タイトル(別表記) 新規触媒によるバイオマスおよび廃棄物試料のガス化および改質
フルテキストURL J_Mater_Cycle_Waste_Manag_18_4_646.pdf
著者 Kawamoto, Katsuya| Lu, Baowang|
抄録 This study conducted gasification and catalytic reforming experiments with the expectation of obtaining new advantages on energy recovery and aimed for the development of an effective catalyst. Initially, the use of thermal gasification technology for waste treatment in line with waste-to-energy strategies was reviewed. Technological systems which have gasification were classified and their current status was discussed. Then, the results of gasification and reforming experiments showed that product gas with 50 % H2 or more was obtained using a Ni catalyst on a mesoporous silica–based SBA-15 support (NiO/SBA-15), which we newly developed. Experiments using wood feedstock revealed that H2 production by the catalyst was better when the NiO content was 20 % (W/W) or more than when another catalyst or the Ni catalyst with a lower Ni loading was used. Tar formation as a by-product was also well controlled by the catalyst, and use of a catalyst with 40 % NiO reduced the tar concentration to less than 0.2 g/ m3NmN3 . Experiments using a mixed feedstock of wood and RPF resulted in an increase in hydrocarbon concentration because of insufficient reforming. This finding suggests that future work is required to find a better solution to wood and RPF co-gasification.
キーワード Gasification Catalytic reforming Hydrogen Ni catalyst Tar
備考 This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Springer
発行日 2016-09
出版物タイトル Journal of Material Cycles and Waste Management
18巻
4号
出版者 Springer
開始ページ 646
終了ページ 654
ISSN 1438-4957
NCID AA11589627
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
言語 English
OAI-PMH Set 岡山大学
著作権者 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/deed.ja
論文のバージョン author
DOI 10.1007/s10163-016-0533-9
Web of Sience KeyUT 000382120600006
関連URL https://doi.org/10.1007/s10163-016-0533-9