JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/32168
フルテキストURL fulltext.pdf
著者 Liu, Jiankang| Kabuto, Hideaki| Hiramatsu, Midori| Mori, Akitane|
抄録 <p>Guillingji powder, a complex prescription of traditional Chinese medicines, has been pharmacologically shown to be a possible anti-aging agent, and also used for the treatment of male hypogonadism and female dysgenesis. Since the levels of numerous brain monoamines and their metabolites such as norepinephrine (NE), dopamine (DA), dihydroxyphenylacetic acid (DOPAC), homovanillic acid (HVA), serotonin (5-HT), and 5-hydroxyindole acetic acid (5-HIAA) have been correlated with aging, we examined the effects of Guilingji powder and its extract on such monoamines and metabolites in the cerebrum and the cerebellum of mice using HPLC-ECD. The results showed that dietary intake of Guilingji powder had the effect of increasing the NE level and the DOPAC/DA ratio, and decreasing the 5-HT level and 5-HT/NE ratio in the cerebrum. In the cerebellum, the powder did not produce any changes in the levels of the compounds investigated. The extract of Guilingji, on the other hand, not only increased the NE level and the DOPAC/DA ratio but also the 5-HIAA/5-HT ratio in the cerebrum. However, the extract did not decrease the 5-HT in the cerebrum, although it decreased the 5-HT/NE. Unlike the powder, the extract had an effect in the cerebellum, which increased the DOPAC/DA ratio. These results suggest that Guilingji may have the action of modulating the levels and the metabolism of monoamines.</p>
キーワード Guilingji monoamines norepinephrine serotonin metabolism
Amo Type Article
発行日 1991-08
出版物タイトル Acta Medica Okayama
45巻
4号
出版者 Okayama University Medical School
開始ページ 217
終了ページ 222
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
査読 有り
PubMed ID 1962529
Web of Science KeyUT A1991GD78000003
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/31102
フルテキストURL fulltext.pdf
著者 Kabuto, Hideaki| Yokoi, Isao| Endo, Atsushi| Takei, Mineo| Kurimoto, Tadashi| Mori, Akitane|
抄録 <p>Serotonin (5-HT) is thought to play an important role in the seizures of El mice because the seizure threshold of El mice correlates with the 5-HT concentration in the central nervous system. In this study, the anticonvulsant effect of a 5-HT reuptake blocker, citalopram, was evaluated behaviorally and biochemically. El mouse convulsions were inhibited by chronic administration of citalopram (80 mg/kg/day, p.o. for 2 weeks), but were not inhibited by acute administration of citalopram (80 mg/kg, i.p., 2 h after single injection). Both chronic and acute administration of citalopram decreased the concentration of 5-hydroxyindolacetic acid in the brain, whereas the concentration of 5-HT was not changed by treatment with citalopram. Tryptophan hydroxylase activity was not different between the citalopram and control groups, although the monoamine oxydase-A activity was lowered by chronic administration of citalopram. These findings suggest that both acute and chronic administration of citalopram depresses the 5-HT turnover rate, however chronic administration is necessary to inhibit El mouse convulsions.</p>
キーワード citalopram serotonin MAO-A Trp-OHase EL mouse
Amo Type Article
発行日 1994-12
出版物タイトル Acta Medica Okayama
48巻
6号
出版者 Okayama University Medical School
開始ページ 311
終了ページ 316
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
査読 有り
PubMed ID 7535969
Web of Science KeyUT A1994PZ34600005