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Oshita, Koji Department of International Conservation Studies for Cultural Properties, Faculty of Cultural Properties, Kibi International University
Noguchi, Osamu Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Okayama University
大島 光子 Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Okayama University
本水 昌二 Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Okayama University
A chelating resin, cross-linked chitosan modified with the glycine moiety (glycine-type chitosan resin), was developed for the collection and concentration of bismuth in aquatic samples for ICP-MS measurements. The adsorption behavior of bismuth and 55 elements on glycine-type chitosan resin was systematically examined by passing a sample solution containing 56 elements through a mini-column packed with the resin (wet volume; I ml). After eluting the elements adsorbed on the resin with nitric acid, the eluates were measured by ICP-MS. The glycine-type chitosan resin could adsorb several cations by a chelating mechanism and several oxoanions by an anion-exchange mechanism. Especially, the resin could adsorb almost 100% Bi(III) over a wide pH region from pH 2 to 6. Bismuth could be strongly adsorbed at pH 3, and eluted quantitatively with 10 ml of 3 M nitric acid. A column pretreatment method with the glycine-type chitosan resin was used prior to removal of high concentrations of matrices in a seawater sample and the preconcentration of trace bismuth in river water samples for ICP-MS measurements. The column pretreatment method was also applied to the determination of bismuth in real samples by ICP-MS. The LOD of bismuth was 0.1 pg ml(-1) by 10-fold column preconcentration for ICP-MS measurements. The analytical results for bismuth in sea and river water samples by ICP-MS were 22.9 +/- 0.5 pg ml(-1) (RSD, 2.2%) and 2.08 +/- 0.05 pg ml(-1) (RSD, 2.4%), respectively.
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