JaLCDOI 10.18926/15460
FullText URL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_28_2_45.pdf
Author Totsuji, Hiroo| Hashimoto, Seiji| Nara, Shigetoshi|
Abstract Difficulties in simulating systems composed of classical and quantum particles lie in the treatment of the many-body interactions between quantum particles and the geometrical variety of configurations of classical particles. In order to overcome these difficulties, we have developed some numerical methods and applied them to simple cases. As for stationary states, the finite element method provides us with sufficient geometrical freedom. Combined with the Kohn-Sham equation based on the density functional theory, this method virtually satisfies our requirement. In order to investigate time-dependent phenomena, we apply the time-dependent Kohn-Sham equation. Adopting the finite difference method, we are able to follow the development of quantum many-body system. As an example, we estimate the effects of the potential height, the electric field, and many-body interactions in some transition processes in quantum wells coupled by a tunneling barrier. This example is important in itself in relation to semiconductor superlattices and also serves as a benchmark for quantum simulations, variety of geometry corresponding to that of classical particles.
Publication Title Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
Published Date 1994-03-15
Volume volume28
Issue issue2
Start Page 45
End Page 52
ISSN 0475-0071
language 英語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002307158
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15394
FullText URL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_27_1_55.pdf
Author Totsuji, Hiroo| Tachibana Hiroyuki| Hashimoto Seiji| Nara, Shigetoshi|
Abstract The ground state of a system of electrons accumulated in a pair of coupled symmetric quantum wires is analyzed on the basis of density functional theory. It is shown that, in a domain of physical parameters, electrons are localized in either of wires. The main contribution to the total energy of this system comes from the Hartree energy, or the electrostatic energy, and the exchange-correlation energy between electrons. The ground state is determined by a competition between these contributions: We have symmetric electron distributions when the Hartree energy dominates and asymmetric (localized) states are realized in the opposite case. This kind of simple system with bistable electronic states may be applied to semiconductor memory devices.
Publication Title Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
Published Date 1992-11-25
Volume volume27
Issue issue1
Start Page 55
End Page 64
ISSN 0475-0071
language 英語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002307892
JaLCDOI 10.18926/14367
Title Alternative The Lectures on the Development of Teaching Plans and Teaching Materials Tried in the Science Education Class in Master's Course, Okayama University
FullText URL 007_001_007.pdf
Author Inada, Yoshihiko| Kakihara, Seiji| Kita, Masakazu| Yamashita, Nobuhiko| Ishikawa, Teruhiko| Ogura, Hisakazu| Ando, Motonori| Kusachi, Isao| Kato, Kuranoshin| Yoshioka, Tsutomu| Kawata, Yuki| Hirakawa, Motoshi| Hashimoto, Seiji| Akazaki, Tetsuya| Higashi, Nobuhiko| Becchaku, Akio|
Abstract 岡山大学大学院教育学研究科の理科教育専攻の講義として、教材開発・授業案開発をテーマとした新しい講義を試みたのでその報告を行う。本講義は、理科教育講座に所属する大学院生、理科教育講座の大学教員、附属学校の理科関係の教諭が三者協働で進めることが特徴である。課題設定、教材開発を含めた実践準備および実践を院生チームを組み遂行させ、さらに経験や専門性の異なる人材と論議を重ねて活動を進めることを通じ、将来、協働で学校現場の課題提案・解決を行うことのできる能力を養うことを目標とした。
Abstract Alternative This is a report of the new type of lectures on the development of teaching plans and teaching materials attempted in the science class in the Master's Course, Okayama University. The lectures were conducted in collaboration of the graduate students and the academic staffs in the science education course, and the science teachers of the attached school of Okayama University. The graduate students were grouped into two teams of five or six people, assigned to decide on themes, prepare and practice the development of teaching plans and teaching materials. They conducted their activities discussing problems with people of different experience and specialty, thus developing the ability to jointly propose and solve problems at schools in future.
Keywords 大学院講義 (Science Education Class in the Master's Course) 附属学校 (Attached School) 授業実践 (education practice) 教材開発 (Development of Teaching Materials) 授業案開発 (Development of Teaching Plans)
Publication Title 岡山大学教育実践総合センター紀要
Published Date 2007-03-10
Volume volume7
Issue issue1
Start Page 1
End Page 7
ISSN 1346-3705
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002308464