JaLCDOI 10.18926/14155
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_39_1_63.pdf
著者 金谷 健一|
抄録 Geometric fitting is one of the most fundamental problems of computer vision. In [8], the author derived a theoretical accuracy bound (KCR lower bound) for geometric fitting in general and proved that maximum likelihood (ML) estimation is statistically optimal. Recently, Chernov and Lesort [3] proved a similar result, using a weaker assumption. In this paper, we compare their formulation with the author’s and describe the background of the problem. We also review recent topics including semiparametric models and discuss remaining issues.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 2005-01
39巻
1号
開始ページ 63
終了ページ 70
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002308366
JaLCDOI 10.18926/14152
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_39_1_52.pdf
著者 金森 克也| 東辻 千枝子| 鶴田 健二| 東辻 浩夫|
抄録 Thermal behavior of Coulomb clusters in a three dimensional confining potential is investigated by molecular dynamics simulations for system sizes of 1,000 to 20,288 ions. The specific heat of the system of shell-structured 20,000 ions is peaked almost at the same temperature as the system of bcc-structured 20,288 ions with much sharper structure for the latter. The diffusion coefficient and the peak to valley ratio of the two-dimensional pair distribution function on the outermost shell are obtained both as a function of temperature. The rotational movement of each shell in the system of 104 ions is observed.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 2005-01
39巻
1号
開始ページ 52
終了ページ 55
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002308445
JaLCDOI 10.18926/14153
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_39_1_56.pdf
著者 菅谷 保之| 金谷 健一|
抄録 We present a new method for extracting objects moving independently of the background from a video sequence taken by a moving camera. We first extract and track feature points through the sequence and select the trajectories of background points by exploiting geometric constraints based on the affine camera model. Then, we generate a panoramic image of the background and compare it with the individual frames. We describe our image processing and thresholding techniques.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 2005-01
39巻
1号
開始ページ 56
終了ページ 62
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002308594
JaLCDOI 10.18926/14134
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_39_1_1.pdf
著者 Vladimir I. Klochikhin| 藤井 正浩| 吉田 彰|
抄録 Improvement of wear resistance and durability of machine elements with sliding friction pairs is the important tribological problems. The wear resistance has been determined with many configurative parameters, technological parameters, and operational parameters. In this study kinematics of cylindrical joint (CJ), whose motion is reciprocating and rotating, and influence of various parameters on wear resistance of friction pair was investigated.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 2005-01
39巻
1号
開始ページ 1
終了ページ 6
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002308183
JaLCDOI 10.18926/14149
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_39_1_40.pdf
著者 Al-Sehaim, Sulaiman| 小西 正躬| 能勢 和夫|
抄録 In this paper, two problems, plant allocation problem and that of transfer routing from plants to customers, are considered simultaneously. Especially, adaptation scheme for emergency cases are checked. To solve these problems, decentralized agent based optimization procedures are used. In our study, oil production and products transfer in Saudi Arabia are treated. Through numerical experiments, practicability of the proposed method is verified.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 2005-01
39巻
1号
開始ページ 40
終了ページ 45
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002308505
JaLCDOI 10.18926/14135
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_39_1_7.pdf
著者 王 暁群| 阿部 武治| 多田 直哉| 清水 一郎|
抄録 Roughening on free surface of polycrystalline metal during plastic deformation is closely related to the inhomogeneous deformation in the respective grain at the surface. Uniaxial tensile tests are carried out on annealed pure aluminum sheet specimens with various averaged grain sizes. The roughening is measured by a 3-dimensional stylus instrument to examine the roughness change in both sides of specimen surfaces at each strain. The irregularities on one side are reversed on the backside, when the averaged grain size is as large as the thickness of the specimen. Discussions are made on the relation between the surface shapes of both sides adopting the cross correlation factor. The strains of respective grains are also measured from the grain boundary shape before and after plastic deformation. There are some deviations in the strains of the grains and their standard deviation increases with the applied strain.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 2005-01
39巻
1号
開始ページ 7
終了ページ 15
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002308149
JaLCDOI 10.18926/14136
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_39_1_16.pdf
著者 内田 哲也| 石丸 早苗| 島村 薫| 宇治 章人| 松尾 俊彦| 大月 洋|
抄録 PE film was treated with fuming nitric acid at 80℃ for 20 min, resulting in introduction of COOH moieties on the film surface. The COOH’s were reacted with ethylenediamine, whose amino groups were used for linking with (2-[4-(dibutylamino)phenyl]ethenyl)-3-carboxy-methylbenzo-thiazolium, photoelectric dye (NK-5962), which absorbs visible light and converts the photon energy to electric potentials. The dye molecules were immobilized on the PE film surface and they were able to stimulate chick retinal tissues on incidence of visible light. These facts hopefully lead to development of an artificial retinal prosthesis.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 2005-01
39巻
1号
開始ページ 16
終了ページ 20
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002308066
JaLCDOI 10.18926/14150
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_39_1_46.pdf
著者 門野 恵典| 東辻 千枝子| 鶴田 健二| 東辻 浩夫|
抄録 We present a real-space, polynomial-expansion approach to electron dynamics in nanostructured semiconductors. The Chebyshev expansion method is employed for efficient calculation of timeevolution of single-electron wave function. Details of the formulation are described. The method is applied to the electron transport in nanostructured semiconductors such as Si nanowires. The mean-square displacement and diffusivity of electron in Si chains are obtained as functions of length of the chains. The results show clearly ballistic behavior of electron in the pure Si chain.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 2005-01
39巻
1号
開始ページ 46
終了ページ 51
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002308231
JaLCDOI 10.18926/46954
フルテキストURL mfe_38_1-2_073_089.pdf
著者 Kenmochi, Yukiko| Imiya, Atsushi|
抄録 Boundary tracking and surface generation are ones of main topological topics for three-dimensional digital image analysis. However, there is no adequate theory to make relations between these different topological properties in a completely discrete way. In this paper, we present a new boundary tracking algorithm which gives not only a set of border points but also the surface structures by using the concepts of combinatorial/algebraic topologies. We also show that our boundary becomes a triangulation of border points (in the sense of general topology), that is, we clarify relations between border points and their surface structures.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 2004-03
38巻
1-2号
開始ページ 73
終了ページ 89
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 80016889444
JaLCDOI 10.18926/46950
フルテキストURL mfe_38_1-2_033_037.pdf
著者 Liman, M. Sanusi| Totsuji, Chieko| Tsuruta, Kenji| Totsuji, Hiroo|
抄録 The dynamic structure factor and the spectrum of the momentum-density fluctuations of 2D Yukawa liquids are analyzed in the domain of weak and intermediate coupling and screenlng parameters. The dispersion relations of the longitudinal and transverse collective excitations are obtained and compared with the random phase approximation (RPA) and harmonic approximation for triangular lattice.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 2004-03
38巻
1-2号
開始ページ 33
終了ページ 37
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 80016863329
JaLCDOI 10.18926/46952
フルテキストURL mfe_38_1-2_039_059.pdf
著者 Kanatani, Kenichi|
抄録 We investigate the meaning of "statistical methods" for geometric inference based on image feature points. Tracing back the origin of feature uncertainty to image processing operations, we discuss the implications of asymptotic analysis in reference to "geometric fitting" and "geometric model selection", We point out that a correspondence exists between the standard statistical analysis and the geometric inference problem. We also compare the capability of the "geometric AIC" and the "geometric MDL' in detecting degeneracy. Next, we review recent progress in geometric fitting techniques for linear constraints, describing the "FNS method", the "HEIV method", the "renormalization method", and other related techniques. Finally, we discuss the "Neyman-Scott problem" and "semiparametric models" in relation to geometric inference. We conclude that applications of statistical methods requires careful considerations about the nature of the problem in question.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 2004-03
38巻
1-2号
開始ページ 39
終了ページ 59
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 80016889442
JaLCDOI 10.18926/46947
フルテキストURL mfe_38_1-2_005_014.pdf
著者 Ishimaru, Kazuhito| Konishi, Masami| Imai, Jun| Nishi, Tatsushi|
抄録 Temperature distribution in the reactor furnace is mainly operated by gas blowing from multiple tuyeres and material charge distribution. The objective of our research is obtain the optimal profile of gas flow to control temperature distribution in the reactor furnace in the shortest possible time. We formulated the optimization problem to reduce deviation of temperature distribution from its desired one in the reactor furnace. Based on the formulation, gas blow conditions are optimized by a sequential quadratic programming method to realize the desired temperature distribution. The validity of the method was checked through numerical experiments.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 2004-03
38巻
1-2号
開始ページ 5
終了ページ 14
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 80016785933
JaLCDOI 10.18926/46946
フルテキストURL mfe_38_1-2_001_004.pdf
著者 Sakakibara, Akira| Kanadani, Teruto|
抄録 The relationship between occurrence of serration and reversion heat treatment was studied by tensile test on Al-10mass%Zn alloy. Serration was observed for the furnace cooled specimen, but not for the as-quenched one and the shortly aged one, which result is difficult to be interpreted by the Cottrell theory. The stress amplitude in the serration increased with increasing the time of annealing for reversion up to 10ks and then stayed at a constant value which might be interpreted by the Cottrell theory. The stress amplitude in the serration decreased with increasing the annealing temperature, which is contrary to the prediction by the Cottrell theory. The specimen directly annealed without aging and the one annealed after aging agreed well with each other in the tensile strength and the stress amplitude in the serration, which suggests solute clusters as the cause of serration.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 2004-03
38巻
1-2号
開始ページ 1
終了ページ 4
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 80016785932
JaLCDOI 10.18926/46953
フルテキストURL mfe_38_1-2_061_071.pdf
著者 Kanatani, Kenichi| Sugaya, Yasuyuki|
抄録 The Tomasi-Kanade factorization for reconstructing the 3-D shape of the feature points tracked through a video stream is widely regarded as based on factorization of a matrix by SVD (singular value decomposition). This paper points out that the core principle is the affine camera approximation to the imaging geometry and that SVD is merely one means of numerical computation. We first describe the geometric structure of the problem and then give a complete programming scheme for 3-D reconstruction.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 2004-03
38巻
1-2号
開始ページ 61
終了ページ 71
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 80016889443
著者 Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University|
発行日 2004-03
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
38巻
1-2号
資料タイプ その他
JaLCDOI 10.18926/46955
フルテキストURL mfe_38_1-2_091_096.pdf
著者 Kanayama, Naoki| Yamakoshi, Kimi| Kiyomi, Masaaki| Magari, Masaki| Ohmori, Hitoshi|
抄録 Generally, IgM antibodies (Abs) produced in a primary immune response show lower affinity for an inducing antigen (Ag) compared with the corresponding IgG Abs that are major switched isotypes formed in the secondary response. An IgM molecule is a pentamer with 10 Ag-binding sites that will contribute to an increase of avidity for an Ag. To estimate the contribution of the pentameric structure to the avidity of an IgM Ab, we generated IgM and IgG1 monoclonal Abs (mAbs) with identical V regions that are specific for 4-hydroxy-3-nitrophenylacetyl (NP) by in vitro class switching of B cells followed by the cell fusion with a mouse myeloma cell line. Compared with an anti-NP IgG1 mAb, the corresponding IgM mAb showed much higher avidity for NP-conjugated bovine serum albumin, which was drastically reduced after being dissociated into monomers.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 2004-03
38巻
1-2号
開始ページ 91
終了ページ 96
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 80017001822
著者 Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University|
発行日 2004-03
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
38巻
1-2号
資料タイプ その他
JaLCDOI 10.18926/46956
フルテキストURL mfe_38_1-2_097_100.pdf
著者 Yamagiwa, Masashi| Hirao, Taichi| Kiyomi, Masaaki| Akao, Tetsuyuki| Mizuki, Eiichi| Ohba, Michio| Sakai, Hiroshi|
抄録 Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. coreanensis A2316 is a newly isolated strain from Yonakunijima Island in Japan. It produces the proteinaceous inclusion body (crystal) which has no insecticidal and hemolytic activities. When the crystal proteins were digested by proteinase K, they exhibited the strong cytotoxicity against human leukemic T cell, MOLT-4. The proteinase K-digested A2316 crystal proteins have little damage upon the cell membrane of MOLT-4, suggesting that the cell death of MOLT-4 was induced through a mechanism other than the colloid-osmotic swelling and cell lysis as caused by hitherto known B. thuringiensis crystal proteins. The 29-kDa polypeptide proved to be an active component of the proteinase K-digested A2316 crystal proteins. EC(50) of the purified 29-kDa polypeptide was 0.0579 μg/ml. The N-terminal amino acid sequence of the 29-kDa polypeptide was identical with that of p29 produced by B. thuringiensis A1519 strain and shared no significant homology with all the known proteins, suggesting that this polypeptide belong to a new family of B. thuringiensis crystal proteins.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 2004-03
38巻
1-2号
開始ページ 97
終了ページ 100
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 80017001823
JaLCDOI 10.18926/46949
フルテキストURL mfe_38_1-2_029_032.pdf
著者 Totsuji, Hiroo| Totsuji, Chieko| Ogawa, Takafumi| Tsuruta, Kenji|
抄録 The structure of dust particles in dusty plasmas under microgravity has been analyzed by molecular dynamics simulation. The charge neutrality condition satisfied by the system composed of dust particles and ambient plasma is properly taken into account. It is shown that dust particles form shell structures at low temperatures and the number of shells are obtained as a phase diagram in the plane of two parameters characterizing the system: the number of particles and the strength of screening. It is also shown that these structures are almost independent of the strength of screening.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 2004-03
38巻
1-2号
開始ページ 29
終了ページ 32
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 80016863328
JaLCDOI 10.18926/46948
フルテキストURL mfe_38_1-2_015_027.pdf
著者 Torigoe, Takashi| Konishi, Masami| Imai, Jun| Nishi, Tatsushi|
抄録 In these days, mechanical systems are becoming more complex and highly automated. So, there exist wide variety of demands for reliable diagnostic technology. A reliable data analysis and quantitative diagnosis method of mechanical system is necessary for the purpose. In this paper a quantitative diagnosis method for looper height control system has been developed based on neural network technologies. The wavelet transformation is used for pre-processing to analyze characteristics of looper height control system. And, self organizing map neural network is used for the purpose of classification based on the pre-processed data. After that, the classified results are used for quantitative diagnosis in hierarchical neural network.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 2004-03
38巻
1-2号
開始ページ 15
終了ページ 27
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 80016785934