JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/48686
フルテキストURL 66_4_317.pdf
著者 Pak, Wing| Takayama, Fusako| Hasegawa, Azusa| Mankura, Mitsumasa| Egashira, Toru| Ueki, Keiji| Nakamoto, Kazuo| Kawasaki, Hiromu| Mori, Akitane|
抄録 This study aimed to investigate the therapeutic effects of the water extract of leaves of Vitis coignetiae Pulliat (VCPL) on nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) with advanced fibrosis, as our previous study exhibited its preventive effect on NASH. The NASH animal model [PCT/JP2007/52477] was prepared by loading recurrent and intermittent hypoxemia stress to a rat with fatty liver, which resembled the condition occurring in patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and fatty liver, who have a high incidence of NASH. Intermittent hypoxemia stress is regarded as a condition similar to warm ischemia followed by re-oxygenation, which induces oxidative stress (OS). The daily 100 or 300mg/kg VCPL administrations were performed for 3 weeks perorally beginning at the time of detection of advanced liver fibrosis. The therapeutic efficacy of VCPL on NASH was demonstrated by the reduction of the leakage of hepato-biliary enzymes and the amelioration of liver fibrosis. The OS elevation in NASH rats was measured based on the derivation of reactive oxygen species from liver mitochondrial energy metabolism and on the decrease in plasma SOD-like activity. The aggravation of inflammatory responses was demonstrated by the neutrophil infiltration (elevated myeloperoxidase activity) and the progression of fibrosis in the livers of NASH rats. In addition, the NASH rats without VCPL treatment also exhibited activation of nuclear factor-κB, a key factor in the link between oxidative stress and inflammation. All of these changes were reduced dose-dependently by the VCPL administration. These findings indicate that VCPL may improve hepatic fibrosis or at least suppress the progression of NASH, by breaking the crosstalk between OS and inflammation.
キーワード non-alcoholic steatohepatitis antioxidative oxidative stress anti-inflammation Vitis coignetiae Pulliat
Amo Type Original Article
発行日 2012-08
出版物タイトル Acta Medica Okayama
出版者 Okayama University Medical School
開始ページ 317
終了ページ 327
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
言語 English
著作権者 CopyrightⒸ 2012 by Okayama University Medical School
論文のバージョン publisher
査読 有り
PubMed ID 22918204
Web of Sience KeyUT 000307918900004