JaLCDOI 10.18926/14082
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_41_1_31.pdf
著者 濱名 良平| 小西 正躬| 今井 純|
抄録 Various kind of productions are made in semiconductor factories, where it employs the production system with multiprocess and multiple Automated Guided Vehicles(AGVs) for transportation. It is difficult to optimize planning of production and transportation simultaneously because of the complicated flow of semifinished products. This paper describes the formulations of production scheduling and transportation routing, and algorithm for simultaneous optimization of plannings by using logic cuts. The entire problem is decomposed to the master problem and the sub problem. If it derives the infeasible solutions, new constraints are added to the master problem to eliminate the solution area including infeasible solutions. The results of about optimality and computation time by using CPLEX solver are shown compared with conventional decomposition method to check up effectivity of proposed method in small size problem, and about optimality and computaion time for large scale problem.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 2007-01
41巻
1号
開始ページ 31
終了ページ 43
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002308108
JaLCDOI 10.18926/14081
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_41_1_20.pdf
著者 今村 拓司| 小西 正躬| 今井 純|
抄録 In this paper, we propose a simultaneous optimization method for inventory control and production planning problem for a chemical batch plant. The plant consists of blending process, intermediate storage tanks and filling process. In the proposed method, the original problem is decomposed into production planning sub-problem and inventory control sub-problem. Then the decision variables are optimized by alternately solving each sub-problem. The solution of the proposed method is compared with that of centralized optimization method. The effectiveness of the proposed method is investigated from numerical computational results.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 2007-01
41巻
1号
開始ページ 20
終了ページ 30
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002308626
JaLCDOI 10.18926/14065
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_42_91.pdf
著者 Ryohei, Hamana| 小西 正躬| 今井 純|
抄録 Various kind of productions are made in semiconductor fabrications, where it employs the production system with multiprocesses and multiple Automated Guided Vehicles(AGVs) for transportation. It is difficult to optimize planning of production and transportation simultaneously because of the complicated flow of semifinished products. This paper describes the formulations of production scheduling, transportation routing and sequence planning of material handling system, and algorithm for simultaneous optimization of plannings by using solution space reduction and simulated annealing method. In this paper, all production system is decomposed to the production scheduling problem, transportation routing problem by AGVs and sequence planning of material handling system with managing stockers and buffers. Production scheduling problem and transportation routing problem are solved by the optimization algorithm using the decomposition routing problem. Sequence planning of material handling robot problem is solved by the algorithm using simulated annealing method.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 2008-01
42巻
1号
開始ページ 91
終了ページ 103
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 Japanese
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002308279
JaLCDOI 10.18926/14064
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_42_79.pdf
著者 Notsu Tadafumi| 小西 正躬| 今井 純|
抄録 The operations of a reactor furnace such as a blast furnace still depend on the experiences and intuitions of skilled operators due to the complexity of internal furnace phenomena and high temperature. There is a great demand for stable operations under the circumstances of a decrease in the number of skilled operators and difficulty in technology inheritance. This paper aims to construct mathematical description for control of a reactor furnace. Further, the linear-quadratic-gaussian control system for a reactor furnace is proposed, which estimates inner furnace temperature distribution using measured data near furnace wall. Temperature distribution of a furnace is controlled based on the estimated inner temperature distribution changing of boundary conditions of a furnace. The practicability of the proposed control method was checked through numerical experiments.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 2008-01
42巻
1号
開始ページ 79
終了ページ 90
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002308624
JaLCDOI 10.18926/14063
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_42_71.pdf
著者 Kawase, Koichi| 小西 正躬| 今井 純|
抄録 In this research, Fuzzy control theory is applied to the inventory control of the supply chain between multiple companies. The proposed control method deals with the amount of inventories expressing supply chain between multiple companies. Referring past demand and tardiness, inventory amounts of raw materials are determined by Fuzzy inference. The method that an appropriate inventory control becomes possible optimizing fuzzy control gain by using SA method for Fuzzy control. The variation of uncertain demand is given to the proposal method. Furthermore, the method of forecasting demand and the effectiveness of fuzzy control method are confirmed by numerical experiments. As the results, the proposal method suppressed increase in an unnecessary cost when demand varies.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 2008-01
42巻
1号
開始ページ 71
終了ページ 78
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002308296
JaLCDOI 10.18926/14062
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_42_60.pdf
著者 Kikuchi, Junji| 小西 正躬| 今井 純|
抄録 In steel works, molten metals discharged from blast furnace are put into a pan for transportation called torpedo and transported to steel making factory by a locomotive. In molten metals transportation, it becomes issues to prevent temperature drop of molten metals for stable production of down stream plants to shorten transportation time. Therefore it is necessary to make an appropriate plan for molten metals transfer considering the production and the transportation simultaneously. In this paper, molten metals transfer planning method is proposed including production scheduling. That is, torpedo schedule, transfer request assignment and route plan of locomotives are optimized according to each objective.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 2008-01
42巻
1号
開始ページ 60
終了ページ 70
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002308612
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15417
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_29_2_39.pdf
著者 岡 久雄| 坂本 俊哉| Irie Takashi|
抄録 The body structures under the skin surface, such as bones and tendon, have an influence on the stiffness evaluation observed from the surface. In this case, the observed stiffness should be called an apparent stiffness. To obtain the biomechanical properties of skin itself, the influence of body structure should be removed. This study deals with the correction method of apparent viscoelasticity which calculated from apparent biomechanical impedance. This method is applied to the measured result of the forearm and the right chest to confirm its effectiveness.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 1995-03-27
29巻
2号
開始ページ 39
終了ページ 47
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002307527
JaLCDOI 10.18926/47005
フルテキストURL mfe_36_1_117_121.pdf
著者 Shirosaki, Yuki| Tsuru, Kanji| Hayakawa, Satoshi| Osaka, Akiyoshi| Takashima, Seisuke|
抄録 γ-Methacryloxypropyltrimethoxysilane (γ-MPS) was grafted to silicone due to emulsion polymerization to induce Si-OH groups, in order to provide silicone with bioactivity spontaneous deposition of apatite in body fluid and to improve cytocompatibility. Apatite deposited on the grafted silicone within 7 days of soaking in 1.5 times as concentrated as the Kokubo solution. Osteoblastic cells (MC3T3-E1) were cultured on the specimens up to 7 days. After 5 days of culture, the number of MC3T3-E1 cells on the grafted specimen was much greater than that on the original specimen. These results indicated that the biocompatibility of silicone elastomer was improved by the grafting γ-MPS.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 2001-12
36巻
1号
開始ページ 117
終了ページ 121
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120003497031
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15363
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_34_39.pdf
著者 早川 聡| 城崎 由紀| 籔田 武司| 都留 寛治| Ohtsuki Chikara| 尾坂 明義|
抄録 Silicone elastomer was chemically treated at 60℃ for 7 days with 30 wt% H(2)O(2) solutions with or without TaCl(5) and soaked for various periods in a simulated body fluid(Kokubo solution) up to 21 days. Apatite formation ability of the surface of the silicone elastomer specimens was investigated with thin-film X-ray diffraction and FT-IR reflection spectroscopy. These silicone specimens did not deposit apatite or calcium phosphates, irrespective of chemical treatment. Osteoblast-like cells (MC3T3-El) derived from mouse were cultured on the specimens at 36.5℃ under 5%C0(2) and 95% humidity. Similar degree of proliferation of cells was observed at 7 days among three specimens, while the no treatment specimen after incubation for 5 days showed a lower degree of proliferation than the silicone treated with 30 wt% H(2)O(2) solutions with or without TaCl(5). Alkaline phosphatase activity of the cells proliferated on the no treatment specimen was lower than those of the silicone treated with 30 wt% H(2)O(2) solutions with or without TaCl(5). These results indicate that the cytotoxicity of the silicone could be improved by the chemical treatment with 30 wt% H(2)O(2) solutions with or without TaCl(5).
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 2000-03-27
34巻
1-2号
開始ページ 39
終了ページ 43
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002308019
JaLCDOI 10.18926/48127
フルテキストURL mfe_046_021_033.pdf
著者 Kanatani, Kenichi| Niitsuma, Hirotaka|
抄録 Because 3-D data are acquired using 3-D sensing such as stereo vision and laser range finders, they have inhomogeneous and anisotropic noise. This paper studies optimal computation of the similarity (rotation, translation, and scale change) of such 3-D data. We first point out that the Gauss-Newton and the Gauss-Helmert methods, regarded as different techniques, have similar structures. We then combine them to define what we call the modified Gauss-Helmert method and do stereo vision simulation to show that it is superior to either of the two in convergence performance. Finally, we show an application to real GPS geodetic data and point out that the widely used homogeneous and isotropic noise model is insufficient and that GPS geodetic data are prone to numerical problems.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 2012-01
46巻
開始ページ 21
終了ページ 33
ISSN 1349-6115
言語 English
著作権者 Copyright © by the authors
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 80022451622
JaLCDOI 10.18926/48125
フルテキストURL mfe_046_001_009.pdf
著者 Kanatani, Kenichi| Niitsuma, Hirotaka|
抄録 We optimally estimate the similarity (rotation, translation, and scale change) between two sets of 3-D data in the presence of inhomogeneous and anisotropic noise. Adopting the Lie algebra representation of the 3-D rotational change, we derive the Levenberg-Marquardt procedure for simultaneously optimizing the rotation, the translation, and the scale change. We test the performance of our method using simulated stereo data and real GPS geodetic sensing data. We conclude that the conventional method assuming homogeneous and isotropic noise is insufficient and that our simultaneous optimization scheme can produce an accurate solution.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 2012-01
46巻
開始ページ 1
終了ページ 9
ISSN 1349-6115
言語 English
著作権者 Copyright © by the authors
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 80022451620
JaLCDOI 10.18926/44498
フルテキストURL mfe_045_036_045.pdf
著者 Kanatani, Kenichi| Niitsuma, Hirotaka|
抄録 We present a new method for optimally computing the 3-D rotation from two sets of 3-D data. Unlike 2-D data, the noise in 3-D data is inherently inhomogeneous and anisotropic, reflecting the characteristics of the 3-D sensing used. To cope with this, Ohta and Kanatani introduced a technique called “renormalization”. Following them, we represent a 3-D rotation in terms of a quaternion and compute an exact maximum likelihood solution using the FNS of Chojnacki et al. As an example, we consider 3-D data obtained by stereo vision and optimally compute the 3-D rotation by analyzing the noise characteristics of stereo reconstruction. We show that the widely used method is not suitable for 3-D data. We confirm that the renormalization of Ohta and Kanatani indeed computes almost an optimal solution and that, although the difference is small, the proposed method can compute an even better solution.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 2011-01
45巻
開始ページ 36
終了ページ 45
ISSN 1349-6115
言語 English
著作権者 Copyright © by the authors
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 80021759250
JaLCDOI 10.18926/44496
フルテキストURL mfe_045_015_026.pdf
著者 Kanatani, Kenichi| Rangrajan, Prasanna| Sugaya, Yasuyuki| Niitsuma, Hirotaka|
抄録 We present a new least squares (LS) estimator, called “HyperLS”, specifically designed for parameter estimation in computer vision applications. It minimizes the algebraic distance under a special scale normalization, which is derived by rigorous error analysis in such a way that statistical bias is removed up to second order noise terms. Numerical experiments suggest that our HyperLS is far superior to the standard LS and comparable in accuracy to maximum likelihood (ML), which is known to produce highly accurate results in image applications but may fail to converge if poorly initialized. Our HyperLS is a perfect candidate for ML initialization. In addition, we discuss how image-based inference problems have different characteristics form conventional statistical applications, with a view to serving as a bridge between mathematicians and computer engineers.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 2011-01
45巻
開始ページ 15
終了ページ 26
ISSN 1349-6115
言語 English
著作権者 Copyright © by the authors
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002905952
JaLCDOI 10.18926/19959
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_44_50.pdf
著者 金谷 健一| Niitsuma Hirotaka| Rangrajan Prasanna|
抄録 We present highly accurate least-squares (LS) alternatives to the theoretically optimal maximum likelihood (ML) estimator for homographies between two images. Unlike ML, our estimators are non-iterative and yield solutions even in the presence of large noise. By rigorous error analysis, we derive a “hyperaccurate” estimator which is unbiased up to second order noise terms. Then, we introduce a computational simplification, which we call “Taubin approximation”, without incurring a loss in accuracy. We experimentally demonstrate that our estimators have accuracy surpassing the traditional LS estimator and comparable to the ML estimator.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 2010-01
44巻
開始ページ 50
終了ページ 59
ISSN 1349-6115
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002308986
JaLCDOI 10.18926/19957
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_44_32.pdf
著者 金谷 健一| Niitsuma Hirotaka| Sugaya Yasuyuki|
抄録 We present an alternative approach to what we call the “standard optimization”, which minimizes a cost function by searching a parameter space. Instead, the input is “orthogonally projected” in the joint input space onto the manifold defined by the “consistency constraint”, which demands that any minimal subset of observations produce the same result. This approach avoids many difficulties encountered in the standard optimization. As typical examples, we apply it to line fitting and multiview triangulation. The latter produces a new algorithm far more efficient than existing methods. We also discuss optimality of our approach.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 2010-01
44巻
開始ページ 32
終了ページ 41
ISSN 1349-6115
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002309124
JaLCDOI 10.18926/19962
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_44_73.pdf
著者 Imanaka, Hiroyuki| Tanaka, Soukichi| Feng, Bin| Imamura, Koreyoshi| Nakanishi, Kazuhiro|
抄録 We used modified Czapek-Dox (mCD) or dextrin-peptone-yeast extract (DPY) media to cultivate a filamentous fungus, Aspergillus oryzae IAM 2706 by three different cultivation methods, i.e., shaking-flask culture (SFC), agar-plate culture (APC), and membrane-surface liquid culture (MSLC), to identify the differences in cultivation behaviors and gene transcriptional profiles. The fungi cultivated by APC or MSLC secreted a greater number of different proteins/enzymes in larger quantities compared with fungi cultivated by SFC, particularly when DPY medium was used. In particular, the amounts of protease secreted by fungi cultivated via MSLC or APC were much greater compared with SFC. When mCD medium was used, α-amylase activity was barely detectable in all cultures while the activity was detected in MSLC and APC in a quantity that was several times higher than that in SFC using DPY medium. SDS-PAGE analysis and N-terminal amino acid sequences confirmed 6 proteins in the culture supernatants when DPY medium was used. Among these proteins oryzin (an alkaline protease) and α-amylase were detected at much higher levels in APC and MSLC compared with SFC, which was consistent with the measured activity of the secreted enzymes. However, when mCD medium was used, only oryzin was detected in significant amounts in MSLC and APC. Microarray analyses of the fungi cultivated by SFC, APC or MSLC using either mCD or DPY media indicated that the gene transcriptional profile of the MSLC sample was similar to that of the APC sample but different from that of the SFC sample. When mCD medium was used, most of the genes that were up-regulated 10-folds or greater in the MSLC sample relative to the SFC sample were unknown or predicted proteins. Transcription of the oryzin gene was only slightly up-regulated in the MSLC sample while transcription of the α-amylase gene was slightly down-regulated. On the other hand, when DPY medium was used, many known genes including the oryzin gene were up-regulated in the MSLC sample versus the SFC sample.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 2010-01
44巻
開始ページ 73
終了ページ 83
ISSN 1349-6115
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002309053
JaLCDOI 10.18926/47025
フルテキストURL mfe_36_2_051_060.pdf
著者 Hikida, Masaki| Magari, Masaki| Nakayama, Yasunori| Kanayama, Naoki| Ohmori, Hitoshi|
抄録 A population of peripheral B cells have been shown to express recombination activating gene products, RAG-1 and RAG-2, which are considered to be involved in revising the B cell antigen receptor (BCR) in the periphery. BCR engagement has been reported to turn off RAG expression in peripheral B cells, whereas the same treatment has an opposite effect in immature B cells in the bone marrow. In contrast to receptor editing that is involved in the removal of autoreactivity in immature B cells, it has been shown that secondary V(D)J rearrangement in peripheral B cells, termed receptor revision, contributes to affinity maturation of antibodies. Here, we show that RAG-2 expression in murine splenic B cells was abrogated by the coligation of BCR with complement receptors (CD21/CD35) much more efficiently than by the engagement of BCR alone. On the other hand, the same coligation augmented proliferation of anti-CD40-stimulated B cells. Consistent with these observations, RAG-2 expression was lower in the draining lymph nodes of the quasi-monoclonal mice when they were immunized with a high-affinity antigen than with a low-affinity one. These findings suggest a crucial role for CD21/CD35 in directing the conservation or the revision of BCRs in peripheral B cells.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 2002-03
36巻
2号
開始ページ 51
終了ページ 60
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 80015582223
JaLCDOI 10.18926/46955
フルテキストURL mfe_38_1-2_091_096.pdf
著者 Kanayama, Naoki| Yamakoshi, Kimi| Kiyomi, Masaaki| Magari, Masaki| Ohmori, Hitoshi|
抄録 Generally, IgM antibodies (Abs) produced in a primary immune response show lower affinity for an inducing antigen (Ag) compared with the corresponding IgG Abs that are major switched isotypes formed in the secondary response. An IgM molecule is a pentamer with 10 Ag-binding sites that will contribute to an increase of avidity for an Ag. To estimate the contribution of the pentameric structure to the avidity of an IgM Ab, we generated IgM and IgG1 monoclonal Abs (mAbs) with identical V regions that are specific for 4-hydroxy-3-nitrophenylacetyl (NP) by in vitro class switching of B cells followed by the cell fusion with a mouse myeloma cell line. Compared with an anti-NP IgG1 mAb, the corresponding IgM mAb showed much higher avidity for NP-conjugated bovine serum albumin, which was drastically reduced after being dissociated into monomers.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 2004-03
38巻
1-2号
開始ページ 91
終了ページ 96
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 80017001822
JaLCDOI 10.18926/46983
フルテキストURL mfe_37_2_089_097.pdf
著者 Iokibe, Kengo| Toyota, Yoshitaka| Wada, Osami| Koga, Ryuji|
抄録 Aerosol extinction coefficients of clouds and dust were continuously measured in the year of 2002 with a polarized Mie-scattering lidar controlled by an automatic and remotely operating system utilizing internet services. Measured cloud extinctions were greater than 1.0 km(-1) below the altitude 6 km, 0.17 - 1.0 km(-1) between 6 and 10 km, and 0.091 - 0.3 km(-1) beyond 10km. Extinction of dust were 0.10 and 0.20 km(-1) for Asian dust and 0.057 km(-1) for urban dust.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 2003-03
37巻
2号
開始ページ 89
終了ページ 97
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120003457336
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15360
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_34_27.pdf
著者 Wei, He| 古賀 隆治| 五百旗頭 健吾| 和田 修己| 豊田 啓孝|
抄録 In spring of 1998, Asian dust was observed with a Mie LIDAR in Okayama University, which can measure depolarization ratio. Three events of intense Asian dust were occurred in the period and medially detailed structure of atmosphere was found after examining records. Asian dust was distinguished from water droplets and the possibility to study three dimensional dynamic structure of atmosphere were demonstrated.
キーワード Mie lidar Asian dust (KOSA) depolarization ratio backscattering ratio range normalized
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 2000-03-27
34巻
1-2号
開始ページ 27
終了ページ 37
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002307539