JaLCDOI 10.18926/OER/55679
タイトル(別表記) Karl Kautsky, Der Kampf der Nationalitäten und das Staatsrecht in Oesterreich.
フルテキストURL oer_049_2_109_124.pdf
著者 太田 仁樹|
備考 翻訳 (Translation)
出版物タイトル 岡山大学経済学会雑誌
発行日 2018-02-26
49巻
2号
出版者 岡山大学経済学会
出版者(別表記) The Economic Association of Okayama University
開始ページ 109
終了ページ 124
ISSN 2433-4146
NCID AN00032897
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
言語 Japanese
著作権者 Copyright © 2018 岡山大学経済学会
論文のバージョン publisher
査読 有り
Sort Key 8
Eprints Journal Name oer
JaLCDOI 10.18926/OER/55678
タイトル(別表記) J. H. Clapham, An Economic History of Modern Britain, vol. 3, Machines and National Rivalries ( 1887-1914), with an Epilogue (1914-1929), Outline, Chap. 4
フルテキストURL oer_049_2_083_107.pdf
著者 一ノ瀬 篤|
備考 研究ノート(Notes)
出版物タイトル 岡山大学経済学会雑誌
発行日 2018-02-26
49巻
2号
出版者 岡山大学経済学会
出版者(別表記) The Economic Association of Okayama University
開始ページ 83
終了ページ 107
ISSN 2433-4146
NCID AN00032897
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
言語 Japanese
著作権者 Copyright © 2018 岡山大学経済学会
論文のバージョン publisher
査読 有り
Sort Key 7
Eprints Journal Name oer
JaLCDOI 10.18926/OER/55677
タイトル(別表記) Self-Restructuring Process through Utilization of External Organization in Public Sector: A Preliminary Thought
フルテキストURL oer_049_2_075_081.pdf
著者 藤井 大児|
備考 研究ノート (Notes)
出版物タイトル 岡山大学経済学会雑誌
発行日 2018-02-26
49巻
2号
出版者 岡山大学経済学会
出版者(別表記) The Economic Association of Okayama University
開始ページ 75
終了ページ 81
ISSN 2433-4146
NCID AN00032897
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
言語 Japanese
著作権者 Copyright © 2018 岡山大学経済学会
論文のバージョン publisher
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Eprints Journal Name oer
JaLCDOI 10.18926/OER/55676
タイトル(別表記) Foreign Economic Cooperation of Planned Economy Era of China: Self-Reliance, External Trade, International Aid and Inbound Tourism Under the Autarky
フルテキストURL oer_049_2_057_074.pdf
著者 滕 鑑|
備考 研究ノート (Notes)
出版物タイトル 岡山大学経済学会雑誌
発行日 2018-02-26
49巻
2号
出版者 岡山大学経済学会
出版者(別表記) The Economic Association of Okayama University
開始ページ 57
終了ページ 74
ISSN 2433-4146
NCID AN00032897
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
言語 Japanese
著作権者 Copyright © 2018 岡山大学経済学会
論文のバージョン publisher
査読 有り
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Eprints Journal Name oer
JaLCDOI 10.18926/OER/55675
タイトル(別表記) Report on Questionnaire Survey Research of Personnel Rating Sysytems for Skilled Workers in Construction. Akihiro Inoue, Yoichi Matsuda
フルテキストURL oer_049_2_035_055.pdf
著者 井上 朗弘| 松田 陽一|
備考 研究ノート (Notes)
出版物タイトル 岡山大学経済学会雑誌
発行日 2018-02-26
49巻
2号
出版者 岡山大学経済学会
出版者(別表記) The Economic Association of Okayama University
開始ページ 35
終了ページ 55
ISSN 2433-4146
NCID AN00032897
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
言語 Japanese
著作権者 Copyright © 2018 岡山大学経済学会
論文のバージョン publisher
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Sort Key 4
Eprints Journal Name oer
JaLCDOI 10.18926/OER/55674
タイトル(別表記) The Current Situation and the Issues Concerning Tutoring for International Students by WAWA Volunteer Tutors : Based on the Results of the Questionnaire for Volunteer Tutors
フルテキストURL oer_049_2_017_034.pdf
著者 宇塚 万里子| 廣田 陽子| 岡 益巳| 深田 博己|
抄録 Uzuka and Oka (2016) studied the result of the questionnaire for international students who had tutorials by International Student Support Volunteer Group, WAWA during the period from April 2007 to March 2015 and clarified some issues such as the necessity of regular tutoring, demand to accommodate a wide variety of situations, enhancing the quality of volunteer tutors and so on. Meanwhile, a questionnaire survey for volunteer tutors was also conducted. In this paper, the authors examine the situation and the issues of tutoring for international students based on the results of this tutor survey.  A total of 113 volunteer tutors (a response rate 77.9%) responded to the survey. Research has found that periodicity, frequency and the number of items covered by tutoring are the three factors that are related to tutor satisfaction. Authors recognize statistical difficulties that there can be a mutual influence relationship among the three factors and the satisfaction of the tutors and the data used in this study are irregular repeated measurements. Based on these points of consideration, the results of this survey targeting tutors revealed that the satisfaction level of tutors who conducted periodic tutoring was significantly higher than those who did not. In addition, it was confirmed that the degree of satisfaction of tutors with more frequent tutoring was significantly higher than those with less frequent one and the satisfaction of tutors who accommodated more items was significantly higher than those who did less. Therefore, the result shows that it is the most important tasks for WAWA staff and advising teachers to build a tutoring system that can conduct periodic tutoring which offer multiple services including various living support along with Japanese language learning support at least once a week for four months.
備考 論説 (Articles)
出版物タイトル 岡山大学経済学会雑誌
発行日 2018-02-26
49巻
2号
出版者 岡山大学経済学会
出版者(別表記) The Economic Association of Okayama University
開始ページ 17
終了ページ 34
ISSN 2433-4146
NCID AN00032897
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
言語 Japanese
著作権者 Copyright © 2018 岡山大学経済学会
論文のバージョン publisher
査読 有り
Sort Key 3
Eprints Journal Name oer
JaLCDOI 10.18926/OER/55673
タイトル(別表記) Support for Big Government : Evolution of Adam Smith’s View on Taxation from Lectures on Jurisprudence to The Wealth of Nations
フルテキストURL oer_049_2_001_015.pdf
著者 新村 聡|
抄録 Adam Smith is well known as an archetypal, leading economist and advocate of laissez-faire capitalism. In fact, Smith analyses the autonomous mechanism of a market economy, criticises mercantile protection, and strongly advocates a free trade policy. However, a considerable number of Smith’s interpreters such as J.Viner have recognised that Smith himself offers many exceptions to laissez-faire. Interestingly, most of the exceptions are not presented in Lectures on Jurisprudence( LJ); they appear for the first time in The Wealth of Nations( WN). Rather than inconsistencies in the passing, these references seem to reflect a conscious shift in Smith’s policy principle from laissez-faire with a small government to state intervention under a big government. In WN, Smith maintains support for the laissez-faire approach only in the area of foreign trade, and prescribes state intervention in other areas such as banking, financial markets, public works and institutions, and taxation. This article focuses particularly on the evolution of Smith’s view on taxation from LJ to WN. Smith insists in LJ that taxation should be minimised so as not to interfere with the behaviour of various economic agents and the autonomous mechanism of a market economy. However, Smith renounces his fundamental idea of taxation in WN, which indicates support for the imposition of heavier taxes on the rich and reduced taxes on the poor. He proposes an increase in land tax and rejects taxes on profit and wages. He favours various types of progressive taxes and criticises regressive ones, concerning land, houses, and toll, among others. Notably, Smith strongly supports various kinds of “taxes upon the capital value of lands, houses and stock” such as succession tax, land tax, house-rent tax and“ stampduties and duties of registration” indirectly taxed on interest.
備考 論説 (Articles)
出版物タイトル 岡山大学経済学会雑誌
発行日 2018-02-26
49巻
2号
出版者 岡山大学経済学会
出版者(別表記) The Economic Association of Okayama University
開始ページ 1
終了ページ 15
ISSN 2433-4146
NCID AN00032897
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
言語 Japanese
著作権者 Copyright © 2018 岡山大学経済学会
論文のバージョン publisher
査読 有り
Sort Key 2
Eprints Journal Name oer
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/55671
フルテキストURL 72_1_95.pdf
著者 Kikuchi, Satoru| Kuroda, Shinji| Nishizaki, Masahiko| Matsusaki, Takashi| Mitsuhashi, Toshiharu| Kuwada, Kazuya| Kagawa, Shunsuke| Morimatsu, Hiroshi| Fujiwara, Toshiyoshi|
抄録 Although epidural analgesia (EDA) is considered standard postoperative analgesia for open gastrectomy, it has been unclear whether EDA has benefits in laparoscopic gastrectomy (LG) because postoperative pain after a laparoscopic procedure is significantly reduced. We are conducting a two-arm, single-center, prospective randomized non-inferiority trial to evaluate the postoperative pain relief of patient-controlled intravenous analgesia (PCIA) compared to EDA. A total of 132 patients undergoing LG will be randomized to EDA and PCIA groups (n=64 each) for postoperative pain control. The primary endpoint is postoperative pain at 24 h after surgery. This study will clarify the optimal pain management after LG.
キーワード laparoscopic gastrectomy epidural analgesia patient-controlled intravenous analgesia pain relief
Amo Type Clinical Study Protocol
発行日 2018-02
出版物タイトル Acta Medica Okayama
72巻
1号
出版者 Okayama University Medical School
開始ページ 95
終了ページ 98
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
言語 English
OAI-PMH Set 岡山大学
著作権者 CopyrightⒸ 2018 by Okayama University Medical School
論文のバージョン publisher
査読 有り
Submission Path amo/vol72/iss1/16
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/55670
フルテキストURL 72_1_89.pdf
著者 Yamamoto, Norio| Miki, Takaaki| Nishiyama, Akihiro| Dan’ura, Tomoyuki| Matsui, Yuzuru| Ozaki, Toshifumi|
抄録 This is the first report of extensive bilateral patellar tendon ossification occurring over a prolonged time after a unilateral knee injury. An 84-year-old Japanese man with a spinal cord injury caused by a burst fracture of the T12 vertebra presented with a bony hard prominence on the left knee, which was injured in a traffic accident when he was 77 years old. Radiography revealed extensive ossification of the bilateral patellar tendons. We review the English literature with a focus on the localization of bilateral heterotopic ossification of the knee in patients who had a central nervous system injury.
キーワード heterotopic ossification patellar tendon spinal cord injury bilateral knee injury
Amo Type Case Report
発行日 2018-02
出版物タイトル Acta Medica Okayama
72巻
1号
出版者 Okayama University Medical School
開始ページ 89
終了ページ 93
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
言語 English
OAI-PMH Set 岡山大学
著作権者 CopyrightⒸ 2018 by Okayama University Medical School
論文のバージョン publisher
査読 有り
Submission Path amo/vol72/iss1/15
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/55669
フルテキストURL 72_1_85.pdf
著者 Kosaki, Yoshinori| Yumoto, Tetsuya| Naito, Hiromichi| Tsuboi, Nobushige| Kameda, Masahiro| Hirano, Masayuki| Morizane, Yuki| Senoo, Takaya| Tokuyama, Eijirou| Nakao, Atsunori|
抄録 Traumatic eyeball luxation is a rare clinical condition with a dramatic presentation. Here, we describe a unique case of traumatic globe luxation and complete optic nerve transection caused by heavy object compression. A 45-year-old male automobile mechanic was injured when a truck slipped from its supports, crushing his head and face. On arrival, his right eyeball was obviously displaced anteriorly and he had no light perception. Computed tomography revealed complex frontal bone and facial fractures with underlying brain contusion in addition to complete transection of the right optic nerve. The patient was successfully treated using a multidisciplinary approach.
キーワード globe luxation optic nerve avulsion traumatic brain injury facial trauma
Amo Type Case Report
発行日 2018-02
出版物タイトル Acta Medica Okayama
72巻
1号
出版者 Okayama University Medical School
開始ページ 85
終了ページ 88
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
言語 English
OAI-PMH Set 岡山大学
著作権者 CopyrightⒸ 2018 by Okayama University Medical School
論文のバージョン publisher
査読 有り
Submission Path amo/vol72/iss1/14
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/55668
フルテキストURL 72_1_81.pdf
著者 Otani, Hiroki| Makihara, Shigeki|
抄録 Internal hernia related to paracecal hernia is a rare disease and is difficult to confirm by preoperative diagnosis. We recently encountered a case of an 83-year-old woman who had lower abdominal pain in her right quadrant. Based on physical findings and CT findings she was diagnosed as having small bowel obstruction by internal hernia around the cecum. She underwent emergency operation with laparoscopic surgery and was diagnosed with a paracecal hernia and treated laparoscopically. After we dissected the ventral wall of the hernia sac and enlarged the hernia orifice, we reduced the trapped small intestine into the abdominal space. We determined that the herniated portion of the small intestine was not necrotic and therefore did not resect it. Although paracecal hernia is a rare internal hernia, physicians should be aware of it as a differential diagnosis for small bowel obstruction because of its rapid progression to strangulation and necrosis. We highlight the importance of recognizing CT findings of paracecal internal hernia. Laparoscopy was effective both for making a definitive diagnosis and treating paracecal hernia with relatively little invasion.
キーワード paracecal hernia laparoscopic surgery internal hernia small bowel obstruction
Amo Type Case Report
発行日 2018-02
出版物タイトル Acta Medica Okayama
72巻
1号
出版者 Okayama University Medical School
開始ページ 81
終了ページ 84
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
言語 English
OAI-PMH Set 岡山大学
著作権者 CopyrightⒸ 2018 by Okayama University Medical School
論文のバージョン publisher
査読 有り
Submission Path amo/vol72/iss1/13
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/55667
フルテキストURL 72_1_77.pdf
著者 Watanabe, Kenya| Fukuzawa, Takuma| Mitsui, Katsuhiro|
抄録 Schwannoma is the most common tumor of the peripheral nerve sheath. However, there have been few reports on schwannoma of the posterior tibial nerve causing tarsal tunnel syndrome. We report on a 60-year-old man with tarsal tunnel syndrome caused by a schwannoma of the posterior tibial nerve, which was first diagnosed as a ganglion cyst. After enucleation of this tumor, the patient was asymptomatic and had no related sequelae except for minor numbness in the plantar aspects of his digits. Although schwannoma of the posterior tibial nerve is rare, it should be considered even if a ganglion is clinically suspected.
キーワード tarsal tunnel syndrome schwannoma posterior tibial nerve
Amo Type Case Report
発行日 2018-02
出版物タイトル Acta Medica Okayama
72巻
1号
出版者 Okayama University Medical School
開始ページ 77
終了ページ 80
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
言語 English
OAI-PMH Set 岡山大学
著作権者 CopyrightⒸ 2018 by Okayama University Medical School
論文のバージョン publisher
査読 有り
Submission Path amo/vol72/iss1/12
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/55666
フルテキストURL 72_1_73.pdf
著者 Umakoshi, Michiari| Yasuhara, Takao| Toyoshima, Atsuhiko| Sasada, Susumu| Kusumegi, Akira| Morimoto, Jun| Kin, Kyohei| Tomita, Yousuke| Date, Isao|
抄録 The spinal extradural arachnoid cyst is a rare entity. Obtaining the correct diagnosis and detecting the fistula location are critical for providing effective treatment. A 41-year-old man had numbness in the soles of his feet for 2 years with accompanying gait disturbance, and a defecation disorder. Computed tomography myelography performed at another hospital revealed an epidural arachnoid cyst from Th11 to L2. He received a subarachnoid-cyst shunt at the rostral part of the cyst. However, his symptoms worsened and he was admitted to our hospital. Neuroradiological investigations revealed the correct location of the fistula at the level of Th12. We performed partial removal of the cyst wall with fistula closure via right hemilaminectomy of Th11 and 12. The complete closure of the fistula was confirmed by intrathecal infusion of artificial cerebrospinal fluid through the shunt tube. The shunt tube was removed with the sutures. The patient’s symptoms improved, although numbness remained in his bilateral heels. There has been no recurrence in 15 months since the surgery. Fistula closure may work as a balanced therapeutic strategy for spinal extradural arachnoid cyst, and intrathecal cerebrospinal fluid infusion is useful for the confirmation of complete fistula closure.
キーワード fistula closure intrathecal infusion microscopic surgery preoperative evaluation recurrence
Amo Type Case Report
発行日 2018-02
出版物タイトル Acta Medica Okayama
72巻
1号
出版者 Okayama University Medical School
開始ページ 73
終了ページ 76
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
言語 English
OAI-PMH Set 岡山大学
著作権者 CopyrightⒸ 2018 by Okayama University Medical School
論文のバージョン publisher
査読 有り
Submission Path amo/vol72/iss1/11
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/55665
フルテキストURL 72_1_67.pdf
著者 Watanabe, Akihisa| Ono, Qana| Nishigami, Tomohiko| Hirooka, Takahiko| Machida, Hirohisa|
抄録 It has been unclear whether the risk factors for rotator cuff tears are the same at all ages or differ between young and older populations. In this study, we examined the risk factors for rotator cuff tears using classification and regression tree analysis as methods of nonlinear regression analysis. There were 65 patients in the rotator cuff tears group and 45 patients in the intact rotator cuff group. Classification and regression tree analysis was performed to predict rotator cuff tears. The target factor was rotator cuff tears; explanatory variables were age, sex, trauma, and critical shoulder angle≥35°. In the results of classification and regression tree analysis, the tree was divided at age 64. For patients aged≥64, the tree was divided at trauma. For patients aged<64, the tree was divided at critical shoulder angle≥35°. The odds ratio for critical shoulder angle≥35° was significant for all ages (5.89), and for patients aged<64 (10.3) while trauma was only a significant factor for patients aged≥64 (5.13). Age, trauma, and critical shoulder angle≥35° were related to rotator cuff tears in this study. However, these risk factors showed different trends according to age group, not a linear relationship.
キーワード rotator cuff tears risk factor critical shoulder angle trauma classification and regression tree analysis
Amo Type Original Article
発行日 2018-02
出版物タイトル Acta Medica Okayama
72巻
1号
出版者 Okayama University Medical School
開始ページ 67
終了ページ 72
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
言語 English
OAI-PMH Set 岡山大学
著作権者 CopyrightⒸ 2018 by Okayama University Medical School
論文のバージョン publisher
査読 有り
Submission Path amo/vol72/iss1/10
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/55664
フルテキストURL 72_1_61.pdf
著者 Sakamoto, Ai| Kamada, Yasuhiko| Kubo, Kotaro| Hasegawa, Toru| Kotani, Sayoko| Nakatsuka, Mikiya| Hiramatsu, Yuji|
抄録 Establishing whether miscarriages result from fetal aneuploidy or other factors is important for treating recurrent pregnancy loss. We examined the relationship between fetal heart rate (FHR) before miscarriage in the early first trimester and fetal karyotype, analyzing 223 pregnant women with recurrent pregnancy loss. Among the pregnancies, 110 resulted in live births regarded as normal karyotype (the Norm-group). The other 113 pregnancies ended in miscarriage, and we categorized them into groups based on fetal karyotype, determined by chorionic villus sampling: the Misc-NK (normal karyotype) group, n=35 euploid cases; the Misc-CA1 (chromosomal abnormality) group, n=18 cases of aneuploidy with trisomies 13/18/21, Turner’s syndrome, or Klinefelter’s syndrome; and the Misc-CA2 subgroup, n=60 cases of other aneuploidies excluding those in the Misc-CA1 group. We compared the groups’ regression line slopes and intercepts for FHR by an analysis of covariance. The FHRs of the Norm, Misc-NK and Misc-CA1 groups increased from 36 to 49 days after fertilization, but did not significantly differ across these groups. The Misc-CA2 group’s FHR did not increase and significantly differed from the other three groups (p<0.01). These results suggest that the absence of an increase in FHR in early pregnancy may indicate the presence of chromosomal abnormalities causing miscarriage.
キーワード aneuploidy chorionic villi fetal heart rate recurrent pregnancy loss
Amo Type Original Article
発行日 2018-02
出版物タイトル Acta Medica Okayama
72巻
1号
出版者 Okayama University Medical School
開始ページ 61
終了ページ 66
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
言語 English
OAI-PMH Set 岡山大学
著作権者 CopyrightⒸ 2018 by Okayama University Medical School
論文のバージョン publisher
査読 有り
Submission Path amo/vol72/iss1/9
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/55663
フルテキストURL 72_1_53.pdf
著者 Yoshimura, Yuuki| Kuroda, Masahiro| Sugiantoc, Irfan| Bamgbosec, Babatunde O.| Miyahara, Kanae| Ohmura, Yuichi| Kurozumi, Akira| Matsushita, Toshi| Ohno, Seiichiro| Kanazawa, Susumu| Asaumi, Junichi|
抄録 Readout-segmented echo-planar imaging (RESOLVE) is a multi-shot echo-planar imaging (EPI) modality with k-space segmented in the readout direction. We investigated whether RESOLVE decreases the distortion and artifact in the phase direction and increases the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) in phantoms image taken with 3-tesla (3T) MRI versus conventional EPI. We used a physiological saline phantom and subtraction mapping and observed that RESOLVE’s SNR was higher than EPI’s. Using RESOLVE, the combination of a special-purpose coil and a large-loop coil had a higher SNR compared to using only a head/neck coil. RESOLVE’s image distortioas less than EPI’s. We used a 120 mM polyethylene glycol phantom to examine the phase direction artifact.vThe range where the artifact appeared in the apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) image was shorter with RESOLVE compared to EPI. We used RESOLVE to take images of a Jurkat cell bio-phantom: the cell-region ADC was 856×10−6mm2/sec and the surrounding physiological saline-region ADC was 2,951×10−6mm2/sec. The combination of RESOLVE and the 3T clinical MRI device reduced image distortion and improved SNR and the identification of accurate ADC values due to the phase direction artifact reduction. This combination is useful for obtaining accurate ADC values of bio-phantoms.
キーワード RESOLVE bio-phantom 3 tesla MRI apparent diffusion coefficient diffusion-weighted imaging
Amo Type Original Article
発行日 2018-02
出版物タイトル Acta Medica Okayama
72巻
1号
出版者 Okayama University Medical School
開始ページ 53
終了ページ 59
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
言語 English
OAI-PMH Set 岡山大学
著作権者 CopyrightⒸ 2018 by Okayama University Medical School
論文のバージョン publisher
査読 有り
Submission Path amo/vol72/iss1/8
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/55662
フルテキストURL 72_1_47.pdf
著者 Ako, Soichiro| Nakamura, Shinichiro| Nouso, Kazuhiro| Dohi, Chihiro| Wada, Nozomu| Morimoto, Yuki| Takeuchi, Yasuto| Yasunaka, Tetsuya| Kuwaki, Kenji| Onishi, Hideki| Ikeda, Fusao| Shiraha, Hidenori| Takaki, Akinobu| Okada, Hiroyuki|
抄録 Transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE) is often performed before radiofrequency ablation (RFA) for the treatment of early-stage hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). TACE prior to RFA can expand the ablated area and reduce the tumor size, facilitating complete ablation. However, the factors correlated with size reduction remain uncertain. The aim of this study was to identify the factors associated with size reduction by TACE and develop a formula to predict the reduction rate. A total of 100 HCC patients treated with TACE followed by RFA at least 20 days later were enrolled. The tumor size was measured at the time of TACE and RFA, and correlations between the reduction rate and 13 clinical factors were examined. A formula to predict the reduction rate was built using the factors obtained by the analysis. Reduction in the tumor size was observed in 69 nodules, and the median reduction rate was 16.2%. A multivariate regression analysis revealed that a large tumor size (p< 0.01) and a long interval between the therapies (p= 0.01) were factors for a high tumor reduction rate, with tumor size more strongly related to the degree of reduction. A size reduction of more than 10% can be expected by waiting 20 days after TACE when the size of the tumor at TACE is over 25 mm in diameter. The tumor size
キーワード hepatocellular carcinoma transcatheter arterial chemoembolization radiofrequency ablation interval size reduction
Amo Type Original Article
発行日 2018-02
出版物タイトル Acta Medica Okayama
72巻
1号
出版者 Okayama University Medical School
開始ページ 47
終了ページ 52
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
言語 English
OAI-PMH Set 岡山大学
著作権者 CopyrightⒸ 2018 by Okayama University Medical School
論文のバージョン publisher
査読 有り
Submission Path amo/vol72/iss1/7
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/55661
フルテキストURL 72_1_39.pdf
著者 Hosogi, Mika| Morizane, Yuki| Shiode, Yusuke| Doi, Shinichiro| Kumase, Fumiaki| Kimura, Shuhei| Hosokawa, Mio| Hirano, Masayuki| Toshima, Shinji| Takahashi, Kosuke| Fujiwara, Atsushi| Shiraga, Fumio|
抄録 To investigate the effectiveness of a treat-and-extend regimen (TAE) of intravitreal ranibizumab injections (IVR) for macular edema (ME) due to branch retinal vein occlusion (BRVO). We retrospectively examined 35 eyes of 35 patients with ME due to BRVO who underwent TAE for 1 year. Patients whose treatment interval extended to 12 weeks were switched to a pro re nata regimen (PRN; TAE to PRN group), while TAE was continued for patients whose treatment interval was less than 12 weeks (continued TAE group). Changes in best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA), central retinal thickness (CRT), and predictive factors for inclusion in the TAE to PRN group were analyzed. BCVA and CRT both improved significantly at 1 year compared with baseline (p<0.001). Sixteen eyes (45.7%) were included in the TAE to PRN group, while 19 eyes (54.3%) were included in the continued TAE group. BCVA in the TAE to PRN group was significantly better than that in the continued TAE group at 1 year (p=0.047). BCVA at baseline and macular BRVO were significant predictive factors for inclusion in the TAE to PRN group. TAE was effective for improving BCVA and CRT. The TAE to PRN group showed significantly better prognosis.
キーワード branch retinal vein occlusion macular edema anti-vascular endothelial growth factor ranibizumab treat-and-extend regimen
Amo Type Original Article
発行日 2018-02
出版物タイトル Acta Medica Okayama
72巻
1号
出版者 Okayama University Medical School
開始ページ 39
終了ページ 45
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
言語 English
OAI-PMH Set 岡山大学
著作権者 CopyrightⒸ 2018 by Okayama University Medical School
論文のバージョン publisher
査読 有り
Submission Path amo/vol72/iss1/6
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/55660
フルテキストURL 72_1_31.pdf
著者 Owari, Yutaka| Miyatake, Nobuyuki| Kataoka, Hiroaki|
抄録 Few studies examined the relationship between social participation, physical activity and psychological distress in elderly people. Here we examined these relationships in apparently healthy elderly people. After exclusion of subjects who dropped out or did not meet enrollment criteria, the data of 86 subjects (apparently healthy elderly embers at a college health club; 25 males, 61 females) from July 20 to September 10, 2016 were used. We evaluated each subject’s psychological distress using the K6 questionnaire, social participation by a self-completed questionnaire, and physical activity level by a triaxial accelerometer (7 consecutive days). The K6 scores were significantly correlated with social participation in the total series and the women. The K6 scores of the subjects who had engaged in social participation (1.847±2.231) were significantly lower (better) than those of the subjects who had not (6.714±5.014). Both exercise limitation and social participation were significant predictors of the K6 scores. Our findings indicate that psychological distress in apparently healthy elderly people is not associated with physical activity, but is associated with social participation. Our results demonstrate that in healthy elderly people, participating in a social activity can help improve psychological distress.
キーワード elderly people physical activity psychological distress social participation
Amo Type Original Article
発行日 2018-02
出版物タイトル Acta Medica Okayama
72巻
1号
出版者 Okayama University Medical School
開始ページ 31
終了ページ 37
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
言語 English
OAI-PMH Set 岡山大学
著作権者 CopyrightⒸ 2018 by Okayama University Medical School
論文のバージョン publisher
査読 有り
Submission Path amo/vol72/iss1/5
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/55659
フルテキストURL 72_1_23.pdf
著者 Fujiia, Masayoshi| Takata, Katsuyoshi| Chuang, Shih-Sung| Miyata-Takata, Tomoko| Ando, Midori| Sato, Yasuharu| Yoshino, Tadashi|
抄録 The gastrointestinal (GI) tract is the most frequently involved site of extranodal non-Hodgkin lymphomas, and diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) is the most common subtype occurring in the GI tract. TNFAIP3 (A20) genetic alterations were reported to be involved in DLBCL’s pathogenesis and a portion of GI-DLBCL cases harbor this alteration. However, the frequency and clinicopathological relations focusing on small and large intestinal DLBCL are unclear. Here, we examined A20 deletion and protein expression and analyzed the clinicopathological features of 52 cases of primary intestinal DLBCL. The most frequently involved site was the ileocecal region (75%), followed by small bowel (13.5%) and large intestine. Immunohistochemically, the ileocecal cases expressed BCL6 (p=0.027) and MUM1 (p=0.0001) significantly more frequently than the small intestinal cases. Six of 47 cases (13%) had A20 heterozygous deletion, whereas all 6 heterozygously deleted cases had detectable A20 protein expression. In summary, A20 abnormality was less prevalent among intestinal DLBCLs with some discordancy between gene deletion and protein expression. Although the A20 alteration status did not affect any clinicopathological characteristics in this series, further studies exploring alterations of A20 and other NF-κB components in primary intestinal DLBCL are needed.
キーワード primary intestinal diffuse large B-cell lymphoma cell of origin A20 TNFAIP3 heterozygous deletion
Amo Type Original Article
発行日 2018-02
出版物タイトル Acta Medica Okayama
72巻
1号
出版者 Okayama University Medical School
開始ページ 23
終了ページ 30
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
言語 English
OAI-PMH Set 岡山大学
著作権者 CopyrightⒸ 2018 by Okayama University Medical School
論文のバージョン publisher
査読 有り
Submission Path amo/vol72/iss1/4