JaLCDOI 10.18926/OER/58070
タイトル(別表記) The Development Strategies of Poland and the Engine of Polish Economic Growth
フルテキストURL oer_051_2-3_015_037.pdf
著者 田口 雅弘| 岡﨑 拓|
抄録  In this paper, authors analyze the changes in the national development strategies of the Polish government since the First World War, the state investment that became the driving force of economic development, the trends and positions of foreign capital, and the changes in the economic environment surrounding the Polish economy.  In the Second Republic, economic liberalism was a widely supported philosophy in the business world and academic society. However, in order to support very weak economic fundamentals, the government seized the key industry and tried to rebuild the economy. Although foreign capital played a very important role in economic development, Polish people’s distrust in foreign capital was strong. After the Great Depression, the Central Industrial District( CUP) was built under the leadership of the government. However, with the outbreak of World War II, the formation of a strong core industrial base was suspended.<br/>  After the Second World War, the government initially aimed to build a Peoples Democracy system based on pluralism. However, when the Cold War sharpened, rapid industrialization and collectivization of agriculture were forced. The Stalinist economic development strategy failed in a few years. Nevertheless, from the end of the 1950s, mining development and industrialization based on the mechanical and chemical industries were carried out again. This industrialization of capital goods sector-oriented production has distorted the people’s consumer life. However, in the long run, it cannot be denied that the industrialization of that time became the basis for the formation of the wide promising fields of the Polish industry. Since 1970, an open economic strategy has been adopted. Modernization was attempted by introducing licenses from the west. However, new investments did not lead to expansion of export, and cumulative debt increased. During the economic crisis, the“ Solidarity” movement quickly grew into a national movement, but this did not lead to a fundamental economic system change. Economic reform was also attempted in the 1980s. However, the socialist economic system was unable to adapt to the new global economic system driven by innovation. The inflexible system lost its growth potential.<br/>  After the collapse of socialist system in 1989, radical liberalization policies drastically improved economic imbalances, and the economic policy enabled high growth. During the transition period, foreign capital greatly contributed to growth. The automobile industry is a good example. This industry is associated with wide parts production. Many domestic intermediate goods manufacturers increased their orders, and their technical capabilities were rapidly improved through the guidance of foreign capital. In addition, export has improved significantly due to the expansion of production by foreign-affiliated companies. In contrast to the Second Republic, foreign capital played a major role in nurturing domestic industries. By the end of the 1990s, the Russian economy had had no effect on the Polish economy. At the transition period, the Polish industry shifted rapidly to the EU. At the same time, since the manufacturing field was the foundation of Polish growth, the impact of the 2007 global financial crisis wasn’t serious. Not only that, Poland maintained positive growth in 2008 as most countries in Europe fell into negative Currently, low-wage, low-value-added production based on FDI inflows and abundant labor force is the driving force for growth. In the medium and long term, the Polish economy cannot grow if it stays in the current subcontract production status of industrialized countries. The key to Poland’s escape from the “middle-income trap” is how to develop“ new Polish companies” that produce high-value-added products and services under global competition.
出版物タイトル 岡山大学経済学会雑誌
発行日 2020-03-19
51巻
2-3号
開始ページ 15
終了ページ 37
ISSN 2433-4146
言語 Japanese
著作権者 Copyright © 2020 岡山大学経済学会
論文のバージョン publisher
フルテキストURL Association_Natural_Language_Processing_2017.pdf
著者 竹内 孔一| 大野 雅幸| 泉仁 宏太| 田口 雅弘| 稲田 佳彦| 飯塚 誠也| 阿保 達彦| 上田 均|
発行日 2017-03
出版物タイトル 言語処理学会年次大会発表論文集
23巻
出版者 言語処理学会
開始ページ 839
終了ページ 842
NCID AA11909127
資料タイプ 会議発表論文
言語 Japanese
OAI-PMH Set 岡山大学
論文のバージョン author
フルテキストURL Association_Natural_Language_Processing_2018.pdf
著者 大野 雅幸| 泉仁 宏太| 竹内 孔一| 小畑 友也| 田口 雅弘| 稲田 佳彦| 飯塚 誠也| 阿保 達彦| 上田 均|
発行日 2018-03
出版物タイトル 言語処理学会年次大会発表論文集
24巻
出版者 言語処理学会
開始ページ 368
終了ページ 371
NCID AA11909127
資料タイプ 会議発表論文
言語 Japanese
OAI-PMH Set 岡山大学
論文のバージョン author
タイトル(別表記) Proposing an Unsupervised Approach to Evaluate Essays Using IDF on Reference Data
フルテキストURL NLC2018-33.pdf
著者 大野 雅幸| 竹内 孔一| 泉仁 宏太| 小畑 友也| 田口 雅弘| 稲田 佳彦| 飯塚 誠也| 阿保 達彦| 上田 均|
抄録(別表記) In this paper, we describe an on-going study of developing an automatic essay-scoring system in Japanese. Essay scoring systems have already been developed and used mainly in English, while not many previous studies have been done on Japanese essay evaluations. Most of the methods and systems of automatic essay evaluation need not small number of previously human-graded essays for calibrating the parameter of regression functions or parameter of machine learning. The previous studies show the high performance for essay evaluation task, however, it must be not easy to assume large graded essays in, for example, actual tests or entrance examinations. Thus, we take a approach to evaluate Japanese essays without previously human-graded essays but with assuming reference data related to essay questions. The proposed method is a simple one, that is, evaluating the essays with co-occurrences with the reference data in their words or morphemes. In the method technical terms would be given high scores using neologd dictionary and idf values. Experimental results show that the proposed method works well in our developing Japanese mock trial writing tests. Key words automatic scoring of essays, human annotation, supporting
キーワード 自動採点 (automatic scoring of essays) アノテーション (human annotation) 採点支援 (supporting system of essay evaluation) idf neologd
発行日 2018-12
出版物タイトル 電子情報通信学会技術研究報告. NLC, 言語理解とコミュニケーション
118巻
355号
出版者 電子情報通信学会
開始ページ 103
終了ページ 108
ISSN 09135685
NCID AA11524632
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
言語 Japanese
OAI-PMH Set 岡山大学
著作権者 copyright@2018
論文のバージョン publisher
タイトル(別表記) A Study of Extracting Related Documents for Essay Evaluation Modules
フルテキストURL NLC2017-24.pdf
著者 泉仁 宏太| 竹内 孔一| 大野 雅幸| 田口 雅弘| 稲田 佳彦| 飯塚 誠也| 阿保 達彦| 上田 均|
抄録(別表記) We are developing an automatic Japanese essay-scoring system that is composed of 4 evaluation criteria, comprehensiveness, logical consistency, validity, spelling and grammar. In this paper, we discuss the most powerful approach to extract documents of Wikipedia that relates to the reference texts of the target essay theme for validity evaluation. The reason for using Wikipedia documents for evaluating validity of students’essays is that we assume that validity can be evaluated by the expanded discussions in Wikipedia documents that relates to the essay theme. Experimental results show that the skip-gram based word vector is the best approach to extract relating documents to reference texts among several keyword-based evaluation approaches.
キーワード 小論文の自動採点 (Automatic scoring of answers of essay-writing tests) 単語ベクトル (Word vector) Skip-gram Wikipedia
発行日 2017-09
出版物タイトル 電子情報通信学会技術研究報告. NLC, 言語理解とコミュニケーション
117巻
207号
出版者 電子情報通信学会
開始ページ 47
終了ページ 51
ISSN 09135685
NCID AA11524632
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
言語 Japanese
OAI-PMH Set 岡山大学
著作権者 copyright©2017 IEICE
論文のバージョン publisher
JaLCDOI 10.18926/OER/48989
タイトル(別表記) Political-Economic Situation and the Financial Condition of Local Governments in Poland
フルテキストURL oer_044_2_001_023.pdf
著者 田口 雅弘|
抄録 This paper conducts a critical analysis on the political-economic situation of Poland and the current financial condition of the Polish local governments. Poland was the only country in the EU that avoided recession in 2009, i.e. just after the financial crisis it the world in 2008. While a number of studies suggest that the strong exports and individual consumption expenditures have been supporting the economy, they tend to miss the crucial fact that local government finance in the country is relatively well-balanced, and it became one of the factors of the economic stability. Aiming at examining such curious steadiness of the Polish local governments, this paper first focuses on the political and economic situation in Poland to understand the background of the financial condition of the local governments. Secondly, the system of local autonomy and its changes will be reviewed. Thirdly, the paper outlines the current political situation of the country, particularly the outcome of the general election held in 2012. Different regional strategies of the major political parties will be analyzed as well. Finally, the condition of local government finance will be examined to clarify their problems and challenges. From the analysis of this paper, the following points will be elucidated: (1) The solid economic performance has been maintained in Poland even after the global economic crisis. (2) The disparity of economic growth by prefecture and the disparity of the domestic product per capita by prefecture both show observable trend of its increase. (3) There is a big difference in the regional policy between the two major political parties in the country. The ruling party, the Civic Platform (Platforma Obywatelska; PO), bases its policy on the EU cohesion fund and adopts the economic growth model, in which the economies of metropolises are the engine to lead the country’s economy. On the other hand, the main opposition party, Law and Justice (Prawo i Sprawiedliwość; PiS), sets the liquidation of domestic disparities based on the “Polish” policies as its main goal. (4) The local government system of Poland is characterized by the great authority of commune (gmina) and the securing of tax revenue by the state. This model has been ensuring financial stability of the local government. (5) Many state-owned real estates have been changed to come under local government ownership during the period of systemic transformation. The incomes from the real estates and gains upon their sale have been contributing to the stability of local government finance. (6) Local governments have been one of the factors of Poland’s stable growth. However, many local governments recently started to fall into deficit. The causes of the deficit are as follows: a slowdown in tax revenues due to the recession; the falling real estate prices, the rising prices of construction materials for public works; the rising energy prices; and natural disasters that occur frequently in recent years. (7) The reduction policy of the state budget, directly bound up with the tighter condition of local government finance, as well as the decrease of financial supports from the EU Cohesion Fund and its related cuts in budgets for public works, has a negative impact on the local economy. They consequently affect the growth of the Polish economy to cause its slowing down.
出版物タイトル 岡山大学経済学会雑誌
発行日 2012-10-01
44巻
2号
開始ページ 1
終了ページ 23
ISSN 0386-3069
言語 Japanese
著作権者 Copyright © 2012 岡山大学経済学会
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 40019465578
著者 田口 雅弘|
発行日 2010-09-10
出版物タイトル 岡山大学経済学会雑誌
42巻
2号
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
著者 田口 雅弘|
発行日 2010-03-31
出版物タイトル 岡山大学経済学会雑誌
41巻
4号
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
著者 田口 雅弘|
発行日 2008-12-10
出版物タイトル 岡山大学経済学会雑誌
40巻
3号
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
JaLCDOI 10.18926/13317
タイトル(別表記) Regional Disparity Problem and Its Structure in the East Region of EU
フルテキストURL 6_045_058.pdf
著者 田口 雅弘|
抄録 本稿は、EU東部地域の経済格差の現状をEU中心部との比較、また国内における県別の比較を行い、その構造を明らかにするものである。 1997年 7月に欧州委員会は「アジェンダ2000」を発表した。これによって、ポーランドを含む旧東欧 5カ国およびキプロスの先行加盟が準備され始める。こうした動きに並行して、コソヴォ紛争の深刻化などに伴い、EUは「拡大によるEUの安定化」志向を強めることとなる。最終的には、2004年に10ヵ国、2007年に 2ヵ国が新規に加盟した。 EU東方拡大は、全般的にはEUの政治的・経済的安定化に貢献したが、しかしながら、地域経済圏拡大はかならずしもクロスボーダーリージョンの安定化につながっているわけではない。むしろ、EU拡大によって生じた摩擦や対立もある。それは、現在EU内で急速に拡大志向の議論が萎み、「拡大」よりは「深化」に重点を置く議論が中心になりつつあることにも表れている。もちろん、その背景には、「拡大」が経済圏・文明圏として重要な地域をほぼ包括しつつあること、EU周辺の政治的混乱が収まりつつあることなどがあるだろう。しかしその一方で、拡大によって逆に多様性=不安定要素を取り込んでしまい、その対応に多くの労力と資金がつぎ込まれて、拡大のメリットが十分に享受できないという「拡大疲れ」を伴った不満もある。 本稿では、経済格差、経済発達の遅れがどの程度のレベルにあるかを、ポーランドを中心に統計的に整理し、その構造を明らかにすることによって、クロスボーダーリージョン安定化を考える上でのひとつの材料としたい。
出版物タイトル 北東アジア経済研究
発行日 2008
6巻
1号
開始ページ 45
終了ページ 58
ISSN 1880-8476
言語 Japanese
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002310248 120002310248
著者 田口 雅弘|
発行日 2008-09-10
出版物タイトル 岡山大学経済学会雑誌
40巻
2号
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
JaLCDOI 10.18926/OER/12695
タイトル(別表記) Polish System Transformation and Its Implication for the Technical Terms for Social Sciences
フルテキストURL oer_28_1_091_122.pdf
著者 田口 雅弘|
抄録 This note refers to recent problems of the technical terms used in the social sciences in Poland. The current system transformation process in Poland has a great influence upon the political, economic and social life. Many new technical terms are flowing into Poland with the progress of the radical transformation of the system. In part one, the author presents the general situation of the inflow of the words of foreign origin, the occurence of the new words and concepts in connection with the change of economic relations, the social life and the basic ideology of society. Part two is an introduction of new Polish basic dictionaries, other dictionaries of technical terms for social sciences, and the new texts of economics. The author also makes some comments on these dicitionaries and texts. This note is an attempt to make clear the main problems of current Polsh language for the editing work on "The Polish-Japanese-English Dictionary of Political Economic Terms".
出版物タイトル 岡山大学経済学会雑誌
発行日 1996-06-05
28巻
1号
開始ページ 91
終了ページ 122
ISSN 0386-3069
関連URL http://www.e.okayama-u.ac.jp/~shiryou/gakkaishi.htm
言語 Japanese
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 110000129818
著者 田口 雅弘|
発行日 1997-06-05
出版物タイトル 岡山大学経済学会雑誌
29巻
1号
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
著者 田口 雅弘|
発行日 2001-06-10
出版物タイトル 岡山大学経済学会雑誌
33巻
1号
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
著者 田口 雅弘|
発行日 2005-12-10
出版物タイトル 岡山大学経済学会雑誌
37巻
3号
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
著者 田口 雅弘|
発行日 2005-03-10
出版物タイトル 岡山大学経済学会雑誌
36巻
4号
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
著者 田口 雅弘|
発行日 2005-09-10
出版物タイトル 岡山大学経済学会雑誌
37巻
2号
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
著者 田口 雅弘|
発行日 2007-06
出版物タイトル 岡山大学経済学会雑誌
39巻
1号
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
著者 田口 雅弘| 吉崎 知子|
発行日 2005-06-10
出版物タイトル 岡山大学経済学会雑誌
37巻
1号
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
著者 田口 雅弘|
発行日 2006-12
出版物タイトル 岡山大学経済学会雑誌
38巻
3号
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文