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Kumashiro, Mikihiko Okayama University
Tsuji, Yohei Okayama University
Sakai, Masaki Okayama University
The reproductive cycle of the male cricket consists of the mating stage and the sexually refractory stage. The latter is further divided into the first refractory stage (RS1) from spermatophore extrusion in copulation to spermatophore preparation after copulation, and the second refractory stage (RS2) from spermatophore preparation to recommencement of a calling song. RS2 is time-fixed and unaffected by the female or by stress, hence RS2 is assumed to be controlled by the reproductive timer. Previously, we suggested that the timer is located in the terminal abdominal ganglion (TAG), because functional inactivation of the TAG by local cooling lengthened RS2 in proportion to cooling time. To obtain further evidence of timer localization and to examine the operation of the timer in dissected animals, we investigated the characteristics of auto-spermatophore extrusion, a phenomenon in which males eject the mature spermatophore themselves without any prior courtship. The occurrence of auto-spermatophore extrusion was 100% in dissected males with the TAG separated, compared to 1.7% in intact males. The time interval (SPaSE) between spermatophore preparation and autospermatophore extrusion was comparable to RS2 measured by the calling song. Spike recording from a genital motor neurone in the separated TAG indicated that burst discharge associated with auto-spermatophore extrusion occurred with a SPaSE comparable to RS2. Other efferent neurones, some of which were identified as dorsal unpaired median (DUM) neurones, showed a timedependent spike frequency increase during SPaSE. These results strengthen our previous conclusion that the reproductive timer is located within the TAG, and demonstrate that the timer functions normally even when the TAG is separated from the central nervous system.
terminal abdominal ganglion
genital motor neurone
Digital Object Identifer:10.1242/jeb.00697
Published with permission from the copyright holder. This is the institute's copy, as published in The Journal of Experimental Biology, December 2003, Volume 206, Issue 24, Pages 4507-4519.
Copyright © 2003 The Company of Biologists Limited. All rights reserved.
The Journal of Experimental Biology