著者 Yokohira, Tokumi| Okayama, Kiyohiko| Murakami, Takashi| Takarako, Kayo|
発行日 2005-11
出版物タイトル Information and Telecommunication Technologies
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
著者 Yokohira, Tokumi| Okayama, Kiyohiko| Murakami, Takashi| Takarako, Kayo|
発行日 2005-11
出版物タイトル Information and Telecommunication Technologies
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
著者 村上 隆|
発行日 2006-03-24
出版物タイトル
資料タイプ 学位論文
著者 Matsuura, Hiroko| Murakami, Takashi| Hina, Kazuyoshi| Yamamoto, Keizo| Kawamura, Hiroshi| Sogo, Taiji| Shinohata, Ryoko| Usui, Shinichi| Ninomiya, Yoshifumi| Kusachi, Shozo|
発行日 2008-02
出版物タイトル Clinical Biochemistry
41巻
3号
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/30962
フルテキストURL fulltext.pdf
著者 Otani, Satoru| Kuinose, Masahiko| Murakami, Takashi| Saito, Shinya| Iwagaki, Hiromi| Tanaka, Noriaki| Tanemoto, Kazuo|
抄録 <p>Activation of inflammatory response during cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) may lead to considerable post-operative mortality. Recently, pentoxifylline (PTX), a methylxanthine derivative, has been reported to be effective in inhibiting proinflammatory cytokine production. This study aimed to determine whether or not PTX prevented CPB-induced systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) in patients undergoing cardiovascular surgery. Thirty adult patients were randomly separated into 2 experimental groups and 1 control group of 10 patients each. The experimental group received peroral PTX administration (Group 1: 600 mg/day, Group 2: 900 mg/day), while the control group did not. In Group 1 and Group 2, PTX administration was started on preoperative day 5 and continued for 5 days. Serum levels of PTX and IL-6 were measured just before and at 4 h after CPB using HPLC and ELISA, respectively. Respiratory index (RI) before and at 4 h after CPB was calculated, and serum levels of C-reactive protein (CRP) and fibrinogen on postoperative day 1 were also determined. There were no significant differences in age, body weight, sex, surgical procedures, CPB time, haemodynamics or risk factors among the 3 groups. Serum IL-6 level and RI index after CPB in Group 2 were significantly decreased compared with those in Group 1 and the control group. These results, therefore, suggested that preoperative daily administration of 900 mg/day PTX contributed to the attenuation of CPB-induced SIRS and had a beneficial effect on the postoperative course after cardiovascular surgery.</p>
キーワード pentoxifylline CPB IL-6 SIRS respiratory index
Amo Type Original Article
発行日 2008-04
出版物タイトル Acta Medica Okayama
62巻
2号
出版者 Okayama University Medical School
開始ページ 69
終了ページ 74
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
査読 有り
PubMed ID 18464882
Web of Sience KeyUT 000255297600002
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/51863
フルテキストURL 67_5_277.pdf
著者 Murakami, Takashi| Fujii, Akihito| Kawabata, Yuya| Takakura, Hiroaki| Yamaue, Rie| Tarek Abdulsamad Ali Balam| Kuroda, Shingo| Kawanabe, Noriaki| Kamioka, Hiroshi| Yamashiro, Takashi|
抄録 The aims of this study were to investigate how the Peer Assessment Rating (PAR index) predicts the perceived need for orthodontic treatment of mandibular protrusion in Japanese subjects, and to elucidate whether the perceived need for treatment was affected by the ratersʼ orthodontic expertise. The subjects were 110 dental students and 32 orthodontists. We showed them casts of 10 untreated mandibular protrusion cases and gave them a questionnaire in which they had to describe their perceptions of the orthodontic treatment needs using a 10-point visual analog scale (VAS). The PAR index was used for cast evaluation. The PAR index scores showed significant correlations with the VAS scores. In casts with a low PAR score, there were no differences in the VAS scores between orthodontists and students. In casts with a PAR score greater than 23, the orthodontists perceived a significantly greater treatment need than did the students;for scores of 22, 28, and 29, students who had received orthodontic treatment themselves were more likely to perceive the treatment need. The PAR index is a good clinical predictor for assessing the perceived treatment needs for mandibular protrusion. Perception of the need for orthodontic treatment for mandibular protrusion depended on the degree of orthodontic expertise in Japanese subjects.
キーワード orthodontic expertise treatment need PAR index mandibular protrusion
Amo Type Original Article
発行日 2013-10
出版物タイトル Acta Medica Okayama
67巻
5号
出版者 Okayama University Medical School
開始ページ 277
終了ページ 283
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
言語 English
著作権者 CopyrightⒸ 2013 by Okayama University Medical School
論文のバージョン publisher
査読 有り
PubMed ID 24145727
Web of Sience KeyUT 000325836100001
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/54604
フルテキストURL 70_5_413.pdf
著者 Murakami, Takashi| Kawanabe, Noriaki| Kataoka, Tomoki| Hoshijima, Mitsuhiro| Komori, Hiroki| Fujisawa, Atsuro| Kamioka, Hiroshi|
抄録 Although accurate bracket placement is essential for orthodontic treatment, many practitioners apply brackets indiscriminately with direct or indirect bonding techniques. Nonetheless, there have been few prospective clinical comparisons of the 2 techniques. We will therefore conduct a single-center, randomized control trial in 100 patients aged &ge;12 years and diagnosed with malocclusion. All patients will receive orthodontic treatment using brackets with direct or indirect bonding techniques. The primary endpoints will be the total treatment time, occlusal index, discomfort at bonding, and oral hygiene after bonding. This study will clarify whether indirect bonding can improve the efficiency of orthodontic treatment.
キーワード indirect bonding comprehensive evaluation bracket
Amo Type Clinical Study Protocols
発行日 2016-10
出版物タイトル Acta Medica Okayama
70巻
5号
出版者 Okayama University Medical School
開始ページ 413
終了ページ 416
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
言語 English
著作権者 CopyrightⒸ 2016 by Okayama University Medical School
論文のバージョン publisher
査読 有り
PubMed ID 27777438
Web of Sience KeyUT 000388098700015