JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/52009
フルテキストURL 67_6_359.pdf
著者 Katashima, Kazunori| Kuroda, Masahiro| Ashida, Masakazu| Sasaki, Takanori| Taguchi, Takehito| Matsuzaki, Hidenobu| Murakami, Jun| Yanagi, Yoshinobu| Hisatomi, Miki| Hara, Marina| Kato, Hirokazu| Ohmura, Yuichi| Kobayashi, Tomoki| Kanazawa, Susumu| Harada, Sosuke| Takemoto, Mitsuhiro| Ohno, Seiichiro| Mimura, Seiichi| Asaumi, Junichi|
抄録 It is well known that many tumor tissues show lower apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) values, and that several factors are involved in the reduction of ADC values. The aim of this study was to clarify how much each factor contributes to decreases in ADC values. We investigate the roles of cell density, extracellular space, intracellular factors, apoptosis and necrosis in ADC values using bio-phantoms. The ADC values of bio-phantoms, in which Jurkat cells were encapsulated by gellan gum, were measured by a 1.5-Tesla magnetic resonance imaging device with constant diffusion time of 30sec. Heating at 42℃ was used to induce apoptosis while heating at 48℃ was used to induce necrosis. Cell death after heating was evaluated by flow cytometric analysis and electron microscopy. The ADC values of bio-phantoms including non-heated cells decreased linearly with increases in cell density, and showed a steep decline when the distance between cells became less than 3μm. The analysis of ADC values of cells after destruction of cellular structures by sonication suggested that approximately two-thirds of the ADC values of cells originate from their cellular structures. The ADC values of bio-phantoms including necrotic cells increased while those including apoptotic cells decreased. This study quantitatively clarified the role of the cellular factors and the extracellular space in determining the ADC values produced by tumor cells. The intermediate diffusion time of 30msec might be optimal to distinguish between apoptosis and necrosis.
キーワード ADC apoptosis necrosis hyperthermia cell density
Amo Type Original Article
発行日 2013-12
出版物タイトル Acta Medica Okayama
67巻
6号
出版者 Okayama University Medical School
開始ページ 359
終了ページ 367
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
言語 English
著作権者 CopyrightⒸ 2013 by Okayama University Medical School
論文のバージョン publisher
査読 有り
PubMed ID 24356720
Web of Sience KeyUT 000328915700004
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/48964
フルテキストURL 66_5_399.pdf
著者 Jing, Shao-Wu| Wang, Ya-Di| Kuroda, Masahiro| Su, Jing-Wei| Sun, Guo-Gui| Liu, Qing| Cheng, Yun-Jie| Yang, Cong-Rong|
抄録 Hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α) has been found to enhance tumor invasion and metastasis, but no study has reported its action in esophageal carcinoma. The goal of this study was to explore the probable mechanism of HIF-1α in the invasion and metastasis of esophageal carcinoma Eca109 cells in vitro and in vivo. mRNA and protein expression of HIF-1α, E-cadherin and matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2) under hypoxia were detected by RT-PCR and Western blotting. The effects of silencing HIF-1α on E-cadherin, MMP-2 mRNA and protein expression under hypoxia or normoxia were detected by RT-PCR and Western blotting, respectively. The invasive ability of Eca109 cells was tested using a transwell chambers. We established an Eca109-implanted tumor model and observed tumor growth and lymph node metastasis. The expression of HIF-1α, E-cadherin and MMP-2 in xenograft tumors was detected by Western blotting. After exposure to hypoxia, HIF-1α protein was up-regulated, both mRNA and protein levels of E-cadherin were down-regulated and MMP-2 was up-regulated, while HIF-1α mRNA showed no significant change. SiRNA could block HIF-1α effectively, increase E-cadherin expression and inhibit MMP-2 expression. The number of invading cells decreased after HIF-1α was silenced. Meanwhile, the tumor volume was much smaller, and the metastatic rate of lymph nodes and the positive rate were lower in vivo. Our observations suggest that HIF-1α inhibition might be an effective strategy to weaken invasion and metastasis in the esophageal carcinoma Eca109 cell line.
キーワード hypoxia-inducible factor-1α esophageal carcinoma invasion and metastasis
Amo Type Original Article
発行日 2012-10
出版物タイトル Acta Medica Okayama
66巻
5号
出版者 Okayama University Medical School
開始ページ 399
終了ページ 407
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
言語 English
著作権者 CopyrightⒸ 2012 by Okayama University Medical School
論文のバージョン publisher
査読 有り
PubMed ID 23093058
Web of Sience KeyUT 000310253900004
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/48566
フルテキストURL 66_3_263.pdf
著者 Sasaki, Takanori| Kuroda, Masahiro| Katashima, Kazunori| Ashida, Masakazu| Matsuzaki, Hidenobu| Asaumi, Junichi| Murakami, Jun| Ohno, Seiichiro| Kato, Hirokazu| Kanazawa, Susumu|
抄録 The roles of cell density, extracellular space, intracellular factors, and apoptosis induced by the molecularly targeted drug rituximab on the apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) values were investigated using bio-phantoms. In these bio-phantoms, Ramos cells (a human Burkittセs lymphoma cell line) were encapsulated in gellan gum. The ADC values decreased linearly with the increase in cell density, and declined steeply when the extracellular space became less than 4 μm. The analysis of ADC values after destruction of the cellular membrane by sonication indicated that approximately 65% of the ADC values of normal cells originate from the cell structures made of membranes and that the remaining 35% originate from intracellular components. Microparticles, defined as particles smaller than the normal cells, increased in number after rituximab treatments, migrated to the extracellular space and significantly decreased the ADC values of bio-phantoms during apoptosis. An in vitro study using bio-phantoms was conducted to quantitatively clarify the roles of cellular factors and of extracellular space in determining the ADC values yielded by tumor cells and the mechanism by which apoptosis changes those values.
キーワード apparent diffusion coefficient value cell density extracellular space bio-phantom
Amo Type Original Article
発行日 2012-06
出版物タイトル Acta Medica Okayama
66巻
3号
出版者 Okayama University Medical School
開始ページ 263
終了ページ 270
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
言語 English
著作権者 CopyrightⒸ 2012 by Okayama University Medical School
論文のバージョン publisher
査読 有り
PubMed ID 22729107
Web of Sience KeyUT 000305669700010
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/48559
フルテキストURL 66_3_203.pdf
著者 Ohno, Seiichiro| Harimoto, Takashi| Hirosue, Miyuki| Miyai, Masahiro| Hattori, Kengo| Kuroda, Masahiro| Kanazawa, Susumu| Inamura, Keiji| Kato, Hirokazu|
抄録 Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) visualization of metallic stent lumens is possible if the stent structure counteracts eddy currents in the lumen induced by the radio frequency magnetic field, B1. To examine the effectiveness of various stent designs in counteracting eddy currents, we anchored eight copper stent models and 2 commercially available nickel-titanium alloy (Nitinol) stents in a gel phantom, perpendicular or parallel to the direction of B1. A mesh stent lumen showed hypointensity irrespective of its alignment relative to B1. A solenoid stent lumen showed hypointensity with the stent axis parallel to B1, but it had the same signal intensity as outside the lumen when perpendicular to B1. A Moebius stent lumen showed no signal reduction, irrespective of alignment relative to B1. Lumens of the commercially available stents showed hypointensity regardless of alignment relative to B1. Computer simulation revealed that the signal intensities of the stents corresponded to magnetic flux densities of B1 in the stents, which are modified by the structure of the stent. While in vivo MRI viewing of a Moebius stent lumen is likely possible regardless of axis alignment, inherent structural weakness may be problematic. As a more practical choice, the solenoid stent is easier to manufacture and generates no hypointensive signal when the axis is parallel to B0.
キーワード MRI visualization of stent lumen solenoid pattern Moebius pattern direction of B1
Amo Type Original Article
発行日 2012-06
出版物タイトル Acta Medica Okayama
66巻
3号
出版者 Okayama University Medical School
開始ページ 203
終了ページ 211
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
言語 English
著作権者 CopyrightⒸ 2012 by Okayama University Medical School
論文のバージョン publisher
査読 有り
PubMed ID 22729100
Web of Sience KeyUT 000305669700003
関連URL http://ousar.lib.okayama-u.ac.jp/metadata/48542
著者 原田 聡介| 武本 充広| 吉尾 浩太郎| 児島 克英| 片山 敬久| 勝井 邦彰| 黒田 昌宏| 松尾 俊彦| 金澤 右|
発行日 2010-12-01
出版物タイトル 岡山医学会雑誌
122巻
3号
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
著者 Maki, Yu| Murakami, Jun| Asaumi, Jun-ichi| Tsujigiwa, Hidetsugu| Nagatsuka, Hitoshi| Kokeguchi, Susumu| Fukui, Kazuhiro| Kawai, Noriko| Yanagi, Yoshinobu| Kuroda, Masahiro| Tanaka, Noriaki| Matsubara, Nagahide| Kishi, Kanji|
発行日 2005-7
出版物タイトル Oral Oncology
41巻
10号
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
著者 Murakami, Jun| Asaumi, Jun-ichi| Kawai, Noriko| Tsujigiwa, Hidetsugu| Yanagi, Yoshinobu| Nagatsuka, Hitoshi| Inoue, Tetsuyoshi| Kokeguchi, Susumu| Kawasaki, Shoji| Kuroda, Masahiro| Tanaka, Noriaki| Matsubara, Nagahide| Kishi, Kanji|
発行日 2005-07
出版物タイトル Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology
56巻
1号
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
著者 Murakami, Jun| Asaumi, Jun-ichi| Maki, Yuu| Tsujigiwa, Hidetsugu| Kuroda, Masahiro| Nagai, Noriyuki| Yanagi, Yoshinobu| Inoue, Tetsuyoshi| Kawasaki, Shoji| Tanaka, Noriaki| Matsubara, Nagahide| Kishi, Kanji|
発行日 2004-2
出版物タイトル Oral Oncology
40巻
6号
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/32672
フルテキストURL fulltext.pdf
著者 Kuroda, Masahiro| Kawasaki, Shoji| Hiraki, Yoshio|
抄録 <p>The effects of cepharanthin (Ce), glycyrrhizin (G), verapamil (V), and G plus V on induced thermotolerance in NIH3T3 cells were studied. Cells were heated with or without the drug at 45 degrees C for 20 min (the first heating), incubated at 37 degrees C for 12h (the incubation period), and heated again at 45 degrees C for 0-210 min (the second heating). G and V were added throughout the experiment, while Ce was added throughout the experiment or during only the first or second heating, or the incubation period. The cells were harvested after the second heating to evaluate cell survival. In control experiments without any drug, thermotolerance developed and reached the highest peak in the cells incubated for 12h at 37 degrees C. However, thermotolerance in the control cells was suppressed by incubating them at 0 degree C, but developed by subsequent incubation at 37 degrees C. This suggests that the acquisition of thermotolerance by the cells required metabolic processes during the incubation at 37 degrees C. When each drug was present throughout the experiment, only Ce or the combined use of G and V was effective in reducing thermotolerance. Thermotolerance was also suppressed in the presence of Ce during the second heating. These results indicate that Ce reduces thermotolerance by enhancing thermosensitivity rather than by inhibiting the development of thermotolerance.</p>
キーワード thermotolerance hyperthermia cepharanthin glycyrrhizin verapamil
Amo Type Article
発行日 1992-06
出版物タイトル Acta Medica Okayama
46巻
3号
出版者 Okayama University Medical School
開始ページ 147
終了ページ 155
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
査読 有り
PubMed ID 1502918
Web of Sience KeyUT A1992JB50400001
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/32638
フルテキストURL fulltext.pdf
著者 Kuroda, Masahiro| Inamura, Keiji| Tahara, Seiji| Mimura, Seiichi| Mikami, Yasutaka| Kawasaki, Shoji| Hiraki, Yoshio|
抄録 <p>Simultaneous radiohyperthermotherapy (SRH) is a combined hyperthermia-radiation therapy in which irradiation is given during heating. Mutual interference between the high energy radiotherapy system (Toshiba LMR-15A) and the 13.56 MHz capacitive heating system (Omron HEH-500C) was tested with phantom materials prior to a clinical trial with SRH. The energy and flatness of irradiation were not affected by the heating system within the range of clinical use. The high energy radiotherapy system did not affect the increase or distribution of temperature during simultaneous treatment. The results of this phantom study indicated that these apparatuses would not produce clinically significant mutual interference during SRH. A clinical trial was performed on a 57-year-old woman with postoperative recurrence of rectal cancer. This is the first reported clinical case treated with true SRH in which external irradiation was administered during mid capacitive heating. Twelve SRH treatments were performed on the recurrent lesion at a frequency of twice a week for six weeks using the apparatuses described above. There was a significant reduction in pain after treatment. The tumor marker carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) level decreased after treatment. On CT images taken after treatment, the tumor site became a low density area which indicated necrosis. There were no side effects. These results suggest that further clinical study of SRH should be performed to clarify its advantages.</p>
キーワード hyperthermia capacitive heating radiotherapy phantom study simultaneous radio-hyperthermotherapy
Amo Type Article
発行日 1992-12
出版物タイトル Acta Medica Okayama
46巻
6号
出版者 Okayama University Medical School
開始ページ 417
終了ページ 426
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
査読 有り
PubMed ID 1485536
Web of Sience KeyUT A1992KE49600003
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/31990
フルテキストURL fulltext.pdf
著者 Togami, Izumi| Sasai, Nobuya| Tsunoda, Masatoshi| Sei, Tetsuro| Yabuki, Takayuki| Kitagawa, Takahiro| Mitani, Masahiko| Akaki, Shiro| Kuroda, Masahiro| Hiraki, Yoshio|
抄録 <p>A preliminary study was conducted to evaluate the superior and inferior glenoid labra with abductive movement using an open-type MR unit in asymptomatic healthy volunteers. Both fast low angle shot (FLASH) and turbo spin echo (TSE) images were obtained to evaluate the shapes of both the superior and inferior labra, as well as to assess changes in signal at these sites. As the abduction angle was increased, the shape of the superior labrum changed from round or triangular to crescentic and a higher signal was frequently seen. At an abduction angle of 150 degrees, an increase in signal was seen in one-half of the superior labra; this increase was noted more frequently in volunteers over 40 years of age. In some of the superior labra, the increase in signal seen at 150 degrees abduction disappeared on subsequent images obtained at 0 degrees abduction. Hence, the increase in signal was considered to be a reversible change. The shape of the inferior labrum tended to change from crescentic to triangular or round. An increase in signal in the inferior labrum was unrelated to the abduction angle. Abductive kinematic studies using an open-type MR unit provides information about the morphology of the superior and inferior labra, as well as information about signal changes occurring at these sites.</p>
キーワード shoulder kinematic magnetic resonance imaging(MRI) glenoid labrum open-type MRI
Amo Type Article
発行日 2001-08
出版物タイトル Acta Medica Okayama
55巻
4号
出版者 Okayama University Medical School
開始ページ 237
終了ページ 243
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
査読 有り
PubMed ID 11512566
Web of Sience KeyUT 000170367200006
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/31638
フルテキストURL fulltext.pdf
著者 Kuroda, Masahiro| Inamura, Keiji| Tahara, Seiji| Kurabayashi, Yuzuru| Akagi, Tadaatsu| Asaumi, Junichi| Togami, Izumi| Takemoto, Mitsuhiro| Honda, Osamu| Morioka, Yasuki| Kawasaki, Shoji| Hiraki, Yoshio|
抄録 <p>We developed a reliable system for the irradiation of xenografted tumors in mice which allows for accurate local irradiation under specific pathogen-free conditions. The system presented here consists of acrylic supports for mice and an acrylic box connected to a pump through 0.22 microns pore-sized filters. Mice with xenotransplanted tumors growing on their right hind legs were set on the supports and put into the box in a laminar flow hood. The tumors of 7 mice were irradiated simultaneously with X-rays of 6 and 10 MV generated by a linear accelerator at a dose rate of 3.1-4.7 Gy/min. The air was ventilated through filters during irradiation in the closed box. Microorganism tests confirmed that no bacteria entered or left the box. One of the significant characteristics of this setup is that it allows for irradiation under conditions of acute hypoxia, which is obtained using an integrated tourniquet. The dose variation among 7 tumors was less than 1%. The rest of the mouse's body was shielded effectively by a half-field technique and a lead block. As a result, the whole body dose for the mice was 0-4% of the total dose absorbed by the tumor. Due to the high dose rate and the ability to irradiate 7 mice simultaneously under specific pathogen-free conditions, this new system can be considered a time-saving and valuable tool for radiation oncology research.</p>
キーワード animal experiment mouse radiotherapy linear accelerator specirfic pathogen-free
Amo Type Article
発行日 1999-06
出版物タイトル Acta Medica Okayama
53巻
3号
出版者 Okayama University Medical School
開始ページ 111
終了ページ 118
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
査読 有り
Web of Sience KeyUT 000081201100002
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/31630
フルテキストURL fulltext.pdf
著者 Yamamoto, Michinori| Joja, Ikuo| Takemoto, Mitsuhiro| Kuroda, Masahiro| Hiraki, Yoshio|
抄録 We analyzed the influence of various parameters on the results of radiotherapy for T1 glottic cancer by assessing the outcomes of 60 patients with this cancer who received definitive radiotherapy between 1985 and 1994. Seven patients were treated with a cobalt-60 unit, and the other 53 with a linear accelerator (26 patients at 3-MV, 10 at 6-MV, and 17 at 10-MV). Of the 17 patients treated at 10-MV, 4 also received part of their treatment with a cobalt-60 unit. The total radiation dose ranged from 56 Gy to 70 Gy (mean, 61 Gy). The total radiation dose of 51 patients (85%) was 60 Gy. The factors found to influence local control were the strength of the radiation beam energy and whether or not there was gross tumor invasion of the anterior commissure. The local control rate was 71% in the patients treated with a 10-MV linear accelerator, 56% in those treated with a 6-MV linear accelerator and, 97% in those treated with a cobalt-60 unit or a 3-MV linear accelerator (P = 0.0173). The local control rate was 43% in the patients with gross anterior commissure invasion and 88% in those without (P = 0.0075). We conclude that low energy photon beams are more suitable for the treatment of early glottic cancers, especially if the lesion grossly invades the anterior commissure.
キーワード T1 glottic cancers radiotherapy radiation beam energy
Amo Type Article
発行日 1999-04
出版物タイトル Acta Medica Okayama
53巻
2号
出版者 Okayama University Medical School
開始ページ 91
終了ページ 94
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
言語 English
著作権者 Copyright© 1999 Okayama University Medical School
論文のバージョン publisher
査読 有り
Web of Sience KeyUT 000080058700005
関連URL http://ousar.lib.okayama-u.ac.jp/metadata/3496
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/31599
フルテキストURL fulltext.pdf
著者 Kuroda, Masahiro| Tsushima, Tomoyasu| Nasu, Yasutomo| Asaumi, Junichi| Nishikawa, Koji| Gao, Xian Shu| Joja, Ikuo| Takeda, Yoshihiro| Togami, Izumi| Makihata, Eiichi| Kawasaki, Shoji| Ohmori, Hiroyuki| Hiraki, Yoshio|
抄録 <p>We performed a long-term follow-up of 4 patients with penile cancer who underwent hyperthermotherapy from August 1985 until August 1992. Hyperthermia was applied using a frequency of 350 MHz with a waveguide applicator twice a week for 60 min each for an average of 9.5 times (varying from 6 to 13 times). The total heating time that the temperature of urethra could be kept above 42 degrees C, was 166 min on the average (ranging from 0 to 463 min). Two patients classified as stage I according to the Jackson classification and 1 patient classified as stage IV underwent combined radiotherapy and received an average radiation dose of 53 Gy (range, 40-70 Gy). Among these patients 2 underwent combined chemotherapy with bleomycin or peplomycin. Malignant cells disappeared posttherapeutically and in August 1992, after an average of 5 years and 9 months (varying from 4 years 6 months to 6 years 10 months), the patients were free of recurrences. The one patient on stage IV had extensive invasion of the abdominal wall, but still recovered completely. One patient on stage III underwent combined chemotherapy and hyperthermotherapy, but heating had obviously been insufficient. There was a residue of malignant cells after the treatment and we performed a penectomy. Regarding functional preservation of the penis a multidisciplinary therapy incorporating hyperthermotherapy can be expected to increase the curativity. This indicates that it could induce in an advanced case, where an operation would be difficult, complete remission.</p>
キーワード penile cancer hyperthermia radiotherapy chemotherapy
Amo Type Article
発行日 1993-06
出版物タイトル Acta Medica Okayama
47巻
3号
出版者 Okayama University Medical School
開始ページ 169
終了ページ 174
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
査読 有り
PubMed ID 8379345
Web of Sience KeyUT A1993LL12400005
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/31557
フルテキストURL fulltext.pdf
著者 Kuroda, Masahiro| Hizuta, Akio| Iwagaki, Hiromi| Makihata, Eiichi| Asaumi, Junichi| Nishikawa, Koji| Gao, Xian Shu| Nakagawa, Tomio| Togami, Izumi| Takeda, Yoshihiro| Joja, Ikuo| Kawasaki, Shoji| Orita, Kunzo| Hiraki, Yoshio|
抄録 <p>Between November 1984 and August 1992 we used hyperthermotherapy in six cases of local recurrence of rectal cancer. Hyperthermotherapy was performed on the average 8.7 times (range: 3-18) for each patient for 60 min each. All patients underwent combined radiotherapy and received a mean radiation dose of 42.5 Gy (range: 9-60 Gy). Five patients underwent heating within 1 h after irradiation and one patient simultaneously with the irradiation. Four patients underwent combined chemotherapy and two patients immunotherapy. Before the treatment all patients had painful lesions, but pain decreased posttherapeutically in five patients. Performance status improved in two patients. High carcinoembryonic antigen levels prior to the therapy in four patients decreased in all cases after treatment. Posttherapeutical computed tomograms revealed only minor response or no changes. After the treatment, four patients died of exacerbations of recurrent tumors and one patient of distant metastases. The patient who underwent simultaneous radiohyperthermotherapy is presently alive, in August 1992, 38 months after initiation of the treatment. The 50% survival time after initiation of the treatment was 25 months (range: 10-38 months). Hyperthermotherapy combined with radiotherapy, chemotherapy and/or immunotherapy was useful for the alleviation of pain in patients who developed local recurrence after surgery, and improved survival after recurrences can be expected.</p>
キーワード rectal cancer local recurrence hyperthermia radiotherapy chemotherapy
Amo Type Article
発行日 1993-08
出版物タイトル Acta Medica Okayama
47巻
4号
出版者 Okayama University Medical School
開始ページ 249
終了ページ 254
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
査読 有り
PubMed ID 8213219
Web of Sience KeyUT A1993LV73800005
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/31087
フルテキストURL fulltext.pdf
著者 Tanaka, Akio| Kuroda, Masahiro| Inamura, Keiji| Kawasaki, Shouji| Hiraki, Yoshio|
抄録 <p>External capacitive heating is the usual method of electromagnetic wave heating, in which the tumor is caught and heated between two opposite applicators. Using a phantom, the authors developed and evaluated the performance of a new capacitive heating applicator designed for simultaneous radiohyperthermotherapy (SRH) in which the electron beam irradiation is provided from above an external capacitive heating applicator for the treatment of superficial and shallow-seated tumors. The trial applicator was constructed to fulfill the following conditions: 1. use of an electrode plate which does not affect the electron beam depth dose, 2. a uniform thickness to maintain flatness of the electron beam, and 3. a cooling function to prevent damage to normal skin tissue and enhance the therapeutic gain factor. This applicator was comprised of a 0.1-mm-thick copper electrode and a 5-mm-thick cooling chamber. The depth of the 80% dose of the new applicator was 21 mm with a 9-MeV electron beam and 36mm with a 15-MeV electron beam, which was comparable to the effect of a conventional irradiation bolus. The temperature distribution produced by the trial applicator was symmetrical on both sides from the center of the applicator. The 50% specific absorption rate region was 6.4 cm wide at a depth of 1 cm from the phantom surface and 2.8 cm wide at a depth of 3 cm. There have been no previous reports on the development of an external capacitive heating applicator designed for the SRH of superficial and shallow-seated tumors; this is the first such report.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)</p>
キーワード simultaneous radiohyperthermotherapy applicator capacitive heating superficial and shallowseated tumor
Amo Type Article
発行日 1994-08
出版物タイトル Acta Medica Okayama
48巻
4号
出版者 Okayama University Medical School
開始ページ 211
終了ページ 216
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
査読 有り
PubMed ID 7817776
Web of Sience KeyUT A1994PE51400006
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/30776
フルテキストURL fulltext.pdf
著者 Makihata, Eiichi| Kuroda, Masahiro| Kawai, Akira| Ozaki, Toshifumi| Sugihara, Shinsuke| Inoue, Hajime| Joja, Ikuo| Asaumi, Junichi| Kawasaki, Shoji| Hiraki, Yoshio|
抄録 <p>We report the results of phase I/II studies of preoperative multidisciplinary treatment of 14 patients with soft tissue sarcoma using hyperthermia from November 1990 to April 1995. The preoperative treatment was conducted with thermo-radio-chemotherapy in 11 cases of stage III, and with thermo-radiotherapy as well as thermo-chemotherapy in three cases of stages I and II. Hyperthermia was carried out twice a week with totals ranging from 4 to 14 times (average: 8.4 times); each session lasted 60min. Radiotherapy was administered four or five times per week, and the dose was 1.8 2Gy/fraction, with a total of 30-40Gy in a four week period. Chemotherapy was mainly in the form of MAID regimen (2-mercaptoethanesulphonic acid (mesna), adriamycin, ifosfamide and dacarbazine). The tumors were surgically resected in all patients after completing the preoperative treatment. The efficacy rate, as expressed by the percentage of either tumors in which reduction rate was 50% or more, or tumors for which post-treatment contrast enhanced CT image revealed low density volumes occupying 50% or more of the total mass, was 71 % (ten of the 14 tumors). The mean tumor necrosis rate in the resected specimens was 78%. The tumor necrosis rate was significantly high (P &#60; 0.05) in patients whose Time &#8805; 42°C was of long duration. Postoperative complications were observed in six patients; among these, two patients developed wound infection that required surgical treatment as a complication of surgery performed in the early stage following the preoperative treatment. After a mean postoperative follow-up of 27 months, distant metastasis occurred in four patients resulting in three fatalities. The three-year cumulative survival rate was 64.3%. No local recurrence was observed in any patient during the follow-up, thus confirming our hypothesis that preoperative multidisciplinary treatment has an excellent local efficacy. We think that it would be valuable to conduct, at many facilities, phase III studies on the treatment of soft tissue sarcoma by a combination of surgery and preoperative multidisciplinary treatment using hyperthermia, paying close attention to the interval between these two modalities.</p>
キーワード soft tissue tumor hyperthermia radiotherapy chemotherapy
Amo Type Article
発行日 1997-04
出版物タイトル Acta Medica Okayama
51巻
2号
出版者 Okayama University Medical School
開始ページ 93
終了ページ 99
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
査読 有り
PubMed ID 9142346
Web of Sience KeyUT A1997WX19600006
著者 佐藤 伸夫| 上田 裕之| 中村 哲也| 黒田 昌宏| 神崎 典子| 水田 昭文| 村上 公則| 上者 郁夫| 橋本 啓二| 平木 祥夫| 青野 要|
発行日 1987-08-30
出版物タイトル 岡山医学会雑誌
99巻
7-8号
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
著者 川崎 祥二| 澁谷 光一| 浅海 淳一| 小松 めぐみ| 黒田 昌宏| 平木 祥夫| 古澤 佳也|
発行日 1999-02-26
出版物タイトル 岡山大学医療技術短期大学部紀要
9巻
2号
資料タイプ 紀要論文
著者 澁谷 光一| 川崎 祥二| 黒田 昌宏| 浅海 淳一| 加藤 博和| 平木 祥夫|
発行日 2002-03-20
出版物タイトル 岡山大学医学部保健学科紀要
12巻
2号
資料タイプ 紀要論文