JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/58271
フルテキストURL 74_2_129.pdf
著者 Fukuma, Shogo| Shinya, Takayoshi| Soh, Junichi| Fukuhara, Ryuichiro| Ogawa, Nanako| Higaki, Fumiyo| Tanaka, Takehiro| Ichihara, Eiki| Hiraki, Takao| Toyooka, Shinichi| Kanazawa, Susumu|
抄録 The aim of this study was to explore enhancement patterns of different types of primary lung cancers on 2-phase dynamic computed tomography (CT). This study included 217 primary lung cancer patients (141 adenocarcinomas [ADs], 48 squamous cell carcinomas [SCCs], 20 small cell lung carcinomas [SCLCs], and 8 others) who were examined using a 2-phase dynamic scan. Regions of interest were identified and mean enhancement values were calculated. After excluding the 20 SCLCs because these lesions had different clinical stages from the other cancer types, the mean attenuation values and subtractions between phases were compared between types of non-small cell lung carcinomas (NSCLCs) using the Kruskal–Wallis test. Late phase attenuation and attenuation of the late minus unenhanced phase (LMU) of SCCs were significantly higher than those of ADs (p<0.05). To differentiate SCC and AD in the late phase, a threshold of 80.21 Hounsfield units (HU) gave 52.9% accuracy. In LMU, a threshold of 52.16 HU gave 59.3% accuracy. Dynamic lung CT has the potential to aid in differentiating among NSCLC types.
キーワード differentiation dynamic computed tomography primary lung cancer enhancement pattern
Amo Type Original Article
発行日 2020-04
出版物タイトル Acta Medica Okayama
74巻
2号
出版者 Okayama University Medical School
開始ページ 129
終了ページ 135
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
言語 English
著作権者 CopyrightⒸ 2020 by Okayama University Medical School
論文のバージョン publisher
査読 有り
PubMed ID 32341587
Web of Science KeyUT 000528278500006
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/58270
フルテキストURL 74_2_123.pdf
著者 Fukuhara, Ryuichiro| Shinya, Takayoshi| Fukuma, Shogo| Ogawa, Nanako| Masaoka, Yoshihisa| Tanaka, Takehiro| Marunaka, Hidenori| Arioka, Tadashi| Hiraki, Takao| Kaji, Mitsumasa| Kanazawa, Susumu|
抄録 The aim of this study was to evaluate the ability of pretreatment 90-min 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography (18F-FDG PET/CT) to predict the extranodular spread of lymph node metastases in oral squamous cell carcinoma. We retrospectively reviewed the cases of 56 patients who underwent pretreatment 18F-FDG PET/CT and surgery with neck dissection. Maximum standardized uptake value, metabolic tumor volume, and total lesion glycolysis were measured for the 56 primary sites and maximum standardized uptake value was measured for 115 lymph node levels. Extranodular spread was present at 9 lymph node levels in 7 patients. Significant differences were found in metabolic tumor volume and total lesion glycolysis of the primary site, and in lymph node maximum standardized uptake value, between patients with and without extranodular spread (p<0.05). Combining primary site total lesion glycolysis and lymph node maximum standardized uptake volume at their respective optimal cutoffs, the sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy for predicting extranodular spread were 89%, 92%, and 92%, respectively. Pretreatment 18F-FDG PET/CT is useful for predicting extranodular spread in patients with oral squamous cell carcinoma. The combined use of primary site total lesion glycolysis and lymph node maximum standardized uptake value showed greater predictive value than either predictor singly.
キーワード 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography extranodular spread metastasis oral squamous cell carcinoma
Amo Type Original Article
発行日 2020-04
出版物タイトル Acta Medica Okayama
74巻
2号
出版者 Okayama University Medical School
開始ページ 123
終了ページ 128
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
言語 English
著作権者 CopyrightⒸ 2020 by Okayama University Medical School
論文のバージョン publisher
査読 有り
PubMed ID 32341586
Web of Science KeyUT 000528278500005
フルテキストURL psychogeriatrics19_6_566.pdf table.pdf
著者 Takenoshita, Shintaro| Terada, Seishi| Oshima, Etsuko| Yamaguchi, Megumi| Hayashi, Satoshi| Hinotsu, Kenji| Esumi, Satoru| Shinya, Takayoshi| Yamada, Norihito|
キーワード depression elderly Lewy body disease metaiodobenzylguanidine somatic anxiety
発行日 2019-02-27
出版物タイトル Psychogeriatrics
19巻
6号
出版者 Wiley
開始ページ 566
終了ページ 573
ISSN 1346-3500
NCID AA11919302
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
言語 English
OAI-PMH Set 岡山大学
論文のバージョン author
PubMed ID 30809892
DOI 10.1111/psyg.12439
Web of Science KeyUT 000495852300005
関連URL isVersionOf https://doi.org/10.1111/psyg.12439
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/54978
フルテキストURL 71_2_105.pdf
著者 Shinya, Takayoshi| Tanaka, Takashi| Soh, Junichi| Matsushita, Toshi| Sato, Shuhei| Toyooka, Shinichi| Yoshino, Tadashi| Miyoshi, Shinichiro| Kanazawa, Susumu|
抄録 We retrospectively assessed the dual-time-point (DTP) F-18 FDG PET/CT findings of thymic epithelial neoplasms (TENs) and investigated the diagnostic capacity of PET/CT compared to that of CT for predicting carcinoma. We calculated the ratio of the standardized uptake value of the tumor and that of the aortic arch (T/M ratio) for both the 90-min early scan and the 2-h delayed scan in 56 TEN patients. We used a multivariate logistic regression (MLR) analysis to estimate the CT features of carcinoma. We compared the diagnostic capacities of PET/CT and chest CT using receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analyses. The ROC curve revealed that the appropriate cut-off T/M ratio value for the highest accuracy was 2.39 with 75.0% accuracy. The area under the curve (AUC) was 0.855. The statistical analyses for DTP scans of 35 TEN patients demonstrated 74.3% accuracy and 0.838 AUC for the early scan versus 82.9% and 0.825 for the delayed scan. The MLR analysis indicated that mediastinal fat infiltration was a predictor of carcinoma. The ROC curve obtained for the model yielded an AUC of 0.853. Delayed scanning could improve the diagnostic capacity for carcinoma. The T/M ratio and mediastinal fat infiltration are predictive of carcinoma with moderate diagnostic accuracy.
キーワード thymic epithelial neoplasm thymic carcinoma thymoma dual-time-point PET/CT chest CT
Amo Type Original Article
発行日 2017-04
出版物タイトル Acta Medica Okayama
71巻
2号
出版者 Okayama University Medical School
開始ページ 105
終了ページ 112
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
言語 English
著作権者 CopyrightⒸ 2017 by Okayama University Medical School
論文のバージョン publisher
査読 有り
PubMed ID 28420891
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/49669
フルテキストURL 67_2_105.pdf
著者 Alafate, Aierken| Shinya, Takayoshi| Okumura, Yoshihiro| Sato, Shuhei| Hiraki, Takao| Ishii, Hiroaki| Gobara, Hideo| Kato, Katsuya| Fujiwara, Toshiyoshi| Miyoshi, Shinichiro| Kaji, Mitsumasa| Kanazawa, Susumu|
抄録 We retrospectively evaluated the accumulation of fluorodeoxy glucose (FDG) in pulmonary malignancies without local recurrence during 2-year follow-up on positron emission tomography (PET)/computed tomography (CT) after radiofrequency ablation (RFA). Thirty tumors in 25 patients were studied (10 non-small cell lung cancers;20 pulmonary metastatic tumors). PET/CT was performed before RFA, 3 months after RFA, and 6 months after RFA. We assessed the FDG accumulation with the maximum standardized uptake value (SUVmax) compared with the diameters of the lesions. The SUVmax had a decreasing tendency in the first 6 months and, at 6 months post-ablation, FDG accumulation was less affected by inflammatory changes than at 3 months post-RFA. The diameter of the ablated lesion exceeded that of the initial tumor at 3 months post-RFA and shrank to pre-ablation dimensions by 6 months post-RFA. SUVmax was more reliable than the size measurements by CT in the first 6 months after RFA, and PET/CT at 6 months post-RFA may be more appropriate for the assessment of FDG accumulation than that at 3 months post-RFA.
キーワード fluorodeoxy glucose (FDG) positron emission tomography (PET) standardized uptake value (SUV) radiofrequency ablation (RFA) non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC)
Amo Type Original Article
発行日 2013-04
出版物タイトル Acta Medica Okayama
67巻
2号
出版者 Okayama University Medical School
開始ページ 105
終了ページ 112
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
言語 English
著作権者 CopyrightⒸ 2013 by Okayama University Medical School
論文のバージョン publisher
査読 有り
PubMed ID 23603927
Web of Science KeyUT 000317801700005
関連URL http://ousar.lib.okayama-u.ac.jp/metadata/50688