JaLCDOI 10.18926/15419
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_29_2_49.pdf
著者 Ahmed, Anis| Taniguchi, Shinji| 和田 修己| Wang, Ming| 古賀 隆治|
抄録 For weakly guiding dielectric waveguides, the eigenmode field distributions are calculated numerically with a simple algorithm. In this numerical method, the transverse sampling space can be chosen arbitrarily, and hence a narrow waveguide can be analyzed. The field satisfying scalar wave equation is expressed by the discrete Fourier transform and the mode eigenvalues and eigenfunctions are calculated by solving an eigenvalue equation numerically. The validity of this method is checked for 2-D waveguides having step and parabolic or square index distributions. It is found that for the well guided TE modes of the slab waveguide, the accuracy of this method is remarkably good, but some discrepancies are found if the mode is near cut off. In the problems where the normalized guide index b is small, caution should be taken in applying the results of this numerical method.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 1995-03-27
29巻
2号
開始ページ 49
終了ページ 55
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002307858
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15413
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_29_2_23.pdf
著者 梶原 康博| 大崎 紘一| Dong Rui|
抄録 A method for reducing the variety of parts is proposed. The variety of parts in a product and the variety of parts among products are evaluated in consideration of some factors that influence the production cost. Rules are formulated for selecting parts which should be eliminated or whose designs should be changed to reduce these varieties. An expert system is developed based on this method for reducing the variety of parts.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 1995-03-27
29巻
2号
開始ページ 23
終了ページ 27
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002307257
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15417
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_29_2_39.pdf
著者 岡 久雄| 坂本 俊哉| Irie Takashi|
抄録 The body structures under the skin surface, such as bones and tendon, have an influence on the stiffness evaluation observed from the surface. In this case, the observed stiffness should be called an apparent stiffness. To obtain the biomechanical properties of skin itself, the influence of body structure should be removed. This study deals with the correction method of apparent viscoelasticity which calculated from apparent biomechanical impedance. This method is applied to the measured result of the forearm and the right chest to confirm its effectiveness.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 1995-03-27
29巻
2号
開始ページ 39
終了ページ 47
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002307527
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15411
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_29_2_13.pdf
著者 Dwianto Gatot| 大崎 紘一| 梶原 康博|
抄録 We propose a method to design the supplying method of parts to an assembly line. Three types of supplying model (Serial, Parallel, and Mixed) are proposed based on the relation between the area of part and that of the transportation equipment. The part is supplied by the pallet on which the all parts of one product are arranged or by the lot of one part. AGV or conveyor are used to transport the pallet. The supplying model is evaluated from the total transportation cost calculated from the price of the transportation equipment and of land.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 1995-03-27
29巻
2号
開始ページ 13
終了ページ 21
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002307903
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15379
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_30_1_63.pdf
著者 Koshimoto Marcos| Mahmood Zaheed| 加川 幸雄|
抄録 Optical fibers or integrated optical waveguides have arbitrary cross-sectional index or refraction distribution. An efficient finite element method for analyzing the propagation characteristics of dielectric / optical waveguides with open boundary is presented. The propagation modes are hybrid, for which a variational expression is formulated in terms of the longitudinal electric and magnetic field components. Infinite elements are introduced to consider open boundary or to extend the region to infinity. Several specific examples are given and the results are compared with those obtained by other approximate methods. Very close agreements have been found.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 1995-12-28
30巻
1号
開始ページ 63
終了ページ 73
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002307545
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15377
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_30_1_47.pdf
著者 加川 幸雄| Sun Yonghao| Mahmood Zaheed|
抄録 Regular boundary element method is employed for the variational formulation of Helmholtz equation that governs the waveguiding problems. Like in the Charge simulation method, in this method, the source points associated with the fundamental solutions are allocated outside the domain so that the singular integrals which occur in the standard boundary element procedure can be avoided. First, the formulation is developed for the two-dimensional scalar Helmholtz problem solving for the axial components of either electric or magnetic fields. The application of the formulation is shown for simple hollow rectangular waveguide and dielectric-slab-loaded rectangular waveguide. Then the formulation is extended for the analysis of dielectric waveguides of open type incorporating axial components of both electric and magnetic fields, for the solution of the propagating modes which are generally of hybrid types. To show the validity and quality of the formulation, it is applied to a circular step-index optical waveguide and a dielectric rectangular waveguide. Very close agreements have been found when the solutions are compared with the ones obtained by different methods. One distinct merit of the extended formulation is that it has been fixed to suppress the spurious solutions which are encountered while solved by the conventional boundary element method.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 1995-12-28
30巻
1号
開始ページ 47
終了ページ 62
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002307187
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15374
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_30_1_35.pdf
著者 Mahmood Zaheed| 加川 幸雄|
抄録 Divergence-free shape functions are proposed for the finite elements, with which inhomogeneously-loaded and arbitrarily-shaped waveguides are analysed. The method is based on vectorial finite element formulation employing edge elements. The shape functions used for the approximation of the fields are shown analytically to be divergence-free and as an evidence, the non-physical solutions that appeared in the longitudinal component finite element formulation have been shown to be absent. To show the validity of the elements, application is made for the analysis of rectangular waveguides loaded with dielectric slab and a waveguide with curved structure. The solutions obtained are compared with the analytical ones or the solutions reported elsewhere. The degree of accuracy has been found satisfactory.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 1995-12-28
30巻
1号
開始ページ 35
終了ページ 46
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002307293
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15372
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_30_1_25.pdf
著者 Sun Yonghao| 加川 幸雄|
抄録 Identification of unknown electric charges or sources distributed in space is made from the data observed over the field boundary using dual reciprocity boundary element models. The inhomogeneous term of the Poisson field can equivalently be expressed as the linear combination of the functions associated with the particular solutions to transform into Laplace equation. For the solution procedure, the variational formulation is employed, in which the regular boundary integral approach is incorporated to avoid the singularity. Numerical examples are presented to demonstrate the availability and the capability.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 1995-12-28
30巻
1号
開始ページ 25
終了ページ 33
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002307314
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15381
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_30_1_75.pdf
著者 東辻 浩夫| 井上 嘉彦| 岸本 篤也| 東辻 千枝子| 奈良 重俊|
抄録 Molecular dynamics of the Yukawa system, the system of particles interacting via the Yukawa or the screened Coulomb potential, are formulated for various statistical ensembles and external conditions. The Yukawa potential smoothly interpolates the long-range Coulomb and the short-range interactions by adjusting a single parameter, the screening length. In order to reduce the effect of boundaries, the periodic boundary conditions are imposed and the deformations of the fundamental vectors of periodicity are taken into account. Ewald-type expressions for interaction energy, force, and kinematic pressure are given explicitly.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 1995-12-28
30巻
1号
開始ページ 75
終了ページ 87
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002307479
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15367
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_30_1_9.pdf
著者 Ding Ronggui| 大崎 紘一|
抄録 Decision Support Systems (DSS) have been taken as hopeful support tools for decision making for more than 20 years. There are a lot of literatures on DSS, but most of them are not so practical as the designers expected. This paper points out the crux of this situation and argues that the research on DSS should pay some more attention to the decision making activities before the model using stage. A method named "Problem Situation Decomposing Graph (PSDG)" is presented in this paper for helping the decision maker(DM) elicit the decision making problems. A PSDG is an acycle AND/OR logical directed graph, and which includes all the factors affecting the problem situation based on the DM's knowledge. The logical nodes and parameter determining methods in PSDG can reflect the DM's decision making style. This paper introduces some basic concepts of PSDG, discusses some of its characteristics, and proposes a logical adjacency matrix for PSDG representation and analysis.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 1995-12-28
30巻
1号
開始ページ 9
終了ページ 17
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002307826
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15386
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_30_1_111.pdf
著者 Ye Ju| 田中 雅博| 谷野 哲三|
抄録 Mutation is one of the important operators in genetic algorithm. In traditional genetic algorithm, mutation is activated stochastically. In this way it is unknown and cannot be controlled for which individuals to be mutated. Therefore, it is unavoidable that some good individuals are destroyed by mutation and then the evolutionary efficiency of the genetic algorithm is dampened. Owing to this kind of destructivity of mutation, the operator of mutation has to be limited within a very small probability, and the potentiality of mutation is consequently limited. In this paper, we present an evolutionary chain-based mutation and a control strategy of reasonable competition, in which the heuristic information provided by the evaluation function is well utilized. This method avoids the blindness of stochastic mutation. The performance improved in this method is shown by two examples, a fuzzy modeling for the identification of a nonlinear function and a typical combinatorial optimization problem-the traveling salesman problem.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 1995-12-28
30巻
1号
開始ページ 111
終了ページ 120
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002307635
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15365
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_30_1_1.pdf
著者 Dong Liu| 梶原 康博| 大崎 紘一| 宗澤 良臣|
抄録 A method for standardizing parts is proposed. This method aims to reduce the sort of parts for cutting the manufacturing cost and for improving specifications of parts. Two linear mathematical programming models are proposed for standardizing the parts. One model aims at cutting cost half without causing any degradation of mechanical specifications of parts. The other model aims at doubling mechanical specifications of parts below the acceptable manufacturing cost. These models are formulated in 0-1 integer programming forms. The integer programming model shows which part is common to other parts. An example is shown to demonstrate the use of the developed method.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 1995-12-28
30巻
1号
開始ページ 1
終了ページ 7
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002307491
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15389
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_30_1_121.pdf
著者 Kuk Hun| 谷野 哲三| 田中 雅博|
抄録 In this paper we provide some theoretical results on stability and sensitivity analysis in convex vector optimization. Given a family of parametrized vector optimization problems, the perturbation maps are defined as the set-valued map which associates to each parameter value the set of minimal points (properly minimal points, weakly minimal points) of the perturbed feasible set with respect to an ordering convex cone. Sufficient conditions for the upper and lower semicontinuity of the perturbations map are obtained. We also provide quantitative properties of the perturbation maps under some convexity assumptions.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 1995-12-28
30巻
1号
開始ページ 121
終了ページ 131
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002307414
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15369
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_30_1_19.pdf
著者 中村 隆夫| 山本 尚武|
抄録 This paper describes a new measurement method and principle of detection of biodynamics using bioelectrical impedance method based on four-electrode technique with sinusoidal constant current. This method uses a human body itself as a part of the sensor. First, we show a bioelectrical impedance measuring device and the change of bioelectrical resistance is measured in human movement. Second, we proposes a principle of detection of biodynamics based on correspondence of magnitude, form and stability of movement to impedance waveform. Hence we can use this method for the judgement of sports skill using the impedance characteristics.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 1995-12-28
30巻
1号
開始ページ 19
終了ページ 24
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002307151
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15384
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_30_1_99.pdf
著者 Wang, Ming| 和田 修己| 古賀 隆治|
抄録 A cylindric mirror was used, in place of a parabolic mirror, to collimate the crescent blue laser beam radiated from the Cerenkov SHG in channel waveguide configuration. The cylindric mirror radius is requested to be twice the focal length of the parabolic mirror. The focusing effect of the cylindric mirror in collimation can be compensated by slightly lifting the mirror in its normal direction. Under the condition that the mirror was declined by 5.56° and lifted by 25 μm, we got the collimated beam with divergence angle less than 1.3 mrad. In the focusing experiment, the collimated beam was focused with spotsize of 1.8 μm. The details on the analysis and experiment are reported.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 1995-12-28
30巻
1号
開始ページ 99
終了ページ 110
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002307418
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15383
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_30_1_89.pdf
著者 東辻 千枝子| Sanaka Yoshiaki| 東辻 浩夫|
抄録 Based on the tight-binding method, electronic bands of the mixed perovskite oxides are calculated in order to develop the electronic theory of ferroelectric phase transitions in these mixtures which are difficult to describe within the phenomenological theories. Diagonal elements of Hamiltonian matrix of parent materials are assumed to differ by 0.1eV and mixtures are simulated by lattices of supercells containing 2(3) = 8 or 3(3) = 27 unit cells randomly assigned to either material. The width of the conduction and valence bands have maxima and the band gap has a minimum at intermediate mixing ratio. Results are in agreement with those of other analyses on random systems and even 2(3)-cell computation seems to serve as a first approximation for our purpose.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 1995-12-28
30巻
1号
開始ページ 89
終了ページ 97
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002307957
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15401
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_30_2_21.pdf
著者 Tachibana Hiroyuki| 東辻 浩夫|
抄録 In order to apply quantum waveguides to electronic devices, we calculate the electrostatic potential in the split-gate quantum wire and establish the relation between the electrostatic potential and the square well potential which is usually assumed in simulations of these waveguides. The height and width of the square well potential are expressed as simple functions of the gate voltage and their dependencies are clarified. The results may be useful in calculating the characteristics of electronic devices based on quantum waveguides as functions of controllable parameters such as gate voltage.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 1996-03-29
30巻
2号
開始ページ 21
終了ページ 25
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002307620
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15387
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_30_2_9.pdf
著者 榊原 精| Kanadani, Teruto|
抄録 Fatigue strength of Al-Cu alloy was examined by a repeated tensile mode when the specimens were aged and reversion annealed. The specimen quenched from 723K and aged fully around room temperature showed fatigue strength which depended on the existence of soft layer, while the specimen quenched from 723K and aged in the same way showed fatigue strength independent of the existence of the soft layer. Fatigue strength of the specimen, of which the soft surface layer was removed, was the same for either quenching temperature. Fatigue strength became higher when the soft surface layer was thickened with reversion annealing for 600s at 323K after aging. The soft surface layer was thought to increase fatigue strength of the aged Al-Cu alloy as well as Al-Zn alloy.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 1996-03-29
30巻
2号
開始ページ 9
終了ページ 13
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002307694
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15402
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_30_2_27.pdf
著者 東辻 浩夫| 岸本 篤也| 東辻 千枝子|
抄録 The behavior of the Yukawa system in external one-dimensional force fields is analyzed by the molecular dynamics simulation. The formation of layered structures at low temperatures is observed and the relation between the number of layers and characteristic parameters of the system is obtained. Since the Yukawa system serves as a model of clouds of dust particles in plasmas (dusty plasma) which play an important role in plasma processes of semiconductor engineering, the results may be useful to control the quality of semiconductor wafers in such processes. In simulations, periodic boundary conditions are imposed in two dimensions and deformations of periodic boundaries are allowed in order to reduce the effect of boundaries without giving too much constraint on the symmetry.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 1996-03-29
30巻
2号
開始ページ 27
終了ページ 37
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002307582
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15397
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_30_2_1.pdf
著者 竹元 嘉利| 飛田 守孝| 榊原 精|
抄録 The mechanism of brittle fracture in Ti-14mass % Mo alloy aged for 1x10(6)s at 623K was studied using transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and dynamic hardness test (DHT) on the structure deformed by means of tensile elongation at elevated temperature or cold rolling. Many band products were observed by TEM in either deformed specimens. These band products were identified to neither slips nor twinning bands, moreover, they were different from α , α ' and α " phases. The band product consisted of β phase and granular unknown phase which was transformed by deformation from ω phase. The newly discovered phase, named β" phase, in the band products had a body-centered triclinic structure. The β" was similar to the ω zone with respect to the morphology and the concentration of Mo, but it resembled β in structure. The result of DHT on the band products and the matrix showed that the band products were softer than the matrix. It is suggested that the band products are easily deformed because of the disappearance of obstacles such as ω phase, and consequently behave like paths to lead cracks preferentially.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 1996-03-29
30巻
2号
開始ページ 1
終了ページ 7
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002307225