著者 難波 徳郎| 三浦 嘉也| 崎田 真一|
発行日 2005-01
出版物タイトル Journal of the Ceramic Society of Japan
113巻
1313号
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
JaLCDOI 10.18926/fest/19742
フルテキストURL 004_147_158.pdf
著者 陳 丹平| 渡辺 智大| 三浦 嘉也| 難波 徳郎|
抄録 Photo-induced phenomena such as photoconductive and photovoltaic effects were investigated for the glasses in CdO-Bi(2)O(3)-Al(2)O(3) system. Photoconductive effect was characterized by a slow decay of photocurrent (persitent photoconductivity). The decay rate decreased with increasing CdO content and decreasing Bi(2)O(3) content. Photovoltage was very small at room temperature but increased to an obvious value on heating. The photoconductivity and photovoltage were increased with CdO content and enhanced by heat treatment in air. The valence band spectra of X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy showed that the hybridization of Cd 4d and O 2p orbitals increases with decreasing Bi(2)O(3) content and increasing CdO content in the glasses. As the results maximum tends to flat. This type of band structure inhibits the rapid recombination of electrons and holes. The persistent photoconductivity of the glasses may be attributed to deep energy level of DX centers. Deep energy levels of the glasses are able to prevent the recombination because they have a repulsive barrier for both electron emission and capture.
キーワード Photoconductivity Photovoltage Persistent photoconductivity CdO-Bi(2)O(3)-Al(2)O(3) glasses Electronic state
出版物タイトル 岡山大学環境理工学部研究報告
発行日 1999-02-26
4巻
1号
開始ページ 147
終了ページ 158
ISSN 1341-9099
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002309190
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15486
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_25_1_23.pdf
著者 三浦 嘉也| 高田 潤| 尾坂 明義| 河村 利夫|
抄録 Zinc oxide films were prepared on silica glass substrates by the use of an r.f. activated reactive evaporation (ARE) method, and were examined by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and scanning electron micrograph (SEM). XRD measurements indicate that the films were c-axis oriented and that an r.f. plasma of Zn and O was necessary for the ZnO film deposition. Substrate temperature, oxygen gas pressure, evaporation rate, r.f. power and inlet position of oxygen gas effect the c-axis orientation, the growth rate and the microstructure of the films. Optimum conditions for a dense film with a fine texture of the surface and having good crystallinity were as follows: the substrate temperature;400℃, the evaporation rate;5.0(A)/s, the oxygen pressure;2.0x10(-4) Torr, the r.f. power;150 to 200W, and the oxygen gas inlet near the substrate. For the film prepared under the optimum conditions, the standard deviation σ of the rocking curve for the (002) diffraction was 1.9deg, smaller than that of the film prepared by using an r.f. sputtering method.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 1990-12-14
25巻
1号
開始ページ 23
終了ページ 35
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002307600
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15474
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_24_1_53.pdf
著者 尾坂 明義| Takao Seiji| 小田 喜一| 高田 潤| 三浦 嘉也|
抄録 Electrical resistance and X-ray photoelectron depth profile analysis are studied for antimony doped tin oxide films developed on silica, alkali-free and sodalime slide glass substrates. The sodium ions diffused from the substrates to the films prevented the crystal growth of rutile type tin oxide in the film, resulting in the high electrical resistance. A diffusion layer has been detected for each film with diffuse profiles of multi valent cations (Sn, Si or Ca) at the interface of the tin oxide film and substrate. A greater amount of sodium atoms have been detected in the film developed on the soda-lime glass while almost no sodium atoms have been found in those on the other substrates. This can be explained by the diffusion of the sodium ions in the substrate due to a drastic hydronium-sodium exchange mechanism under highly acidic conditions during the dipping and drying processes.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 1989-11-29
24巻
1号
開始ページ 53
終了ページ 61
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002307279
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15464
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_28_2_77.pdf
著者 尾坂 明義| Kawamura Haruyuki| 三浦 嘉也|
抄録 Amorphous films of lead oxyfluorosilicate were prepared with a rf-sputtering technique, and the distribution profiles of the component elements and chemical states of the fluoride ions were analyzed with an X-ray photoelectron spectrometer. Si atoms with an expanded coordination, O(4)Si-F, were present near the surface, and O(3)Si-F units were present in the deeper part of the films. Electrical resistance indicated transition to a conduction state for the films containing fluoride ions, while the films were crystallized to precipitate low quartz by the irradiation of He-Ne laser of 3 mW up to 1 sec.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 1994-03-15
28巻
2号
開始ページ 77
終了ページ 84
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002307766
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15462
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_23_1_39.pdf
著者 尾坂 明義| Yuasa Motokazu| 三浦 嘉也| 高橋 克明|
抄録 Sodium borosilicate gels of compositions similar to that of Vycor(R) glass like 80SiO(2).15B(2)O(3).5Na(2)O (wt%) were prepared from hydrolysis and polycondensation of metal alkoxides under the HCl catalysis. Variation of specific surface area and porosity with temperature indicated that closed pores were opened below 400℃, and collapsed above 450℃ after the porosity reached a maximum value around 450℃. The structural evolution was examined due to IR spectra and a phase separation in the gels was observed. The solubility of the gels into 1N-HCl was studied as a function of the treatment temperature.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 1988-11-22
23巻
1号
開始ページ 39
終了ページ 48
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002307518
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15459
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_23_1_31.pdf
著者 三浦 嘉也| Yuasa Motokazu| 尾坂 明義| 高橋 克明|
抄録 Sodium borosilicate gels of compositions similar to that of Vycor(R) glass like 80SiO(2).15B(2)O(3).5Na(2)O(wt%) were prepared from hydrolysis and polycondensation of tetraethyl orthosilicate, trimethyl borate, and sodium methylate under the HCl catalysis. Variation of the gelation time is examined as a function of the mixing ratio of the starting materials and the catalyst. The thermal behavior of the gels has been discussed on the basis of their TG and DTA traces.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 1988-11-22
23巻
1号
開始ページ 31
終了ページ 38
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002307464
著者 崎田 真一| 増田 紘一| 難波 徳郎| 三浦 嘉也|
発行日 2006-12
出版物タイトル 環境制御
28巻
資料タイプ 紀要論文
著者 崎田 真一| 三上 修平| 難波 徳郎| 三浦 嘉也|
発行日 2007-10
出版物タイトル 環境制御
29巻
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
著者 崎田 真一| 難波 徳郎| 三浦 嘉也|
発行日 2008-12
出版物タイトル 環境制御
30巻
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
JaLCDOI 10.18926/fest/11645
タイトル(別表記) Selective reduction of nitrogen oxide with propylene on alumina-zirconia prepared from Al chelate compound and Zr alkoxide
フルテキストURL 001_199_204.pdf
著者 川端 浩二| 吉松 英之| 矢吹 達美| 尾坂 明義| 三浦 嘉也|
抄録 An alumina-zirconia (AZ) composite powder was prepared by thermal decomposition of the organic precursors, which were synthesized from ethyl acetoacetate aluminium diisopropylate and zirconium n-butoxide. Specific surface area of AZ was higher than that of alumina-zirconia (ALK) prepared from aluminium sec-butoxide and zirconium nbutoxide. True density of AZ was lower than that of ALK. Selective reduction of nitrogen oxide with propylene in oxygen-rich atmosphere on AZ was superior to that on ALK.
キーワード Al chelate compound Zr alkoxide alumina-zirconia specific surface area true density selective reduction of nitrogen oxide
出版物タイトル 岡山大学環境理工学部研究報告
発行日 1996-03
1巻
1号
開始ページ 199
終了ページ 204
ISSN 1341-9099
言語 Japanese
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 110002291536
JaLCDOI 10.18926/fest/11614
タイトル(別表記) Preparation and Properties of ZnO Transparent Conductive Thin Films by Activated Reactive Evaporation Method
フルテキストURL 002_121_129.pdf
著者 藤原 貴| 藤井 達生| 難波 徳郎| 高田 潤| 三浦 嘉也|
抄録 Zinc oxide films were prepared on silica glass substrates by the use of an r.f. activated reactive evaporation (ARE) method, and were examined by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and scanning electron microscope (SEM). The electrical conductivity of the films and the doping effect of Al ions were also investigated. XRD measurements indicate that the films were c-axis oriented and that an r.f. plasma of Zn and O was necessary for the ZnO film deposition. Substrate temperature, oxygen gas pressure, evaporation rate, r.f. power and Al doping amount affect the c-axis orientation, the growth rate, the microstructure of the films and electrical conductivity. Optimum conditions with a fine texture of the surface and having good ctystallinity as well as good conductivity (≒10(-4)Ω・cm) were as follows : the substrate temperature; 200℃, the total evaporation rate; 1.0Å/s, the oxygen pressure; 2.0×10(-4) Torr, the r.f. power; 250W and the Al evaporation rare ratio; 2~6%. The films with 1.0×10(-3)Ω・cm were prepared at 50℃ for the substrate temperature.
キーワード ZnO film Al doped ZnO transparent conductive film r.f. activated reactive evaporation method
出版物タイトル 岡山大学環境理工学部研究報告
発行日 1997-01-10
2巻
1号
開始ページ 121
終了ページ 129
ISSN 1341-9099
言語 Japanese
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002313550
JaLCDOI 10.18926/fest/11578
タイトル(別表記) Consideration for the correlation between basicity of oxide glasses and chemical shift of O1s binding energy in XPS
フルテキストURL 003_145_156.pdf
著者 難波 徳郎| 三浦 嘉也|
抄録 Binding energy of O1s core electron measured in XPS is a candidate to determine new scale of Lewis basicity of oxide ion in glass. Some mathematical expressions for the basicity or XPS chemical shift, such as charge parameter and optical basicity, are compared with experimental O1s binding energy in binary alkali oxide glasses. The expressions so far in use need some modification in parameters. A new empirical expression introduced in this paper gives new concept and universal scale of basicity.
出版物タイトル 岡山大学環境理工学部研究報告
発行日 1998-01-14
3巻
1号
開始ページ 145
終了ページ 156
ISSN 1341-9099
言語 Japanese
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002313359
JaLCDOI 10.18926/fest/11541
タイトル(別表記) Upconversion property and light scattering in Tm(3+)-doped glass-ceramics
フルテキストURL 007_119_125.pdf
著者 三浦 嘉也| 丁 勇| 村田 隆| 姫井 裕助| 難波 徳郎|
抄録 Glass-ceramics containing Pb(x)Cd(1-x)F(2) microcrystallites were prepared through heat treatment of Tm(3+)/Yb(3+)doped SiO(2)-Al(2)O(3)-PbF(2) glasses. The crystallite size was controlled by varying the heat-treatment time. By changing glass composition, two types of strong optical scattering, Rayleigh and Mie scattering modes were observed for the glass ceramics. In the case of Rayleigh scattering, the scattering region expanded to the long-wavelength side with increasing the heat-treatment time. On the other hand, in the case of Mie scattering, the region were hardly dependent on wavelength, and visible light was widely scattered. It was argued that the different scattering phenomena were caused by the different size of the crystallites or their morphogical texture. Furthermore, the glass-ceramics with strong optical scattering showed higher upconversion fluorescence intensity than the matrix glass. The mechanisms for the enhanced upconversion due to the scattering were discussed.
キーワード Optical scattering Glass-ceramics Oxyfluoride glass Microcrystallite Upconversion fluorescence
出版物タイトル 岡山大学環境理工学部研究報告
発行日 2002-03-22
7巻
1号
開始ページ 119
終了ページ 125
ISSN 1341-9099
言語 Japanese
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002313480
JaLCDOI 10.18926/fest/11538
タイトル(別表記) Effects of ultrasonic treatment on the preparation of transparent glass-ceramic phosphor
フルテキストURL 007_113_118.pdf
著者 井上 輝英| 中島 瑞穂| 難波 徳郎| 三浦 嘉也|
抄録 The effects of ultrasonic surface treatment (UST) on the crystallization behavior and optical emission properties were investigated for the transparent glass-ceramics prepared from calcium aluminosilicate glasses co-doped with Eu(2+), Nd(3+). The glass-ceramics A were prepared by sintering a glass 45CaO・45Al(2)O(3)・10SiO(2) (mol%) containing 0.5Eu(2)O(3)+1Nd(2)O(3) under a 2% H(2)+98% Ar reducing atmosphere. In the glass-ceramics A, three crystalline phases, CaAl(2)O(4) (CA), CaAl(4)O(7) (CA2) and Ca(2)Al(2)SiO(7) (CAS) were commonly confirmed by X-ray diffraction. No drastic change in the amount of the precipitated crystalline phases was observed even in the case using UST of CA powders. It was suggested that the optical emission properties of the glass-ceramics A was responsible for the CA2 crystals. The glass-ceramics B were also prepared from a 51CaO・42Al(2)O(3)・7SiO(2) glass. The CA crystals were separately precipitated in the glass-ceramics B. In particular, a large amount of CA was successfully produced by stirring the UST suspension to prevent the sedimentation of the UST particles. The glass-ceramic B so-prepared showed strong photoluminescence but weak phosphorescence compared with other glass-ceramics B, indicating that the photoluminescence and phosphorescence were originated in different electron-trapping levels. The amount of the trap levels associated with the long lasting phosphorescence, such as oxygen vacancies, was probably small in the glass-ceramic B prepared with the stirring UST.
キーワード ultrasonic surface treatment (UST) surface crystallization glass-ceramics long lasting phosphorescence calcium aluminosilicate glass
出版物タイトル 岡山大学環境理工学部研究報告
発行日 2002-03-22
7巻
1号
開始ページ 113
終了ページ 118
ISSN 1341-9099
言語 Japanese
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002313433
JaLCDOI 10.18926/fest/11476
タイトル(別表記) Evaluation of Surface State of Ceramic Particles Suspended in Aqueous Solution by Potentiometric Titration Method
フルテキストURL 009_153_162.pdf
著者 三浦 嘉也| 難波 徳郎| 篠田 真克|
抄録 Surface states of ceramic particles such as SiO(2), Al(2)O(3), Si(3)N(4) and so on suspended in aqueous alkaline solutions were successfully and easily determined by a potentiometric titration method. Isoelctric point, iep and excess surface charge density were classified and evaluated for many ceramic particles from the view points of aggregation and dispersion of particles and solubility in aqueous solution.
キーワード potentiometric titration method isoelctric point excess surface charge density ceramic particle suspension aqueous solution
出版物タイトル 岡山大学環境理工学部研究報告
発行日 2004-02-27
9巻
1号
開始ページ 153
終了ページ 162
ISSN 1341-9099
言語 Japanese
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002313753
JaLCDOI 10.18926/fest/11475
タイトル(別表記) Material Recycling of Municipal Waste Slags by Using Phase Separation of Glass
フルテキストURL 012_161_165.pdf
著者 今岡 卓也| 崎田 真一| 難波 徳郎| 三浦 嘉也|
抄録 A novel recycling process of municipal waste slags obtaining Fe-free colorless materials was developed by using a phase separation of borosilicate glass. B(2)O(3) was added to a simulated waste slag to promote the phase separation. The slag glasses were heat-treated above glass transition temperatures, from which phase separation was successfully induced. The phase-separated slag glasses were still colored in black due to Fe ions, and after soaking in acid, they were successfully bleached, obtaining colorless solids. According to compositional analyses, no Fe ions were confirmed in the remaining insolubles, indicating that Fe ions were preferentially incorporated into the borate-rich phases soluble in acid. The main constituent of the colorless solids was SiO(2) and the end products obtained in the present process were expected as an alternative of pure silica glass.
キーワード slag recycling colorless glass phase separation
出版物タイトル 岡山大学環境理工学部研究報告
発行日 2007-03-15
12巻
1号
開始ページ 161
終了ページ 165
ISSN 1341-9099
言語 Japanese
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002313957