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Totsuji, Hiroo Okayama University
Ogawa, Takafumi Okayama University
Totsuji, Chieko Okayama University
The structure of spherical clusters composed of Yukawa particles is analyzed by molecular dynamics simulations and theoretical approaches as a model for dust particles in dusty plasmas in the isotropic environment. The latter condition is expected to be realized under microgravity or by active cancellation of the effect of gravity on the ground. It is found that, at low temperatures, Yukawa particles form spherical shells and, when scaled by the mean distance, the structure is almost independent of the strength of screening including the case of the Coulomb interaction. The positions and populations of shells and the conditions for the change of the number of shells are expressed by simple interpolation formulas. Shells have an approximately equal spacing close to that of triangular lattice planes in the bulk close-packed structures. It is shown that, when the cohesive energy in each shell is properly taken into account, the shell model reproduces the structure of spherical Yukawa clusters to a good accuracy.
Digital Object Identifer:10.1103/PhysRevE.72.036406
Published with permission from the copyright holder. This is the institute's copy, as published in Physical Review E, September 2005, Volume 72, Issue 3, Pages 6.
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Physical Review E
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