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ID 30765
JaLCDOI
フルテキストURL
著者
Oka, Eiji Okayama University
Sanada, Satoshi Okayama University
Asano, Takashi Okayama University
Ishida, Takashi National Hospital of Fukuyama
抄録

Mental retardation is detected in 20-30% of children with epilepsy at hospitals specializing in treatment of childhood epilepsy. However, the incidence of mental deterioration in childhood epilepsy is not high. In this study, mental deterioration was found in 52 (1.8%) of the 2,880 children with epilepsy at Okayama University Hospital. The patients showing mental deterioration mostly suffered from specific epileptic syndromes, such as West syndrome, Lennox-Gastaut syndrome, severe myoclonic epilepsy in infancy and epilepsy with continuous spike-waves during slow wave sleep. These types of epilepsy show generalized electroencephalographic (EEG) abnormalities. It is presumed that mental deterioration is caused by the total effects of prolonged diffuse EEG abnormalities and the age of the patients. Antiepileptic drugs exert a relatively minor effect on mental deterioration.

キーワード
mental deterioration
mental retardation
epilepsy
EFG
children
Amo Type
Review
発行日
1997-08
出版物タイトル
Acta Medica Okayama
51巻
4号
出版者
Okayama University Medical School
開始ページ
173
終了ページ
178
ISSN
0386-300X
NCID
AA00508441
資料タイプ
学術雑誌論文
言語
English
論文のバージョン
publisher
査読
有り
PubMed ID
Web of Sience KeyUT