Scientific Reports of the Faculty of Agriculture, Okayama University
Published by the Faculty of Agriculture, Okayama University
ONLINE ISSN : 2186-7755

根損傷の軽減が塩土壌における移植イネの生育と乾物重におよぼす影響

津田 誠 岡山大学
上田 裕紀枝
平井 儀彦 岡山大学
抄録
Rice root has an important role in water absorption and exclusion of sodium ion in saline soil. However, it is injured during transplanting to paddy field. The objective of this study was to examine whether prevention of such root injury reduces salinity damage in rice. Extremely early rice cultivar "Akihikari" that is not salt tolerant was grown in plastic bags filled with soil. Roots of seedlings were clipped leaving 5mm~10mm, then transplanted to 5L pots filled with soil applied with 0g, 7g and 10g of sodium chloride (NaCl). The growth and dry weight at the mature stage was compared to those of plants transplanted with intact roots. Time of transplanting was 12, 19, 26 and 33 days after sowing. Increase of number of stems was suppressed due to root clipping and salinity, but there was no interaction between the two factors. Dry weight of total above ground part and panicle decreased due to salinity though root clipping did not change them. The reduction of panicle dry weight was caused by the reduction of mean number of spikelets per panicle, thus mean panicle dry weight, as number of panicles and mean spikelet dry weight showed no changes. It was concluded that prevention of the root injury may not effectively alleviate salinity damage in less salt tolerant rice cultivars.
キーワード
Rice (Oryza sativa L.)
Root clipping
Salinity
Tillering
Transplantation
備考
原著論文 (Original paper)
ISSN
2186-7755