JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/54514
FullText URL 70_4_327.pdf
Author Watanabe, Mototsugu| Yamamoto, Hiromasa| Eikawa, Shingo| Shien, Kazuhiko| Shien, Tadahiko| Soh, Junichi| Hotta, Katsuyuki| Wada, Jun| Hinotsu, Shiro| Fujiwara, Toshiyoshi| Kiura, Katsuyuki| Doihara, Hiroyoshi| Miyoshi, Shinichiro| Udono, Heiichiro| Toyooka, Shinichi|
Abstract A study to evaluate the effect of metformin on the immune system was commenced in July 2014. Metformin is one of the most commonly prescribed drugs for type 2 diabetes, and previous studies have reported that metformin has an anti-tumor effect. The aim of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of metformin on the immune system in human cancer patients in vivo. The primary outcome parameter will be the rate change in the population of CD8+ T cells, which produce multiple cytokines.
Keywords metformin CD8+ T cells cancer immunology
Amo Type Clinical Study Protocols
Published Date 2016-08
Publication Title Acta Medica Okayama
Volume volume70
Issue issue4
Publisher Okayama University Medical School
Start Page 327
End Page 330
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
Content Type Journal Article
language 英語
Copyright Holders CopyrightⒸ 2016 by Okayama University Medical School
File Version publisher
Refereed True
PubMed ID 27549683
Web of Science KeyUT 000384748600018
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/54513
FullText URL 70_4_323.pdf
Author Yamamoto, Naoki| Kato, Hironari| Mizukawa, Sho| Muro, Shinichiro| Akimoto, Yutaka| Uchida, Daisuke| Tomoda, Takeshi| Matsumoto, Kazuyuki| Horiguchi, Shigeru| Tsutsumi, Koichiro| Okada, Hiroyuki|
Abstract Contrast-enhanced harmonic endoscopic ultrasonography (CH-EUS) with contrast agent enabled us to assess the hemodynamics closely, despite limited data in pancreatic tumors. We have initiated a prospective, single arm, and non-randomized study to clarify the accuracy and safety of CH-EUS with Sonazoid and time-intensity curve (TIC) analysis for diagnosing benign or malignant pancreatic tumors. A total of 200 patients will undergo CH-EUS and TIC analysis. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis will be used to determine the optimal parameter cutoff values for TIC analysis. This will clarify whether CH-EUS and TIC can further improve the diagnosis of pancreatic tumors over conventional EUS.
Keywords CH-EUS pancreatic tumor TIC
Amo Type Clinical Study Protocols
Published Date 2016-08
Publication Title Acta Medica Okayama
Volume volume70
Issue issue4
Publisher Okayama University Medical School
Start Page 323
End Page 325
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
Content Type Journal Article
language 英語
Copyright Holders CopyrightⒸ 2016 by Okayama University Medical School
File Version publisher
Refereed True
PubMed ID 27549682
Web of Science KeyUT 000384748600017
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/54512
FullText URL 70_4_317.pdf
Author Sakurai, Jun| Matsui, Yusuke| Hiraki, Takao| Iguchi, Toshihiro| Fujiwara, Hiroyasu| Gobara, Hideo| Mitsuhashi, Toshiharu| Nagasaka, Takeshi| Susumu Kanazawa, Susumu Kanazawa|
Abstract The present single center prospective phase II clinical trial is designed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of percutaneous radiofrequency (RF) ablation for colorectal lung metastases. Patients who have colorectal lung metastases without extrapulmonary metastases are included in this study. The primary endpoint is 3-year overall survival (OS) after RF ablation. The secondary endpoints are the prevalence of adverse events within 4 weeks, local tumor progression rate, 1- and 5-year OS, cause-specific survival, and relapse-free survival. The recruitment of patients commenced in July 2014, and the enrolment of 45 patients is intended over the 3 years of study period.
Keywords radiofrequency ablation colorectal cancer lung metastasis
Amo Type Clinical Study Protocols
Published Date 2016-08
Publication Title Acta Medica Okayama
Volume volume70
Issue issue4
Publisher Okayama University Medical School
Start Page 317
End Page 321
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
Content Type Journal Article
language 英語
Copyright Holders CopyrightⒸ 2016 by Okayama University Medical School
File Version publisher
Refereed True
PubMed ID 27549681
Web of Science KeyUT 000384748600016
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/54511
FullText URL 70_4_313.pdf
Author Matsumoto, Kazuyuki| Kato, Hironari| Tsutsumi, Koichiro| Mizukawa, Sho| Yabe, Syuntaro| Seki, Hiroyuki| Akimoto, Yutaka| Uchida, Daisuke| Tomoda, Takeshi| Yamamoto, Naoki| Horiguchi, Shigeru| Okada, Hiroyuki|
Abstract Recently, endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS)-guided ethanol ablation for small pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (p-NETs) has been reported. However, the efficacy and safety of the technique remain unclear. We have launched a prospective pilot study of EUS-guided ethanol ablation for p-NETs. The major eligibility criteria are the presence of a pathologically diagnosed grade (G) 1 or G2 p-NET, a tumor size of 2cm, and being a poor candidate for surgery. A total of 5 patients will be treated. The primary endpoint will be the complete ablation rate at 1 month after treatment.
Keywords pancreatic neuroendocrine tumor ethanol ablation EUS-guided
Amo Type Clinical Study Protocols
Published Date 2016-08
Publication Title Acta Medica Okayama
Volume volume70
Issue issue4
Publisher Okayama University Medical School
Start Page 313
End Page 316
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
Content Type Journal Article
language 英語
Copyright Holders CopyrightⒸ 2016 by Okayama University Medical School
File Version publisher
Refereed True
PubMed ID 27549680
Web of Science KeyUT 000384748600015
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/54510
FullText URL 70_4_307.pdf
Author Fujiwara, Masaki| Inagaki, Masatoshi| Higuchi, Yuji| Uchitomi, Yosuke| Terada, Seishi| Kodama, Masafumi| Kishi, Yoshiki| Yamada, Norihito|
Abstract Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) has been reported to be a new treatment option for treatment-resistant depression. In Japan, there has been limited research into its feasibility, efficacy, and tolerability. We have launched a trial of rTMS for treating medication-resistant major depressive disorder and bipolar depression. We are investigating low-frequency rTMS to the right dorsolateral prefrontal cortex and traditional high-frequency rTMS to the left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex, in 20 patients. The primary outcome of the study is the treatment completion rate. This study will provide new data on the usefulness of rTMS for treatment-resistant depression in Japan.
Keywords repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation depression treatment resistance low frequency
Amo Type Clinical Study Protocols
Published Date 2016-08
Publication Title Acta Medica Okayama
Volume volume70
Issue issue4
Publisher Okayama University Medical School
Start Page 307
End Page 311
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
Content Type Journal Article
language 英語
Copyright Holders CopyrightⒸ 2016 by Okayama University Medical School
File Version publisher
Refereed True
PubMed ID 27549679
Web of Science KeyUT 000384748600014
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/54509
FullText URL 70_4_303.pdf
Author Iguchi, Toshihiro| Sakurai, Jun| Hiraki, Takao| Gobara, Hideo| Fujiwara, Hiroyasu| Matsui, Yusuke| Masaoka, Yoshihisa| Kanazawa, Susumu|
Abstract This single center prospective study is being conducted to evaluate the safety of the cryoablation for patients with pathologically diagnosed painful bone and soft tissue tumors. Enrollment of 10 patients is planned over the 3-year recruitment period. Patients have related local pain after receiving medications or external radiation therapies will be included in this study. Cryoablation will be percutaneously performed under imaging guidance, and a temperature sensor will be used during treatment as necessary. The primary endpoint is prevalence of severe adverse events within 4 weeks after therapy. The secondary endpoint is effectiveness 4 weeks after the procedure.
Keywords cryoablation soft tissue and bone tumor pain safety
Amo Type Clinical Study Protocols
Published Date 2016-08
Publication Title Acta Medica Okayama
Volume volume70
Issue issue4
Publisher Okayama University Medical School
Start Page 303
End Page 306
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
Content Type Journal Article
language 英語
Copyright Holders CopyrightⒸ 2016 by Okayama University Medical School
File Version publisher
Refereed True
PubMed ID 27549678
Web of Science KeyUT 000384748600013
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/54508
FullText URL 70_4_299.pdf
Author Wada, Koichiro| Uehara, Shinya| Ishii, Ayano| Sadahira, Takuya| Yamamoto, Masumi| Mitsuhata, Ritsuko| Takamoto , Atsushi| Araki, Motoo| Kobayashi, Yasuyuki| Watanabe, Masami| Watanabe, Toyohiko| Hotta, Katsuyuki| Nasu, Yasutomo|
Abstract Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are the most common bacterial infections in women, and many patients experience frequent recurrence. The aim of this report is to introduce an on-going prospective phase II clinical trial performed to evaluate the preventive effectiveness of Lactobacillus vaginal suppositories for prevention of recurrent cystitis. Patients enrolled in this study are administered vaginal suppositories containing the GAI 98322 strain of Lactobacillus crispatus every 2 days or 3 times a week for one year. The primary endpoint is recurrence of cystitis and the secondary endpoints are adverse events. Recruitment began in December 2013 and target sample size is 20 participants.
Keywords probiotics lactobacilli Lactobacillus crispatus urinary tract infection vaginal suppository
Amo Type Clinical Study Protocols
Published Date 2016-08
Publication Title Acta Medica Okayama
Volume volume70
Issue issue4
Publisher Okayama University Medical School
Start Page 299
End Page 302
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
Content Type Journal Article
language 英語
Copyright Holders CopyrightⒸ 2016 by Okayama University Medical School
File Version publisher
Refereed True
PubMed ID 27549677
Web of Science KeyUT 000384748600012
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/54507
FullText URL 70_4_295.pdf
Author Araki, Motoo| Wada, Koichiro| Mitsui, Yosuke| Kubota, Risa| Yoshioka, Takashi| Ariyoshi, Yuichi| Kobayashi, Yasuyuki| Kitagawa, Masashi| Tanabe, Katsuyuki| Sugiyama, Hiroshi| Wada, Jun| Watanabe, Masami| Watanabe, Toyohiko| Hotta, Katsuyuki| Nasu, Yasutomo|
Abstract Although graft survival following renal transplantation (RTx) has improved, outcomes following highrisk RTx are variable. Preexisting antibodies, including donor-specific antibodies (DSA), play an important role in graft dysfunction and survival. We have designed a study to investigate the safety and efficacy of anti-CD20 monoclonal antibodies (rituximab) in high-risk RTx recipients. Major eligibility criteria include: 1) major and minor ABO blood group mismatch, 2) positive DSA. Thirty-five patients will receive 200 mg/body of rituximab. The primary endpoint is the incidence of B cell depletion. This study will clarify whether rituximab is efficacious in improving graft survival in high-risk RTx recipients.
Keywords end-stage renal disease immunosuppression kidney transplantation
Amo Type Clinical Study Protocols
Published Date 2016-08
Publication Title Acta Medica Okayama
Volume volume70
Issue issue4
Publisher Okayama University Medical School
Start Page 295
End Page 297
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
Content Type Journal Article
language 英語
Copyright Holders CopyrightⒸ 2016 by Okayama University Medical School
File Version publisher
Refereed True
PubMed ID 27549676
Web of Science KeyUT 000384748600011
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/54506
FullText URL 70_4_291.pdf
Author Yoshioka, Norie| Shimo, Tsuyoshi| Ibaragi, Soichiro| Sasaki, Akira|
Abstract Temporomandibular joint (TMJ) dislocation can occur during daily activities and negatively affect a patientʼs quality of life. Although both nonsurgical and surgical techniques have been used to treat recurrent TMJ dislocation, the former is not always successful and the latter, although having a high success rate, is invasive and requires hospitalization. Recently, autologous blood injection has been used to treat recurrent TMJ dislocation. However, this technique is not yet widely used in clinical practice. We designed this study to obtain further information as to efficacy, safety and stability of autologous blood injection for recurrent TMJ dislocation.
Keywords autologous blood injection recurrent temporomandibular joint dislocation
Amo Type Clinical Study Protocols
Published Date 2016-08
Publication Title Acta Medica Okayama
Volume volume70
Issue issue4
Publisher Okayama University Medical School
Start Page 291
End Page 294
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
Content Type Journal Article
language 英語
Copyright Holders CopyrightⒸ 2016 by Okayama University Medical School
File Version publisher
Refereed True
PubMed ID 27549675
Web of Science KeyUT 000384748600010
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/54505
FullText URL 70_4_285.pdf
Author Tanaka, Takashi| Gobara, Hideo| Inai, Ryota| Iguchi, Toshihiro| Tada, Akihiro| Sato, Shuhei| Yanai, Hiroyuki| Kanazawa, Susumu|
Abstract We present a case of a 66-year-old man with esophageal carcinoma. 18Fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography (18F-FDG PET/CT) for evaluating distant metastasis and staging revealed 18F-FDG uptake in the third lumbar vertebra and other vertebrae. Magnetic resonance imaging could not differentiate bone metastases from benign bone lesions. We considered the possibility of bone marrow reconversion. 111Indium chloride (111In-Cl3) scintigraphy with single-photon emission computed tomography/computed tomography (SPECT/CT) revealed erythroid bone marrow components in the bone lesions. The diagnosis of bone marrow reconversion was pathologically confirmed by a bone biopsy of the third lumbar vertebra. The patient underwent esophagectomy and has remained disease-free in the 2 years since. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report to describe the usefulness of 111In-Cl3 with SPECT/CT for the diagnosis of bone marrow reconversion.
Keywords 111Indium chloride scintigraphy SPECT/CT bone marrow reconversion 18F-FDG PET/CT bone metastasis
Amo Type Case Report
Published Date 2016-08
Publication Title Acta Medica Okayama
Volume volume70
Issue issue4
Publisher Okayama University Medical School
Start Page 285
End Page 289
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
Content Type Journal Article
language 英語
Copyright Holders CopyrightⒸ 2016 by Okayama University Medical School
File Version publisher
Refereed True
PubMed ID 27549674
Web of Science KeyUT 000384748600009
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/54504
FullText URL 70_4_279.pdf
Author Nishimura, Yoshito| Iwamuro, Masaya| Ocho, Kazuki| Hasegawa, Kou| Kimura, Kosuke| Hanayama, Yoshihisa| Kondo, Eisei| Tanaka, Takehiro| Otsuka, Fumio|
Abstract A 61-year-old Japanese man with IgG4-related autoimmune pancreatitis was referred to our hospital because of perspiration during food intake. Abdominal computed tomography (CT) with contrast media revealed multiple mesenteric lymphadenopathies. An open surgical abdominal biopsy and subsequent histopathological analysis revealed abnormally large lymphoid cells that were negative for CD3, CD5, and c-myc and positive for CD20 and bcl-2, leading to a diagnosis of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma. Here, we discuss the risk of malignancies, particularly malignant lymphoma in patients with IgG4-related disease. The importance of pathological analysis to reach the appropriate diagnosis in such cases should be emphasized.
Keywords IgG4-related disease autoimmune pancreatitis immunophenotyping diffuse large B-cell lymphoma
Amo Type Case Report
Published Date 2016-08
Publication Title Acta Medica Okayama
Volume volume70
Issue issue4
Publisher Okayama University Medical School
Start Page 279
End Page 283
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
Content Type Journal Article
language 英語
Copyright Holders CopyrightⒸ 2016 by Okayama University Medical School
File Version publisher
Refereed True
PubMed ID 27549673
Web of Science KeyUT 000384748600008
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/54503
FullText URL 70_4_273.pdf
Author Makimoto, Go| Miyahara, Nobuaki| Yoshikawa, Mao| Taniguchi, Akihiko| Kanehiro, Arihiko| Tanimoto, Mitsune| Kiura, Katsuyuki|
Abstract Heerfordtʼs syndrome is a rare manifestation of sarcoidosis and is defined as a combination of facial palsy, parotid swelling, and uveitis, associated with a low-grade fever. We report a case of Heerfordtʼs syndrome presenting with a high fever and increased serum tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) levels. The patient had facial palsy, parotid swelling, uveitis, and swelling of the right supraclavicular and hilar lymph nodes. Corticosteroid therapy was initiated, and her symptoms soon resolved completely, in tandem with a decrease in TNF-α serum levels.
Keywords Heerfordtʼs syndrome sarcoidosis TNF-α
Amo Type Case Report
Published Date 2016-08
Publication Title Acta Medica Okayama
Volume volume70
Issue issue4
Publisher Okayama University Medical School
Start Page 273
End Page 277
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
Content Type Journal Article
language 英語
Copyright Holders CopyrightⒸ 2016 by Okayama University Medical School
File Version publisher
Refereed True
PubMed ID 27549672
Web of Science KeyUT 000384748600007
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/54502
FullText URL 70_4_269.pdf
Author Takeuchi, Miharu| Maruyama, Hidehiko| Oura, Naoko| Kanazawa, Akane| Nakata, Yusei| Minami, Susumu| Kikkawa, Kiyoshi|
Abstract Twin anemia-polycythemia sequence (TAPS) is a group of disorders in monochorionic twins characterized by a large intertwin hemoglobin difference without amniotic fluid discordance. Reticulocyte count is used to diagnose this condition, but little is known about the role of erythroblasts, which are the prior stage of reticulocytes. In the present case of TAPS, the 25-yr-old Japanese mother showed no signs of oligohydramnios or polyhydramnios throughout gestation. The twins were born at 36 weeks and 6 days, weighing 2,648g and 1,994g. The intertwin hemoglobin difference in umbilical cord blood was (21.1-5.0=) 16.1g/dL and the donor twin showed signs of chronic anemia, including myocardial hypertrophy and pericardial effusion. Erythroblastosis of the donor twin was prolonged (53,088.5, 42,114.8 and 44,217.9/μL on days 0, 1 and 2, respectively). Erythroblastosis, which indicates chronic anemia, is also a good diagnostic indicator of TAPS.
Keywords anastomosis erythroblast monochorionic diamniotic twin reticulocyte twin anemia-polycythemia sequence
Amo Type Case Report
Published Date 2016-08
Publication Title Acta Medica Okayama
Volume volume70
Issue issue4
Publisher Okayama University Medical School
Start Page 269
End Page 272
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
Content Type Journal Article
language 英語
Copyright Holders CopyrightⒸ 2016 by Okayama University Medical School
File Version publisher
Refereed True
PubMed ID 27549671
Web of Sience KeyUT 000384748600006
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/54501
FullText URL 70_4_261.pdf
Author Nagata, Kosei| Yamamoto, Shinichi| Miyoshi, Kota| Sato, Masaki| Arino, Yusuke| Mikami, Yoji|
Abstract Eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis (EGPA, Churg-Strauss syndrome) is a rare systemic vasculitis and is difficult to diagnose. EGPA has a number of symptoms including peripheral dysesthesia caused by mononeuropathy multiplex, which is similar to radiculopathy due to lumbar disc hernia or lumbar spinal stenosis. Therefore, EGPA patients with mononeuropathy multiplex often visit orthopedic clinics, but orthopedic doctors and spine neurosurgeons have limited experience in diagnosing EGPA because of its rarity. We report a consecutive series of patients who were initially diagnosed as having lumbar disc hernia or lumbar spinal stenosis by at least 2 medical institutions from March 2006 to April 2013 but whose final diagnosis was EGPA. All patients had past histories of asthma or eosinophilic pneumonia, and four out of five had peripheral edema. Laboratory data showed abnormally increased eosinophil counts, and nerve conduction studies of all patients revealed axonal damage patterns. All patients recovered from paralysis to a functional level after high-dose steroid treatment. We shortened the duration of diagnosis from 49 days to one day by adopting a diagnostic algorithm after experiencing the first case.
Keywords eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis mononeuropathy multiplex lumbar disc hernia lumbar spinal stenosis nerve conduction study
Amo Type Case Report
Published Date 2016-08
Publication Title Acta Medica Okayama
Volume volume70
Issue issue4
Publisher Okayama University Medical School
Start Page 261
End Page 268
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
Content Type Journal Article
language 英語
Copyright Holders CopyrightⒸ 2016 by Okayama University Medical School
File Version publisher
Refereed True
PubMed ID 27549670
Web of Sience KeyUT 000384748600005
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/54500
FullText URL 70_4_255.pdf
Author Nosaka, Nobuyuki| Fujiwara, Takeo| Knaup, Emily| Okada, Ayumi| Tsukahara, Hirokazu|
Abstract Estimation methods for pediatric weight have not been evaluated for Japanese children. This study aimed to assess the accuracy of mothersʼ reports of their childrenʼs weight in Japan. We also evaluated potential alternatives to the estimation of weight, including the Broselow tape (BT), Advanced Pediatric Life Support (APLS), and Parkʼs formulae. We prospectively collected cross-sectional data on a convenience sample of 237 children aged less than 10 years who presented to a general pediatric outpatient clinic with their mothers. Each weight estimation method was evaluated using Bland-Altman plots and by calculating the proportion within 10 and 20 of the measured weight. Mothersʼ reports of weight were the most accurate method, with 94.9 within 10 of the measured weight, the lowest mean difference (0.27kg), and the shortest 95 limit of agreement (-1.4 to 1.9kg). The BT was the most reliable alternative, followed by APLS and Parkʼs formulae. Mothersʼ reports of their children ʼs weight are more accurate than other weight estimation methods. When no report of a childʼs weight by the mother is available, BT is the best alternative. When an aged-based formula is the only option, the APLS formula is preferred.
Keywords body weight child estimation techniques mothers, parents
Amo Type Original Article
Published Date 2016-08
Publication Title Acta Medica Okayama
Volume volume70
Issue issue4
Publisher Okayama University Medical School
Start Page 255
End Page 259
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
Content Type Journal Article
language 英語
Copyright Holders CopyrightⒸ 2016 by Okayama University Medical School
File Version publisher
Refereed True
PubMed ID 27549669
Web of Science KeyUT 000384748600004
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/54499
FullText URL 70_4_243.pdf
Author Osawa, Masahiro| Ohashi, Kadoaki| Kubo, Toshio| Ichihara, Eiki| Takata, Saburo| Takigawa, Nagio| Takata , Minoru| Tanimoto, Mitsune| Kiura, Katsuyuki|
Abstract Vandetanib (ZactimaTM) is a novel, orally available inhibitor of both vascular endothelial growth factor receptor-2 (VEGFR-2) and epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) tyrosine kinase. In the present study, a line of transgenic mice with a mouse Egfr gene mutation (delE748-A752) corresponding to a human EGFR mutation (delE746-A750) was established. The transgenic mice developed atypical adenomatous hyperplasia to adenocarcinoma of the lung at around 5 weeks of age and died of lung tumors at approximately 17 weeks of age. In the mice treated with vandetanib (6mg/kg/day), these lung tumors disappeared and the phosphorylations of EGFR and VEGFR-2 were reduced in lung tissues to levels comparable to those of non-transgenic control mice. The median overall survival time of the transgenic mice was 28 weeks in the vandetanib-treated group and 17 weeks in the vehicle-treated group. Vandetanib significantly prolonged the survival of the transgenic mice (log-rank test, p<0.01); resistance to vandetanib occurred at 20 weeks of age and the animals died from their lung tumors at about 28 weeks of age. These data suggest that vandetanib could suppress the progression of tumors harboring an activating EGFR mutation.
Keywords vandetanib VEGFR EGFR nonsmall cell lung cancer transgenic mouse
Amo Type Original Article
Published Date 2016-08
Publication Title Acta Medica Okayama
Volume volume70
Issue issue4
Publisher Okayama University Medical School
Start Page 243
End Page 253
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
Content Type Journal Article
language 英語
Copyright Holders CopyrightⒸ 2016 by Okayama University Medical School
File Version publisher
Refereed True
PubMed ID 27549668
Web of Science KeyUT 000384748600003
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/54498
FullText URL 70_4_237.pdf
Author Kin, Kyohei| Ono, Yasuhiro| Fujimori, Takeshi| Kuramoto, Satoshi| Katsumata, Atsushi| Goda, Yuji| Kawauchi, Masamitsu|
Abstract Traumatic brain injury (TBI) has a complex and heterogeneous pathology. It is frequently difficult to predict the neurological deterioration of patients with TBI, and unpredictable change may occur even when TBI is mild to moderate. When computed tomography (CT) findings are considered to be inconsistent with the traumatic origin or with the neurological deterioration of patients observed on admission, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is employed based on the standards of our ethical committee. In this retrospective study, we compared CT and diffusion weighted imaging (DWI) of patients with mild to moderate TBI in the very acute phase. When the high-intensity lesions on DWI are larger than the high-density lesions on CT images, we defined the imaging finding as a ʻCT-DWI mismatchʼ. Between January 2010 and December 2013, 92 patients were inspected using both CT and MRI at admission, and we detected a CT-DWI mismatch in 35 patients. CT-DWI mismatch was 92.6 (95 confidence interval 79.8-97.9) sensitive and 84.6 (95 confidence interval 79.3-86.3) specific for the prediction of enlargement of the hemorrhagic lesions on repeat CT. CT-DWI mismatch is considered to be useful as one of the predictors of the enlargement of hemorrhagic lesions in patients with mild to moderate TBI.
Keywords magnetic resonance imaging diffusion-weighted imaging traumatic brain injury head computed tomography scan mild head injury
Amo Type Original Article
Published Date 2016-08
Publication Title Acta Medica Okayama
Volume volume70
Issue issue4
Publisher Okayama University Medical School
Start Page 237
End Page 242
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
Content Type Journal Article
language 英語
Copyright Holders CopyrightⒸ 2016 by Okayama University Medical School
File Version publisher
Refereed True
PubMed ID 27549667
Web of Sience KeyUT 000384748600002
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/54497
FullText URL 70_4_229.pdf
Author Hishikawa, Tomohito| Sugiu, Kenji| Date, Isao|
Abstract About 5 decades have passed since the concept of moyamoya disease (MMD) was established in Japan. In that time, many clinical MMD studies have been performed from several different points of view, such as epidemiology, pathophysiology, surgical procedures, and prognosis. In addition, rapid developments in MMD genetic analysis have occurred. In light of all this activity, clinicians must continually update their knowledge of MMD in order to improve the prognosis of MMD patients. In this review article, we summarize the clinical MMD studies and introduce cutting-edge findings regarding MMD.
Keywords clinical research moyamoya disease
Amo Type Review
Published Date 2016-08
Publication Title Acta Medica Okayama
Volume volume70
Issue issue4
Publisher Okayama University Medical School
Start Page 229
End Page 236
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
Content Type Journal Article
language 英語
Copyright Holders CopyrightⒸ 2016 by Okayama University Medical School
File Version publisher
Refereed True
PubMed ID 27549666
Web of Science KeyUT 000384748600001