Title Alternative Fermented persimmon extract (kaki-shibu) is useful as a standard for component analyses of persimmon phytobezoars
FullText URL 126_127.pdf
Author Iwamuro, Masaya| Okamoto, Yuko| Murata, Toshihiro| Kawai, Yoshinari| Shiraha, Hidenori| Okada, Hiroyuki| Yamamoto, Kazuhide|
Abstract The definite diagnosis of persimmon phytobezoar (i.e., diospyrobezoar) is often accomplished by a component analysis using infrared spectroscopy. However, no studies have been conducted to investigate which substance is the best as a standard for the component analysis. Here we analyzed tannic acid, Japanese persimmon (kaki), fermented persimmon extract (kaki-shibu), conventional dried persimmon, and dried persimmon smoked in sulfur (ampo-kaki) by infrared spectroscopy to determine which would be optimal as a component analysis standard. The spectrum between 1,600 to 600cm-1 of a persimmon phytobezoar was quite similar to the spectrum of kaki-shibu rather than that of tannic acid. Consequently, we conclude that kaki-shibu should be used as a standard for infrared spectroscopy analyses of persimmon phytobezoars.
Keywords 柿胃石(gastric phytobezoar) タンニン酸(tannic acid) 消化管異物(gastrointestinal foreign body) 成分分析(component analysis)
Publication Title 岡山医学会雑誌
Published Date 2014-08-01
Volume volume126
Issue issue2
Start Page 127
End Page 131
ISSN 0030-1558
language 日本語
Copyright Holders Copyright (c) 2014 岡山医学会
File Version publisher
DOI 10.4044/joma.126.127
NAID 130004685263
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/52894
FullText URL 68_5_263.pdf
Author Namba, Shihoko| Miyake, Kayoko| Ikeda, Fusao| Hazama, Tomoko| Hitobe, Yu| Yamasaki, Noriko| Shiraha, Hidenori| Takaki, Akinobu| Nouso, Kazuhiro| Iwasaki, Yoshiaki| Yamamoto, Kazuhide|
Abstract Nursing support might help patients with chronic hepatitis C (CHC) remain in good mental and physical condition during interferon (IFN) therapy. However, the effects of nursing support have not been studied adequately in this context. This case-control study evaluated the effects of nursing support during IFN therapy. Twenty-four CHC patients who received pegylated IFN and ribavirin were enrolled. Nurses advised patients on the maintenance of their mental and physical condition at weekly visits, based on the results of written questionnaires. An additional 24 patients who received IFN therapy without nursing support and who were matched for age, sex, platelet count, viral serogroup and IFN regimen were selected with propensity score matching as controls. The patients with nursing support during IFN therapy achieved higher sustained virological responses (79%) than those without nursing support (58%). Adherence to the IFN and ribavirin regimens at 24 weeks of therapy were slightly higher in the patients with nursing support than those without it, but these differences were not statistically significant. Adherence to ribavirin after 24 weeks of therapy was significantly higher in those with nursing support than those without it (93% and 66%, p=0.045). These results suggested that nursing support services could contribute to the virological responses of CHC patients by promoting drug-regimen adherence.
Keywords chronic hepatitis C nursing support interferon therapy
Amo Type Original Article
Published Date 2014-10
Publication Title Acta Medica Okayama
Volume volume68
Issue issue5
Publisher Okayama University Medical School
Start Page 263
End Page 268
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
Content Type Journal Article
language 英語
Copyright Holders CopyrightⒸ 2014 by Okayama University Medical School
File Version publisher
Refereed True
PubMed ID 25338482
Web of Science KeyUT 000343269300002
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/52898
FullText URL 68_5_291.pdf
Author Tsuzaki, Ryuichiro| Takaki, Akinobu| Yagi, Takahito| Ikeda, Fusao| Koike, Kazuko| Iwasaki, Yoshiaki| Shiraha, Hidenori| Miyake, Yasuhiro| Sadamori, Hiroshi| Shinoura, Susumu| Umeda, Yuzo| Yoshida, Ryuichi| Nobuoka, Daisuke| Utsumi, Masashi| Nakayama, Eiichi| Fujiwara, Toshiyoshi| Yamamoto, Kazuhide|
Abstract It is not known how the immune system targets hepatitis C virus (HCV)-infected HLA-mismatched hepatocytes under immune-suppressed conditions after orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT). In addition, the relationship between the HCV-specific immune response and IL28B variants as predictors of HCV clearance has not been well-characterized. We determined the IL28B polymorphisms for 57 post-OLT HCV carriers, and we assessed the HCV-specific immune responses by measuring the peripheral blood mononuclear cell-derived HCV-specific interferon-gamma (IFN-γ) response using an enzyme-linked immunospot assay. At 1-3 years after OLT, patients with no active hepatitis showed higher total spots on the immunospot assay. At>3 years after OLT, patients with resolved HCV showed higher levels of core, NS3, NS5A, and total spots compared to the chronic hepatitis patients. The IL28B major genotype in the donors correlated with higher spot counts for NS5A and NS5B proteins at 1-3 years after OLT. In the post-OLT setting, the HCV-specific immune response could be strongly induced in patients with no active hepatitis with an IL28B major donor or sustained virological response. Strong immune responses in the patients with no active hepatitis could only be maintained for 3 years and diminished later. It may be beneficial to administer IFN treatment starting 3 years after OLT, to induce the maximum immunological effect.
Keywords interferon gamma ELISPOT assay single nucleotide polymorphisms dendritic cell CD4 T cell
Amo Type Original Article
Published Date 2014-10
Publication Title Acta Medica Okayama
Volume volume68
Issue issue5
Publisher Okayama University Medical School
Start Page 291
End Page 302
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
Content Type Journal Article
language 英語
Copyright Holders CopyrightⒸ 2014 by Okayama University Medical School
File Version publisher
Refereed True
PubMed ID 25338486
Web of Sience KeyUT 000343269300006
Related Url http://ousar.lib.okayama-u.ac.jp/metadata/53129
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/53026
FullText URL 68_6_369.pdf
Author Iwamuro, Masaya| Miyashima, Yuichi| Yoshioka, Takahiro| Murata, Toshihiro| Miyabe, Yoshio| Kawai, Yoshinari| Urata, Haruo| Shiraha, Hidenori| Okada, Hiroyuki| Yamamoto, Kazuhide|
Abstract A 67-year-old Japanese man underwent enterotomy because of enterolith ileus. Component analysis by infrared spectroscopy revealed that the enterolith was composed of a high concentration of deoxycholic acid. We further analyzed and compared the ultrastructure of the enterolith and a commercially available powdered form of deoxycholic acid by means of scanning electron microscopy and energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy. Energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy analysis revealed that the ratios of carbon and oxygen in the enterolith were equal to those in the deoxycholic acid powder. Scanning electron microscopy analysis showed rectangular prism-shaped particles on the surface of the enterolith. This structure was similar to that of the deoxycholic acid powder. The surgically removed enterolith had a twisted and coiled appearance. Possible mechanisms underlying the formation of this unique form are discussed.
Keywords enterolith deoxycholic acid scanning electron microscopy infrared spectroscopy energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy
Amo Type Case Report
Published Date 2014-12
Publication Title Acta Medica Okayama
Volume volume68
Issue issue6
Publisher Okayama University Medical School
Start Page 369
End Page 374
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
Content Type Journal Article
language 英語
Copyright Holders CopyrightⒸ 2014 by Okayama University Medical School
File Version publisher
Refereed True
PubMed ID 25519031
Web of Science KeyUT 000346882200007
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/53558
FullText URL 69_4_219.pdf
Author Toshimori, Junichi| Nouso, Kazuhiro| Nakamura, Shinichiro| Wada, Nozomu| Morimoto, Yuki| Takeuchi, Yasuto| Yasunaka, Tetsuya| Kuwaki, Kenji| Ohnishi, Hideki| Ikeda, Fusao| Shiraha, Hidenori| Takaki, Akinobu| Yamamoto, Kazuhide|
Abstract We conducted a retrospective cohort study to investigate the predisposing factors for local recurrence and complications after percutaneous radiofrequency ablation (RFA) of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). HCC patients (n=397) consecutively treated with RFA (256 males, 141 females, median age 69 years) were enrolled. In these patients, 1,455 nodules (median size 17mm) were ablated. Predisposing factors for overall recurrence and local recurrence in the context of tumor location and complications were examined. Local recurrence was observed for 113 of the 1,455 nodules. The 1-, 3- and 5-year local recurrence rates were 2.2オ, 7.4オ and 9.5オ, respectively. A multivariate Cox proportional hazard analysis revealed that large tumor size (>2cm), tumor location (adjacent to the major portal branch or hepatic vein), and small ablated margin (<3mm) were independent predisposing factors for local recurrence after RFA (HR=1.70-2.81). Tumor location (adjacent to the major portal branch, hepatic vein, or diaphragm) was also revealed as a risk factor for liver damage due to RFA. HCC adjacent to the major portal vein or hepatic vein was associated with a higher risk for local recurrence and for complications;therefore, special precautions are necessary when applying RFA to HCC near vessels even when the tumors are located at an easy-to-puncture site.
Keywords hepatocellular carcinoma radiofrequency ablation ablated margin tumor location
Amo Type Original Article
Published Date 2015-08
Publication Title Acta Medica Okayama
Volume volume69
Issue issue4
Publisher Okayama University Medical School
Start Page 219
End Page 226
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
Content Type Journal Article
language 英語
Copyright Holders CopyrightⒸ 2015 by Okayama University Medical School
File Version publisher
Refereed True
PubMed ID 26289913
Web of Science KeyUT 000365519100005