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ID 48274
フルテキストURL
著者
Nair, Gopinath Balakrish National Institute of Cholera and Enteric Diseases (NICED)
Ramamurthy, Thandavarayan National Institute of Cholera and Enteric Diseases (NICED)
Bhattacharya, Mihir Kumar National Institute of Cholera and Enteric Diseases (NICED)
Krishnan, Triveni National Institute of Cholera and Enteric Diseases (NICED)
Ganguly, Sandipan National Institute of Cholera and Enteric Diseases (NICED)
Saha, Dhira Rani National Institute of Cholera and Enteric Diseases (NICED)
Rajendran, Krishnan National Institute of Cholera and Enteric Diseases (NICED)
Manna, Byomkesh National Institute of Cholera and Enteric Diseases (NICED)
Ghosh, Mrinmoy Infectious Diseases and Beliaghata General Hospital
Okamoto, Keinosuke Graduate School of Medicine, Dentistry and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Okayama University
Takeda, Yoshifumi Collaborative Research Center of Okayama University for Infectious Diseases in India, NICED
抄録
Background: This study was conducted to determine the etiology of diarrhoea in a hospital setting in Kolkata. Active surveillance was conducted for 2 years on two random days per week by enrolling every fifth diarrhoeal patient admitted to the Infectious Diseases and Beliaghata General Hospital in Kolkata. Results: Most of the patients (76.1%) had acute watery diarrhoea in association with vomiting (77.7%) and some dehydration (92%). Vibrio cholerae O1, Rotavirus and Giardia lamblia were the important causes of diarrhoea. Among Shigella spp, S. flexneri 2a and 3a serotypes were most predominantly isolated. Enteric viruses, EPEC and EAEC were common in children <5 year age group. Atypical EPEC was comparatively higher than the typical EPEC. Multidrug resistance was common among V. cholerae O1 and Shigella spp including tetracycline and ciprofloxacin. Polymicrobial infections were common in all age groups and 27.9% of the diarrhoea patients had no potential pathogen. Conclusions: Increase in V. cholerae O1 infection among <2 years age group, resistance of V. cholerae O1 to tetracycline, rise of untypable S. flexnerii, higher proportion of atypical EPEC and G. lamblia and polymicrobial etiology are some of the emerging trends observed in this diarrhoeal disease surveillance.
発行日
2010-06-05
出版物タイトル
Gut Pathogens
2巻
出版者
BioMed Central Ltd.
ISSN
1757-4749
資料タイプ
学術雑誌論文
プロジェクト
インド感染症共同研究
オフィシャル URL
http://www.gutpathogens.com/content/2/1/4
言語
English
OAI-PMH Set
岡山大学
著作権者
© 2010 Nair et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.
論文のバージョン
publisher
査読
有り
DOI
PubMed ID