JaLCDOI 10.18926/15408
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_29_2_1.pdf
著者 榊原 精| Nakagawa, Keiyu| Kanadani, Teruto|
抄録 Effect of addition of a small amount of copper to Al- 12mass % Zn binary alloy on the process of low temperature aging is studied by hardness test and transmission electron microscopy. Age hardening rate after quenching from various temperatures is slowed down by addition of 0.5mass % copper to the binary alloy. The hardness obtained after long aging, however, is increased a little by the addition of copper. The extent of soft surface layer formed by aging in the copper-added alloy is nearly equal to that obtained in the binary alloy.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 1995-03-27
29巻
2号
開始ページ 1
終了ページ 4
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002307763
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15430
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_29_2_89.pdf
著者 Sekoguchi, Kenji| Miyazaki, Shigeji|
抄録 The present paper deals with a new perfomance measure, the actual mean flow time, defined as a mean of the elapsed time of each job counted from the start time on a schedule to the corresponding due date. For the one machine backward scheduling model with a common due date and independent setup times, LPT schedule is shown as the optimal solution for the proposed measure. An optimal algorithm is presented for the case with dependent setup times on the basis of the algorithm by Arcelus and Chandra for a n / 1 / F forward scheduling problem. The proposed algorithm is coded in C-language and a computational experience is reported through a 16-bit computer.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 1995-03-27
29巻
2号
開始ページ 89
終了ページ 94
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002307729
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15428
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_29_2_83.pdf
著者 都留 寛治| Nishiyama Chikako| 大槻 主税| 尾坂 明義|
抄録 One of the CaO,SiO(2)-based bioactive glasses(5OCaO・ 5OSiO (2) in mol%) were soaked for various periods in a simulated body fluid(SBF) with or without containing alcohols such as methanol, ethanol, and 1-propanol. Effect of the alcohols was investigated on the apatite formation on the glass surface with thin-film X-ray diffraction, FT-IR reflection spectroscopy and scanning electron microscopy. Under the presence of alcohols up to 0.1mol/l in the SBF an apatite layer was formed on the glass, while it consisted of crystallites similar in morphology but larger in size than that found for the SBF without the alcohols. It was concluded that the alcohols little influenced the the apatite forming ability of the CaO,SiO(2)-based glasses.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 1995-03-27
29巻
2号
開始ページ 83
終了ページ 88
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002307301
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15426
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_29_2_77.pdf
著者 都留 寛治| Nishiyama Chikako| 大槻 主税| 尾坂 明義|
抄録 Poly(methyl methacrylate) substrates were immersed in suspensions containing bioactive 50CaO・50SiO(2) (mol%) glass particles (45 μm in diameter) and a 6:4 (volume fraction) mixture of ethanol and THF, and an ultrasonic energy was applied to the system. A layer of glass particles was implanted and covered more than 50% of the substrate surface. Thin film X-ray diffraction patterns and FT-IR reflection spectra indicated deposition of apatite on the glass-implanted substrates after they were soaked for 12 h in a simulated body fluid similar in apatite-deposition ability to the human blood plasma. Flake-like apatite crystallites formed on the substrate soaked in SBF for 3 days.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 1995-03-27
29巻
2号
開始ページ 77
終了ページ 81
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002307332
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15389
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_30_1_121.pdf
著者 Kuk Hun| 谷野 哲三| 田中 雅博|
抄録 In this paper we provide some theoretical results on stability and sensitivity analysis in convex vector optimization. Given a family of parametrized vector optimization problems, the perturbation maps are defined as the set-valued map which associates to each parameter value the set of minimal points (properly minimal points, weakly minimal points) of the perturbed feasible set with respect to an ordering convex cone. Sufficient conditions for the upper and lower semicontinuity of the perturbations map are obtained. We also provide quantitative properties of the perturbation maps under some convexity assumptions.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 1995-12-28
30巻
1号
開始ページ 121
終了ページ 131
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002307414
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15386
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_30_1_111.pdf
著者 Ye Ju| 田中 雅博| 谷野 哲三|
抄録 Mutation is one of the important operators in genetic algorithm. In traditional genetic algorithm, mutation is activated stochastically. In this way it is unknown and cannot be controlled for which individuals to be mutated. Therefore, it is unavoidable that some good individuals are destroyed by mutation and then the evolutionary efficiency of the genetic algorithm is dampened. Owing to this kind of destructivity of mutation, the operator of mutation has to be limited within a very small probability, and the potentiality of mutation is consequently limited. In this paper, we present an evolutionary chain-based mutation and a control strategy of reasonable competition, in which the heuristic information provided by the evaluation function is well utilized. This method avoids the blindness of stochastic mutation. The performance improved in this method is shown by two examples, a fuzzy modeling for the identification of a nonlinear function and a typical combinatorial optimization problem-the traveling salesman problem.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 1995-12-28
30巻
1号
開始ページ 111
終了ページ 120
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002307635
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15384
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_30_1_99.pdf
著者 Wang, Ming| 和田 修己| 古賀 隆治|
抄録 A cylindric mirror was used, in place of a parabolic mirror, to collimate the crescent blue laser beam radiated from the Cerenkov SHG in channel waveguide configuration. The cylindric mirror radius is requested to be twice the focal length of the parabolic mirror. The focusing effect of the cylindric mirror in collimation can be compensated by slightly lifting the mirror in its normal direction. Under the condition that the mirror was declined by 5.56° and lifted by 25 μm, we got the collimated beam with divergence angle less than 1.3 mrad. In the focusing experiment, the collimated beam was focused with spotsize of 1.8 μm. The details on the analysis and experiment are reported.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 1995-12-28
30巻
1号
開始ページ 99
終了ページ 110
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002307418
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15383
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_30_1_89.pdf
著者 東辻 千枝子| Sanaka Yoshiaki| 東辻 浩夫|
抄録 Based on the tight-binding method, electronic bands of the mixed perovskite oxides are calculated in order to develop the electronic theory of ferroelectric phase transitions in these mixtures which are difficult to describe within the phenomenological theories. Diagonal elements of Hamiltonian matrix of parent materials are assumed to differ by 0.1eV and mixtures are simulated by lattices of supercells containing 2(3) = 8 or 3(3) = 27 unit cells randomly assigned to either material. The width of the conduction and valence bands have maxima and the band gap has a minimum at intermediate mixing ratio. Results are in agreement with those of other analyses on random systems and even 2(3)-cell computation seems to serve as a first approximation for our purpose.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 1995-12-28
30巻
1号
開始ページ 89
終了ページ 97
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002307957
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15381
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_30_1_75.pdf
著者 東辻 浩夫| 井上 嘉彦| 岸本 篤也| 東辻 千枝子| 奈良 重俊|
抄録 Molecular dynamics of the Yukawa system, the system of particles interacting via the Yukawa or the screened Coulomb potential, are formulated for various statistical ensembles and external conditions. The Yukawa potential smoothly interpolates the long-range Coulomb and the short-range interactions by adjusting a single parameter, the screening length. In order to reduce the effect of boundaries, the periodic boundary conditions are imposed and the deformations of the fundamental vectors of periodicity are taken into account. Ewald-type expressions for interaction energy, force, and kinematic pressure are given explicitly.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 1995-12-28
30巻
1号
開始ページ 75
終了ページ 87
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002307479
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15379
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_30_1_63.pdf
著者 Koshimoto Marcos| Mahmood Zaheed| 加川 幸雄|
抄録 Optical fibers or integrated optical waveguides have arbitrary cross-sectional index or refraction distribution. An efficient finite element method for analyzing the propagation characteristics of dielectric / optical waveguides with open boundary is presented. The propagation modes are hybrid, for which a variational expression is formulated in terms of the longitudinal electric and magnetic field components. Infinite elements are introduced to consider open boundary or to extend the region to infinity. Several specific examples are given and the results are compared with those obtained by other approximate methods. Very close agreements have been found.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 1995-12-28
30巻
1号
開始ページ 63
終了ページ 73
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002307545
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15377
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_30_1_47.pdf
著者 加川 幸雄| Sun Yonghao| Mahmood Zaheed|
抄録 Regular boundary element method is employed for the variational formulation of Helmholtz equation that governs the waveguiding problems. Like in the Charge simulation method, in this method, the source points associated with the fundamental solutions are allocated outside the domain so that the singular integrals which occur in the standard boundary element procedure can be avoided. First, the formulation is developed for the two-dimensional scalar Helmholtz problem solving for the axial components of either electric or magnetic fields. The application of the formulation is shown for simple hollow rectangular waveguide and dielectric-slab-loaded rectangular waveguide. Then the formulation is extended for the analysis of dielectric waveguides of open type incorporating axial components of both electric and magnetic fields, for the solution of the propagating modes which are generally of hybrid types. To show the validity and quality of the formulation, it is applied to a circular step-index optical waveguide and a dielectric rectangular waveguide. Very close agreements have been found when the solutions are compared with the ones obtained by different methods. One distinct merit of the extended formulation is that it has been fixed to suppress the spurious solutions which are encountered while solved by the conventional boundary element method.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 1995-12-28
30巻
1号
開始ページ 47
終了ページ 62
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002307187
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15374
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_30_1_35.pdf
著者 Mahmood Zaheed| 加川 幸雄|
抄録 Divergence-free shape functions are proposed for the finite elements, with which inhomogeneously-loaded and arbitrarily-shaped waveguides are analysed. The method is based on vectorial finite element formulation employing edge elements. The shape functions used for the approximation of the fields are shown analytically to be divergence-free and as an evidence, the non-physical solutions that appeared in the longitudinal component finite element formulation have been shown to be absent. To show the validity of the elements, application is made for the analysis of rectangular waveguides loaded with dielectric slab and a waveguide with curved structure. The solutions obtained are compared with the analytical ones or the solutions reported elsewhere. The degree of accuracy has been found satisfactory.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 1995-12-28
30巻
1号
開始ページ 35
終了ページ 46
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002307293
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15372
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_30_1_25.pdf
著者 Sun Yonghao| 加川 幸雄|
抄録 Identification of unknown electric charges or sources distributed in space is made from the data observed over the field boundary using dual reciprocity boundary element models. The inhomogeneous term of the Poisson field can equivalently be expressed as the linear combination of the functions associated with the particular solutions to transform into Laplace equation. For the solution procedure, the variational formulation is employed, in which the regular boundary integral approach is incorporated to avoid the singularity. Numerical examples are presented to demonstrate the availability and the capability.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 1995-12-28
30巻
1号
開始ページ 25
終了ページ 33
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002307314
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15369
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_30_1_19.pdf
著者 中村 隆夫| 山本 尚武|
抄録 This paper describes a new measurement method and principle of detection of biodynamics using bioelectrical impedance method based on four-electrode technique with sinusoidal constant current. This method uses a human body itself as a part of the sensor. First, we show a bioelectrical impedance measuring device and the change of bioelectrical resistance is measured in human movement. Second, we proposes a principle of detection of biodynamics based on correspondence of magnitude, form and stability of movement to impedance waveform. Hence we can use this method for the judgement of sports skill using the impedance characteristics.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 1995-12-28
30巻
1号
開始ページ 19
終了ページ 24
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002307151
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15367
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_30_1_9.pdf
著者 Ding Ronggui| 大崎 紘一|
抄録 Decision Support Systems (DSS) have been taken as hopeful support tools for decision making for more than 20 years. There are a lot of literatures on DSS, but most of them are not so practical as the designers expected. This paper points out the crux of this situation and argues that the research on DSS should pay some more attention to the decision making activities before the model using stage. A method named "Problem Situation Decomposing Graph (PSDG)" is presented in this paper for helping the decision maker(DM) elicit the decision making problems. A PSDG is an acycle AND/OR logical directed graph, and which includes all the factors affecting the problem situation based on the DM's knowledge. The logical nodes and parameter determining methods in PSDG can reflect the DM's decision making style. This paper introduces some basic concepts of PSDG, discusses some of its characteristics, and proposes a logical adjacency matrix for PSDG representation and analysis.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 1995-12-28
30巻
1号
開始ページ 9
終了ページ 17
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002307826
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15365
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_30_1_1.pdf
著者 Dong Liu| 梶原 康博| 大崎 紘一| 宗澤 良臣|
抄録 A method for standardizing parts is proposed. This method aims to reduce the sort of parts for cutting the manufacturing cost and for improving specifications of parts. Two linear mathematical programming models are proposed for standardizing the parts. One model aims at cutting cost half without causing any degradation of mechanical specifications of parts. The other model aims at doubling mechanical specifications of parts below the acceptable manufacturing cost. These models are formulated in 0-1 integer programming forms. The integer programming model shows which part is common to other parts. An example is shown to demonstrate the use of the developed method.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 1995-12-28
30巻
1号
開始ページ 1
終了ページ 7
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002307491
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15405
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_30_2_39.pdf
著者 東辻 千枝子|
抄録 A simple model for oxygen ion conduction in perovskite compounds is proposed. The potential for an oxygen ion is calculated as the sum of the long range Coulomb potential and short range repulsive potential in a cubic lattice. The activation energy is estimated as the difference in the values of potential at the barrier and at the stable site. When appropriate conditions are satisfied, the activation energy has a minimum as a function of lattice constant in accordance with recent experiments.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 1996-03-29
30巻
2号
開始ページ 39
終了ページ 43
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002307769
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15397
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_30_2_1.pdf
著者 竹元 嘉利| 飛田 守孝| 榊原 精|
抄録 The mechanism of brittle fracture in Ti-14mass % Mo alloy aged for 1x10(6)s at 623K was studied using transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and dynamic hardness test (DHT) on the structure deformed by means of tensile elongation at elevated temperature or cold rolling. Many band products were observed by TEM in either deformed specimens. These band products were identified to neither slips nor twinning bands, moreover, they were different from α , α ' and α " phases. The band product consisted of β phase and granular unknown phase which was transformed by deformation from ω phase. The newly discovered phase, named β" phase, in the band products had a body-centered triclinic structure. The β" was similar to the ω zone with respect to the morphology and the concentration of Mo, but it resembled β in structure. The result of DHT on the band products and the matrix showed that the band products were softer than the matrix. It is suggested that the band products are easily deformed because of the disappearance of obstacles such as ω phase, and consequently behave like paths to lead cracks preferentially.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 1996-03-29
30巻
2号
開始ページ 1
終了ページ 7
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002307225
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15393
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_30_2_15.pdf
著者 岡 久雄| 藤原 史朗|
抄録 An estimation of muscle fatigue is very important study and many laboratory researchers had done actively in this field. The excellent measurement and analysis methods, however, have not established yet. The aim of this study was to investigate the muscle fatigue of low back, caused by sitting on the vehicle seat for a long time. The muscle viscoelasticity and the EMG (Electromyogram) were measured. The authors proposed the objective muscle fatigue index that was obtained from the result of PCA (Principal Component Analysis) by using the measured varlables. The objective muscle fatigue index suggests an adequate correlation with the subjective fatigue on the vehicle seat.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 1996-03-29
30巻
2号
開始ページ 15
終了ページ 20
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002307965
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15402
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_30_2_27.pdf
著者 東辻 浩夫| 岸本 篤也| 東辻 千枝子|
抄録 The behavior of the Yukawa system in external one-dimensional force fields is analyzed by the molecular dynamics simulation. The formation of layered structures at low temperatures is observed and the relation between the number of layers and characteristic parameters of the system is obtained. Since the Yukawa system serves as a model of clouds of dust particles in plasmas (dusty plasma) which play an important role in plasma processes of semiconductor engineering, the results may be useful to control the quality of semiconductor wafers in such processes. In simulations, periodic boundary conditions are imposed in two dimensions and deformations of periodic boundaries are allowed in order to reduce the effect of boundaries without giving too much constraint on the symmetry.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 1996-03-29
30巻
2号
開始ページ 27
終了ページ 37
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002307582