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ID 46630
JaLCDOI
フルテキストURL
著者
Watanabe, Kumi Department of Pediatrics, Okayama University Graduate School of Medicine, Dentistry and Pharmaceutical Sciences
Okada, Ayumi Department of Pediatrics, Okayama University Graduate School of Medicine, Dentistry and Pharmaceutical Sciences
Okabe, Nobuyuki Department of Neuropsychiatry, Okayama University Graduate School of Medicine, Dentistry and Pharmaceutical Sciences
Onishi, Masaru Health Service Center, Okayama University
Morishima, Tsuneo Department of Pediatrics, Okayama University Graduate School of Medicine, Dentistry and Pharmaceutical Sciences
抄録
The purpose of this study was to investigate the psychological needs of children and adolescents with eating disorders (ED) directed toward their mothers. Patients with ED have low self-assertion and various abnormal eating behaviors. Therefore, mothers face difficulty in understanding their children's psychological needs, and the mother-child relationship is sometimes strained. We developed a One-Message Question (OMQ)-structured interview. The OMQ was easy to answer, and it helped the patients with ED. We examined the relationship between psychological needs and illness phase of the children and adolescents, and we discuss the viability of implementing the OMQ in clinical settings. The subjects were 23 patients and their parents. Their parents were just asked about the patients' background. The mean age of the patients was 15.8 years, and the average age of ED onset was 13.5 years. The EDs were anorexia nervosa (n=20) and bulimia nervosa (n=3). The phases of patients' illness were identified as anorexic (n=5), bulimic (n=7), chronic (n=3), and stable (n=8). All subjects provided specific responses to the OMQ-structured interview. Data analyses revealed the following seven categories of patients' psychological needs directed toward their mothers:attachment, cooperation in meeting their goals, longing for love, changing attitude toward family members, respect for self-reliance, expression of apology, and expression of appreciation. These findings suggested that the OMQ-structured interview may prove useful for mothers to understand their children's psychological needs and may encourage positive interactions as a foundation for future recovery.
キーワード
family support
mother-child relationships
eating disorders in children and adolescents
interview methods
team approach
Amo Type
Original Article
発行日
2011-06
出版物タイトル
Acta Medica Okayama
65巻
3号
出版者
Okayama University Medical School
開始ページ
185
終了ページ
192
ISSN
0386-300X
NCID
AA00508441
資料タイプ
学術雑誌論文
言語
English
著作権者
CopyrightⒸ 2011 by Okayama University Medical School
論文のバージョン
publisher
査読
有り
PubMed ID
Web of Sience KeyUT