タイトル(別表記) The perception of chronic kidney disease in a general population in Okayama, Japan : 2015
著者 内田 治仁| 杉山 斉| 宮崎 雅史| 和田 淳| 四方 賢一| 柏原 直樹| 槇野 博史|
抄録  Public education programs about chronic kidney disease (CKD) have been performed in Okayama, Japan for the past 10 years. The present study investigated the perception of CKD in a general population in Okayama. In October and November 2015, a questionnaire survey was distributed by 12 medical centers in five medical districts in Okayama prefecture. A total of 7,022 respondents who underwent their physical checkup at these centers answered the questionnaire. In response to a questionnaire item asking about the respondent's familiarity with the term "CKD," only 4% of the respondents answered "know it well" and 10% answered "unfamiliar." In contrast, in response to a questionnaire item asking about the respondent's familiarity with "chronic kidney disease," 27% answered "know it well" and 38% answered "unfamiliar." The leading avenue by which the respondents learned about CKD/chronic kidney disease was television, followed by newspapers, magazines, and a family doctor or nurse. The leading component which the respondents considered essential for the diagnosis of CKD/chronic kidney disease was proteinuria. A stratified analysis demonstrated a higher recognition of “CKD" or “chronic kidney disease" in the medical districts in northern Okayama prefecture compared to southern Okayama prefecture. These results indicated that the awareness of CKD in Okayama prefecture is still inadequate. Many people did not appear to realize that the term “CKD" represents "chronic kidney disease". Further continuous public education efforts are required to enlighten people about CKD/chronic kidney disease.
キーワード 慢性腎臓病 (chronic kidney disease) CKD 認知度 (perception) 岡山県 (Okayama) 医療圏別 (medical distinct)
出版物タイトル 岡山医学会雑誌
発行日 2017-08-01
129巻
2号
開始ページ 101
終了ページ 105
ISSN 0030-1558
関連URL https://doi.org/10.4044/joma.129.101
言語 Japanese
著作権者 Copyright (c) 2017 岡山医学会
論文のバージョン publisher
DOI 10.4044/joma.129.101
タイトル(別表記) The development of a scale to measure stress recognition during the treatment of diabetes patients
著者 住吉 和子| 川田 智恵子| 岡本 辰夫| 大橋 睦子| 實金 栄| 高林 範子| 太湯 好子| 金 外淑| 和田 淳| 四方 賢一| 中嶋 和夫|
抄録  The purpose of this study was to establish a measurement scale for "stress recognition in receiving treatment" in patients with diabetes. A self-completed questionnaire was distributed to 149 type-2 diabetes outpatients in March-May 2015 after authorization from Okayama Prefectural University and the ethics committee of the hospital.  The "stress recognition in receiving treatment" scale was designed as a second-order factor model consisting of 14 items and the following four factors : the respondent's sense of (1) the burden of being sick, (2) the burden on interpersonal relationships, (3) the burden of treatment, and (4) the burden of medical expenses.  Stress recognition in treatment means recognition of being stressed in the burdens related to the illness, interpersonal relationships, treatment and medical expenses.  The suitability of the questionnaire data was then evaluated with a structural equation model. The suitability of the factor model to the data satisfied the statistically acceptable standards as Comparative Fit Index (CFI) =0.931, Root Mean Square Error of Approximation (RMSEA) =0.096, Tucker-Lewis Index (TLI) =0.946.  As the construct validity was not examined by the scale created in this study or by existing scale, it was verified by using the degrees of mental healthiness and HbA1c that were proved to be associated with the sense of burden.  In addition, the construct validity of the questionnaire was supported by a significant correlation between the Japanese version of the WHO-Five Well-being Index (S-WHO-5-J) and the patients' HbA1c levels. The use of this measure is expected to contribute to the early detection of a decline in a diabetic patient's activities of daily living and to the early confirmation of patients' support status.
キーワード 糖尿病患者 (diabetes patients) 治療 (treatment) ストレス認知 (stress recognition) 尺度開発 (development of a scale)
出版物タイトル 岡山医学会雑誌
発行日 2017-08-01
129巻
2号
開始ページ 93
終了ページ 99
ISSN 0030-1558
関連URL https://doi.org/10.4044/joma.129.93
言語 Japanese
著作権者 Copyright (c) 2017 岡山医学会
論文のバージョン publisher
DOI 10.4044/joma.129.93