JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/52787
フルテキストURL 68_4_207.pdf
著者 Yu, Liling| Kato, Yutaka| Shishido, Keisuke| Doi, Hideko| Jin, Haeng mi| Wang, Jin gang| Ikezawa, Junko| Awaya, Tsuyoshi|
抄録 This study examines the attitudes of young Japanese, Chinese, and South Koreans toward birth and child-rearing. The survey targeted four-year university students (n=1,668) who responded to an anonymous survey using self-report questionnaires between December 2012 and April 2013. The collection rates were 72.5%, 94.7%, and 96.5% for the Japanese, Chinese, and South Korean students, respectively. Correlations among the respondentsʼ attributes, medical and scientific literacy levels, and views of preferred qualities of children were analyzed using chi-square test, supplemented by residual analysis (significance level set at p<0.05). Participants were asked whether they were willing to use the following methods for obtaining preferred qualities in their children:(1) choosing a spouse (43.2%, 72.6%, and 85.1% of the Japanese, Chinese, and South Koreans, respectively, agreed);(2) using a sperm bank (cryobank) (5.8%, 60.1%, and 81.7% of the Japanese, Chines, and South Koreans, respectively, agreed);and (3) using an egg cell bank (ova bank or cryobank) (5.3%, 47.2%, and 70.3% of the Japanese, Chinese, and South Koreans, respectively, agreed). The proportion of affirmative responses (indicating “eugenic inclination”) to these statements was significantly higher among the Chinese and South Korean participants than their Japanese counterparts (p<0.001). Significant differences were also found in the attitudes of the 3 groups toward methods for obtaining the preferred qualities for their children:prenatal diagnosis, pre-implantation diagnosis, the environment during pregnancy, and child-rearing.
キーワード prenatal diagnosis pre-implantation diagnosis delivery and child-rearing eugenics healthy birth and child-rearing
Amo Type Original Article
発行日 2014-08
出版物タイトル Acta Medica Okayama
68巻
4号
出版者 Okayama University Medical School
開始ページ 207
終了ページ 218
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
言語 English
OAI-PMH Set 岡山大学
著作権者 CopyrightⒸ 2014 by Okayama University Medical School
論文のバージョン publisher
査読 有り
Submission Path amo/vol68/iss4/3
PubMed ID 25145407
Web of Sience KeyUT 000340687500003
関連URL http://ousar.lib.okayama-u.ac.jp/metadata/52823
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/30967
フルテキストURL fulltext.pdf
著者 Ueda, Noriyuki| Kushi, Nobutaka| Nakatsuka, Mikiya| Ogawa, Tatsuyuki| Nakanishi, Yoshiko| Shishido, Keisuke| Awaya, Tsuyoshi|
抄録 <p>Posthumous reproduction has been performed in Japan several times, without sufficient civic discussion on its appropriateness or legislative regulation. There have even been several lawsuits on posthumous acknowledgment (in which a baby born to a deceased father has the same birthright as a baby born to a living father), and some judgments have proposed the need to develop societal agreement on posthumous reproduction and suggested legislative settlement. With this background, this study aims to clarify the views of the Japanese people regarding posthumous reproduction. In December 2007, we distributed a questionnaire on posthumous reproduction in relation to beliefs about family and religion to 32 universities across the country, and received 3,719 replies. It was found that about 60&#65397; of respondents agreed with posthumous reproduction. Statistical analysis was applied to the relationship between this overall position on posthumous reproduction and views on assisted reproduction technologies, family, religion, and so on. The degree of support for posthumous reproduction was strongly correlated with the degree of affirmation of assisted reproduction technologies and a liberal worldview with emphasis on self-determination. On the other hand, there was also a strong correlation with having a traditional view of family, such as family succession. The degree of support for posthumous reproduction was also highly correlated with the intimacy among family members, underlying which was a strong connection to the traditional religious belief in Japan that deceased family members watch the living ones. The view on posthumous reproduction is culturally complex and cannot be explained by a simple dichotomy between traditional conservatives and liberals.</p>
キーワード posthumous reproduction consciousness bioethics religion Japan
Amo Type Original Article
発行日 2008-10
出版物タイトル Acta Medica Okayama
62巻
5号
出版者 Okayama University Medical School
開始ページ 285
終了ページ 296
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
言語 English
OAI-PMH Set 岡山大学
論文のバージョン publisher
査読 有り
Submission Path amo/vol62/iss5/2
PubMed ID 18985088
Web of Sience KeyUT 000260391300002
著者 粟屋 剛|
発行日 2001-08-31
出版物タイトル 岡山医学会雑誌
113巻
2号
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
著者 粟屋 剛|
発行日 2001-06-30
出版物タイトル
資料タイプ 学位論文