JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/49039
FullText URL 66_6_435.pdf
Author Fujinaka, Waso| Shimizu, Juichiro| Iribe, Gentaro| Imaoka, Takeshi| Oshima, Yu| Kiyooka, Takahiko| Morita, Kiyoshi| Mohria, Satoshi|
Abstract Although propofol is commonly used for general anesthesia, its direct effects on left ventricular (LV) contractility and energetics remain unknown. Accordingly, we studied the effects of intracoronary propofol on excised cross-circulated canine hearts using the framework of the Emax (a contractility index)-PVA (systolic pressure-volume area, a measure of total mechanical energy)-Vo2 (myocardial oxygen consumption per beat) relationship. We obtained 1) the Vo2-PVA relationship of isovolumic contractions with varied LV volumes at a constant Emax, 2) the Vo2-PVA relationship with varied LV volumes at a constant intracoronary concentration of propofol, and 3) the Vo2-PVA relationship under increased intracoronary concentrations of either propofol or CaCl2 at a constant LV volume to assess the cardiac mechanoenergetic effects of propofol. We found that propofol decreased Emax dose-dependently. The slope of the linear Vo2-PVA relationship (oxygen cost of PVA) remained unchanged by propofol. The PVA-independent Vo2-Emax relationship (oxygen cost of Emax) was the same for propofol and Ca2+. In conclusion, propofol showed a direct negative inotropic effect on LV. At its clinical concentrations, decreases in contractility by propofol were relatively small. Propofol shows mechanoenergetic effects on the LV that are similar to those of Ca2+ blockers or ß-antagonists—i.e., it exerts negative inotropic effects without changing the oxygen costs of Emax and PVA.
Keywords anesthesia heart contractility myocardial oxygen consumption
Amo Type Original Article
Published Date 2012-12
Publication Title Acta Medica Okayama
Volume volume66
Issue issue6
Publisher Okayama University Medical School
Start Page 435
End Page 442
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
Content Type Journal Article
language 英語
Copyright Holders CopyrightⒸ 2012 by Okayama University Medical School
File Version publisher
Refereed True
PubMed ID 23254577
Web of Sience KeyUT 000312966100002
Related Url http://ousar.lib.okayama-u.ac.jp/metadata/49732