岡山大学環境理工学部研究報告 ISSN 2187-6940
Published by Faculty of Environmental Science and Technology, Okayama University

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From Fate to Faith and Soil to Cell: Estimation of Phosphate (Pi) Uptake Rate, Pi-Uptake Kinetics and Relative Growth Rate are Important Parameters to Scavenge Pi by Brassica Cultivars under P-Starved Environment

Akhtar M. Shahbaz 岡山大学
沖 陽子 岡山大学
足立 忠司 岡山大学
Khan Md. H. R 岡山大学
抄録
As a rule, ion uptake by plant cells and roots has features of saturation kinetics. This is in accordance with the assumption of control, as for example by the number of binding sites of ions (carriers, permeases), or the capacity of the proton efflux pumps, in the plasma membrane and tonoplast. Solute transport across membranes is carrier mediated transport. Protein macromolecules integrated into the membrane matrix seems to be the carriers. The carrier-mediated process is subject to kinetics assumig that the number of carriers (binding sites) in the membranes is limited. Kinetics of ion transport through a membrane is considered equivalent to relationship between an enzyme and its substrate. To obtain plants of different P status, two genetically diverse Brassica cultivars (P-tolerant 'Con-1' and P-sensitive 'Gold Rush') were grown for several weeks in nutrient solution culture media. P-uptake kinetics of the roots with intact plants in short-term experiments by monitoring P depletion in culture media revealed that P-tolerant 'Con-1' cultivar had favorable characteristics for P-uptake because of high I(max) or V(max) and low K(m) or 1/2 I(max) value than P-sensitive 'Gold Rush' cultivar. By plotting relative growth rate (RGR) and internal P-concentration (PNC) among P-tolerant (group I; Brown Raya, Con-1, Rainbow, Dunkled and Peela Raya) and P-sensitive (group II; Toria, Sultan Raya, B.S.A, Toria Selection and Gold Rush) cultivars revealed that group I cultivars showed large metabolic fraction and small structural fraction than group II cultivars which provided basis for P-stress tolerance.
キーワード
Brassica
Membrane binding sites
Carrier-mediated transport
I(max) or V(max), K(m) Pi-uptake rate
RGR
ISSN
1341-9099
NCID
AN10529213