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ID 30989
JaLCDOI
フルテキストURL
著者
Taniike, Naoki Okayama University
Lu, Yun-Fei Okayama University
Tomizawa, Kazuhito Okayama University
Matsui, Hideki Okayama University Kaken ID publons researchmap
抄録

The induction of both long-term potentiation (LTP) and long-term depression (LTD) in the hippocampal CA1 region is triggered by the activation of N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptors and the subsequent postsynaptic intracellular Ca2+ increase. However, how NMDA receptor activation differs between LTP and LTD induction is unclear. In the present study, we examined the eff ects of the magnitude and duration of NMDA receptor activation on the induction of LTP and LTD. Partial blockage of NMDA receptors by a low concentration of aminophosphonovaleric acid (APV)(2 μM) prevented the induction of LTP, but not LTD. In contrast, a high concentration of APV(25 μM) blocked both LTP and LTD. Tetanus stimulation-induced LTP was impaired when hippocampal slices were given the tetanus stimulation for more than 5 min. Under partial blockage of NMDA receptors, the prolonged-tetanus stimulation induced LTD but not LTP. This phenomenon was mimicked by the application of glutamate to the slices. Finally, LTD induced by prolonged activation of NMDA receptors was not aff ected by inhibition of the desensitization of α-amino-3-hydroxy-5 methylisoxazole-4-propionic acid (AMPA) receptors. These results suggest that critical diff erences exist between the induction of LTP and that of LTD in terms of both the magnitude and the duration of NMDA receptor activation. The duration of the increase in intracellular Ca2+ concentration may be critical for determining whether LTP or LTD induction occurs.

キーワード
LTP
LTD
NMDA receptor
learning and memory
hippocampus
Amo Type
Original Article
発行日
2008-02
出版物タイトル
Acta Medica Okayama
62巻
1号
出版者
Okayama University Medical School
開始ページ
21
終了ページ
28
ISSN
0386-300X
NCID
AA00508441
資料タイプ
学術雑誌論文
言語
English
論文のバージョン
publisher
査読
有り
PubMed ID
Web of Science KeyUT