JaLCDOI 10.18926/15451
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_22_45.pdf
著者 河野 伊一郎| 西垣 誠| 竹下 祐二|
抄録 There are two classifications of the mechanism of levee failure caused by floods; local seepage failure and progressive failure. The fundamental causes of levee failure produced by piping and erosion were studied and the safety of river leves during floods evaluated in terms of soil machanics. The critical hydraulic gradient and the process of progressive failure were obtained from one- and two- dimensional model experiments for piping and erosion. Problems inherent in and preventive measures against levee failure are discussed. In particular, effects of the Tsukinowa method, the most representative Japanese flood fighting method, were studied experimentally and improvements proposed.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 1988-03-31
22巻
開始ページ 45
終了ページ 62
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002307536
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15399
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_27_2_1.pdf
著者 梶原 康博| 大崎 紘一|
抄録 Precedence relation in assembly has been determined by experience only. Now, an expert system is developed for determining such precedence relation. The conjugate states of the units of a product are shown in face frames and unit frames following the frame model. Seven rules are formulated. They consider geometrical interference of units, and make the precedence relation enable operation time to be shorter, and the number of JIG and substandards to be smaller. These rules are programized by computer language(PROLOG).
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 1993-03-25
27巻
2号
開始ページ 1
終了ページ 9
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002307210
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15413
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_29_2_23.pdf
著者 梶原 康博| 大崎 紘一| Dong Rui|
抄録 A method for reducing the variety of parts is proposed. The variety of parts in a product and the variety of parts among products are evaluated in consideration of some factors that influence the production cost. Rules are formulated for selecting parts which should be eliminated or whose designs should be changed to reduce these varieties. An expert system is developed based on this method for reducing the variety of parts.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 1995-03-27
29巻
2号
開始ページ 23
終了ページ 27
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002307257
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15471
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_24_1_25.pdf
著者 梶原 康博| 大崎 紘一|
抄録 An expert system, in which preconditions and rules are expressed in logical formulas, is developed to support the scheduling of an automated job shop type multi-item assembly line. This system has the foIIowing characteristics to apply any case of schedulings: (1)Forward scheduling orbackward scheduling can be made. (2)The criterion on the input order of products, the dispatching process at each assembly station, and the selection of products from a buffer can be selected from several priority criteria. (3)Layout, number and velocity of vehicles, and the capacity of each buffer can be changed.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 1989-11-29
24巻
1号
開始ページ 25
終了ページ 39
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002307454
JaLCDOI 10.18926/14125
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_40_1_78.pdf
著者 船曳 信生| 磯貝 愛| 東野 輝夫| Oda Masashi|
抄録 A variety of studies on face components such as eyes, lips, noses, and teeth have been proceeding in medicine, psychology, biometrics authentication, and other areas. In this paper, we present an algorithm of extracting eye contours from a face image using the deformable template matching method. Our template for an eye contour is composed of three quadratic functions for the perimeter and one circle for the pupil. In our algorithm, a digital color face image is rst converted to a binary image of representing eyes, after the region around eyes is identied on the face image by using hues and values of the color image. Then, parameters in the template are optimized by a local search method with a tabu period and a hill-climbing, so as to t the template to the eye contour in the binary image. The accuracy of our algorithm is evaluated through sample face images of students. In addition, the application of our proposal to eye shape indices is investigated in a face image database "HOIP", where recognizable dierence exists in index distributions between males and females.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 2006-01
40巻
1号
開始ページ 78
終了ページ 82
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002308500
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15373
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_35_169.pdf
著者 Ueda Kiyotaka| 大崎 紘一| 梶原 康博| 宗澤 良臣|
抄録 We propose an image processing method for part handling robot for picking up subjects piled in a container. Line laser light is projected on subjects, and its external shape is detected by many segments of a line laser, and pitch, roll, and yaw angles of subject are recognized precisely. A priority rule is settled to choose one subject that is taken out. This rule is determined by considering the grasping space, the position of a subject, the movement space of hand and so on.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 2001-03-27
35巻
1-2号
開始ページ 169
終了ページ 175
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002307198
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15401
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_30_2_21.pdf
著者 Tachibana Hiroyuki| 東辻 浩夫|
抄録 In order to apply quantum waveguides to electronic devices, we calculate the electrostatic potential in the split-gate quantum wire and establish the relation between the electrostatic potential and the square well potential which is usually assumed in simulations of these waveguides. The height and width of the square well potential are expressed as simple functions of the gate voltage and their dependencies are clarified. The results may be useful in calculating the characteristics of electronic devices based on quantum waveguides as functions of controllable parameters such as gate voltage.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 1996-03-29
30巻
2号
開始ページ 21
終了ページ 25
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002307620
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15515
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_25_2_95.pdf
著者 Totsuji, Hiroo| Ishikura Satoshi| Takayama Norihisa|
抄録 Critical temperatures of two-dimensional microstructures with superconducting proximity effect in the dirty limit are evaluated for various geometrical constructions. As a numerical method, the finite element method is applied. Guidelines in estimating critical temperatures are given for the case where the decay of superconducting order parameter is either sufficiently slow or fast in comparison with the scale length of the structure.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 1991-03-28
25巻
2号
開始ページ 95
終了ページ 113
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002307413
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15513
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_25_2_81.pdf
著者 Totsuji, Hiroo|
抄録 Numerical methods for the analysis of the proximity effect in superconducting microstructures in the dirty limit are formulated on the basis of the finite element method. One- and two-dimensional cases are considered and third order Hermite shape functions are used. The results are also applicable to investigations of electronic states in semiconductor superlattice structures.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 1991-03-28
25巻
2号
開始ページ 81
終了ページ 93
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002307242
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15481
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_24_1_81.pdf
著者 和田 修己|
抄録 Are calculated the radiation characteristics of two types of primary-feed waveguides of millimeter wave quasi-optical antennas, which transform circular TE(On) mode into a linearly polarized beam. These antennas are utilized for heating and diagnostics of fusion plasma. Analysis is based on the Huygens-Fresnel principle, which takes the diffraction effect into account. For Convenience in analysis, a feed waveguide is divided into two sections, an uniform waveguide section and a visor section. Assuming that the diameter of the waveguide is several times as large as the wavelength and that the structure of the visor is open, the radiation field is approximated by superposition of direct radiation, and first and second reflection on the visor. Numerical results are presented and compared with experimental results. In these types of waveguides, the shadow section on the visor has a great influence on the radiation field. The results of calculation show that the length of the visor should be longer than that obtained by the geometrical optics, and the longer visor reduces the side-lobe level in the direction of the waveguide axis. The results agree well with those in experiments.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 1989-11-29
24巻
1号
開始ページ 81
終了ページ 92
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002307974
JaLCDOI 10.18926/19677
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_33_2_79.pdf
著者 尾坂 明義| 早川 聡| Koyano Keiko| 都留 寛治|
抄録 A titanium oxide gel was electrochemically prepared on Ti with a cell consisting of Ti as the working electrode, Pt as the counter one, AgCl as the reference one, and an aqueous solution of 0.1 mol/L Ca(NO(3))(2) as the electrolyte solution. The Ti electrode was kept at 9.5V for 1 hr for oxidation and subsequently kept at-3.0V for 10 min (Ca9.5-3.0):calcium ions were expected to be adsorbed at the latter treatment. Other Ti specimen was kept at -3.0V for 10 min (Ca-3.0). Both specimens were found so bioactive as to deposit apatite in 12 hr (Ca9.5-3.0) and in 1 day (Ca-3.0) when soaked in a simulated body fluid (Kokubo solution). Calcium carbonate detected on the surface of Ca9.5-3.0 caused no harmful effects on spontaneous deposition of apatite in the fluid.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 1999-04-27
33巻
2号
開始ページ 79
終了ページ 84
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 Japanese
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002309011
JaLCDOI 10.18926/46997
フルテキストURL mfe_36_1_017_028.pdf
著者 Endo, Shinichiro| Konishi, Masami|
抄録 Small Scale Hydroelectric Power Generation is made using the water drop caused by the gradient difference between that of the river and that of the penstock. The water flow in this system apt to vary with time. Especially, at the time of the flood or that of the dry, the flow in the water stream varies largely. To realize the stable generation, it is necessary to maintain the water level in the head tank located in the mid way in the stream channel at a constant level. In this paper, variation of water level is forecasted using two-tank model for the penstock and the head tank and the water level control algorithm is proposed by deadbeat control. The effectiveness of the algorithm is evaluated beforehand using the simulation program of the water environment for the hydroelectric generation system.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 2001-12
36巻
1号
開始ページ 17
終了ページ 28
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120003497023
JaLCDOI 10.18926/14146
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_39_1_21.pdf
著者 鳥越 崇史| 小西 正躬| 今井 純| 西 竜志|
抄録 In this paper, neuro based intelligent diagnosis methods for electro-mechanical control system are proposed. A self organizing map neural network (SOM) is used to classify measured data of the target system as a qualitative diagnostic method. Besides of the above procedure, it is expected to attain more efficient maintenance by a quantitative estimation of failure. For the purpose, new method is proposed using a hierarchical neural network (HNN). In the method, classified results by SOM are processed for the quantitative diagnosis. Hierarchical neural network can identify inner structure of the relations between failure causes and its results that enables a quantitative diagnosis.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 2005-01
39巻
1号
開始ページ 21
終了ページ 27
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002308342
JaLCDOI 10.18926/14148
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_39_1_28.pdf
著者 石丸 和史| 小西 正躬| 今井 純| 西 竜志|
抄録 In reactor furnace, due to high temperature and high pressure, data can be measured only near the furnace wall. In this paper, the way to estimate temperature distribution in a reactor furnace using measured data near the furnace walls and to control temperature distribution to the desired temperature distribution was studied. In the estimation, SQP method is employed using measured data near the furnace walls. As the result, the whole temperature distribution in a furnace could be obtained from such limited data. Furthermore, to control the temperature distribution in a reactor furnace, gas flow from multiple tuyeres and supplying material for controlling temperature distribution in a reactor furnace were determined by the SQP method. It was shown that temperature distribution in a furnace was regulated to achieve various desired distribution. Thus, it was verified that complicated temperature distribution in a reactor furnace could be controlled by combining furnace simulation and SQP method.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 2005-01
39巻
1号
開始ページ 28
終了ページ 39
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002308270
JaLCDOI 10.18926/47028
フルテキストURL mfe_36_2_073_082.pdf
著者 Hidayat, Iip Syarif| Toyota, Yoshitaka| Torigoe, Osamu| Wada, Osami| Koga, Ryuji|
抄録 A multi-path ring-resonator (MPRR) was proposed to extend FSR of ring resonator. However, it is complicated to analyze the MPRR by using well-known analysis techniques such as scattering matrix or other numerical methods. This paper describes procedure for deriving transfer matrix by means of signal flow-chart to analyze the MPRR. We do not need complicated calculation for steady state analysis because transfer matrix elements are formulated clearly. As a result, The calcultaion time in this method can be reduced 1/3 to 1/20 times compared with using scattering matirx method. Furthermore, a transmittance characteristics of the MPRR at FSR extension-factor of 10 will also be shown. This suggests that analysis of other types of the MPRR by using this method can be performed simply and take a shorter time.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 2002-03
36巻
2号
開始ページ 73
終了ページ 82
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120003497050
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15416
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_26_1_43.pdf
著者 Bouzidi, Moncef| 古賀 隆治| 和田 修己| 香川 直己| Hai Xu| 小坂 恵| Sano HIroya|
抄録 A numerical technique called as "adjoint spectrum" has been proposed by the authors in a previous work. Two applications of it are presented here. It is demonstrated that by generalizing the aspect of adjoint spectrum it becomes possible to measure densities of mixed gases simultaneously. An experimental proof of this has been carried on and simultaneous measurement of densities of both methane and dinitrogen oxide was realized. On the other hand, it is also reported that frequency shifting of spectra, which is a cause of error in spectrometric measurements, can be corrected by exploiting the adjoint spectrum technique in connection with the Taylor expansion. Numerical examples showing the success of this method are reported as well.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 1991-11-30
26巻
1号
開始ページ 43
終了ページ 49
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002307796
JaLCDOI 10.18926/46971
フルテキストURL mfe_37_1_041_049.pdf
著者 Sugaya, Yasuyuki| Kanatani, Kenichi|
抄録 We study the problem of segmenting independently moving objects in a video sequence. Several algorithms exist for classifying the trajectories of the feature points into independent motions, but the performance depends on the validity of the underlying camera imaging model. In this paper, we present a scheme for automatically selecting the best model using the geometric AIC before the segmentation stage, Using real video sequences, we confirm that the segmentation accuracy indeed improves if the segmentation is based on the selected model. We also show that the trajectory data can be compressed into low-dimensional vectors using the selected model. This is very effective in reducing the computation time for a long video sequence.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 2002-11
37巻
1号
開始ページ 41
終了ページ 49
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120003457326
JaLCDOI 10.18926/47004
フルテキストURL mfe_36_1_107_116.pdf
著者 Kanatani, Kenichi| Ohta, Naoya|
抄録 We present a new method for automatically detecting circular objects in images: we detect an osculating circle to an elliptic arc using a Hough transform, iteratively deforming it into an ellipse, removing outlier pixels, and searching for a separate edge. The voting space is restricted to one and two dimensions for efficiency, and special weighting schemes are introduced to enhance the accuracy. We demonstrate the effectiveness of our method using real images. Finally, we apply our method to the calibration of a turntable for 3-D object shape reconstruction.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 2001-12
36巻
1号
開始ページ 107
終了ページ 116
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 80012855284
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15430
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_29_2_89.pdf
著者 Sekoguchi, Kenji| Miyazaki, Shigeji|
抄録 The present paper deals with a new perfomance measure, the actual mean flow time, defined as a mean of the elapsed time of each job counted from the start time on a schedule to the corresponding due date. For the one machine backward scheduling model with a common due date and independent setup times, LPT schedule is shown as the optimal solution for the proposed measure. An optimal algorithm is presented for the case with dependent setup times on the basis of the algorithm by Arcelus and Chandra for a n / 1 / F forward scheduling problem. The proposed algorithm is coded in C-language and a computational experience is reported through a 16-bit computer.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 1995-03-27
29巻
2号
開始ページ 89
終了ページ 94
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002307729
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15495
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_24_2_31.pdf
著者 岡 久雄| Isayama Yoshiharu| Nakauchi Makoto| 山本 辰馬|
抄録 A small vibration on the body surface is expected to apply to a clinical examination of the autonomic nervous system. The vibration cannot be found by the naked eyes. It is called a microvibration (MV) or a minor tremor (MT). It is not cleared out why and how the MV occurs, but many papers about its occurrence and clinical application have been published. In this study, the typical spectrum of MV and the various causes of MV occurrence are studied. The relationships of MV with heart rate, muscle contraction and MV are discussed. The power spectrum of MV is obtained by using an autoregressive model.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 1990-03-29
24巻
2号
開始ページ 31
終了ページ 40
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002307725