Here, we report a novel method consisting of capillary electrophoretic separation followed by two-color LIF detection with postcolumn derivatization. The method can be used to discriminate glycoproteins in a protein mixture containing both glycosylated and unglycosylated proteins. The detector permitted simultaneous measurements of two electropherograms obtained by 450 nm (diode laser) and 532 nm (Nd:YAG laser) lasers excited native proteins following postcolumn derivatization with naphthalene-2,3-dicarboxaldehyde and concanavalin A (Con A) labeled with tetramethylrhodamine (rhodamine-labeled Con A), respectively. So, a protein can be assigned as glycosylated if it shows a peak at the same migration time in both electropherograms. According to the proposed principle, in a single run we discriminated a glycosylated protein (thyroglobulin) from an unglycosylated protein (albumin) in the presence of rhodamine-labeled Con A. Because the methodology permits the simultaneous detection of native proteins and their complexes with a fluorescently labeled probe, it should have broad applicability to binding assays.
Two-color laser-induced fluorescence
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