JaLCDOI 10.18926/19606
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_33_1_5.pdf
著者 阿部 武治| Namikoshi Ryuji| Nagayama Noriyuki| Takano Yasuju|
抄録 The influence of the slip between the inclusion and the matrix during the plastic deformation of inhomogeneous material with elliptic inclusions is investigated. The material is assumed to be rigid-plastic. The boundary slip region is modeled by assuming lower yield stress for the thin boundary region than those of the inclusion and the matrix. The rigid-plastic finite element method is used for the numerical calculation under the plane strain condition. The effects of the aspect ratio of the inclusion, the yield stress of the boundary region, and the volume fraction of the inclusion on the deformation mode are studied. The patterns of the strain concentration and the averaged flow stress of the inhomogeneous material are also discussed. The results may be helpful for understanding creep or superplastic deformation of metals with inclusions.
キーワード Plasticity Composite Material Sliding Inclusions Rigid-Plastic Deformation Finite Element Method
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 1998-11-30
33巻
1号
開始ページ 5
終了ページ 17
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002309204
JaLCDOI 10.18926/19616
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_33_1_53.pdf
著者 Li Sen| 大崎 紘一| 梶原 康博| 宗澤 良臣|
抄録 A method for designing a monitoring system with multiple cameras is proposed in order to supervise and recognize the progress of wide work area. First, a wide view camera is deveeloped by combining several usual cameras so that its visual angle could cover more than π/2. Secondly, A method for determining the number and location points of cameras is proposed by considering the shape of monitored area and the installation cost of cameras. The monitored area is divided into three kinds of basic shape (rectangular form, L form and convex form). For every basic shape area, the camera is located at the vertex pasition, so that the whole area can be monitored by the camera.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 1998-11-30
33巻
1号
開始ページ 53
終了ページ 57
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002309122
JaLCDOI 10.18926/19615
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_33_1_47.pdf
著者 神代 充| 大崎 紘一| 梶原 康博| 宗澤 良臣|
抄録 In this paper, we propose the recognition methods by image processing using 2D or 3D CAD. In the case of 2D CAD, an object is recognized by comparing five characters calculated from the center of gravity and contour. In the case of 3D CAD, there are two recognition methods. Firstly 3D CAD figure is transformed into 2D CAD figures. And an object is recognized by comparing 2D CAD figures with inputted images. Secondly the three dimensional coordinates of vertexes on an object are calculated from the images taken from some cameras and compared 3D coordinates with those of 3D CAD figures and recognized the sort of an object.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 1998-11-30
33巻
1号
開始ページ 47
終了ページ 52
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002309202
JaLCDOI 10.18926/19612
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_33_1_39.pdf
著者 宗澤 良臣| 大崎 紘一| 梶原 康博|
抄録 In this paper, we propose a recognition index to evaluate the complexity of discrimination among parts and units. The parts and units are classified into some groups (the number of groups is shown as n) by one characteristic, such as color, shape, size and so on. The recognition index of each is denoted as log(2) (n+1) by the information quantity formula. The recognition diagram shows the classfication of parts and units into only one part and unit by the structure of a characteristic. Further we propose the line balancing method for assembly line based on the working time and recognition index.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 1998-11-30
33巻
1号
開始ページ 39
終了ページ 45
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002309042
JaLCDOI 10.18926/19610
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_33_1_31.pdf
著者 Iwamoto Hidehisa| 大崎 紘一| 梶原 康博| 宗澤 良臣| Hashimoto Atsufumi| 関 州二|
抄録 The nurse supporting robot system to prepare and hand surgical instruments to a surgeon is proposed to reduce work of nurse in a surgical operation. In this paper, the surgical instrument recognition system (SIRS) is developed to hand the surgical instruments to a surgeon by the robot. The characteristics ot the instruments are area of the instruments, ratio of minimum center-contour distance to maximum one and its outline contour, are recognized by using the image processing. Kinds of the instruments are distinguished by these characteristics.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 1998-11-30
33巻
1号
開始ページ 31
終了ページ 37
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002309084
JaLCDOI 10.18926/19608
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_33_1_19.pdf
著者 鷲尾 誠一| 高橋 智| 井元 智可至| 吉田 篤正|
抄録 The present paper deals with measurements of the diffusion coefficients as well as the saturated solubilities of single component gases such as N(2), O(2) and CO(2) to a mineral oil. The method to determine the diffusivity is based upon measuring the pressure changes caused by the one-dimensional diffusion between the gas and the oil enclosed in an airtight container. For N(2) and O(2) the profiles of the measured pressure changes agree well with those predicted by diffusion theory, whereas that is not the case with CO(2). Although the reason why CO(2) does not seem to obey diffusion theory has yet to be studied, it may suggest the possibility that the diffusion coefficient varies with the pressure, considering that the range of pressure change in the diffusivity measurement was much obtained by this method fell within ±30% around the average. Moreover the solubility measurements have made clear that Henry's law holds true between the three pure gases and the oils tested, and that O(2) and CO(2) dissolve into the oil approximately two and ten times more, respectively, than N(2).
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 1998-11-30
33巻
1号
開始ページ 19
終了ページ 30
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002309030
JaLCDOI 10.18926/19604
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_33_1_1.pdf
著者 榊原 精| Kanadani, Teruto|
抄録 Aging of diolute Al-Ag alloys after quenching from low temperatures were studied mainly by electrical resistometry. Maximum resistivity observed in the aging curve of specimens quenched from high temeperature disappeared when the quenching temperature was lowered to 473 or 453K. When the quenching temperature was lowered further to 423K or lower, however, maximum resistivity reappeared. At the temperature lower than or equal to 423K but higher than the GP zone solvus, the alloys were not homogeneous but had clusters of solute atoms or fluctuation of solute concentration. Inhomogeneous distribution of solute atoms may affect the aging behavior after quenching from that temperature.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 1998-11-30
33巻
1号
開始ページ 1
終了ページ 4
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002309092
JaLCDOI 10.18926/19618
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_33_1_59.pdf
著者 Fujihara Yutaka| 大崎 紘一|
抄録 In this paper, we propose a method to solve simultaneously facility layout problem and scheduling problem. About a initial random layout planning, the production scheduling and the transportation scheduling of AGV are obtained by using priority rules. From the obtained transportation scheduling, the critical transportation and the closeness rating are obtained. Facility layout is renewed by the combined procedure of genetic algorithm and tabu search in order to reduce the material handling cost. By using this renewed facility layout, the production scheduling and the transportation scheduling of AGV are also revised until no further improvement is possible.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 1998-11-30
33巻
1号
開始ページ 59
終了ページ 64
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002308989
JaLCDOI 10.18926/19654
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_33_2_9.pdf
著者 山本 恭二|
抄録 The molecular dynamics study is applied for interaction of the gas molecule with the solid wall to analyse the flow of a rarefied gas between two wall. The wall consisting of Pt molecules is considered to be in a state of physical adsorbates. Two problems are considered : one is the flow problem and the other is the temperature problem. It is found that the tangential momentum accommodation coefficient is about 0.8 when the relative speed ratio of the two walls is unity, while it decreases with increasing Knudsen number when the relative wall speed ratio is 5.0. It shown that the temperature accommodation coefficient is about 0.85 at 300K wall, 0.75 at 450K wall, and 0.69 at 600K wall.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 1999-04-27
33巻
2号
開始ページ 9
終了ページ 17
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002309121
JaLCDOI 10.18926/19660
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_33_2_25.pdf
著者 Song Baoyin| 稲葉 英男| 堀部 明彦|
抄録 A set mathematical models was developed for predicting the performance of an open-type flat-plate solar collector, and solved numerically through an implicit difference method. The effects of various parameters on the absorption of solar energy for the collector were investigated. The results showed that the solar energy absorptance of the open-type flat-plate collector was relatively high especially for the region where the weather was humid and hot, and there were an optimum length and an optimum tilt angle for the absorbing plate on which the collector could obtain the highest solar energy absorptance. It was found that the latent heat flux of water evaporation could be 5 to 15 times larger than the sensible heat flux. The effects of the magnitude of the solar incident flux, the atmospheric humidity, the atmospheric temperature, the absorbing plate tilt angle, and water film thickness on the temperature rising of the water film were clarified in numerical quantities. The increase of the solar incident flux, the atmospheric humidity or the atmospheric temperature also resulted in a rise in the energy absorptance of the collector.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 1999-04-27
33巻
2号
開始ページ 25
終了ページ 37
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002308992
JaLCDOI 10.18926/19663
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_33_2_39.pdf
著者 Yanagi Makoto| 岡 久雄|
抄録 The acousicmyogram (AMG) is a mechanical phenomenon recorded at the surface of an active muscle. It is used to monitor force production, fatigue, and contractile properties of muscle. In this study, the new electrode with accelerometer for electrostimulation and acoustic detection. It consists of Ag-AgCl active electrode and solid-gel annular groud, and a very light piezoresistive accelerometer. The recorded AMG waveform depends on the pulse amplitude and duration of stimulation current and its lag from the electroatimulation is about 7 ms. The strengh-duration (S-D) curve (the threshold current for stimulation vs. pulse duration) describes the excitability of muscle. The left forearm is electrostimulated by using the same electrode and the muscle vibration (AMG) is recorded with accelerometer. During the muscle fatigue, the S-D curve changes and the current threshold increases under the same pulse duration. The rheobase of S-D curve increases gradually but the chronaxie hardly changes during muscle fatigue.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 1999-04-27
33巻
2号
開始ページ 39
終了ページ 44
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002309185
JaLCDOI 10.18926/19666
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_33_2_45.pdf
著者 Yamada Nobuya| 岡 久雄|
抄録 It is difficult to evaluate a biomechanical properties quantitatively. The authors developed the measurement system of biomechanical properties formerly but it is on a large scale because of the use of personal computer. In this study, the portable measurement system of biomechanical impedance/mobility is developed. To establish a rapid measurement, a random vibration is adopted in input signal. The system consists of the measuring probe, amplifier, and a note-typed personal computer. The measurement probe is developed newly, and has an overall length of 9 ㎝ (without a handle) and a total weight of about 500 g. The measurement program is also developed and is available to any computer which is worked under MS DOS compatible in Windows 95/98 operating system. The biomechanical spectra of thigh, temple and forehead are obtained and they show three typical spectrum patterns.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 1999-04-27
33巻
2号
開始ページ 45
終了ページ 50
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002309193
JaLCDOI 10.18926/19671
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_33_2_51.pdf
著者 東辻 浩夫| 鶴田 健二| 東辻 千枝子|
抄録 Density functional molecular dynamics method is applied to hydrogen plasma in the domain of liquid metallic hydrogen. Tentative results for the proton-proton pair distribution function and the electron-proton pair distribution function are obtained. It is shown that with the increase of the parameter γ(s), we have increasingly strong screening of proton charge by electrons and the decrease of electron density in the domain between protons.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 1999-04-27
33巻
2号
開始ページ 51
終了ページ 59
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002309192
JaLCDOI 10.18926/19673
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_33_2_61.pdf
著者 東辻 浩夫| 鶴田 健二| 東辻 千枝子|
抄録 The behavior of multicomponent plasmas in the Penning-Malmberg traps is discussed with the parameters corresponding to experiments with antiprotons and cryogenic electrons. The relaxation times for the energy transfer antiprotons to electrons and between parallel and perpendicular components of electrons are estimated. It is shown that, depending on the values of parameters, both the former and the latter can be the bottleneck in the cooling process.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 1999-04-27
33巻
2号
開始ページ 61
終了ページ 69
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002309106
JaLCDOI 10.18926/19648
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_33_2_1.pdf
著者 Omura, Yasuhiro| 飛田 守孝| 榊原 精| 竹元 嘉利|
抄録 Molecular dynamics simulation of nickel crystal under uniaxial tensile and compressive deformation was performed for single nenocrystal model and twinned nanocrystal model composed of 1550 atoms using EAM (embedded atom method) potential with the object of investigating deformation induced phase tranformation (especially twin deformation). In the case of single nanocrystal model, the evolution and development of twin deformation, (111)[11(2)], is observed under compressive loading in [001] direction, whereas either slip or twin deformation is not recognized under tensile loading. In the case of twinned nanocrystal model, twin, (111)[11(2)], decreases and disappears under tensile loading, and develops under compressive loading, It is suggested from the difference of results between single nanocrystal model and twinned nanocrystal model that it is easy for twin to induce local deformation.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 1999-04-27
33巻
2号
開始ページ 1
終了ページ 8
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002309020
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15297
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_33_2_97.pdf
著者 神代 充| 大崎 紘一| 梶原 康博| 宗澤 良臣| Tano Masakazu| Okamoto Katsuyuki| Nishino Akira| Okamoto Asao| Nishimori Naoki|
抄録 We propose the recognition method of bridge soldering base metal on the circuits by comparing CAD figure and input image of image processing to locate the soldering iron tip accurately to secure the high quality Firstly, three dimensional CAD assembly drawing of circuits which are assembled perpendicularly in each other is projected on an imaginary two dimensional screen which is vertical to the optical axis of the camera The projected image is used as the standard CAD figure to inspect the location of the bridge soldering base metal. The positions among the bridge soldering base metals show the line state. So this line (connecting line) is used as the reference line to inspect the location of the bridge soldering base metal. The characteristics of the standard figure are represented by the connecting line, edge line and center points of base metal. Secondly, the position and gradient of connecting line among bridge soldering base metals in the input image is estimated. And the position of base metal and assembly accuracy of circuit units are calculated by comparing the shape and position of each base metal with its standard figure based on the connecting line Furthermore, the length between the opposite edges of the base metals are calculated to inspect the positions and the assemble accuracy of circuit units.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 1999-04-27
33巻
2号
開始ページ 97
終了ページ 103
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002307283
JaLCDOI 10.18926/19674
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_33_2_71.pdf
著者 鶴田 健二| 東辻 浩夫| 東辻 千枝子|
抄録 A parallel tight-binding molecular dynamics with an order-N [O(N))] algorithm is implemented to perform large-scale simulation of nanostructured materials. The algorithm is based on the Fermi-operator expansion of an electronic energy and force, and we present its basic formalisms. Accuracy necessary for molecular-dynamics simulations can be obtained by a proper truncation in the expansion. Parallel efficiency on a parallel PC cluster shows nearly ideal scaling behavior with respect to the number of processors. Applicability of the method to a silicon-carbide system is examined.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 1999-04-27
33巻
2号
開始ページ 71
終了ページ 77
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002309027
JaLCDOI 10.18926/19657
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_33_2_19.pdf
著者 山本 恭二| Jiao Xuecheng| Jiao Xuezhen|
抄録 A new type of hydrocyclone with a perforated inner cylinder is tested experimentally to study its performance for liquid-solid separation. The size of the cyclone is small so that it may be effective for small particle separation. Two types of the inner cylinder were made : the one has 39.5% void fraction of the perforated surface and the other has 73.5% . The mean particle diameter is 4.5 μ m. It is found that the pressure loss of the cyclone with the inner cylinder is reduced by about 25% compared with that of the ordinary type. The new type cyclone has better separation efficiency.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 1999-04-27
33巻
2号
開始ページ 19
終了ページ 24
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002309091
JaLCDOI 10.18926/19677
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_33_2_79.pdf
著者 尾坂 明義| 早川 聡| Koyano Keiko| 都留 寛治|
抄録 A titanium oxide gel was electrochemically prepared on Ti with a cell consisting of Ti as the working electrode, Pt as the counter one, AgCl as the reference one, and an aqueous solution of 0.1 mol/L Ca(NO(3))(2) as the electrolyte solution. The Ti electrode was kept at 9.5V for 1 hr for oxidation and subsequently kept at-3.0V for 10 min (Ca9.5-3.0):calcium ions were expected to be adsorbed at the latter treatment. Other Ti specimen was kept at -3.0V for 10 min (Ca-3.0). Both specimens were found so bioactive as to deposit apatite in 12 hr (Ca9.5-3.0) and in 1 day (Ca-3.0) when soaked in a simulated body fluid (Kokubo solution). Calcium carbonate detected on the surface of Ca9.5-3.0 caused no harmful effects on spontaneous deposition of apatite in the fluid.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 1999-04-27
33巻
2号
開始ページ 79
終了ページ 84
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 Japanese
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002309011
JaLCDOI 10.18926/19680
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_33_2_85.pdf
著者 山田 充| 大崎 紘一|
抄録 We reason the circumstances around the three-dimensional vertex from the information about the intersection point in the two-dimensional image data inputted from a camera on the premise that we use this method as the eye ot the robot. In this method, we use the Vertex-Dictionary. We make the Vertex-Dictionary by calculation from CAD data of object figure (these data are already known) and the position data of the point of view. This dictionary includes the data of position and relations of connect surface etc. about a vertex. We get the data of three-dimensional vertex by comparison the data of two-dimensional intersection point in image data and Vertex-Dictionary. And we get the three-dimensional object by reasoning about the information of circumstances of all vertexes. Then we can recognize the three-dimensional object from image data. In this report, we explain the process to calculate the Vertex-Dictionary and some examples about this method.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 1999-04-27
33巻
2号
開始ページ 85
終了ページ 89
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002309120