岡山大学 地球科学研究報告
Published by Okayama University Earth Science Reports Editorial Committee

岡山県玉野市出崎海岸に埋没する完新世中期の泥炭層の古環境解析

Matsushita, Mariko
Sato, Hiroshi
Yukumoto, Koichi
Momohara, Arata
Ueda, Yayoi
Katoh, Shigehiro
Maeda, Yasuo
Abstract
The buried peat deposit was foud in the sand beach on the Desaki coast (Tamano City, Okayama Prefecture), the northeastern coast of Seto Inland Sea. In this study, we performed sulfur and diatom analyses of the deposit. The results were used along with 14C dates and the eruption age (7300 cal BP) of Kikai-Akahoya tephra (K-Ab) to derive sedimentary environments of the deposit. K-Ah was detected just below the peat deposit. At the culmination of the Jomon transgression, the peat deposit had been formed in brackish environments of salt marsh for about 300 years. In order to reconstruct local paleovegetation, we analyzed pollen, wood and plant fossils in the deposit. The results show vegetational transition from a deciduous broadleaved forest mainly of Ouercus subgen. Lepidobalanus to Pinus forest. In spite of the Holocene thermal optimum, the vegetation dominated by Ouercus subgen. Cyclobanopsis was not recognized at the Desaki site, as has been shown in many other regions of regions of western Japan. Ouercus sect. Prinus was replaced by Ouercus sect. Aegilops as the dominant section of Ouercus subgen. Lepidobalanus, suggesting early establishment of traditional rural vegetation of 'Satoyama' in Japan. However, no evidence for human agency has been obtained from the mid-Holocene archaeological sites around the Desaki site. Thus it is more likely that this vegetational transition resulted from the succession caused by natural forces such as ecological disturbance and climatic and/or endemic situations rather than by cultural deforestation.
Keywords
Desaki coast
diatom remains
Jomon transgression
Kikai-Akahoya tephra
mid-Holocene
Paleoenvironment
peat deposit
plant fossils
ISSN
1340-7414
NCID
AN10506284
NAID