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ID 30736
JaLCDOI
フルテキストURL
著者
Inukai, Yoshihide Okayama University
Takahashi, Kayo Okayama University
Wang, Da-Hong Okayama University
Kira, Shohei Okayama University
抄録

This study assessed total and segmental distribution of fat mass (FM) in athletes with spinal cord injury (SCI) and examined the relationships between segmental distribution of fat mass and age, injury level, athletic history, and training load in order to provide useful information for improvements in their physical strength and training. Twenty-five male athletes with SCI participated in the study. The whole bone composition was measured by a dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) method for the calculation of bone minerals, FM, and fat-free mass. The percent fat of the trunk, arms, and legs was also calculated. The percent fat in the legs was highest in comparison with that in the trunk and arms (p < 0.001), and the percent fat in the trunk was higher than that in the arms (p < 0.001). The body fat (p < 0.01), waist circumference (p < 0.01), and waist-to-hip ratio (p < 0.0001) were higher in the group aged 40 or older in comparison with that aged 39 or younger. Path analysis revealed that training load was a factor decreasing the percent fat on the arms and trunk (p < 0.01), and athletic history was a factor reducing the percent fat on the arms (p < 0.05). Our study suggests that exercise is effective in reducing the waist circumference, waist-to-hip ratio, and percent body fat of SCI individuals, and that such effects can help to enhance athletic performance and likely to protect against development of metabolic syndromes resulting from a sedentary lifestyle.

キーワード
body composition
percentage of fat
DXA
spinal cord-injured athletes
path analysis
Amo Type
Article
発行日
2006-04
出版物タイトル
Acta Medica Okayama
60巻
2号
出版者
Okayama University Medical School
開始ページ
99
終了ページ
106
ISSN
0386-300X
NCID
AA00508441
資料タイプ
学術雑誌論文
言語
English
論文のバージョン
publisher
査読
有り
PubMed ID
Web of Sience KeyUT