JaLCDOI 10.18926/15404
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_27_2_41.pdf
著者 Prokop Jiri| Myojin Sho|
抄録 The fundamental objective of this paper is to aggregate and establish a set of practical principles, guidelines, and procedures to clarify and improve classification yard design and to enhance the efficiency of the design process. The paper primarily addresses theoretical and technical aspects of hump yard height and grade design, placement of the switches and the retarders. It attempts to compile and document yard design procedures, based on the Theory of Energy Head and Energy Loss. This procedures are applicable to the design of new yards, rehabilitation of the existing yards of different types and sizes including manually operated as well as highly automated classification yards.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 1993-03-25
27巻
2号
開始ページ 41
終了ページ 58
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002307241
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15269
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_35_47.pdf
著者 堂前 行宏| 小西 正躬| 今井 純| Asada, Hideki| Kitamura, Akira|
抄録 In this paper, an identification method of motor parameters for the diagnosis of rotor bar defects in the squirrel cage induction motor is proposed. It is difficult to distinguish the degree of deterioration by a conventional diagnostic method such as Fourier analysis. To overcome the difficulty, a motor simulator is used to identify the degree of deterioration of rotors in the squirrel cage induction motor. Using this method, the deterioration of rotor bars in the motor can be estimated quantitatively.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 2001-03-27
35巻
1-2号
開始ページ 47
終了ページ 51
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002307181
JaLCDOI 10.18926/14135
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_39_1_7.pdf
著者 王 暁群| 阿部 武治| 多田 直哉| 清水 一郎|
抄録 Roughening on free surface of polycrystalline metal during plastic deformation is closely related to the inhomogeneous deformation in the respective grain at the surface. Uniaxial tensile tests are carried out on annealed pure aluminum sheet specimens with various averaged grain sizes. The roughening is measured by a 3-dimensional stylus instrument to examine the roughness change in both sides of specimen surfaces at each strain. The irregularities on one side are reversed on the backside, when the averaged grain size is as large as the thickness of the specimen. Discussions are made on the relation between the surface shapes of both sides adopting the cross correlation factor. The strains of respective grains are also measured from the grain boundary shape before and after plastic deformation. There are some deviations in the strains of the grains and their standard deviation increases with the applied strain.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 2005-01
39巻
1号
開始ページ 7
終了ページ 15
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002308149
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15344
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_35_1.pdf
著者 阿部 武治| Hualin Song| Akagi Yasuo| 清水 一郎|
抄録 Free surface of polycrystalline metal becomes roughened after plastic deformation. The surface roughening is closely related to the inhomogeneity of polycrystalline metals, that is, to the inhomogeneous plastic deformation of respective grains. In the present study, inhomogeneous deformation on the free surface of polycrystalline aluminum specimen during uniaxial tension is studied. The inhomogeneous deformation of grains in the central area of the free surface of specimen is observed by the laser scanning microscope, while the inhomogeneous deformation perpendicular to the surface is studied by the laser scanning microscope as well as the stylus measuring instrument. It is shown that the surface roughness and the strain of respective grains increase with the applied strain. Discussions are made on the change in the surface roughness, the strain in each grain and the slip-line angles with the applied strain.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 2001-03-27
35巻
1-2号
開始ページ 1
終了ページ 8
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002307340
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15359
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_34_19.pdf
著者 Okada, Akira| Uno, Yoshiyuki| Okajima, Isao|
抄録 In EDM, the machining characteristics greatly depend on the energy distribution. Therefore, it is very important to clarify the energy distribution for understanding various phenomena in EDM. In this paper, the energy distribution in EDM with graphite electrode is investigated by measuring the temperatures of electrode and workpiece. Experimental analysis shows that the material removal rate depends on energy density while the electrode wear greatly depends on the adhesion of heat resolved carbon from machining fluid, and the energies distributed into electrode and workpiece are almost constant regardless of pulse duration.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 2000-03-27
34巻
1-2号
開始ページ 19
終了ページ 26
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002307707
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15405
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_30_2_39.pdf
著者 東辻 千枝子|
抄録 A simple model for oxygen ion conduction in perovskite compounds is proposed. The potential for an oxygen ion is calculated as the sum of the long range Coulomb potential and short range repulsive potential in a cubic lattice. The activation energy is estimated as the difference in the values of potential at the barrier and at the stable site. When appropriate conditions are satisfied, the activation energy has a minimum as a function of lattice constant in accordance with recent experiments.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 1996-03-29
30巻
2号
開始ページ 39
終了ページ 43
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002307769
JaLCDOI 10.18926/19594
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_31_2_39.pdf
著者 Imayoshi Naoki| 早川 聡| 大槻 主税| 尾坂 明義|
抄録 Nb(2)O(5)-and Ta(2)O(5)-doped calcium si1icate glasses were soaked for various periods in a simulated body fluid(Kokubo solution) up to 30 days. Apatite formation ability of the surface of these glasses were investigated with thin-film X-ray diffraction and FT-IR reflection spectroscopy. The effects of these additive oxides on the bioactivity of CaO・SiO(2) based glass were discussed. A small amount of Nb(2)O(5) and Ta(2)O(5) suppressed the rate of silica hydrogel layer formation and the apatite formation on the surface of the glasses. The rate of the apatite nucleation on the surface of Nb(2)O(5)-doped calcium silicate glass was slower than that on the surface of Ta(2)O(5)-doped calcium silicate glass. It was concluded that the decrease in the apatite forming ability of calcium silicate glasses by these additive oxides is attributed to the suppression of formation of silica hydrogel layer which plays an important role in apatite nucleation.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 1997-03-28
31巻
2号
開始ページ 39
終了ページ 44
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002309151
JaLCDOI 10.18926/19596
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_31_2_45.pdf
著者 尾坂 明義| Kobayashi Keizo| 早川 聡| 大槻 主税|
抄録 The thermal expansion coefficient of some bioactive glasses in the system CaO-SiO(2)-B(2)O(3) were adjusted to be similar to that of titanium by controlling the composition. A glass of composition 45CaO・30SiO(2)・25B(2)O(3) was selected among those as the enameling glass. A slurry was prepared by mixing the glass powder and ethanal to be developed on titanium and heated at 740℃ for 30 min. Thus treated specimen was soaked in a simulated body fluid (Kokubo solutiion). FT-IR reflection and thin film X-ray diffraction analyses indicated apatite formation on the glass coating layer within 12 h of soaking in the fluid. Thus titanium could be provided with bioactivity due to the enameling.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 1997-03-28
31巻
2号
開始ページ 45
終了ページ 51
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002309181
JaLCDOI 10.18926/19628
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_32_1.pdf
著者 Guo, Changning| Uno, Yoshiyuki| Okada, Akira| Takagi, Takashi|
抄録 Low electrode wear EDM is attained by the adhesion of heat resolved carbon made from kerosine type machining fluid to the electrode end surface. This phenomenon, however, occurs only under long pulse duration. Therefore, the low electrode wear EDM under finishing condition is impossible so far. In the previous paper, the authors developed a turbostratic carbon electrode whose structure is very similar to the heat resolved carbon generated in EDM process and made it clear that the low electrode wear EDM was possible by using the electrode even under finishing condition. In this study, a carbon coated electrode and a SiC coated one which can be made rapidly at low cost were developed and their EDM characteristics were investigated. Experimental analysis pointed it out that both electrodes were effective in reducing electrode wear under finishing condition.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 1998-04-20
32巻
1-2号
開始ページ 1
終了ページ 6
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002309140
JaLCDOI 10.18926/19677
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_33_2_79.pdf
著者 尾坂 明義| 早川 聡| Koyano Keiko| 都留 寛治|
抄録 A titanium oxide gel was electrochemically prepared on Ti with a cell consisting of Ti as the working electrode, Pt as the counter one, AgCl as the reference one, and an aqueous solution of 0.1 mol/L Ca(NO(3))(2) as the electrolyte solution. The Ti electrode was kept at 9.5V for 1 hr for oxidation and subsequently kept at-3.0V for 10 min (Ca9.5-3.0):calcium ions were expected to be adsorbed at the latter treatment. Other Ti specimen was kept at -3.0V for 10 min (Ca-3.0). Both specimens were found so bioactive as to deposit apatite in 12 hr (Ca9.5-3.0) and in 1 day (Ca-3.0) when soaked in a simulated body fluid (Kokubo solution). Calcium carbonate detected on the surface of Ca9.5-3.0 caused no harmful effects on spontaneous deposition of apatite in the fluid.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 1999-04-27
33巻
2号
開始ページ 79
終了ページ 84
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 Japanese
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002309011
JaLCDOI 10.18926/46995
フルテキストURL mfe_36_1_001_006.pdf
著者 Kondou, Ryouji| Abe, Takeji| Tada, Naoya| Shimizu, Ichiro|
抄録 Change in crystal orientation and strain of individual grains during tensile plastic deformation are studied to clarify on the microscopic deformation behavior of polycrystalline copper. The orientation of grain is measured by electron backscatter diffraction (EBSD) technique in the scanning electron microscope. The principal strain of grain is also measured by obtaining the approximated ellipse of strain distribution. The deformation of grains dependent on their initial orientation and the rotation of the principal strain during uniaxial tension are clarified.
キーワード Polycrystalline Copper Plastic Deformation SEM EBSD Method Grain Orientation Crystal Orientation Map
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 2001-12
36巻
1号
開始ページ 1
終了ページ 6
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120003497021
JaLCDOI 10.18926/47027
フルテキストURL mfe_36_2_067_072.pdf
著者 Yoshioka, Tomohiko| Tsuru, Kanji| Hayakawa, Satoshi| Osaka, Akiyoshi|
抄録 Alginic acid was immobilized on γ-aminopropyltriethoxysilane-coated glass as a model substrate since an alginic acid layer was known to prevent cell adhesion. The surface was characterized with X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and contact angle measurement. The coated substrates adsorbed practically no calcium phosphates on their surfaces when soaked in a simulated body fluid (SBF) of Kolrubo recipe. Since calcium ions are one of the factors for blood clotting, the present alginic acid coating is one of the candidates to improve blood compatibility of clinical materials.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 2002-03
36巻
2号
開始ページ 67
終了ページ 72
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 80015582225
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15500
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_25_2_1.pdf
著者 Okada, Hiroyuki| 飛田 守孝| 榊原 精| 竹元 嘉利|
抄録 Tensile strength and elongation of cast magnesium reinforced with titanium fiber were measured by tensile test. The pull-out test of a titanium rod partially embedded in a magnesium matrix was performed to evaluate interfacial bonding strength between magnesium and titanium. It was found that when the fiber volume fraction was changed from 1% to 14%, the tensile strength was improved with increase of volume fraction, while the improvement of elongation tended to be restrained beyond the volume fraction of 10%. The interfacial strength was revealed to be strong, and this was substantiated by the scanning electron microscopy showing an excellent wettability between the titanium fiber and the magnesium matrix.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 1991-03-28
25巻
2号
開始ページ 1
終了ページ 8
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002307559
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15406
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_27_2_59.pdf
著者 Prokop Jiri| Myojin Sho|
抄録 The paper presents methods for simulation and examination of the performance of a classification yard, including both manual and computer-aided methods. Presented methods are applicable to the simulation and examination of full range of yards of different types and sizes including manually operated as well as highly automated classification yards.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 1993-03-25
27巻
2号
開始ページ 59
終了ページ 71
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002307384
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15407
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_26_1_1.pdf
著者 榊原 精| Kanadani, Teruto|
抄録 Reversion of the age-hardened Al-15mass % Zn alloy, in which ellipsoidal GP zones were formed, was investigated by hardness test. Ellipsoidal zones were reverted more quickly near the surface and grain boundary than in the interior, as spherical zones did. The results confirm their role as sources for vacancies in reversion.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 1991-11-30
26巻
1号
開始ページ 1
終了ページ 7
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002308003
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15346
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_35_9.pdf
著者 阿部 武治| 坪井 智昭|
抄録 The evaluation of microscopic inhomogeneity of polycrystalline aluminum is performed by measuring the hardness in respective grains. The recently developed ultra-micro hardness tester is used and the effects of the test pattern, the indentation load and the indenting velocity are examined. Then, the relationship between the increase in the hardness caused by the work hardening and the deformation of respective grains are statistically investigated. The hardness testing mode in which the initial load is applied before the onset of measurement gives more stable results than the testing mode without the initial load. The test condition with the indentation load of 9.8mN and the indentation velocity of 0.2 μm/sec seems to be optimum and gives the least dispersion of the measured values in grains. It is shown that the hardness values of respective grains in polycrystalline aluminum as well as their dispersion increase with the applied plastic strain. Discussion is made on the microscopic deformation behavior of polycrystalline aluminum.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 2001-03-27
35巻
1-2号
開始ページ 9
終了ページ 19
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002307825
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15354
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_34_1.pdf
著者 Song Baoyin| 稲葉 英男| 堀部 明彦| Takahashi Takashi|
抄録 The experiment for investigating the falling snow melting characteristics of warm water flowing along sheet channels spread on a roof was performed in Tookamachi city, Nigata prefecture from February 6 to February 7, 1995. The sheet surface temperatures at 11 positions in 3 channels were measured. A physical model for a gas-water-snow system was constructed to compare the predicted results with the measured ones. A fully spread uniform water film in the sheet channel was observed in the experiments. The experimental results elucidated that it was feasible to use warm water flowing along sheet channels for melting falling snow on roofs. The temperature drop in the sheet channel mainly depended on the snowfall intensity, atmospheric temperature and wind speed. Under the influence of the roof edge, the temperature drop in the channel next to the side edge was much larger than that in middle channels. A water-snow two phase flow or a snow covered frozen water was experienced temporarily in the lower reaches of the water flowing channel. These suggest that a larger water flow rate is needed for the channel next to the roof edge, and a higher inlet temperature or a greater water flow rate is required for a severe weather condition. There was reasonably good agreement between the measured and predicted water temperatures.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 2000-03-27
34巻
1-2号
開始ページ 1
終了ページ 12
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002307686
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15356
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_34_13.pdf
著者 榊原 精| Tanimoto, Tadashi| Matsushima, Takahisa| Hosokawa, Norio| Kanadani, Teruto|
抄録 Repeated tensile fatigue strength of the low temperature age-hardened Al-Zn alloys is investigated varying the specimen thickness. Fatigue strength of the age-hardened specimens decreases with the specimen thickness when the specimen is thinner than a certain thickness, whereas fatigue strength of non age-hardened specimens, i.e., pure aluminum and dilute Al-Zn alloy, does not depend the specimen thickness. The dependence of fatigue strength on the thickness of age-hardened specimen is considered to be caused by the decrease of the strength of specimen as a whole, as a result of increase in volume ratio of the soft surface layer formed after age-hardening with decreasing specimen thickness.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 2000-03-27
34巻
1-2号
開始ページ 13
終了ページ 17
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002307815
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15357
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_35_53.pdf
著者 Kim Tae Yong| 加川 幸雄|
抄録 Fresnel zone plate lens (FZPL) has widely been used in electromagnetic antenna applications. Most analysis method based on the potential (scalar) wave approximation has been applied to a few very limited and simplified cases. The present paper analyzes the FZPL in more general form including the diffraction and transmission using the method of moments (MoM). The focusing gain characteristics in the oblique incidence as well as in the normal incidence are considered. The MoM solution using the three-dimensional vectorial formulation requires a large memory space for the FZPL as it is operated at a short wavelength. This is simply overcome by using an iterative conjugate gradient method for the numerical evaluation. The MoM solutions are compared with the other solutions.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 2001-03-27
35巻
1-2号
開始ページ 53
終了ページ 61
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002307849
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15381
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_30_1_75.pdf
著者 東辻 浩夫| 井上 嘉彦| 岸本 篤也| 東辻 千枝子| 奈良 重俊|
抄録 Molecular dynamics of the Yukawa system, the system of particles interacting via the Yukawa or the screened Coulomb potential, are formulated for various statistical ensembles and external conditions. The Yukawa potential smoothly interpolates the long-range Coulomb and the short-range interactions by adjusting a single parameter, the screening length. In order to reduce the effect of boundaries, the periodic boundary conditions are imposed and the deformations of the fundamental vectors of periodicity are taken into account. Ewald-type expressions for interaction energy, force, and kinematic pressure are given explicitly.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 1995-12-28
30巻
1号
開始ページ 75
終了ページ 87
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002307479