameter estimation in computer vision applications. It minimizes the algebraic distance under a special scale normalization, which is derived by rigorous error analysis in such a way that statistical bias is removed up to second order noise terms. Numerical experiments suggest that our HyperLS is far superior to the standard LS and comparable in accuracy to maximum likelihood (ML), which is known to produce highly accurate results in image applications but may fail to converge if poorly initialized. Our HyperLS is a perfect candidate for ML initialization. In addition, we discuss how image-based inference problems have different characteristics form conventional statistical applications, with a view to serving as a bridge between mathematicians and computer engineers. |

出版物タイトル | Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University |

発行日 | 2011-01 |

巻 | 45巻 |

開始ページ | 15 |

終了ページ | 26 |

ISSN | 1349-6115 |

言語 | English |

著作権者 | Copyright © by the authors |

論文のバージョン | publisher |

NAID | 120002905952 |

JaLCDOI | 10.18926/17844 |
---|---|

フルテキストURL | Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_43_75.pdf |

著者 | 大江 啓太| 小西 正躬| 今井 純| |

抄録 | As is well known, an advanced knowledge and know-how are needed in the design and the diagnosis work. Further, human experts can cope with the recent trend of customers needs. Therefore, the design and the diagnosis work have been privately performed in the past, and its information cannot be shared. In addition, the number of experts is decreasing. It is a very important problem to maintain and to extend experts technologies having been built up. For the purpose, methods and systems for technical inheritance of the advanced techniques of the skilled engineers are needed to train the unskilled operators and also can assist skilled operators. In this research, attention is focused on the design of analog filter circuit. To attain the target, the circuit structural classifier system to support design work is developed. Furthermore, simulation technology for hot strip rolling mills based on distributed agents is presented aimed to develop tools for the diagnosis of hot strip rolling mills operation. |

出版物タイトル | Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University |

発行日 | 2009-01 |

巻 | 43巻 |

開始ページ | 75 |

終了ページ | 92 |

ISSN | 1349-6115 |

言語 | English |

論文のバージョン | publisher |

NAID | 120002308900 |

JaLCDOI | 10.18926/17843 |
---|---|

フルテキストURL | Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_43_61.pdf |

著者 | 川村 真央| 小西 正躬| Yamagata, Katuki| Shimomura, Koichi| |

抄録 | In this research, a Human Interface system is designed intended to mobile crane. The intervention of human is unavoidable to attain the high performance of electro mechanical system. As is known, crane operation is complicated. Recently, the decrease of expert person induced crane accident. So in near future, it is required a partial automation of crane operation and human support technology. We are aiming at the development of the operation support system for a crane. In this research, development of the hydro mechanical models representing both of static and dynamics movements are made. Further, actual experimental data of operating mobile crane, which are electrical signal data and three-dimension (3D) position of moving load is measured. The actual operating data are compared with the model and it is found that the developed electromechanical model can explain the behaviors of actual data. |

出版物タイトル | Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University |

発行日 | 2009-01 |

巻 | 43巻 |

開始ページ | 61 |

終了ページ | 74 |

ISSN | 1349-6115 |

言語 | English |

論文のバージョン | publisher |

NAID | 120002308930 |

JaLCDOI | 10.18926/19959 |
---|---|

フルテキストURL | Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_44_50.pdf |

著者 | 金谷 健一| Niitsuma Hirotaka| Rangrajan Prasanna| |

抄録 | We present highly accurate least-squares (LS) alternatives to the theoretically optimal maximum likelihood (ML) estimator for homographies between two images. Unlike ML, our estimators are non-iterative and yield solutions even in the presence of large noise. By rigorous error analysis, we derive a “hyperaccurate” estimator which is unbiased up to second order noise terms. Then, we introduce a computational simplification, which we call “Taubin approximation”, without incurring a loss in accuracy. We experimentally demonstrate that our estimators have accuracy surpassing the traditional LS estimator and comparable to the ML estimator. |

出版物タイトル | Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University |

発行日 | 2010-01 |

巻 | 44巻 |

開始ページ | 50 |

終了ページ | 59 |

ISSN | 1349-6115 |

言語 | English |

論文のバージョン | publisher |

NAID | 120002308986 |

JaLCDOI | 10.18926/14084 |
---|---|

フルテキストURL | Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_41_1_52.pdf |

著者 | 稲葉 英男| Syahrul Husain| 堀部 明彦| 春木 直人| |

抄録 | The effects of heat and mass transfer parameters on the efficiency of fluidized bed drying have been studied to optimize the input and output conditions. The analysis was carried out using two different materials, wheat and corn. Energy and exergy models based on the first and second law of thermodynamic are developed. Furthermore, some unified non-dimensional experimental correlations for predicting the efficiency of fluidized bed drying process have been proposed. The effects of hydrodynamics and thermodynamics conditions such as the inlet air temperature, the initial moisture content and well known Fourier and Reynolds numbers on energy efficiency and exergy efficiency were analyzed using the developed model. A good agreement was achieved between the model predictions, non-dimensional correlations and the available experimental results. |

出版物タイトル | Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University |

発行日 | 2007-01 |

巻 | 41巻 |

号 | 1号 |

開始ページ | 52 |

終了ページ | 62 |

ISSN | 0475-0071 |

言語 | English |

論文のバージョン | publisher |

NAID | 120002308668 |

JaLCDOI | 10.18926/15390 |
---|---|

フルテキストURL | Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_27_1_27.pdf |

著者 | Hirashima Masao| 稲葉 英男| |

抄録 | Heating and refrigerating technique such as snow melting of road and cold storage by utilizing temperature difference between underground soil and atmosphere is widely used[1-4] in a cold area. In the 1st Report, heat transfer characteristics of two phase closed thermosiphon for extracting geothermal energy is studied fundamentally. In the empirical study, heat extract rate is measured in connection with the change of atmospheric temperature utilizing real two thermosiphons on the site. Temperature distribution on the surface of the thermosiphon and underground soil around it is also measured. Based on the data of the empirical experiment, it is confirmed that prevention of freezing for fire hydrant can be achieved by geothermal heat utilizing two phase closed thermosiphon. Present paper describes the heat transfer behavior of the thermosiphon as the 2nd report. |

出版物タイトル | Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University |

発行日 | 1992-11-25 |

巻 | 27巻 |

号 | 1号 |

開始ページ | 27 |

終了ページ | 32 |

ISSN | 0475-0071 |

言語 | English |

論文のバージョン | publisher |

NAID | 120002307336 |

JaLCDOI | 10.18926/15388 |
---|---|

フルテキストURL | Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_27_1_11.pdf |

著者 | Hirashima Masao| 稲葉 英男| |

抄録 | To prevent freezing of road and aquaduct by extracting geothermal heat with two phase closed thermosiphon has been widely used in a cold area. Both heat transfer characteristics in the underground soil and function of the thermosiphon to extract geothermal heat have to be made clear for the purpose of the above system. This study is directed for the purpose to prevent freezing of fire hydrant and composed of the fundamental experiment and the empirical experiment. In the fundamental study, heat transfer behavior is studied experimentally in the small size filling bath representing the underground soil layer. After recording temperature distribution, heat transfer coefficient is measured, they are proceeded into the correlation between the dimensionless number of Nusselt, Rayleigh and Fourier. The fundamental study is described as the first report. |

出版物タイトル | Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University |

発行日 | 1992-11-25 |

巻 | 27巻 |

号 | 1号 |

開始ページ | 11 |

終了ページ | 26 |

ISSN | 0475-0071 |

言語 | English |

論文のバージョン | publisher |

NAID | 120002307419 |

JaLCDOI | 10.18926/15434 |
---|---|

フルテキストURL | Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_28_1_27.pdf |

著者 | 東辻 浩夫| Tachibana Hiroyuki| Fujimura Hidenori| 奈良 重俊| |

抄録 | The ground states of interacting electrons in coupled quantum wires are analyzed on the basis of the density functional theory. The exchange-correlation potential is calculated from 'exact' results given by the Green's function Monte Carlo method in two and three dimensions. It is shown that the critical density signifying the change from symmetrical to asymmetrical ground state is weakly dependent on the details of the exchange-correlation potential. These critical values are compared with the result of the three-dimensional analysis for a single wire. |

出版物タイトル | Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University |

発行日 | 1993-11-30 |

巻 | 28巻 |

号 | 1号 |

開始ページ | 27 |

終了ページ | 38 |

ISSN | 0475-0071 |

言語 | English |

論文のバージョン | publisher |

NAID | 120002307565 |

JaLCDOI | 10.18926/14055 |
---|---|

フルテキストURL | Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_42_10.pdf |

著者 | 金谷 健一| |

抄録 | The author introduced the "geometric AIC" and the "geometric MDL" as model selection criteria for geometric fitting problems. These correspond to Akaike’s "AIC" and Rissanen's "BIC", respectively, well known in the statistical estimation framework. Another criterion well known is Schwarz’ "BIC", but its counterpart for geometric fitting has been unknown. This paper introduces the corresponding criterion, which we call the "geometric BIC", and shows that it is of the same form as the geometric MDL. We present the underlying logical reasoning of Bayesian estimation. |

出版物タイトル | Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University |

発行日 | 2008-01 |

巻 | 42巻 |

号 | 1号 |

開始ページ | 10 |

終了ページ | 17 |

ISSN | 0475-0071 |

言語 | English |

論文のバージョン | publisher |

NAID | 120002308447 |

JaLCDOI | 10.18926/15386 |
---|---|

フルテキストURL | Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_30_1_111.pdf |

著者 | Ye Ju| 田中 雅博| 谷野 哲三| |

抄録 | Mutation is one of the important operators in genetic algorithm. In traditional genetic algorithm, mutation is activated stochastically. In this way it is unknown and cannot be controlled for which individuals to be mutated. Therefore, it is unavoidable that some good individuals are destroyed by mutation and then the evolutionary efficiency of the genetic algorithm is dampened. Owing to this kind of destructivity of mutation, the operator of mutation has to be limited within a very small probability, and the potentiality of mutation is consequently limited. In this paper, we present an evolutionary chain-based mutation and a control strategy of reasonable competition, in which the heuristic information provided by the evaluation function is well utilized. This method avoids the blindness of stochastic mutation. The performance improved in this method is shown by two examples, a fuzzy modeling for the identification of a nonlinear function and a typical combinatorial optimization problem-the traveling salesman problem. |

出版物タイトル | Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University |

発行日 | 1995-12-28 |

巻 | 30巻 |

号 | 1号 |

開始ページ | 111 |

終了ページ | 120 |

ISSN | 0475-0071 |

言語 | English |

論文のバージョン | publisher |

NAID | 120002307635 |

JaLCDOI | 10.18926/46955 |
---|---|

フルテキストURL | mfe_38_1-2_091_096.pdf |

著者 | Kanayama, Naoki| Yamakoshi, Kimi| Kiyomi, Masaaki| Magari, Masaki| Ohmori, Hitoshi| |

抄録 | Generally, IgM antibodies (Abs) produced in a primary immune response show lower affinity for an inducing antigen (Ag) compared with the corresponding IgG Abs that are major switched isotypes formed in the secondary response. An IgM molecule is a pentamer with 10 Ag-binding sites that will contribute to an increase of avidity for an Ag. To estimate the contribution of the pentameric structure to the avidity of an IgM Ab, we generated IgM and IgG1 monoclonal Abs (mAbs) with identical V regions that are specific for 4-hydroxy-3-nitrophenylacetyl (NP) by in vitro class switching of B cells followed by the cell fusion with a mouse myeloma cell line. Compared with an anti-NP IgG1 mAb, the corresponding IgM mAb showed much higher avidity for NP-conjugated bovine serum albumin, which was drastically reduced after being dissociated into monomers. |

出版物タイトル | Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University |

発行日 | 2004-03 |

巻 | 38巻 |

号 | 1-2号 |

開始ページ | 91 |

終了ページ | 96 |

ISSN | 0475-0071 |

言語 | English |

論文のバージョン | publisher |

NAID | 80017001822 |

JaLCDOI | 10.18926/14122 |
---|---|

フルテキストURL | Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_40_1_44.pdf |

著者 | 菅谷 保之| 金谷 健一| 金沢 靖| |

抄録 | Dense point matches are generated over two images by rectifying the two images to align epipolar lines horizontally, and horizontally sliding a template. To overcome inherent limitations of 2-D search, we incorporate the “naturalness of the 3-D shape” implied by the resulting matches. After stating our rectification procedure, we introduce our multi-scale template matching scheme and our outlier removal technique using tentatively reconstructed 3-D shapes. Doing real image experiments, we discuss the performance of our method and remaining issues. |

出版物タイトル | Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University |

発行日 | 2006-01 |

巻 | 40巻 |

号 | 1号 |

開始ページ | 44 |

終了ページ | 52 |

ISSN | 0475-0071 |

言語 | English |

論文のバージョン | publisher |

NAID | 120002308593 |

JaLCDOI | 10.18926/46978 |
---|---|

フルテキストURL | mfe_37_2_029_044.pdf |

著者 | Imajo, Shuya| Konishi, Masami| Imai, Jun| Nishi, Tatsushi| |

抄録 | In hot strip rolling mills, the looper control system is automated. However, the looper's behavior tends to be unstable in threading. Therefore, human expert always intervenes and stabilizes the looper's behavior by tuning PID gains and interposing manipulation variable of looper control system. In this paper, we propose a method based on the recurrent neural network to express PID gains tuning action by human. Furthermore, we propose two methods to update the model by learning. To check the effectiveness of the proposed learning methods, numerical simulation applied to the looper height control is carried out. |

出版物タイトル | Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University |

発行日 | 2003-03 |

巻 | 37巻 |

号 | 2号 |

開始ページ | 29 |

終了ページ | 44 |

ISSN | 0475-0071 |

言語 | English |

論文のバージョン | publisher |

NAID | 80016037880 |

JaLCDOI | 10.18926/15470 |
---|---|

フルテキストURL | Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_24_1_13.pdf |

著者 | Uno, Yoshiyuki| Nakajima, Toshikatsu| Endo, Osamu| |

抄録 | The generation mechanism of crater in electrical discharge machining is analyzed with a single pulse discharge device for alloy tool steel, black alumina ceramics, cermet and cemented carbide, investigating the gap voltage, the discharge current, the shape of crater, the wear of electrode and so on. The experimental analysis makes it clear that the shape of crater has a characteristic feature for the kind of workpiece. The shape of electrode, which changes with the wear by an electric spark, has a significant effect on the shape of crater. The diameter and the depth of crater have a close relation to the discharge energy for alloy tool steel, black alumina ceramics and cermet, while those for cemented carbide are related to the discharge current. The shape factor which is the ratio of the depth to the diameter of crater is different for the work material. |

出版物タイトル | Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University |

発行日 | 1989-11-29 |

巻 | 24巻 |

号 | 1号 |

開始ページ | 13 |

終了ページ | 24 |

ISSN | 0475-0071 |

言語 | English |

論文のバージョン | publisher |

NAID | 120002307269 |

JaLCDOI | 10.18926/14056 |
---|---|

フルテキストURL | Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_42_18.pdf |

著者 | 金谷 健一| Yasuyuki Sugaya| |

抄録 | We classify and review existing algorithms for computing the fundamental matrix from point correspondences and propose new effective schemes: 7-parameter Levenberg-Marquardt (LM) search, EFNS, and EFNS-based bundle adjustment. Doing experimental comparison, we show that EFNS and the 7-parameter LM search exhibit the best performance and that additional bundle adjustment does not increase the accuracy to any noticeable degree. |

出版物タイトル | Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University |

発行日 | 2008-01 |

巻 | 42巻 |

号 | 1号 |

開始ページ | 18 |

終了ページ | 35 |

ISSN | 0475-0071 |

言語 | English |

論文のバージョン | publisher |

NAID | 120002308468 |

JaLCDOI | 10.18926/15505 |
---|---|

フルテキストURL | Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_24_2_89.pdf |

著者 | 横平 徳美| |

抄録 | This paper considers a test set for an ALU with look ahead carry generators(LCGs). The ALU is logically partitioned into two groups of blocks, the group of one-bit operation units and LCG group. Each group is tested in parallel and exhaustively, independent of the other. And an easily testable design is applied to several blocks for decreasing the number of the input combinations of them. Under the easily testable design, a minimum test set for each group is generated, and the upper and lower bounds for a minimum test for the ALU are derived. The difference of the lower and upper bounds is not large, and a test set whose number of test vectors is equal to the upper bound can be easily obtained as the union of minimum test sets for two groups. Hence, the union can be used as a complete and practical test set for the ALU. |

出版物タイトル | Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University |

発行日 | 1990-03-29 |

巻 | 24巻 |

号 | 2号 |

開始ページ | 89 |

終了ページ | 98 |

ISSN | 0475-0071 |

言語 | English |

論文のバージョン | publisher |

NAID | 120002307212 |

JaLCDOI | 10.18926/15427 |
---|---|

フルテキストURL | Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_26_2_17.pdf |

著者 | Feng Yibu| 稲葉 英男| 野津 滋| |

抄録 | Heat transfer measurements were conducted during freezing of quiescent water in a horizontal cylinder. A horizontal cylinder with inner diameter of 61.1 mm is cooled by air in a constant low temperature room and time variations of the radial distribution of fluid temperature were observed. Experimental results for the velocity of the phase change interface, the time taken for complete freezing and apparent freezing heat transfer coefficient were compared with the simple theoretical model based on the quasisteady assumption. |

出版物タイトル | Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University |

発行日 | 1992-03-28 |

巻 | 26巻 |

号 | 2号 |

開始ページ | 17 |

終了ページ | 24 |

ISSN | 0475-0071 |

言語 | English |

論文のバージョン | publisher |

NAID | 120002307382 |

JaLCDOI | 10.18926/46969 |
---|---|

フルテキストURL | mfe_37_1_015_023.pdf |

著者 | Kanatani, Kenichi| |

抄録 | In order to facilitate smooth communications with researchers in other fields including statistics, this paper investigates the meaning of "statistical methods" for geometric inference based on image feature points, We point out that statistical analysis does not make sense unless the underlying "statistical ensemble" is clearly defined. We trace back the origin of feature uncertainty to image processing operations for computer vision in general and discuss the implications of asymptotic analysis for performance evaluation in reference to "geometric fitting", "geometric model selection", the "geometric AIC", and the "geometric MDL". Referring to such statistical concepts as "nuisance parameters", the "Neyman-Scott problem", and "semiparametric models", we point out that simulation experiments for performance evaluation will lose meaning without carefully considering the assumptions involved and intended applications. |

出版物タイトル | Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University |

発行日 | 2002-11 |

巻 | 37巻 |

号 | 1号 |

開始ページ | 15 |

終了ページ | 23 |

ISSN | 0475-0071 |

言語 | English |

論文のバージョン | publisher |

NAID | 80015664455 |