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Pogosov, W V Okayama University
Kawate, R Okayama University
Mizushima, T Okayama University
Machida, K Okayama University
Extended Gross-Pitaevskii equations for the rotating F=2 condensate in a harmonic trap are solved both numerically and variationally using trial functions for each component of the wave function. Axially symmetric vortex solutions are analyzed and energies of polar and cyclic states are calculated. The equilibrium transitions between different phases with changing of the magnetization are studied. We show that at high magnetization the ground state of the system is determined by interaction in "density" channel, and at low magnetization spin interactions play a dominant role. Although there are five hyperfine states, all the particles are always condensed in one, two, or three states. Two interesting types of vortex structures are also discussed.
Digital Object Identifer:10.1103/PhysRevA.72.063605
Published with permission from the copyright holder. This is the institute's copy, as published in Physical Review A, December 2005, Volume 72, Issue 6, Pages 6.
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Copyright © 2005 The American Physical Society. All rights reserved.
Physical Review A
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