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A quantitative understanding of the weak nuclear response is a prerequisite for the analyses of neutrino experiments such as K2K and MiniBOONE, which measure energy and angle of the muons produced in neutrino-nucleus interactions in the energy range 0.5-3 GeV and reconstruct the incident neutrino energy to determine neutrino oscillations. In this paper we discuss theoretical calculations of electron- and neutrino-nucleus scattering, carried out within the impulse approximation scheme using realistic nuclear spectral functions. Comparison between electron scattering data and the calculated inclusive cross section of oxygen, at beam energies ranging between 700 and 1200 MeV, show that the Fermi gas model, widely used in the analysis of neutrino oscillation experiments, fails to provide a satisfactory description of the measured cross sections, and inclusion of nuclear dynamics is needed.
Digital Object Identifer:10.1103/PhysRevD.72.053005
Published with permission from the copyright holder. This is the institute's copy, as published in Physical Review D, September 2005, Volume 72, Issue 5, Pages 13.
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Physical Review D
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