FullText URL oer_051_2-3_contents_e.pdf
Publication Title Okayama Economic Review
Published Date 2020-03-19
Volume volume51
Issue issue2-3
ISSN 2433-4146
language 日本語
Copyright Holders Copyright © 2020 岡山大学経済学会
File Version publisher
FullText URL oer_051_2-3_139.pdf
Publication Title Okayama Economic Review
Published Date 2020-03-19
Volume volume51
Issue issue2-3
Start Page 139
End Page 141
ISSN 2433-4146
language 日本語
Copyright Holders Copyright © 2020 岡山大学経済学会
File Version publisher
JaLCDOI 10.18926/OER/58076
Title Alternative Eduald Bernstein, Ein Geleitwort zu Magyariens Schuld Ungarns Sühne : Revolution und Gegenrevolution in Ungarn von Oszkár Jászi
FullText URL oer_051_2-3_131_137.pdf
Author Ota, Yoshiki|
Publication Title Okayama Economic Review
Published Date 2020-03-19
Volume volume51
Issue issue2-3
Start Page 131
End Page 137
ISSN 2433-4146
language 日本語
Copyright Holders Copyright © 2020 岡山大学経済学会
File Version publisher
JaLCDOI 10.18926/OER/58075
FullText URL oer_051_2-3_123_129.pdf
Author Okamoto, Akira|
Publication Title Okayama Economic Review
Published Date 2020-03-19
Volume volume51
Issue issue2-3
Start Page 123
End Page 129
ISSN 2433-4146
language 英語
Copyright Holders Copyright © 2020 岡山大学経済学会
File Version publisher
JaLCDOI 10.18926/OER/58074
Title Alternative Equality and Distributive Justice Reconsidered: Related to Wages, Insurance, Taxes and Social Security
FullText URL oer_051_2-3_107_122.pdf
Author Niimura, Satoshi|
Publication Title Okayama Economic Review
Published Date 2020-03-19
Volume volume51
Issue issue2-3
Start Page 107
End Page 122
ISSN 2433-4146
language 日本語
Copyright Holders Copyright © 2020 岡山大学経済学会
File Version publisher
JaLCDOI 10.18926/OER/58073
Title Alternative Zur Geschichte der sächsischen Landbevölkerung
FullText URL oer_051_2-3_085_106.pdf
Author Matsuo, Nobushige|
Publication Title Okayama Economic Review
Published Date 2020-03-19
Volume volume51
Issue issue2-3
Start Page 85
End Page 106
ISSN 2433-4146
language 日本語
Copyright Holders Copyright © 2020 岡山大学経済学会
File Version publisher
JaLCDOI 10.18926/OER/58072
Title Alternative Report on the Interview in Management of High Performance Team Medical Care
FullText URL oer_051_2-3_053_084.pdf
Author MATSUDA, Yoichi|
Publication Title Okayama Economic Review
Published Date 2020-03-19
Volume volume51
Issue issue2-3
Start Page 53
End Page 84
ISSN 2433-4146
language 日本語
Copyright Holders Copyright © 2020 岡山大学経済学会
File Version publisher
JaLCDOI 10.18926/OER/58071
Title Alternative Clusters and Hierarchies
FullText URL oer_051_2-3_039_052.pdf
Author Tomae, Hisao|
Abstract  Porter( 1990) proposes the concept of“ cluster”. The purpose of this paper is to examine how clusters are positioned between the market and the hierarchies, as Porter( 1998) presents the challenge. At the same time, there are intermediate organizations such as a series between the market and the hierarchy, so we will also discuss them. As for the hierarchical organization, we conducted a case study of Yokoyama Seimou, and examined its characteristics. The significance of this paper is the following two points.( 1)Hierarchical organization, competition by visible hands, division of process in Ota Ward, and cluster can simultaneously achieve productivity and innovation. (2) Regarding Yokoyama Seimou’s case study, the company is located in an area that can hardly be called a cluster and is a hierarchical organization that vertically integrates processes, the company has succeeded in meaningful joint development with other companies. As an implication for the region, it is also important to view the whole of Japan as a network, regardless of the cluster.<br/>  The structure of this paper will be discussed in the order of Porter’s theory of clusters, existing research on intermediate organizations, Yokoyama’s case study, discussion, and conclusion.
Publication Title Okayama Economic Review
Published Date 2020-03-19
Volume volume51
Issue issue2-3
Start Page 39
End Page 52
ISSN 2433-4146
language 日本語
Copyright Holders Copyright © 2020 岡山大学経済学会
File Version publisher
JaLCDOI 10.18926/OER/58070
Title Alternative The Development Strategies of Poland and the Engine of Polish Economic Growth
FullText URL oer_051_2-3_015_037.pdf
Author Taguchi, Masahiro| Okazaki, Taku|
Abstract  In this paper, authors analyze the changes in the national development strategies of the Polish government since the First World War, the state investment that became the driving force of economic development, the trends and positions of foreign capital, and the changes in the economic environment surrounding the Polish economy.  In the Second Republic, economic liberalism was a widely supported philosophy in the business world and academic society. However, in order to support very weak economic fundamentals, the government seized the key industry and tried to rebuild the economy. Although foreign capital played a very important role in economic development, Polish people’s distrust in foreign capital was strong. After the Great Depression, the Central Industrial District( CUP) was built under the leadership of the government. However, with the outbreak of World War II, the formation of a strong core industrial base was suspended.<br/>  After the Second World War, the government initially aimed to build a Peoples Democracy system based on pluralism. However, when the Cold War sharpened, rapid industrialization and collectivization of agriculture were forced. The Stalinist economic development strategy failed in a few years. Nevertheless, from the end of the 1950s, mining development and industrialization based on the mechanical and chemical industries were carried out again. This industrialization of capital goods sector-oriented production has distorted the people’s consumer life. However, in the long run, it cannot be denied that the industrialization of that time became the basis for the formation of the wide promising fields of the Polish industry. Since 1970, an open economic strategy has been adopted. Modernization was attempted by introducing licenses from the west. However, new investments did not lead to expansion of export, and cumulative debt increased. During the economic crisis, the“ Solidarity” movement quickly grew into a national movement, but this did not lead to a fundamental economic system change. Economic reform was also attempted in the 1980s. However, the socialist economic system was unable to adapt to the new global economic system driven by innovation. The inflexible system lost its growth potential.<br/>  After the collapse of socialist system in 1989, radical liberalization policies drastically improved economic imbalances, and the economic policy enabled high growth. During the transition period, foreign capital greatly contributed to growth. The automobile industry is a good example. This industry is associated with wide parts production. Many domestic intermediate goods manufacturers increased their orders, and their technical capabilities were rapidly improved through the guidance of foreign capital. In addition, export has improved significantly due to the expansion of production by foreign-affiliated companies. In contrast to the Second Republic, foreign capital played a major role in nurturing domestic industries. By the end of the 1990s, the Russian economy had had no effect on the Polish economy. At the transition period, the Polish industry shifted rapidly to the EU. At the same time, since the manufacturing field was the foundation of Polish growth, the impact of the 2007 global financial crisis wasn’t serious. Not only that, Poland maintained positive growth in 2008 as most countries in Europe fell into negative Currently, low-wage, low-value-added production based on FDI inflows and abundant labor force is the driving force for growth. In the medium and long term, the Polish economy cannot grow if it stays in the current subcontract production status of industrialized countries. The key to Poland’s escape from the “middle-income trap” is how to develop“ new Polish companies” that produce high-value-added products and services under global competition.
Publication Title Okayama Economic Review
Published Date 2020-03-19
Volume volume51
Issue issue2-3
Start Page 15
End Page 37
ISSN 2433-4146
language 日本語
Copyright Holders Copyright © 2020 岡山大学経済学会
File Version publisher
JaLCDOI 10.18926/OER/58069
Title Alternative Preliminary Study on Classification of Financial Ratios Using Factor Analysis
FullText URL oer_051_2-3_001_013.pdf
Author Nakagawa, Toyotaka| Nagahata, Hidekazu| Yamanishi, Yuki|
Abstract The purpose of this paper is to perform factor analysis on financial ratios calculated using consolidated financial statement data from the fiscal year ended March 31, 2006 to the fiscal year ended March 31, 2017, which are disclosed by Japanese companies, and to classify financial ratios.<br/>  The analysis provided evidence to suggest that both net income and cash flows from operating activities are functioned as financial performance measures with similar properties. We also find that capital efficiency is an important factor. Furthermore, there is also evidence that cash flows from investing activities and cash flows from financing activities have a common factor.
Publication Title Okayama Economic Review
Published Date 2020-03-19
Volume volume51
Issue issue2-3
Start Page 1
End Page 13
ISSN 2433-4146
language 日本語
Copyright Holders Copyright © 2020 岡山大学経済学会
File Version publisher
FullText URL oer_051_2-3_contents.pdf
Publication Title Okayama Economic Review
Published Date 2020-03-19
Volume volume51
Issue issue2-3
ISSN 2433-4146
language 日本語
Copyright Holders Copyright © 2020 岡山大学経済学会
File Version publisher
FullText URL oer_051_1_contents_eng.pdf
Publication Title Okayama Economic Review
Published Date 2019-07-16
Volume volume51
Issue issue1
ISSN 2433-4146
language 日本語
Copyright Holders Copyright © 2019 岡山大学経済学会
File Version publisher
JaLCDOI 10.18926/OER/56912
Title Alternative J. H. Clapham, An Economic History of Modern Britain, vol. 3, Machines and National Rivalries (1887-1914), with an Epilogue (1914-1929), Outline, Chap.8
FullText URL oer_051_1_059_083.pdf
Author Ichinose, Atsushi|
Publication Title Okayama Economic Review
Published Date 2019-07-16
Volume volume51
Issue issue1
Start Page 59
End Page 83
ISSN 2433-4146
language 日本語
Copyright Holders Copyright © 2019 岡山大学経済学会
File Version publisher
JaLCDOI 10.18926/OER/56911
FullText URL oer_051_1_035_058.pdf
Author Matsuo, Nobushige|
Publication Title Okayama Economic Review
Published Date 2019-07-16
Volume volume51
Issue issue1
Start Page 35
End Page 58
ISSN 2433-4146
language 日本語
Copyright Holders Copyright © 2019 岡山大学経済学会
File Version publisher
JaLCDOI 10.18926/OER/56910
Title Alternative The Japan-China Economic Relations in GVC from the Perspective of Trade in Value Added: Using Japan-China GVC input-output table
FullText URL oer_051_1_019_034.pdf
Author Teng, Jian| Feng, Junshi|
Publication Title Okayama Economic Review
Published Date 2019-07-16
Volume volume51
Issue issue1
Start Page 19
End Page 34
ISSN 2433-4146
language 日本語
Copyright Holders Copyright © 2019 岡山大学経済学会
File Version publisher
JaLCDOI 10.18926/OER/56909
Title Alternative The Revolutionary Forces in Marx’s Theory and Marxism : Development? or Distortion?
FullText URL oer_051_1_001_018.pdf
Author Ota , Yoshiki|
Abstract 1. Diffusion of Marxism and inflation of the concept “proletariat”</br> The concept of “proletariat” is the central concept of Marxism. However, its content varies according to times and regions. For Marx and Engels, proletarias are workers who work in the capitalist large industries, they overthrow the rule of capitalists through the revolution and are the subjects of the construction of society in the future. Kautsky put workers in small factories and small farmers into the category of proletariat. Lenin overestimated capitalist development in Russia and included farmers without horses into proletariat. In Mao Zedong, agricultural workers, rumpen, handmade workers, peasants, clerks and peddlers are also allowed to participate in the revolution. The concept of proletariat is inflated. As the region moves away from the center of the world system, the scope of participants in the revolution has been expanded.</br> 2. “Proletariat” in Marx’s view on social development</br> In Marx, proletariat is given a privileged position as a revolutionary subject in the capitalist society. In the “formulation” of historical materialism, modern bourgeois society is given a privileged position in human history. Proletariat is privileged in dual sense. In this formulation, there is no social antagonism in the future society that Marx believes. This future society should be called a “community without law and state”. It is recognized that the development of capitalist production increases the number of workers and the ordinary electoral system increases possibilities of acquiring a working-class regime. Still, Capital insists that the revolution is inevitable. Marx and Engels never abandoned “revolutionism” throughout their lives.</br> 3. Marx’s revolutionary strategy and British working class</br> For Marx and Engels, England is a typical country of capitalistic development, giving models to other countries.However, the English working class in the mid-19th century was not “revolutionary”. The English labor movement during this period had been internalized under the guidance of the “labor aristocrat”. Working class was integrated as “nation”. While cooperating with the reformists politically, Marx was argueing revolutionism in scientific books. While cooperating with the reformists politically, Marx was advocating revolutionism in Capital. In modern bourgeois society, it is usual that labor classes are integrated into a system as “nation” and labor movement is to become reformistic, but Marx could not analyze this situation as a problem of upper structure of capitalism in general. In England Marx cooperated with the reformist labor movement, but could not abandon his revolutionism.</br> 4. Reform Movement and Revolutionism: German Revisionism Controversy and Russian Party Organization Controversy</br> At the German Social Democratic Party, there was coexistence of reformistic practice and ideology of revolutionism. Kautsky was a personal expression of this coexistence. He adhered to revolutionism, but acknowledged that socialist consciousness was brought into labor movement from the outside historically. Bernstein claimed that revolutionism is an obstacle to workers’ reform movement. In the controversy concerning the organization of the Russian Social Democratic Party, from the standpoint of revolutionalism, Lenin argued that “external injection” is necessary because the workers’ reform movement and the revolutionary socialist movement are not directly connected. The revolutionary forces are not necessarily the product of the capitalist big industry. Those who have abilities to resist the capitalist system, they can participate in the socialist revolution through the “external injection” of the revolutionary party. It can be said that the logic of “external injection” made it possible to disseminate Marxism to the semi-periphery and periphery.</br> 5. Conclusion</br> The Marxist revolution theory is understood as the theory of “revolution of developed countryies”. This is because it assumes the proletariat produced by the capitalist big industry as the revolutionary subject. In the case of Marx, its understanding is correct. However, the successful acquisition of the regime by the Marxist was in “backward countries”. It can be said that the key to solving this paradox was in the unreality of the concept of “proletariat” at the core of Marx’s revolutionism. Marx’s “proletariat” has no realities in the working class in center of modern capitalit world system (“developed capitalist countries”). On the other hand, various anti-systemic forces were formed as a revolutionary subject entity or “proletariat” by “external injection” of the revolutionary parties in semi-periphery and periphery (the “backward areas”). Rosa Luxemburg called as “clique management (Cliquenwirtschaft)” the regime that such forces could aquire. Under the “clique management” system, people remained in the object of governance and never became the subject.
Publication Title Okayama Economic Review
Published Date 2019-07-16
Volume volume51
Issue issue1
Start Page 1
End Page 18
ISSN 2433-4146
language 日本語
Copyright Holders Copyright © 2019 岡山大学経済学会
File Version publisher
FullText URL oer_051_1_contents.pdf
Publication Title Okayama Economic Review
Published Date 2019-07-16
Volume volume51
Issue issue1
ISSN 2433-4146
language 日本語
Copyright Holders Copyright © 2019 岡山大学経済学会
File Version publisher
FullText URL oer_050_3_cover_e.pdf
Author 岡山大学経済学会|
Publication Title Okayama Economic Review
Published Date 2019-03-15
Volume volume50
Issue issue3
ISSN 2433-4146
language 日本語
Copyright Holders Copyright © 2019 岡山大学経済学会
File Version publisher
JaLCDOI 10.18926/OER/56490
Title Alternative Ablösungsrezeß über Geldgefälle beim südsächsischen D.-Neudorf 1856-1857 (2)
FullText URL oer_050_3_089_112.pdf
Author Matsuo, Nobushige|
Publication Title Okayama Economic Review
Published Date 2019-03-15
Volume volume50
Issue issue3
Start Page 89
End Page 112
ISSN 2433-4146
language 日本語
Copyright Holders Copyright © 2019 岡山大学経済学会
File Version publisher
NAID 120006583665
JaLCDOI 10.18926/OER/56489
Title Alternative The Largest Industrials in Canada, 2003-2017
FullText URL oer_050_3_083_087.pdf
Author Satoru, Enomoto|
Publication Title Okayama Economic Review
Published Date 2019-03-15
Volume volume50
Issue issue3
Start Page 83
End Page 87
ISSN 2433-4146
language 日本語
Copyright Holders Copyright © 2019 岡山大学経済学会
File Version publisher
NAID 120006583664