Three principal river basins are found in Ghana and the Volta River Basin is the major one, covering about three -quarters of Ghana. The basin is shared with Mali, Burkina Faso, Cote d'Ivoire, Togo and Benin. Water from the Volta River Basin is used for drinking water supply, generating hydro-electric power, irrigation, inland fisheries and lake transport. The sustainable management of the Volta River Basin is thus of great importance. Land use activities in the basin are thus closely monitored not only in Ghana, but also in the other riparian countries as well. This paper presents information and data on the water resources and environmental management of the Volta River Basin in Ghana.