JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/56244
フルテキストURL 72_5_467_n.pdf
著者 Vika Fatafehi Hala’ufia Lemoto| Sugimoto, Kentaro| Kanazawa, Tomoyuki| Matsuzaki, Takashi| Morimatsu, Hiroshi|
抄録 We investigated the incidence of desaturation during general anesthesia in preoperatively hypoxic (< 92%), and nonhypoxic (≥ 92%) pediatric (n=1,090) and adult (n=5,138) patients. We plotted the patients’ SpO2 value time-courses and assessed desaturation in 6,228 patients. The crude overall incidence (95%CI) for desaturation was 11.1% (9.4-13.1) in the pediatric patients and 0.9% (0.6-1.2) in the adults. The crude incidence of desaturation in the hypoxic pediatric patients was 2.5 times the risk in the nonhypoxic patients: risk ratio (RR) 2.5 (1.8-3.5), p<0.001. The risk of desaturation in the hypoxic adult patients was 20.1 times the risk in the nonhypoxic adult patients: RR 20.1 (10.3-39.2), p<0.001. When the patients were separately stratified by American Society of Anesthesiologists Physical Status (ASA-PS) and by age, the directly adjusted risk-ratio (RRS) showed that the hypoxic pediatric patients had 1.8 and 1.6 times the risk in the nonhypoxic pediatric patients: ASA-PS adjusted RRS 1.6 (1.8-2.2), p<0.001; age-adjusted RRS 1.8 (1.3-2.5), p<0.001, and the hypoxic adult patients had 13.8 times the risk in the nonhypoxic adult patients: RRS 13.8 (6.9-27.6), p<0.001. A pulse-oximeter check before the start of general anesthesia could ensure timely preparation to avoid intraoperative desaturation.
キーワード desaturation incidence pulse oximetry general anesthesia adult pediatric
Amo Type Original Article
発行日 2018-10
出版物タイトル Acta Medica Okayama
72巻
5号
出版者 Okayama University Medical School
開始ページ 467
終了ページ 478
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
言語 English
著作権者 CopyrightⒸ 2018 by Okayama University Medical School
論文のバージョン publisher
査読 有り
PubMed ID 30369603