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ID 11446
Eprint ID
11446
フルテキストURL
著者
Akhtar M. Shahbaz 岡山大学
沖 陽子 岡山大学
足立 忠司 岡山大学
Khan Md. H. R. 岡山大学
抄録
The potential of a crop favorably respond to breeding/selection and bioengineering programs depends upon the nature and magnitude of genetic variability. For effective selection, information on nature and magnitude of variation in population, association of character with dry matter yield and among themselves and the extent of environmental influence on the expression of these characters are necessary. The estimates of genetic parameters help in understanding the role of various plant traits in establishing the growth behavior of cultivars under a given set of environmental conditions. Genetic analysis leads us to a clear understanding of different morphological, physiological and genetic characters and also the type and extent of their contribution to dry matter yield. Six Brassica cultivars were grown in a P-deficient sandy loam soil for 49 days after sowing. Significant variations were observed for all the characters in all the cultivars used in the experiment. All the characters showed high heritability coupled with high genetic advance. Heritability (h(2)) is an approximate measure of the expression of a character. The highest estimates of broad sense heritability (h(2)= 0.90) and relative expected genetic advance (85.72%) were noted for root dry matter (RDM), while the estimate of expected genetic advance at 10% selection intensity was quite high (ΔG = 85.30c㎡) for leaf area per plant. The estimates of coheritability were positive and relatively higher for rootshoot ratio (RSR) in combination with shoot dry matter (SDM) (coh(2) = 2.002) and phosphorus use efficiency (PUE) (coh(2) = 1.875), whereas coheritability estimates were negative between leaf area per plant and RSR (coh(2) = -0.2010) indicating lack of association between these traits. High heritability with high genetic advance was exhibited by all the studied plant traits of cultivars evidencing that the traits could be further improved through individual plant selection. The innate variations within the Brassica gene-pool impel to drive a concentrated effort to understand the basis of adaptability. Access to the relevant genetic traits and information will provide necessary tools to select the optimal combinations of alleles adapted to local and changing growing environments especially nutrient stress conditions such as phosphorus (P) starvation.
キーワード
Brassica
Coheritability
Genetic advance
Genetic variability
P-starvation
Selection intensity
発行日
2007-03-15
出版物タイトル
岡山大学環境理工学部研究報告
出版物タイトル(別表記)
Journal of the Faculty of Environmental Science and Technology, Okayama University
12巻
1号
出版者
岡山大学環境理工学部
出版者(別表記)
Faculty of Environmental Science and Technology, Okayama University
開始ページ
91
終了ページ
98
ISSN
1341-9099
NCID
AN10529213
資料タイプ
紀要論文
関連URL
http://www.okayama-u.ac.jp/user/est/homeJapan.html
言語
English
論文のバージョン
publisher
査読
無し
Eprints Journal Name
fest