JaLCDOI 10.18926/11851
Title Alternative Changes of Student Nurses' views and Images of the Elderly before and after Practicing at Nursing Homes
FullText URL 003_105_113.pdf
Author Kondo, Masuko| Ohta, Niwa| Ikeda, Toshiko| Maeda, Makiko| Ito, Hisae| Ohta, Takeo|
Abstract A questionnaire survey was done by 76 third year-students of the nursing course before and after practicing at the two nursing homes in 1989. The same questions about their views and images of the aged person were given twice and compared. Question to image consists of 38 paired items respectively opposed to be rated on a seven-point scale. The results showed that their views and images had changed from idealistic to realistic as a result of their practices. These were some differences found in these changes by the home and the period of practice.
Keywords 老人看護 学生実習 老人観 老人イメージ
Publication Title 岡山大学医療技術短期大学部紀要
Published Date 1993-01-31
Volume volume3
Start Page 105
End Page 113
ISSN 0917-4494
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002313390
JaLCDOI 10.18926/11849
Title Alternative Physical Image Quality of Rapid Processing Films
FullText URL 003_099_104.pdf
Author Yoshida, Akira| Honda, Mitsugi| Nakamura, Nobue| Arioka, Tadashi| Kobashi, Toshimi| Takeuchi, Tomoyuki| Mikami, Yasutaka| Sugita, Katsuhiko| Hiraki, Yoshio|
Abstract The imaging properties of Konica "new" SR series films and "old" MG-SR series films for rapid processing were measured in combination with green-emitting intensifying screens. The measured image quality prarameters include: characteristic curve, modulation transfer function (MTF) and Wiener spectrum. The relative speeds of the new SR series systems were slower than those of the old MG-SR series systems from 10 to 25%. The MTF's of the new systems were generally comparable to those of the old systems, except that SR-G system was improved with an increase of approximately 10%. In the Wiener spectrum measurement, however, the new systems showed from 10 to 35% decrease in low-frequency noise.
Keywords Rapid Processing Films Image Quality Characteristic Curve MTF Wiener Spectrum
Publication Title 岡山大学医療技術短期大学部紀要
Published Date 1993-01-31
Volume volume3
Start Page 99
End Page 104
ISSN 0917-4494
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002314046
JaLCDOI 10.18926/11847
Title Alternative The results of liver function test on workers handling ethanol and isopropanol solvents
FullText URL 003_093_097.pdf
Author Ohta, Takeo| Endo, Hiroshi| Mori, Shuji| Koda, Shigeki| Oze, Yutaka|
Abstract Liver function tests such as GOT, GPT, γ-GTP and ornithine carbamyl transferase (OCT) were done on workers handling alcoholic solvents. One was a group of molders working in a foundry where they sprayed ethanol solvent on the surface of a sandbox and burnt it. Another was a group of painters at an iron and steel works and they sprayed paint with isopropanol solvent on iron and steel plates. No statistical differences in the results of tests between the solvent workers and control groups were seen. High correlations were found between GOT/γ-GTP and OCT/γ-GTP. OCT of 4 workers who had drunk alcohol on the day before test showed a statisically high value compared to workers who had not drunk alcohol.
Keywords Ethanol Isopropanol Liver Function Test アルコール系溶剤 肝機能
Publication Title 岡山大学医療技術短期大学部紀要
Published Date 1993-01-31
Volume volume3
Start Page 93
End Page 97
ISSN 0917-4494
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002313962
JaLCDOI 10.18926/11845
Title Alternative A Tendency of the Bacterial Food-Poisoning from 1981 to 1991
FullText URL 003_087_091.pdf
Author Akatsuka, Kazuya|
Abstract From the viewpoint of the tendency by the bacterial food-poisoning from 1981 to 1991, it seems that the tendency is not relatively changed in comparison with the data before 1981. However, a few changes are appeared in pathogenic substances, preparing facilities, and serving places, respectively. Namely, the tendency to be just little decrease of the incident rate of Vibrio parahaemolyticus and Staphylococcus aureus on pathogenic substances is appeared in 10 years. Furthermore, on the preparing facilities and serving places, it seems that restaurants and caterers are characterized by the increase of the incident rate of bacterial food poisonings togather with the increases of food service industries.
Keywords 食中毒 Vibrio parahaemolyticus Staphylococcus aureus Esherichia coli 魚介類
Publication Title 岡山大学医療技術短期大学部紀要
Published Date 1993-01-31
Volume volume3
Start Page 87
End Page 91
ISSN 0917-4494
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002313930
JaLCDOI 10.18926/11843
Title Alternative Relationship between intracellular uptake of adriamycin and membrane potential in ADR resistant Ehrlich ascites tumor cells
FullText URL 003_081_085.pdf
Author Asaumi, Jun-ichi| Kawasaki, Shoji| Nishikawa, Koji| Shu Gao, Xian| Kuroda, Masahiro| Hiraki, Yoshio|
Abstract We observed adiamycin (ADR) uptake and cellular transmembrane potential [amount of intracellular fluorescence of 3,3'- (Di-n-hexyl)- 2,2'- oxacarbocyanine iodide (NK-2280)] in ADR-resistant cells established from Ehrlich ascites tumor cells (EATC) and wild type EATC. In ADR-resistant cells, ADR uptake and the cellular transmembrane potential decreased as the degree of resistance increased. 4,4'- diisothiocyanatostilbene- 2,2'- disulfonic acid (DIDS) induced markedly decreases of ADR uptake and the cellular transmembrane potential. A good correlation was observed between ADR uptake and transmembrane potential in cultured cells.
Keywords Adriamycin Cell Membrane Potential Flow Cytometry ADR-Resistant Cells DIDS
Publication Title 岡山大学医療技術短期大学部紀要
Published Date 1993-01-31
Volume volume3
Start Page 81
End Page 85
ISSN 0917-4494
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002313508
JaLCDOI 10.18926/11842
Title Alternative Efficacy of a check list and a video tape in learning the aseptic method
FullText URL 003_075_079.pdf
Author Ikeda, Toshiko| Kondo, Masuko| Ohta, Niwa| Tokunaga, Junko| Nakanishi, Yoshiko| Takata, Setuko| Nanba, Jun|
Abstract Basic nursing care includes many kinds of techniques. The aseptic method is especially very important technique among them. We gave students check lists and video tapes in order to master the method by themselves and obtained following results. 1) Students can properly assess their techniques of nursing care by using a check list and watching a video. 2) Students can assess by themselves more effectively in a simple and easy action. 3) Even for a complicated action, students can make better their self-assessments by watching a video.
Keywords 自己評価 無菌操作 VTR チェックリスト
Publication Title 岡山大学医療技術短期大学部紀要
Published Date 1993-01-31
Volume volume3
Start Page 75
End Page 79
ISSN 0917-4494
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002313357
JaLCDOI 10.18926/11840
Title Alternative The Utopia of Western Mind and Experimental Science New Atlantis (F.Bacon, 1627)
FullText URL 003_067_074.pdf
Author Takeda, Terufumi|
Abstract TO THE READER by Bacon's secretary William Rawley when he published New Atlantis after Bacon's death is quoted here as a substitute for the synopsis of this paper : This Fable my Lord devised, to the end that he might exhibit therein, a model or description of a College, instituted for the interpreting of Nature, and the producing of great and marvellous works for the benefit of man ; under the name of Salomon's House, or the College of the Six Days' Works. And even so far his Lordship hath proceded, as to finish that part. Certainly, the model is more vast, and high, than can possibly be imitated in all things ; Notwithstanding most things therein are within men's power to effect・・・・
Keywords Renaissance Utopia Francis Bacon New Atlantis Experimental Science
Publication Title 岡山大学医療技術短期大学部紀要
Published Date 1993-01-31
Volume volume3
Start Page 67
End Page 74
ISSN 0917-4494
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002313706
JaLCDOI 10.18926/11839
Title Alternative The Effects of Experiential Learning by Using Eyemasks -Application to Clinical Practice-
FullText URL 003_063_066.pdf
Author Nakanishi, Yoshiko| Ikeda, Toshiko| Tokunaga, Junko|
Abstract We introduced the method of the experiential learning of eyesight-screening into the area of a sense organ practice in order to research on how it could influence the students' understanding of psychology of the patients suffering from eyesight trouble and the ways of their helping the patients. As a result, we came to the conclusion that the introduction of the experiential learning by using eyemasks was quite effective in understanding patient psychology and in helping the patients psychologically. We could find out the remarkable effects in understanding the necessity of helping the patients as well as the ways to help the patients.
Keywords アイマスク 体験学習 感覚器実習
Publication Title 岡山大学医療技術短期大学部紀要
Published Date 1993-01-31
Volume volume3
Start Page 63
End Page 66
ISSN 0917-4494
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002313946
JaLCDOI 10.18926/11837
Title Alternative The influence on the family of mother's staying away from home in order to take care her child who is suffering from a disease at a hospital -Psychosomatic changes in children left at home-
FullText URL 003_055_061.pdf
Author Ohta, Niwa| Ono, Tsuruko| Ohta, Takeo| Matsui, Yumiko|
Abstract The self administered questionnaire survey by mail was done by 135 mothers having been away from their home in order to take care of their children treated at the university hospital and having left her other children at home. Data on the psychosomatic changes of 172 children cared for by persans other than their mothers during their mothers' absence were obtained. The relationship between psychosomatic influences on these children and the situation they were put in was statitically analysed by X(2) test and multivariate analysis with Hayashi's type 2 quantification. The results showed that whether there was an influence on children or not was affected by some factors such as their age, who took care of them and the duration of the mothers' absence. According to their ages, a variety of different psychosomatic influences was found. The most frequent influences are emotional ones (69.1%), followed by behavioral ones (18.6%) including 8 cases of children refusing to go to school or nursery school. These findings are instructive for nurses who give advice to mothers in such situation.
Keywords 家族 付き添い 同胞 精神的影響
Publication Title 岡山大学医療技術短期大学部紀要
Published Date 1993-01-31
Volume volume3
Start Page 55
End Page 61
ISSN 0917-4494
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002313661
JaLCDOI 10.18926/11830
Title Alternative Ferrous Iron-induced Lipid Peroxidation in Cell Culture: preliminary experiments
FullText URL 003_049_053.pdf
Author Yamamoto, Goki|
Abstract To study the effect of Fe(2+) on the cell culture, preliminary experiments related to the lipid peroxidations of 3T3 cells and calf serum were carried out. Amonuts of lipid peroxides, as thiobarbituric acid (TBA)-reactive substances, were measured by means of the TBA color reaction under the acidic conditions by acetic acid, and were expressed as TBA value. The TBA value of calf serum in the phosphate buffered saline (PBS) with ethyrendiaminetetraacetate (EDTA) was lower than that of the control. The value in the presence of Fe(2+) showed significantly high level, but it was almost prevented by the addition of EDTA. Besides, Fe(2+)-induced lipid peroxides of serum in the PBS during the incubation at 37℃ were capable to measure by the application of EDTA. The TBA values of trichloroacetic acid (TCA) precipitates isolated from serum in the PBS and the culture medium were lower than that of control serum, but no difference was observed between the both TCA precipitates. The results suggested that the impurities in the culture medium were removed by TCA precipitation. Effects of Fe(2+) and EDTA on the TBA value of TCA precipitates were observed similarly to the case of control serum. Fe(2+)-induced lipid peroxidation of the cells in the PBS, which the peroxidation was stopped by the addition of EDTA, was observed, and it was accompanied with the lag time of induction period. The TBA value of the cells was more prevented by EDTA. The method in this paper may not be capable for the quantitative measurements of lipid peroxides in cells or serum, but is applicapable to measure the changes of relative amounts of lipid peroxides.
Keywords Lipid Peroxidation Ferrous Iron Cell Culture
Publication Title 岡山大学医療技術短期大学部紀要
Published Date 1993-01-31
Volume volume3
Start Page 49
End Page 53
ISSN 0917-4494
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002313457
JaLCDOI 10.18926/11828
Title Alternative Measurement of Fe(2+)-induced Lipid Peroxidation of Mitochondria used Thiobarbituric Acid Method under the Acetic Acid Conditions
FullText URL 003_043_047.pdf
Author Yamamoto, Goki|
Abstract Mitochondrial lipid peroxidations were usually detected by the thiobarbituric acid (TBA) color reaction under the acidic conditions with hydrochloric and trichloroacetic acids. The time response curve of Fe(2+)-induced lipid peroxidation, accompanied the lag time of induction period, of mouse liver mitochondria was measured with detection of the produced lipid peroxides by the TBA method under the acidic conditions with acetic acid. Fe(2+)-induced lipid peroxidation was terminated by the addition of ethylenediaminetetraacetate (EDTA). The lag time of the peroxidation detected by TBA method in the acetic acid conditions was obtained as well as that detected in the hydrochloric and trichloroacetic acids conditions. The fact indicates that Fe(2+)-induced lipid peroxidation of mitochondria and its lipid peroxides are able to be measured by the TBA color reaction in the acetic acid conditions with EDTA.
Keywords Mitochondrial Lipid Peroxidation Thiobarbituric Acid Ferrous Ion
Publication Title 岡山大学医療技術短期大学部紀要
Published Date 1993-01-31
Volume volume3
Start Page 43
End Page 47
ISSN 0917-4494
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002313733
JaLCDOI 10.18926/11826
Title Alternative The extraction of a fishfook and the treatment of heterophyiasis in a cat
FullText URL 003_041_042.pdf
Author Morishige, Kazuhisa| Saito, Tetsuro| Tongu, Yasumasa|
Abstract A domestic cat took a fish with a fishhook. She was infected with Hetelophyes hetelophyes nocens and had loose bowels. The fishhook was extracted from feline stomach using a flexible-alligator extractor. The hypodermic injection of praziquantel (30mg/kg) was successful for the treatment of this parasite.
Keywords heterophyiasis praziquantel cat
Publication Title 岡山大学医療技術短期大学部紀要
Published Date 1993-01-31
Volume volume3
Start Page 41
End Page 42
ISSN 0917-4494
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002313737
JaLCDOI 10.18926/11825
Title Alternative Efficacy of praziquantel against Clonorchis sinensis infection in dogs and cats.
FullText URL 003_037_039.pdf
Author Saito, Tetsuro| Morishige, Kazuhisa| Kawasaki, Shinji| Tongu, Yasumasa|
Abstract The efficacy of praziquantel was tested using 11 dogs and 3 cats infected with Clonorchis sinensis. Each experimental animal was infected with 50 metacercariae of Clonorchis sinensis respectively. The efficacy of the drug was evaluated by considerable reductions of EPG. The worms were eliminated from 91% of dogs and 100% of cats with hypodermic injection of total 75mg/kg praziquantel. This drug was effective against Clonorchis sinensis infection in dogs and cats as in the case of other trematodes.
Keywords praziquantel Clonorchis sinensis dog cat
Publication Title 岡山大学医療技術短期大学部紀要
Published Date 1993-01-31
Volume volume3
Start Page 37
End Page 39
ISSN 0917-4494
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002313933
JaLCDOI 10.18926/11822
Title Alternative Sarcoidosis and Propionibacterium acnes
FullText URL 003_019_036.pdf
Author Nakata, Yasunari| Kataoka, Mikio| Kimura, Ikuro|
Abstract Although there have been numerous reports on the isolation of bacteria, fungus, and aetiological agents of chemical substances from specimens of patients with sarcoidosis, none of them have been substantiated. In any event, an understanding of the pathogenesis of pulmonary sarcoid is intimately linked to that of the processes involved in the accumulation of T-cells in the lower respiratory tract of individuals with sarcoidosis. Propionibacterium acnes was isolated at high rates and in high concetrations from lymph nodes in patients with sarcoidosis. However, the precise mechanism of granuloma formation and immunomodulation by P. acnes has not been elucidated yet. In patients with sarcoidosis, it was found that the high levels of interleukin-2 (IL-2) released from alveolar lymphocytes as well as interleukin-1, tumor necrosis factor (TNF) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) released from alveolar macrophages were stimulated by P. acnes. These cytokines (mainly IL-2), released by P. acnes in large quantities, play a major role in the compartmentalization of the T-cell population in the lung and lead to the formation of an alveolitis and granuloma in the lung parenchyma of patients with sarcoidosis. This paper focuses primarily on the role of the cytokine network in the pulmonary mononuclear cells in the lung of patients with sarcoidosis.
Keywords sarcoidosis macrophage T-cell interleukin-2 Propionibacterium acnes
Publication Title 岡山大学医療技術短期大学部紀要
Published Date 1993-01-31
Volume volume3
Start Page 19
End Page 36
ISSN 0917-4494
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002313339
JaLCDOI 10.18926/11820
Title Alternative Photon background caused by the reduction of the electron beam energy - Materials of scattering foil -
FullText URL 003_013_018.pdf
Author Nakagiri, Yoshitada| Mimura, Seiiti| Inamura, Keiji| Tahara, Seiji| Miyake, Hideaki| Azuma, Yoshiharu| Egusa, Tomomi| Mikami, Yasutaka| Hiraki, Yoshio| Yamada, Toshiharu| Sugita, Katsuhiko|
Abstract The total skin electron beam therapy has been one of the clinical treatment for peripherally T-cell lymphoma; Mycosis fungoides, adult T-cell lymphoma, and so on. The crucial points in this treatment are not only having an optimum energy level of electron beam for a target volume (a tissue) but also keeping the photon back ground low. It is not easy to regulate those points by the control panel, however, for the equipment that is conventinally used for electron beam, theoretically, is to exchange lead (Pb), which is ordinarily used, to a low atomic number material as a scattering foil. We examined several different kinds and / or various thickness as a scattering foil material that can make the electron beam lower without an increase of the contaminant as X-ray. We hereby reported the results, and strongly suggested the following two materials in use; acrylic plate, carbon board, and so on, which are easily available and worked, would be practically useful for the total skin electron beam therapy.
Keywords 電子線エネルギー X線混入率 電子線全身照射法 スキャタリングホイル
Publication Title 岡山大学医療技術短期大学部紀要
Published Date 1993-01-31
Volume volume3
Start Page 13
End Page 18
ISSN 0917-4494
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002313375
JaLCDOI 10.18926/11818
Title Alternative Alcoholic Liver Disease
FullText URL 003_001_012.pdf
Author Endo, Hiroshi| Nakata, Yasunari| Okamoto, Motoi| Mori, Shuji| Ohta, Takeo|
Abstract Relationship between ethanol drinking and organs injury was reviewed and special emphasis was put on alcoholic liver disease. Consumption of alcoholic beverage expressed as ethanol per capita of adult in Japan increased 2.1 times in these 25 years and it is still increasing. Although the incidence of alcoholic liver disease in Japan also increased greatly during the above period, it seems likely that plateau level is coming because of genetically defined, unique type of alcohol metabolism in Japanese. Sex differences in susceptibility to alcohol were discussed. Among the six types of alcoholic liver disease, alcoholic liver fibrosis is relatively frequent in Japan. Mechanism of liver injury has been studied extensively. Alcohol itself is toxic but other factors such as dietary fat are also important. Biochemical and immunological markers of drinking were presented. As for the treatment, most patients especially in early stages of the disease well respond to alcohol withdrawal, but therapy of alcohol dependence in the background of the disease is very difficult requiring cooperative works of different kinds of specialists.
Keywords alcohol liver epidemiology genetic factors alcohol dependence
Publication Title 岡山大学医療技術短期大学部紀要
Published Date 1993-01-31
Volume volume3
Start Page 1
End Page 12
ISSN 0917-4494
language 日本語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002313726
Author 岡山大学医療技術短期大学部|
Published Date 1993-01-31
Publication Title 岡山大学医療技術短期大学部紀要
Volume volume3
Content Type Others