著者 尾崎 敏文|
発行日 1991-03-28
出版物タイトル
資料タイプ 学位論文
著者 国定 俊之| 尾﨑 敏文|
発行日 2008-05-01
出版物タイトル 岡山医学会雑誌
120巻
1号
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
著者 尾﨑 敏文|
発行日 2006-01-04
出版物タイトル 岡山医学会雑誌
117巻
3号
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
著者 三村 秀文| 藤原 寛康| 平木 隆夫| 郷原 英夫| 芝本 健太郎| 木股 敬裕| 尾﨑 敏文| 佐々木 了| 金澤 右|
発行日 2010-04-01
出版物タイトル 岡山医学会雑誌
122巻
1号
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
著者 田中 雅人| 杉本 佳久| 三澤 治夫| 高畑 智宏| 尾﨑 敏文|
発行日 2010-04-01
出版物タイトル 岡山医学会雑誌
122巻
1号
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/30721
フルテキストURL fulltext.pdf
著者 Inoue, Atsushi| Asaumi, Koji| Endo, Hirosuke| Fujiwara, Kazuo| Mitani, Shigeru| Ozaki, Toshifumi|
抄録 The present retrospective study assessed radiographs to determine socket wear in total hip arthroplasty (THA) with 22-mm zirconia or COP (Cobalt-Chrome alloy rich in Cobalt and Phosphorous) heads, and in cemented stems at more than 10 years after operation. Sockets of ultra high molecular weight polyethylene were used in each of two THA groups (13 hips each) in a clinical trial in our hospital between 1989 and 1990. Three observers carried out masked assessments of the radiographs. Upon fi nal examination, there was no remarkable loosening in the zirconia or COP group, and no case had required revision surgery as of 2005. There was a statistically signifi cant diff erence between the 2 groups in average annual linear wear, at 0.093 mm/year and 0.046 mm/year in the zirconia and COP groups, respectively. Volume wear and average annual volume wear were also signifi cantly greater in the zirconia group despite its superior mechanical strength and toughness in vitro. Our present fi ndings do not confi rm early expectations of lower wear in long-term results of 22-mm zirconia femoral heads used in THA.
キーワード total hip arthroplasty zirconia head COP head polyethylene wear
Amo Type Original Article
発行日 2006-12
出版物タイトル Acta Medica Okayama
60巻
6号
出版者 Okayama University Medical School
開始ページ 311
終了ページ 318
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
査読 有り
PubMed ID 17189974
Web of Sience KeyUT 000243019000002
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/30739
フルテキストURL fulltext.pdf
著者 Aiga, Ayako| Asaumi, Koji| Lee, You Jin| Kadota, Hiroaki| Mitani, Shigeru| Ozaki, Toshifumi| Takigawa, Masaharu|
抄録 The localization and expression of neurotrophins and their receptors during distraction osteogenesis was investigated in 72 male rat femurs (11 weeks old) to further clarify the concurrence of cellular and molecular events of new bone formation. After osteotomy, a 7-day lag phase was followed by distraction at the rate of 0.25 mm/12 h for 21 days (distraction phase), and a 7-day consolidation phase. The localization of neurotrophins (NGF, BDNF and NT-3) and their receptors tropomyosinrelated kinases (TRKA, TRKB and TRKC) by immunostaining showed positive staining in bone forming cells in each stage, although the presence and staining intensity varied by cell type and phase. The expressions of NGF, BDNF and NT-3 by real-time polymerase chain reaction (real-time PCR) showed that the peak of the mRNA expression of NGF occurred 10 days after distraction. NT-3 increased during bone extension, but decreased when distraction stopped. In contrast, BDNF continued to increase gradually throughout the distraction and consolidation phases. These findings suggest that neurotrophins and their receptors may play different roles in endochondral and intramembranous ossification in distraction osteogenesis. The tension stress caused by distraction may stimulate the expression of neurotrophins and their receptors, and promote osteogenesis.
キーワード neurotrophin Trk distraction osteogenesis mechanical stress
Amo Type Article
発行日 2006-10
出版物タイトル Acta Medica Okayama
60巻
5号
出版者 Okayama University Medical School
開始ページ 267
終了ページ 277
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
査読 有り
PubMed ID 17072373
Web of Sience KeyUT 000241509000003
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/30749
フルテキストURL fulltext.pdf
著者 Komiyama, Takamitsu| Nishida, Keiichiro| Yorimitsu, Masanori| Doi, Hideyuki| Miyazawa, Shinichi| Kitamura, Ai| Yoshida, Aki| Nasu, Yoshihisa| Abe, Nobuhiro| Ozaki, Toshifumi|
抄録 Ossification disturbance in femoral head reportedly is seen in the Spontaneously Hypertensive rats (SHR) between ages of 10 and 20 weeks. We investigated serum and tissue levels of insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in SHR relevant to the ossification disturbance and osteonecrosis of the femoral head. Serum levels of IGF-1 and VEGF were significantly lower in SHR than in Wistar Kyoto rats (WKY) at weeks 5, 10, 15 and 20 (p<0.005). The incidence of histological ossification disturbance of the femoral head was higher in SHR (59%) than in WKY (40%) at week 20. Lower serum and local levels of VEGF in SHR appeared to be related to the incomplete ossification of the femoral heads. Immunohistochemical study showed significantly lower numbers of IGF-1 and VEGF positive chondrocytes in the femoral epiphyseal cartilage of SHR than in those of WKY at weeks 10, 15 and 20. Our results suggest that local and/or systemic levels of IGF-1 and VEGF between ages of 5 and 20 weeks might play roles in the pathogenesis of ossifi cation disturbance of the femoral head in SHR.
キーワード spontaneous hypertensive rats insulin like growth factor-1 vascular endothelial growth factor ossification disturbance osteonecrosis
Amo Type Article
発行日 2006-06
出版物タイトル Acta Medica Okayama
60巻
3号
出版者 Okayama University Medical School
開始ページ 141
終了ページ 148
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
査読 有り
PubMed ID 16838042
Web of Sience KeyUT 000238503600001
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/30758
フルテキストURL fulltext.pdf
著者 Tanaka, Masato| Nakahara, Shinnosuke| Ito, Yauo| Nakanishi, Kazuo| Sugimoto, Yoshihisa| Ikuma, Hisanori| Ozaki, Toshifumi|
抄録 <p>The purpose of this study was to investigate the surgical outcomes and to determine indicators of the necessity of surgical intervention. Twelve consecutive patients harboring symptomatic sacral perineural cysts were treated between 1995 and 2003. All patients were assessed for neurological deficits and pain by neurological examination. Magnetic resonance of imaging, computerized tomography, and myelography were performed to detect signs of delayed filling of the cysts. We performed a release of the valve and imbrication of the sacral cysts with laminectomies in 8 cases or recapping laminectomies in 4 cases. After surgery, symptoms improved in 10 (83%) of 12 patients, with an average follow-up of 27 months. Ten patients had sacral perineural cysts with signs of positive filling defect. Two (17%) of 12 patients experienced no significant improvement. In one of these patients, the filling defect was negative. In conclusion, a positive filling defect may become an indicator of good treatment outcomes.</p>
キーワード Tarlov cyst sacral perineural cyst meningeal cyst meningeal diverticulum sacral radiculopathy
Amo Type Article
発行日 2006-02
出版物タイトル Acta Medica Okayama
60巻
1号
出版者 Okayama University Medical School
開始ページ 65
終了ページ 70
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
査読 有り
PubMed ID 16508691
Web of Sience KeyUT 000235538900008
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/30776
フルテキストURL fulltext.pdf
著者 Makihata, Eiichi| Kuroda, Masahiro| Kawai, Akira| Ozaki, Toshifumi| Sugihara, Shinsuke| Inoue, Hajime| Joja, Ikuo| Asaumi, Junichi| Kawasaki, Shoji| Hiraki, Yoshio|
抄録 <p>We report the results of phase I/II studies of preoperative multidisciplinary treatment of 14 patients with soft tissue sarcoma using hyperthermia from November 1990 to April 1995. The preoperative treatment was conducted with thermo-radio-chemotherapy in 11 cases of stage III, and with thermo-radiotherapy as well as thermo-chemotherapy in three cases of stages I and II. Hyperthermia was carried out twice a week with totals ranging from 4 to 14 times (average: 8.4 times); each session lasted 60min. Radiotherapy was administered four or five times per week, and the dose was 1.8 2Gy/fraction, with a total of 30-40Gy in a four week period. Chemotherapy was mainly in the form of MAID regimen (2-mercaptoethanesulphonic acid (mesna), adriamycin, ifosfamide and dacarbazine). The tumors were surgically resected in all patients after completing the preoperative treatment. The efficacy rate, as expressed by the percentage of either tumors in which reduction rate was 50% or more, or tumors for which post-treatment contrast enhanced CT image revealed low density volumes occupying 50% or more of the total mass, was 71 % (ten of the 14 tumors). The mean tumor necrosis rate in the resected specimens was 78%. The tumor necrosis rate was significantly high (P &#60; 0.05) in patients whose Time &#8805; 42°C was of long duration. Postoperative complications were observed in six patients; among these, two patients developed wound infection that required surgical treatment as a complication of surgery performed in the early stage following the preoperative treatment. After a mean postoperative follow-up of 27 months, distant metastasis occurred in four patients resulting in three fatalities. The three-year cumulative survival rate was 64.3%. No local recurrence was observed in any patient during the follow-up, thus confirming our hypothesis that preoperative multidisciplinary treatment has an excellent local efficacy. We think that it would be valuable to conduct, at many facilities, phase III studies on the treatment of soft tissue sarcoma by a combination of surgery and preoperative multidisciplinary treatment using hyperthermia, paying close attention to the interval between these two modalities.</p>
キーワード soft tissue tumor hyperthermia radiotherapy chemotherapy
Amo Type Article
発行日 1997-04
出版物タイトル Acta Medica Okayama
51巻
2号
出版者 Okayama University Medical School
開始ページ 93
終了ページ 99
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
査読 有り
PubMed ID 9142346
Web of Sience KeyUT A1997WX19600006
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/30784
フルテキストURL fulltext.pdf
著者 Kunisada, Toshiyuki| Kawai, Akira| Ozaki, Toshifumi| Sugihara, Shinsuke| Taguchi, Kohji| Inoue, Hajime|
抄録 <p>In this study, we reviewed the clinical features of 11 patients with malignant schwannoma who were treated in our institute. Five patients had coexistent von Recklinghausen's disease and one of them showed multifocal occurrence. Patients with the centrally located tumors had a poorer prognosis than those with the others. The overall 3-year survival rate was 36%; 40% in patients with von Recklinghausen's disease and 33% in the others. At the time of the last follow-up, 9 patients had died of the tumor, one continued to be tumor free, and one was alive with tumor. Postoperative local recurrence developed in 5 patients (45%); 4 out of 6 patients (67%) who underwent a marginal excision and one out of 3 (33%) who underwent primary amputation. There was no local recurrence in patients after a wide excision with at least 3cm of normal tissue removed surrounding the tumor in all directions. Nine patients (82%) developed pulmonary metastasis. The effect of adjuvant chemotherapy was not clear in this study. The high risk of pulmonary metastasis in this disease indicates the necessity of more effective adjuvant chemotherapy.</p>
キーワード malignant schwannoma clinical analysis von Recklinghausen's disease
Amo Type Article
発行日 1997-04
出版物タイトル Acta Medica Okayama
51巻
2号
出版者 Okayama University Medical School
開始ページ 87
終了ページ 92
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
査読 有り
PubMed ID 9142345
Web of Sience KeyUT A1997WX19600005
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/30956
フルテキストURL fulltext.pdf
著者 Doi, Hideyuki| Nishida, Keiichiro| Yorimitsu, Masanori| Komiyama, Takamitsu| Kadota, Yasutaka| Tetsunaga, Tomonori| Yoshida, Aki| Kubota, Satoshi| Takigawa, Masaharu| Ozaki, Toshifumi|
抄録 <p>Mechanical stress plays a key role in the pathogenesis of cartilage destruction seen in osteoarthritis (OA). We investigated the effect of cyclic tensile stress (CTS) on the anabolic and catabolic gene expression of rat cultured normal chondrocytes using the Flexercell strain unit. The effects of interleukin (IL)-4, a chondroprotective cytokine, on the changes in gene expression induced by CTS were also investigated. CTS (7% elongation at 0.5 Hz) for 24 h did not affect the expression of aggrecan and type II collagen, whereas CTS significantly upregulated matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-13 and cathepsin B mRNA expression by chondrocytes. IL-1beta expression was also signifi cantly upregulated by CTS up to 12 h. The upregulation of MMP-13 was observed at 3 h, which was earlier than that of IL-1beta. Furthermore, pre-treatment with IL-4 (10 ng/ml) suppressed both MMP-13 and cathepsin B induction by mechanical stress, as well as CTS-induced IL-1beta expression. Our results suggest that IL-4 might have a therapeutic value in the treatment of OA by downregulation of mechanical stress-induced MMP-13 and cathepsin B expression by chondrocytes.</p>
キーワード IL-4 MMP cathepsin B mechanical stress aggrecanase
Amo Type Original Article
発行日 2008-04
出版物タイトル Acta Medica Okayama
62巻
2号
出版者 Okayama University Medical School
開始ページ 119
終了ページ 126
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
査読 有り
PubMed ID 18464888
Web of Sience KeyUT 000255297600008
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/30972
フルテキストURL fulltext.pdf
著者 Endo, Hirosuke| Asaumi, Koji| Mitani, Shigeru| Noda, Tomoyuki| Minagawa, Hiroshi| Tetsunaga, Tomonori| Ozaki, Toshifumi|
抄録 <p>A minimally invasive plate osteosynthesis technique using a locking compression plate (LCP) has been used widely in trauma cases. Its advantages are that the MIPO technique does not interfere with the fracture site and thus provides improved biological healing, and that the LCP has excellent angular stability. Its use in bone lengthening, however, has not been established. In such cases, it is desirable to shorten the external skeletal fixation period as much as possible. Here, the MIPO technique using an LCP was applied to femoral distraction osteogenesis in an attempt to shorten the external skeletal fixation period. For femoral lengthening, the MIPO technique was performed in 2 stages. Orthofix external fixators (Orthofix, England) were used to insert screws from the anterolateral side rather than from the lateral side of the femur for bone lengthening. When sufficient callus formation was detected postoperatively at the site of bone lengthening, and the absence of infection was ensured, limb draping was performed, including a whole external fixator, and then the MIPO technique was applied with an LCP. In 3 cases (5 limbs), the average duration of external skeletal fixation was 134days, the average external-fixation index was 24days/cm, and the average consolidation index was 22days/cm. The MIPO technique using an LCP made it possible to shorten the external skeletal fixation-wearing period in femoral lengthening.</p>
キーワード femoral lengthening minimally invasive plate osteosynthesis locking compression plate external skeletal fixation external-fixation index
Amo Type Original Article
発行日 2008-10
出版物タイトル Acta Medica Okayama
62巻
5号
出版者 Okayama University Medical School
開始ページ 333
終了ページ 339
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
査読 有り
PubMed ID 18985094
Web of Sience KeyUT 000260391300008
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/30974
フルテキストURL fulltext.pdf
著者 Ikuma, Hisanori| Abe, Nobuhiro| Uchida, Youichiro| Furumatsu, Takayuki| Fujiwara, Kazuo| Nishida, Keiichiro| Ozaki, Toshifumi|
抄録 <p>Instability of the knee after the medial collateral ligament (MCL) injury is usually assessed with the manual valgus stress test, even though, in recent years, it has become possible to apply magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to the assessment of the damage of the ligament. The valgus instability of 24 patients (12 isolated injuries and 12 multiple ligament injuries) who suffered MCL injury between 1993 and 1998 was evaluated with the Hughston and Eilers classification, which involves radiographic assessment under manual valgus stress to the injured knees. We developed a novel system for classifying the degree of injury to the MCL by calculating the percentage of injured area based on MRI and investigated the relationship between this novel MRI classification and the magnitude of valgus instability by the Hughston and Eilers classification. There was a significant correlation between the 2 classifications (p=0.0006). On the other hand, the results using other MRI based classification systems, such as the Mink and Deutsch classificaiton and the Petermann classification, were not correlated with the findings by the Hughston and Eilers classification in these cases (p0.05). Since MRI is capable of assessing the injured ligament in clinical practice, this novel classification system would be useful for evaluating the stability of the knee and choosing an appropriate treatment following MCL injury.</p>
キーワード medial collateral ligament magnetic resonance imaging knee instability novel method
Amo Type Original Article
発行日 2008-06
出版物タイトル Acta Medica Okayama
62巻
3号
出版者 Okayama University Medical School
開始ページ 185
終了ページ 191
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
査読 有り
PubMed ID 18596835
Web of Sience KeyUT 000257130300006
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/31335
フルテキストURL fulltext.pdf
著者 Ozaki, Toshifumi| Nakatsuka, Yoichi| Kawai, Akira| Akazawa, Hirofumi| Kunisada, Toshiyuki| Inoue, Hajime|
抄録 <p>There are few reports on skeletal reconstruction using the bone transport technique to repair bone defects caused by resections of tumors associated with osteosarcoma. We attempted to reconstruct a 23 cm bone defect after resection of an osteosarcoma of the left femur, and succeeded in gaining 17 cm by bone transport. Five years after surgery, this patient remains alive without metastasis or local recurrence.</p>
キーワード osteosarcoma bone transport reconstruction
Amo Type Article
発行日 1998-02
出版物タイトル Acta Medica Okayama
52巻
1号
出版者 Okayama University Medical School
開始ページ 67
終了ページ 70
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
査読 有り
PubMed ID 9548997
Web of Sience KeyUT 000072264100010
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/31340
フルテキストURL fulltext.pdf
著者 Ozaki, Toshifumi| Nakatsuka, Yoichi| Kawai, Akira| Akazawa, Hirofumi| Kunisada, Toshiyuki| Inoue, Hajime|
抄録 <p>There are few reports on skeletal reconstruction using the bone transport technique to repair bone defects caused by resections of tumors associated with osteosarcoma. We attempted to reconstruct a 23 cm bone defect after resection of an osteosarcoma of the left femur, and succeeded in gaining 17 cm by bone transport. Five years after surgery, this patient remains alive without metastasis or local recurrence.</p>
キーワード osteosarcoma bone transport reconstruction
Amo Type Article
発行日 1998-02
出版物タイトル Acta Medica Okayama
52巻
1号
出版者 Okayama University Medical School
開始ページ 67
終了ページ 70
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
査読 有り
PubMed ID 9548997
Web of Sience KeyUT 000072264100010
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/31575
フルテキストURL fulltext.pdf
著者 Ozaki, Toshifumi| Sugihara, Shinsuke| Inoue, Hajime|
抄録 <p>We report second malignant neoplasms which developed between 7 and 19 years after treatment in 3 pediatric patients with osteosarcoma. Two patients had been treated with only surgery, and another patient had been treated with a combination of surgery with chemotherapy and radiation therapy for primary lesions. Pediatric patients with osteosarcoma, in particular, require careful long-term follow-up to monitor not only metastases but also development of second malignant neoplasms.</p>
キーワード osteosarcoma second malignancy
Amo Type Article
発行日 1993-04
出版物タイトル Acta Medica Okayama
47巻
2号
出版者 Okayama University Medical School
開始ページ 129
終了ページ 133
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
査読 有り
PubMed ID 8506750
Web of Sience KeyUT A1993LA45200010
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/31814
フルテキストURL fulltext.pdf
著者 Minagawa, Hiroshi| Aiga, Ayako| Endo, Hirosuke| Mitani, Shigeru| Tetsunaga, Tomonori| Ozaki, Toshifumi|
抄録 <p>This retrospective study assessed the radiographic results of 16 patients with avascular necrosis following treatment for developmental dislocation of the hip (DDH) who were subsequently treated between 1991 and 2005 by rotation acetabular osteotomy (RAO) combined with femoral intertrochan-teric osteotomy (FIO). Initial treatment was by Pavlik harness, cast fixation, or overhead traction. The parameters that showed consistent improvement were the index of centralization, the index of acetabular coverage, adequate reduction of the greater trochanter, and abductor sufficiency. The combined procedure appears to be effective in cases in which preoperative planning shows a reasonable expectation of congruency and osteoarthritis is limited to the early stages.</p>
キーワード rotation acetabular osteotomy femoral intertrochanteric osteotomy combined procedure developmental dysplasia of hip avascular necrosis
Amo Type Original Article
発行日 2009-08
出版物タイトル Acta Medica Okayama
63巻
4号
出版者 Okayama University Medical School
開始ページ 169
終了ページ 175
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
査読 有り
PubMed ID 19727201
Web of Sience KeyUT 000269228400002
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/31823
フルテキストURL fulltext.pdf
著者 Tanaka, Masato| Nakanishi, Kazuo| Sugimoto, Yoshihisa| Misawa, Haruo| Takigawa, Tomoyuki| Nishida, Keiichiro| Ozaki, Toshifumi|
抄録 <p>Scoliosis is a common clinical manifestation of Rett syndrome, a neurodevelopmental disorder that almost exclusively affects females. The spinal curve in patients with Rett syndrome is typically a long C curve of a neuromuscular type. As the onset of the scoliosis is very early and shows rapid progression, early surgical intervention has been recommended to prevent a life-threatening collapsing spine syndrome. However, there are high perioperative risks in Rett syndrome patients who undergo spinal surgery, such as neurological compromise and respiratory dysfunction due to rigid spinal curve. We herein report the surgical result of treating severe rapid progressive thoracic scoliosis in a 16-year-old girl with Rett syndrome. Posterior segmental pedicle screw fixation was performed from T1 to L3 using a computer-assisted technique. Post-operative radiography demonstrated a good correction of the curve in both the sagittal and coronal alignment. There were no postoperative complications such as neurological compromise. The patient had maintained satisfactory spinal balance as of the 3-year follow-up examination.</p>
キーワード Rett syndrome scoliosis computer navigation-assisted surgery segmental pedicle screw fixation
Amo Type Case Report
発行日 2009-12
出版物タイトル Acta Medica Okayama
63巻
6号
出版者 Okayama University Medical School
開始ページ 373
終了ページ 377
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
査読 有り
PubMed ID 20035294
Web of Sience KeyUT 000273145900009
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/31849
フルテキストURL fulltext.pdf
著者 Tanaka, Masato| Nakahara, Shinnosuke| Ito, Yasuo| Kunisada, Toshiyuki| Misawa, Haruo| Koshimune, Koichiro| Ozaki, Toshifumi|
抄録 <p>Surgical treatment of metastatic spinal cord compression is controversial. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of our current surgical treatments and the use of spinal instrumentation. In this retrospective study covering the years between 1990 and 2006, 100 patients with spinal metastases which were secondary to various cancers underwent posterior and/or anterior decompression with spinal stabilization for the purposes of reduction of pain, and/or to help correct or improve neurological deficits. The group was made up of 60 men and 40 women whose ages ranged from 16 to 83 years (average of 60 years), and the average follow-up period was 14 months. The effect of treatment upon pain relief and neural deficits was assessed, and the cumulative survival rate was calculated by the Kaplan-Meier method. The average surgical time was 185min. This was calculated based on the following times, listed here with the surgery type:178min for posterior surgery;245min for anterior surgery;465 min for combined surgery;and 475min for total en bloc spondylectomy. Average blood loss during surgery was 1,630 ml for posterior surgery, 1,760 ml for anterior surgery, 1,930 ml for combined surgery, and 3,640 ml for total en bloc spondylectomy. Preoperative pain and paralysis were improved by 88% and 53%, respectively. In regards to surgical complications, postoperative epidural hematoma was observed in 2 patients, and instrumentation-related infection was observed in 1. Only 2 patients died within 2 months of surgery. In conclusion, posterior and/or anterior decompression with spinal stabilization is a safe and effective treatment for patients with spinal metastases, and can improve their quality of life.</p>
キーワード spinal metastasis spinal surgery instrumentation
Amo Type Original Article
発行日 2009-06
出版物タイトル Acta Medica Okayama
63巻
3号
出版者 Okayama University Medical School
開始ページ 145
終了ページ 150
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
査読 有り
PubMed ID 19571901
Web of Sience KeyUT 000267388200004