JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/55436
FullText URL 71_5_391.pdf
Author Iwamuro, Masaya| Takata, Katsuyoshi| Hayashi, Eiko| Kawano, Seiji| Hiraoka, Sakiko| Kawahara, Yoshiro| Yoshino, Tadashi| Okada, Hiroyuki|
Abstract  To evaluate the usefulness of colonoscopy for the detection of ileal involvement in patients with intestinal follicular lymphoma, seventeen patients with intestinal follicular lymphoma who underwent colonoscopy and biopsy sampling from the terminal ileum were enrolled. The patients were divided into 2 groups: cases with ileal involvement (n=6) and cases without ileal involvement (n=11). Patients’ clinical backgrounds were compared between the two groups. Subsequently, 10 board-certified endoscopists independently evaluated the endoscopic pictures and determined whether the ileum was involved with follicular lymphoma. Infiltration of follicular lymphoma cells were identified in 6 patients (35.3%). Cases with positive ileal involvement were diagnosed with follicular lymphoma at a younger age than were cases without ileal involvement (55.4±7.4 vs. 68.1±10.3 years, p=0.011). Macroscopically, in patients with ileal involvement, there were multiple polypoid elevations smaller than 5 mm in 4 cases, single polypoid elevation smaller than 5 mm in 1 case, and single polypoid elevation larger than 5 mm in 1 case. In patients without ileal involvement, there were no lesions in the terminal ileum in 7 cases, and multiple polypoid elevations smaller than 5 mm were seen in 4 cases. The accuracy of the macroscopic evaluation by 10 board-certified endoscopists was 68.8%. Colonoscopy is particularly recommended during the initial workup of patients with follicular lymphoma diagnosed at age ≤ 60 years. The diagnosis of ileal involvement based on morphology alone is difficult; thus, biopsy and pathologic diagnosis are required for accurate diagnosis.
Keywords follicular lymphoma colonoscopy ileal neoplasms terminal ileum small intestine
Amo Type Original Article
Published Date 2017-10
Publication Title Acta Medica Okayama
Volume volume71
Issue issue5
Publisher Okayama University Medical School
Start Page 391
End Page 398
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
Content Type Journal Article
language 英語
Copyright Holders CopyrightⒸ 2017 by Okayama University Medical School
File Version publisher
Refereed True
PubMed ID 29042696
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/55207
FullText URL 71_3_241.pdf
Author Iwamuro, Masaya| Tanaka, Shouichi| Moritou, Yuki| Inaba, Tomoki| Higashi, Reiji| Kusumoto, Chiaki| Yunoki, Naoko| Ishikawa, Shin| Okamoto, Yuko| Kawai, Yoshinari| Kitada, Ken-ichi| Takenaka, Ryuta| Toyokawa, Tatsuya| Okada, Hiroyuki|
Abstract  Most gastric bezoars can be treated with endoscopic fragmentation combined with or without cola dissolution, whereas laparotomy or laparoscopic surgery is generally inevitable for small intestinal bezoars because they cause small bowel obstruction. Therefore, early diagnosis and management of gastric bezoars are necessary to prevent bezoar-induced ileus. To investigate the incidence of overlooked gastric bezoars during the initial esophagogastroduodenoscopy, we retrospectively reviewed the cases of 27 patients diagnosed with gastrointestinal bezoars. The bezoars were diagnosed using esophagogastroduodenoscopy (n=25), abdominal ultrasonography (n=1), and barium follow-through examination (n=1). Bezoars were overlooked in 9/25 patients (36.0%) during the initial endoscopy examination because the bezoars were covered with debris in the stomach. Of the 9 patients, 8 had concomitant gastric ulcers, and the other patient had gastric lymphoma. Although a computed tomography (CT) scan was performed before the second-look endoscopy in 8 of the 9 patients, the bezoars were mistaken as food debris on CT findings and were overlooked in these patients. In conclusion, gastric bezoars may not be discovered during the initial esophagogastroduodenoscopy and CT scan. In cases with debris in the stomach, second-look endoscopy is essential to detect bezoars.
Keywords bezoar gastric ulcer foreign bodies phytobezoar
Amo Type Original Article
Published Date 2017-06
Publication Title Acta Medica Okayama
Volume volume71
Issue issue3
Publisher Okayama University Medical School
Start Page 241
End Page 247
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
Content Type Journal Article
language 英語
Copyright Holders CopyrightⒸ 2017 by Okayama University Medical School
File Version publisher
Refereed True
PubMed ID 28655944
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/54977
FullText URL 71_2_97.pdf
Author Iwamuro, Masaya| Kondo, Eisei| Tanaka, Takehiro| Hagiya, Hideharu| Kawano, Seiji| Kawahara, Yoshiro| Otsuka, Fumio| Okada, Hiroyuki|
Abstract We retrospectively analyzed the cases of 14 patients (9 women, 5 men, mean age: 51.6 years) with cytomegalovirus (CMV) involvement in the esophagus, stomach, and/or duodenum diagnosed at a single center, to determine their endoscopic features and clinical backgrounds. Thirteen patients (92.9%) had hematologic disease; the other had rheumatoid arthritis. Of the former, 12 patients underwent allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, and 9 of these patients had graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) before undergoing esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD). All 14 patients had been taking one or more immunosuppressive agents including cyclosporine (n=10), corticosteroids (n=9), mycophenolic acid (n=6), tacrolimus (n=3), and methotrexate (n=1). Tests for CMV antigenemia were positive in 11 patients (78.6%). EGD examinations revealed esophageal (n=3), gastric (n=9), and duodenal involvement (n=6). Macroscopically, esophageal lesions by CMV infection presented as redness (n=1), erosions (n=1), and ulcers (n=1). Gastric lesions manifested as redness (n=7), erosions (n=3), exfoliated mucosa (n=2), and verrucous erosions (n=1). Mucosal appearances in the duodenum varied: redness (n=2), ulcers (n=2), multiple erosions (n=2), single erosion (n=1), edema (n=1). CMV was detected even in the intact duodenal mucosa (n=1). In conclusion, physicians must recall the relevance of CMV infection when any mucosal alterations exist in the upper gastrointestinal tract of immunosuppressed patients.
Keywords cytomegalovirus duodenum esophagogastroduodenoscopy esophagus stomach
Amo Type Original Article
Published Date 2017-04
Publication Title Acta Medica Okayama
Volume volume71
Issue issue2
Publisher Okayama University Medical School
Start Page 97
End Page 104
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
Content Type Journal Article
language 英語
Copyright Holders CopyrightⒸ 2017 by Okayama University Medical School
File Version publisher
Refereed True
PubMed ID 28420890
Title Alternative Changes of colonic mucosa caused by long-term use and discontinuation of anthraquinone
Author Iwano, Eiji| Iwamuro, Masaya| 岡田 裕之|
Abstract Anthraquinone, an anthracene derivatives, is widely used as a purgative medicine. The long-term use of anthraquinone is known to cause melanosis coli and elevated lesions in the colon. However, the clinical course of patients who take anthraquinone over a long term and those who discontinue the drug has not been fully investigated. Here we investigated 22 patients who had colonic mucosal changes ( i.e., melanosis coli and elevated lesions) who had been taking anthraquinone for at least one year and discontinued it. We classified the elevated lesions into two subtypes:the small-lesion, which included multiple small nodules that were < 2 mm in dia., and the large-lesion, which included a single or multiple nodules of ≥ 2-mm dia. We used colonoscopy to investigate the changes of colonic lesions between before and after the discontinuation of anthraquinone. The results indicated that the nodules of the small-lesion group were lymphoid follicle hyperplasia. In the large-lesion group, adenoma was most frequently observed ( n=118) , followed by hyperplastic polyp ( n=52) and inflammatory changes with edema ( n=22) . Melanosis coli and elevated lesions were decreased or invisible after the discontinuation of anthraquinone. Our findings thus suggest that the long-term use of anthraquinone may cause some type of elevated lesions due to chronic inflammation. It is recommended that the use of anthraquinone be limited to a short term.
Keywords アントラセン誘導体(anthracene derivatives) アントラキノン(anthraquinone) 大腸黒皮症(melanosis coli) 大腸メラノーシス(pseudomelanosis coli) リンパ濾胞過形成(lymphoid follicle hyperplasia)
Publication Title Journal of Okayama Medical Association
Published Date 2017-04-03
Volume volume129
Issue issue1
Start Page 23
End Page 30
ISSN 0030-1558
language 日本語
Copyright Holders Copyright (c) 2017 岡山医学会
File Version publisher
DOI 10.4044/joma.129.23
Author Iwamuro, Masaya| Urata, Haruo| Tanaka, Takehiro| Ando, Akemi| Nada, Takahiro| Kimura, Kosuke| Yamauchi, Kenji| Kusumoto, Chiaki| Otsuka, Fumio| Okada, Hiroyuki|
Published Date 2017-02
Publication Title Acta Medica Okayama
Volume volume71
Issue issue1
Content Type Journal Article
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/54828
Author Gotoda, Tatsuhiro| Kawano, Seiji| Kono, Yoshiyasu| Miura, Kou| Kanzaki, Hiromitsu| Iwamuro, Masaya| Kawahara, Yoshiro| Tanaka, Takehiro| Yoshino, Tadashi| Shirakawad, Yasuhiro| Tabata, Masahiro| Tanimoto, Mitsune| Okada, Hiroyuki|
Published Date 2016-12-01
Publication Title Journal of Okayama Medical Association
Volume volume128
Issue issue3
Content Type Journal Article
Author Iwamuro, Masaya| Okada, Hiroyuki| Harada, Keita| Kanzaki, Hiromitsu| Hori, Keisuke| Kita, Masahide| Kawano, Seiji| Kawahara, Yoshiro| Tanaka, Takehiro| Yamamoto, Kazuhide|
Published Date 2016-12-01
Publication Title Journal of Okayama Medical Association
Volume volume128
Issue issue3
Content Type Journal Article
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/54504
FullText URL 70_4_279.pdf
Author Nishimura, Yoshito| Iwamuro, Masaya| Ocho, Kazuki| Hasegawa, Kou| Kimura, Kosuke| Hanayama, Yoshihisa| Kondo, Eisei| Tanaka, Takehiro| Otsuka, Fumio|
Abstract A 61-year-old Japanese man with IgG4-related autoimmune pancreatitis was referred to our hospital because of perspiration during food intake. Abdominal computed tomography (CT) with contrast media revealed multiple mesenteric lymphadenopathies. An open surgical abdominal biopsy and subsequent histopathological analysis revealed abnormally large lymphoid cells that were negative for CD3, CD5, and c-myc and positive for CD20 and bcl-2, leading to a diagnosis of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma. Here, we discuss the risk of malignancies, particularly malignant lymphoma in patients with IgG4-related disease. The importance of pathological analysis to reach the appropriate diagnosis in such cases should be emphasized.
Keywords IgG4-related disease autoimmune pancreatitis immunophenotyping diffuse large B-cell lymphoma
Amo Type Case Report
Published Date 2016-08
Publication Title Acta Medica Okayama
Volume volume70
Issue issue4
Publisher Okayama University Medical School
Start Page 279
End Page 283
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
Content Type Journal Article
language 英語
Copyright Holders CopyrightⒸ 2016 by Okayama University Medical School
File Version publisher
Refereed True
PubMed ID 27549673
Web of Sience KeyUT 000384748600008
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/54422
FullText URL 70_3_217.pdf
Author Waseda, Koichi| Ocho, Kazuki| Hasegawa, Kou| Kimura, Kosuke| Iwamuro, Masaya| Hanayama, Yoshihisa| Kondo, Eisei| Miyahara, Nobuaki| Otsuka, Fumio|
Abstract KL-6 is a glycoprotein found predominantly on type II pneumocytes and alveolar macrophages, and often shows increased serum levels in patients with interstitial pneumonia. We report a case of mycobacterium avium complex (MAC) infection whose disease activity was correlated with KL-6 levels in serum. During treatment of rheumatoid arthritis (RA)-associated interstitial lung disease (ILD) with prednisolone, chest image findings improved in association with decreased KL-6 levels. Following tapering of prednisolone, chest image findings deteriorated again as levels of KL-6 increased, suggesting recurrence of RA-ILD. Bronchoscopic examination revealed active MAC infection. Treatment of MAC infection not only improved chest image findings but also decreased KL-6 levels in serum, suggesting that KL-6 was increased by active MAC infection by itself, not by recurrence of RA-ILD. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first documentation of KL-6 elevation in serum in association with active MAC infection.
Keywords KL-6 mycobacterium avium complex pulmonary nontuberculous mycobacterium infection rheumatoid arthritis-associated interstitial lung disease bronchial alveolar lavage
Amo Type Case Report
Published Date 2016-06
Publication Title Acta Medica Okayama
Volume volume70
Issue issue3
Publisher Okayama University Medical School
Start Page 217
End Page 221
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
Content Type Journal Article
language 英語
Copyright Holders CopyrightⒸ 2016 by Okayama University Medical School
File Version publisher
Refereed True
PubMed ID 27339212
Web of Sience KeyUT 000379406100010
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/53912
FullText URL 69_6_365.pdf
Author Kawano, Seiji| Hiraoka, Sakiko| Okada, Hiroyuki| Akita, Mitsuhiro| Iwamuro, Masaya| Yamamoto, Kazuhide|
Abstract Several studies have identified a relationship between myelodysplastic syndrome and Behçetʼs disease (BD), especially intestinal BD, and trisomy 8 appears to play an important role in these disorders. Despite this, only few case reports or series have been reported in gastroenterology, meaning that endoscopic findings and characteristics of intestinal BD have not been clarified yet. In this report, we describe three cases of intestinal BD associated with myelodysplastic syndrome and trisomy 8, and discuss the clinical features and problems of these disorders from a gastroenterology perspective.
Keywords Behçetʼs disease trisomy 8 myelodysplastic syndrome
Amo Type Case Reports
Published Date 2015-12
Publication Title Acta Medica Okayama
Volume volume69
Issue issue6
Publisher Okayama University Medical School
Start Page 365
End Page 369
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
Content Type Journal Article
language 英語
Copyright Holders CopyrightⒸ 2015 by Okayama University Medical School
File Version publisher
Refereed True
PubMed ID 26690248
Web of Sience KeyUT 000368434500007
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/53679
FullText URL 69_5_319.pdf
Author Hagiya, Hideharu| Iwamuro, Masaya| Tanaka, Takehiro| Hanayama, Yoshihisa| Otsuka, Fumio|
Abstract A 60-year-old woman with rheumatoid arthritis treated with methotrexate for a decade complained of slight epigastric discomfort. A positive cytomegalovirus (CMV) antigenemia test indicated the probability of CMV-related gastrointestinal infection, for which esophagogastroduodenoscopy was performed. Endoscopic findings showed a non-specific duodenal mucosal lesion;however, pathological investigation revealed evidence of CMV duodenitis. There is scarce information on the clinical and pathological features of CMV-related duodenitis, likely due to its low prevalence. CMV infection in the upper gastrointestinal tract should be considered as a differential diagnosis in high-risk individuals, particularly those with symptoms relating to the digestive system. Biopsy examinations are preferable for the definitive diagnosis of CMV gastrointestinal infection, even without specific endoscopic features.
Keywords antigenemia cytomegalovirus (CMV) gastrointestinal infection methotrexate opportunistic infection
Amo Type Case Report
Published Date 2015-10
Publication Title Acta Medica Okayama
Volume volume69
Issue issue5
Publisher Okayama University Medical School
Start Page 319
End Page 323
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
Content Type Journal Article
language 英語
Copyright Holders CopyrightⒸ 2015 by Okayama University Medical School
File Version publisher
Refereed True
PubMed ID 26490030
Web of Sience KeyUT 000365519600009
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/53676
FullText URL 69_5_301.pdf
Author Seki, Anna| Iwamuro, Masaya| Yoshioka, Masao| Fujii, Nobuharu| Okada, Hiroyuki| Nose, Soichiro| Takata, Katsuyoshi| Yoshino, Tadashi| Yamamoto, Kazuhide|
Abstract A 41-year-old woman was diagnosed with duodenal follicular lymphoma. She had no other lesions and was assigned to a "watch and wait" policy. Swelling of the inguinal lymph nodes appeared 45 months later, and rituximab monotherapy resulted in complete remission. However, follicular lymphoma recurred in the stomach, rectum and mesenteric and external iliac lymph nodes 81 months after the therapy. The patient received rituximab monotherapy again and has remained in complete remission in the fifteenth year after the initial diagnosis. This case suggests the usefulness of rituximab monotherapy in the long-term management of intestinal follicular lymphoma.
Keywords follicular lymphoma duodenum rituximab
Amo Type Case Report
Published Date 2015-10
Publication Title Acta Medica Okayama
Volume volume69
Issue issue5
Publisher Okayama University Medical School
Start Page 301
End Page 306
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
Content Type Journal Article
language 英語
Copyright Holders CopyrightⒸ 2015 by Okayama University Medical School
File Version publisher
Refereed True
PubMed ID 26490027
Web of Sience KeyUT 000365519600006
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/53120
FullText URL 69_1_37.pdf
Author Iwamuro, Masaya| Okada, Hiroyuki| Takata, Katsuyoshi| Kawai, Yoshinari| Kawano, Seiji| Nasu, Junichiro| Kawahara, Yoshiro| Tanaka, Takehiro| Yoshino, Tadashi| Yamamoto, Kazuhide|
Abstract The sensitivity and specificity of magnified endoscopic features for differentiating follicular lymphoma from other diseases with duodenal whitish lesions have never been investigated. Here we compared the magnified endoscopic features of duodenal follicular lymphoma with those of other whitish lesions. We retrospectively reviewed the cases of patients with follicular lymphoma (n=9), lymphangiectasia (n=7), adenoma (n=10), duodenitis (n=4), erosion (n=1), lymphangioma (n=1), and hyperplastic polyp (n=1). The magnified features of the nine follicular lymphomas included enlarged villi (n=8), dilated microvessels (n=5), and opaque white spots of various sizes (n=9). The lymphangiectasias showed enlarged villi, dilated microvessels, and white spots, but the sizes of the white spots were relatively homogeneous and their margin was clear. Observation of the adenoma and duodenitis revealed only whitish villi. Although the lymphangioma was indistinguishable from the follicular lymphomas by magnified features, it was easily diagnosed based on the macroscopic morphology. In conclusion, magnified endoscopic features, in combination with macroscopic features, are useful for differentiating follicular lymphomas from other duodenal diseases presenting whitish lesions.
Keywords duodenal neoplasm follicular lymphoma gastrointestinal lymphoma magnifying endoscopy
Amo Type Original Article
Published Date 2015-02
Publication Title Acta Medica Okayama
Volume volume69
Issue issue1
Publisher Okayama University Medical School
Start Page 37
End Page 44
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
Content Type Journal Article
language 英語
Copyright Holders CopyrightⒸ 2015 by Okayama University Medical School
File Version publisher
Refereed True
PubMed ID 25703169
Web of Sience KeyUT 000349740300004
Author Uchida, Daisuke| Shiraha, Hidenori| Kato, Hironari| Nagahara, Teruya| Iwamuro, Masaya| Kataoka, Junro| Horiguchi, Shigeru| Watanabe, Masami| Takaki, Akinobu| Nouso, Kazuhiro| Nasu, Yasutomo| Yagi, Takahito| Kumon, Hiromi| Yamamoto, Kazuhide|
Published Date 2014-05
Publication Title Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Volume volume29
Issue issue5
Content Type Journal Article
Title Alternative Fermented persimmon extract (kaki-shibu) is useful as a standard for component analyses of persimmon phytobezoars
FullText URL 126_127.pdf
Author Iwamuro, Masaya| Okamoto, Yuko| Murata, Toshihiro| Kawai, Yoshinari| Shiraha, Hidenori| Okada, Hiroyuki| Yamamoto, Kazuhide|
Abstract The definite diagnosis of persimmon phytobezoar (i.e., diospyrobezoar) is often accomplished by a component analysis using infrared spectroscopy. However, no studies have been conducted to investigate which substance is the best as a standard for the component analysis. Here we analyzed tannic acid, Japanese persimmon (kaki), fermented persimmon extract (kaki-shibu), conventional dried persimmon, and dried persimmon smoked in sulfur (ampo-kaki) by infrared spectroscopy to determine which would be optimal as a component analysis standard. The spectrum between 1,600 to 600cm-1 of a persimmon phytobezoar was quite similar to the spectrum of kaki-shibu rather than that of tannic acid. Consequently, we conclude that kaki-shibu should be used as a standard for infrared spectroscopy analyses of persimmon phytobezoars.
Keywords 柿胃石(gastric phytobezoar) タンニン酸(tannic acid) 消化管異物(gastrointestinal foreign body) 成分分析(component analysis)
Publication Title 岡山医学会雑誌
Published Date 2014-08-01
Volume volume126
Issue issue2
Start Page 127
End Page 131
ISSN 0030-1558
language 日本語
Copyright Holders Copyright (c) 2014 岡山医学会
File Version publisher
DOI 10.4044/joma.126.127
NAID 130004685263