Journal of Okayama Medical Association
Published by Okayama Medical Association

Full-text articles are available 3 years after publication.

モルモット腹腔細胞のFc receptorを利用した血清中免疫複合体の定量 第2編 全身性エリテマトーデス,慢性関節リウマチ,及び甲状腺疾患患者血清中の免疫複合体の定量

Saito, Yoshihito
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Circulating immune complexes have been detected in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus(SLE), rheumatoid arthritis(RA), Graves' disease and Hashimoto's disease by a newly established method using guinea pig peritoneal exudate cells. This method discriminated 75.0% of the SLE, 72.4% of the RA, 50.0% of the Graves' disease and 40.0% of the Hashimoto's disease patients from normal controls. IC levels correlated significantly with CH50, slightly with anti DNA antibody, but with neither the ANF staining pattern nor the degree of renal damage assessed by FAT findings in SLE patients. No correlation was observed between disease activity and IC levels in patients with RA. Elevated levels of IC were detected in some patients with thyroid disease by this method, but not by the Clq solid phase enzyme immunoassay. Serum fractionation with a Sepharose 6B column revealed that the molecular weight of the substance which this method can detect is larger than 19S. This method is not interfered with by γ-globulin nor the rheumatoid factor in serum. This is a simple, sensitive and the only practical method among the methods using Fc receptors.
immune complex
guinea pig peritoneal exudate cell
systemic lupus erythematosus
rheumatoid arthritis
thyroid diseases