JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/48689
フルテキストURL 66_4_343.pdf
著者 Fujiwara, Takeo| Takao, Soshi| Iwase, Toshihide| Hamada, Jun| Kawachi, Ichiro|
抄録 Little is known about the association between social capital and child behaviors. This study aims to investigate that association. A complete population-based, cross-sectional survey was conducted for all the caregivers with preschool children in a rural town in Okayama prefecture in Japan. Two dimensions of individual-level social capital and unhealthy child behaviors were reported by parent-administered questionnaire. We analyzed 354 preschool children (57.6% of all children for whom questionnaires were completed). Children whose main caregiver had high cognitive social capital were 89% less likely to miss breakfast (odds ratio [OR]=0.11;95% confidence interval [CI]:0.01-1.03). Children whose caregiver had high structural social capital were 71% less likely to wake up late (OR=0.29;95% CI:0.12-0.71) and 78% less likely to skip tooth brushing more than once per day (OR=0.22;95% CI:0.05-0.93). Both cognitive and structural social capital were negatively associated with unhealthy child behaviors. A further intervention study is needed to confirm the impact of social capital on child behavior.
キーワード tooth brushing child health social capital skipping breakfast watching TV
Amo Type Original Article
発行日 2012-08
出版物タイトル Acta Medica Okayama
66巻
4号
出版者 Okayama University Medical School
開始ページ 343
終了ページ 350
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
言語 English
OAI-PMH Set 岡山大学
著作権者 CopyrightⒸ 2012 by Okayama University Medical School
論文のバージョン publisher
査読 有り
Submission Path amo/vol66/iss4/7
PubMed ID 22918207
Web of Sience KeyUT 000307918900007
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/30971
フルテキストURL fulltext.pdf
著者 Hamada, Jun| Takao, Soshi|
抄録 <p>We discuss the concept of social capital, which has received much attention recently. Social capital is important for the following 2 key reasons:(1) a highly democratic polity and a strong economic performance that attaches great importance to the public good can be achieved on the basis of high social capital;and (2) social capital can effect health status in the human population, and widening of income inequality harms human health through the erosion of social capital. In addition, there are 3 political implications of social capital for Japanese society:(1) social capital has implications for the political decision of whether Japanese society should adopt a “medium burden for medium welfare” or a “low burden for small welfare” model together with the concept of social overhead capital;(2) reciprocity, which is one of the primary components of social capital, is similar to the philosophy underlying the health care system of Japan;(3) Japanese society needs to change from a society that emphasizes the relationships between its members to a society that is open to outsiders and has sufficient opportunities.</p>
キーワード social capital trust norm of reciprocity network of civic engagements income inequality and health
Amo Type Review
発行日 2008-10
出版物タイトル Acta Medica Okayama
62巻
5号
出版者 Okayama University Medical School
開始ページ 275
終了ページ 283
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
言語 English
OAI-PMH Set 岡山大学
論文のバージョン publisher
査読 有り
Submission Path amo/vol62/iss5/1
PubMed ID 18985087
Web of Sience KeyUT 000260391300001
著者 浜田 淳|
発行日 2007-09-03
出版物タイトル 岡山医学会雑誌
119巻
2号
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文