Journal of Okayama Medical Association
Published by Okayama Medical Association

Full-text articles are available 3 years after publication.

検診発見による早期肺癌の関する研究 第1編 早期腺癌の検討

森 公介 岡山大学医学部第二内科学教室
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One-hundred-twelve patients with pulmonary adenocarcinoma 2cm or less in diameter on chest rediograph were found by mass screening between 1981 and 1989. Of these patients, 92 underwent surgical resection of the tumor. To detect early pulmonary adenocarcinoma more efficiently by mass screening using annual chest rediographs, clinical and radiographic features of the 92 patients were examined and the following results were obtained. 1) Twenty-nin patients with a tumor 1.5cm or less in diameter on the resected specimen were all in pathological atage I and the five-year survial rate was 100%. 2) In 63 patients with a tumor between 1.6cm and 2.0cm in diameter, the five-year survival rate was 83.5%. Of those, 6(13%) patients had advanced lung cancer, all of which could be detected on the previous chest radiograph by retrospective analysis. These results indicate that efforts to detect tumors 1.5cm or less in diametor are important to improving the efficiency of mass screening. For this purpose, it is necessary to obtain a chest radiograph of good quality and learn to identify the radiographic features of early pulmonary adenocarcinoma.
Mass screening
Early lung cancer
Adeno carcinoma