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ID 40610
フルテキストURL
タイトル(別表記)
Hypothetical Character and Actual Foundation of the Concept of Labour−Value
著者
和田 豊 岡山大学
抄録
The subject of this paper is to reveal the hypothetical character of labour−values of commodities based on the precise determination of the concept of labour−value. Labour−values of commodities are not the actual labour embodied in the commodities but the necessary labour to reproduce them under socially averaged conditions of production. The substance and the following three features of labour−values give the concept hypothetical character which has often been overlooked conventionally. (1) Labour−value of each commodity takes the form of labour commanded by the proportional money to the social necessary labour of the commodity and the command of labour by money stays in potentiality before the money is actually expended. (2) The aggregated amount of labour−value of commodities in an economy for a given period is more than that of labour necessary to reproduce the commodities under socially averaged conditions of production because the labour−values of commodities often constitute the parts of labour−values of other commodities as means of production. (3) The aggregated amount of labour−value of commodities in a department for a given period is not equal to that of labour necessary to reproduce the commodities under individual conditions of production because the compositions of homogeneous means of production are variable in each individual process of production and the variations necessarily cancel out neither in their own department nor in the economy as a whole. The hypothetical character of labour−value, however, does not mean the concept useless or unrealistic. Labour−values of commodities can indicate the unequal exchanges of labour under their equilibrium prices in a pure market economy, which exit behind the market prices of commodities as the centres of their fluctuations.
備考
論説 (Article)
発行日
2001-06-10
出版物タイトル
岡山大学経済学会雑誌
出版物タイトル(別表記)
Okayama Economic Review
33巻
1号
出版者
岡山大学経済学会
出版者(別表記)
The Economic Association of Okayama University
開始ページ
53
終了ページ
65
ISSN
0386-3069
NCID
AN00032897
資料タイプ
学術雑誌論文
言語
Japanese
論文のバージョン
publisher
査読
有り
Eprints Journal Name
oer