JaLCDOI 10.18926/15392
FullText URL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_27_1_45.pdf
Author Kagawa, Naoki| Wada, Osami| Hai, Xu| Koga, Ryuji| Sano, Hiroya| Inubushi, Kazuyuki|
Abstract A prototype device based on the tunable diode laser absorption spectrometry was constructed and the atmospheric methane concentration near the terrain in a rice paddy field was measured. An open optical path of 50 m length was employed along with a PbSnTe diode laser. Diurnal change of methane density with 30 seconds temporal resolution was recorded associated with meteorological parameters. A feasibility was proven for a practical application for in situ study of atmospheric methane.
Publication Title Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
Published Date 1992-11-25
Volume volume27
Issue issue1
Start Page 45
End Page 53
ISSN 0475-0071
language 英語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002307877
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15476
FullText URL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_24_1_63.pdf
Author Yamamoto, Yoshitake| Isshiki Hiromi| Oka, Hisao| Yamamoto, Tatsuma|
Abstract There is no doubt that many people feel the peace of mind or the pleasures of senses in appreciating music. But the estimation of the effect is very difficult and the objective estimation can be hardly done. This study proposed the objective estimating method of human emotion utilizing galvanic skin reflex (GSR) which reflects a human psychological activity. In this method, not by individual response, but by the series of response and pattern of appearance of GSR, the emotional response under appreciating music was investigated. In the case of appreciation of the same classic music to several subjects, the individual GSR responses are random and remarkable characteristic could not be find on the results. However, on the patterns of appearance of GSR, the patterns obtaining from the same generation are much similar each other and the patterns obtaining from different generation are less similar. It was cleared that the same music gave different effect on different generations.
Publication Title Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
Published Date 1989-11-29
Volume volume24
Issue issue1
Start Page 63
End Page 72
ISSN 0475-0071
language 英語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002307670
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15446
FullText URL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_22_1.pdf
Author Oka, Hisao| Yamamoto, Tatsuma|
Abstract Biomechanical impedance is relatively small compared to industrial mechanical impedance. Thus it is difficult to measure it precisely. A biomechanical impedance measuring system was developed for portable use by means of random excitation. This system doesn't require a fixed body and vibrator supporting apparatus. In order to obtain an impedance spectrum, the FFT processing is performed using a personal computer. The spectra of the biomechanical impedance which is measured on body surfaces depend on body positions and can be roughly classified into three spectra patterns : soft, stiff and intermediate. During the measurement, the measuring conditions (preload, diameter of the vibrating tip etc.) influence the results. However, it became clear that the linearity of the biomechanical impedance was satisfied in the limited measuring conditions. Accordingly it is possible to standardize the impedance and to compare it with the results under different measuring conditions.
Publication Title Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
Published Date 1988-03-31
Volume volume22
Start Page 1
End Page 14
ISSN 0475-0071
language 英語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002307480
JaLCDOI 10.18926/19666
FullText URL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_33_2_45.pdf
Author Yamada Nobuya| Oka, Hisao|
Abstract It is difficult to evaluate a biomechanical properties quantitatively. The authors developed the measurement system of biomechanical properties formerly but it is on a large scale because of the use of personal computer. In this study, the portable measurement system of biomechanical impedance/mobility is developed. To establish a rapid measurement, a random vibration is adopted in input signal. The system consists of the measuring probe, amplifier, and a note-typed personal computer. The measurement probe is developed newly, and has an overall length of 9 ㎝ (without a handle) and a total weight of about 500 g. The measurement program is also developed and is available to any computer which is worked under MS DOS compatible in Windows 95/98 operating system. The biomechanical spectra of thigh, temple and forehead are obtained and they show three typical spectrum patterns.
Publication Title Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
Published Date 1999-04-27
Volume volume33
Issue issue2
Start Page 45
End Page 50
ISSN 0475-0071
language 英語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002309193
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15502
FullText URL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_24_2_79.pdf
Author Sato, Yoichiro|
Abstract In asynchronous arbiters, failures may happen, caused by metastable operations. The purpose of this study is to derive a formula to estimate such failures in a ring arbiter as mean time between failures (MTBF), under the condition that incidences of requests issued in all devices are different from each other. The operation of the arbiter is formularized by a markov chain. This chain is used to decide the probability at which each of possible failures contributes to MTBF. The sum of such probabilities gives the MTBF which can be represented as a sum of a finite number of terms. As an example, MTBF of a ring arbiter composed of 3 cells is shown.
Publication Title Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
Published Date 1990-03-29
Volume volume24
Issue issue2
Start Page 79
End Page 87
ISSN 0475-0071
language 英語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002307486
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15408
FullText URL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_29_2_1.pdf
Author Sakakibara, Akira| Nakagawa, Keiyu| Kanadani, Teruto|
Abstract Effect of addition of a small amount of copper to Al- 12mass % Zn binary alloy on the process of low temperature aging is studied by hardness test and transmission electron microscopy. Age hardening rate after quenching from various temperatures is slowed down by addition of 0.5mass % copper to the binary alloy. The hardness obtained after long aging, however, is increased a little by the addition of copper. The extent of soft surface layer formed by aging in the copper-added alloy is nearly equal to that obtained in the binary alloy.
Publication Title Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
Published Date 1995-03-27
Volume volume29
Issue issue2
Start Page 1
End Page 4
ISSN 0475-0071
language 英語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002307763
JaLCDOI 10.18926/49322
FullText URL mfe_047_025_032.pdf
Author Nekado, Kenta| Takai, Yusuke| Nogami, Yasuyuki|
Abstract Pairing–based cryptosystems are well implemented with Ate–type pairing over Barreto–Naehrig (BN) curve. Then, for instance, their securities depend on the difficulty of Discrete Logarithm Problem (DLP) on the so–denoted G3 over BN curve. This paper, in order to faster solve the DLP, first proposes to utilize Gauss period Normal Basis (GNB) for Pollard’s rho method, and then considers to accelerate the solving by an adoption of lazy random walk, namely tag tracing technique proposed by Cheon et al.
Publication Title Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
Published Date 2013-01
Volume volume47
Start Page 25
End Page 32
ISSN 1349-6115
language 英語
Copyright Holders Copyright © by the authors
File Version publisher
NAID 120005232374
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15348
FullText URL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_35_21.pdf
Author S.kovalenko, Volodymyr| Uno, Yoshiyuki| Okamoto, Yasuhiro| Anyakin, M.| Lutay, A.| Shubul, Khaled Al.|
Abstract In electric power industry, there is a problem of achieving stable joint in different components using high productive and efficient technologies. One type of these components is packages of slices for magnetic circuit of electric motors, transformers etc., which need reliable means for their fixing. Laser welding is proposed to solve this problem as an alternative for existing technologies. The development of the laser welding process is presented based on process simulation, study of heat history and comparison with experimental results. Laser beam additional scanning technique is proposed to improve the quality and efficiency of the joining operation.
Publication Title Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
Published Date 2001-03-27
Volume volume35
Issue issue1-2
Start Page 21
End Page 28
ISSN 0475-0071
language 英語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002307424
JaLCDOI 10.18926/14152
FullText URL Mem_Fac_Eng_39_1_52.pdf
Author Kanamori, Katsuya| Totsuji, Chieko| Tsuruta, Kenji| Totsuji, Hiroo|
Abstract Thermal behavior of Coulomb clusters in a three dimensional confining potential is investigated by molecular dynamics simulations for system sizes of 1,000 to 20,288 ions. The specific heat of the system of shell-structured 20,000 ions is peaked almost at the same temperature as the system of bcc-structured 20,288 ions with much sharper structure for the latter. The diffusion coefficient and the peak to valley ratio of the two-dimensional pair distribution function on the outermost shell are obtained both as a function of temperature. The rotational movement of each shell in the system of 104 ions is observed.
Publication Title Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
Published Date 2005-01
Volume volume39
Issue issue1
Start Page 52
End Page 55
ISSN 0475-0071
language 英語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002308445
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15394
FullText URL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_27_1_55.pdf
Author Totsuji, Hiroo| Tachibana Hiroyuki| Hashimoto Seiji| Nara, Shigetoshi|
Abstract The ground state of a system of electrons accumulated in a pair of coupled symmetric quantum wires is analyzed on the basis of density functional theory. It is shown that, in a domain of physical parameters, electrons are localized in either of wires. The main contribution to the total energy of this system comes from the Hartree energy, or the electrostatic energy, and the exchange-correlation energy between electrons. The ground state is determined by a competition between these contributions: We have symmetric electron distributions when the Hartree energy dominates and asymmetric (localized) states are realized in the opposite case. This kind of simple system with bistable electronic states may be applied to semiconductor memory devices.
Publication Title Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
Published Date 1992-11-25
Volume volume27
Issue issue1
Start Page 55
End Page 64
ISSN 0475-0071
language 英語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002307892
JaLCDOI 10.18926/19634
FullText URL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_32_15.pdf
Author Mori, Masahiro| Oka, Hisao|
Abstract In a stiffness estimation of living body, an internal structure under the skin influences the measured results. Because a different stiffness of body caused by bones and muscles is obtained. In this paper, by using a measurement system of mechanical impedance, the relations between a viscoelasticity and a distance from the surface of silicone-gel model is calculated. This relation is applied to silicone-gel tumor model and a shape and a viscoelasticity of semi-sphere silicone-gel tumous are estimated. The obtained results are expressed as a reconstructed 3-D image of shape / viscoelasticity. The revised curve-fitting of mechanical impedance and the cancellation of peripheral vibration influence are proposed in order to increase an estimation acccuracy.
Publication Title Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
Published Date 1998-04-20
Volume volume32
Issue issue1-2
Start Page 15
End Page 22
ISSN 0475-0071
language 英語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002309047
JaLCDOI 10.18926/19589
FullText URL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_31_2_11.pdf
Author Ishii Kouta| Takemoto, Yoshito| Hida, Moritaka|
Abstract Fine particles of Ti-V alloy were prepared by means of arc method and were investigated on internal structure and phase transformation using HR-TEM and EDS. Martensite phase was observed in a particle containing comparatively low concentration of V, and ω phase was also found to exist in a nearly 15% V particle. The structure of the ω phase in the fine particle is remarkably expanded in comparison with the bulk sample, and the ω phase is unstable, so that it has disappeared in a few seconds during TEM observation.
Publication Title Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
Published Date 1997-03-28
Volume volume31
Issue issue2
Start Page 11
End Page 20
ISSN 0475-0071
language 英語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002309004
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15448
FullText URL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_28_2_1.pdf
Author Takemoto, Yoshito| Sakakibara, Akira| Hida, Moritaka|
Abstract Fine particles of Ti-Mo alloy have been prepared by means of arc method, and investigated on internal structure and phase transformation using HR-TEM and EDS. Martensite phase was observed in a particle containing comparatively low concentration of Mo, and ω phase was also found to exist in a nearly 14 % M0 particle. The structure of the ω phase in the fine particle is expanded and remarkably unstable in comparison with the bulk sample, so that it has disappeared in a few seconds during TEM observation. Moreover, the β structure of Ti-Mo particles has changed to the unusual fcc phase with irradiation of a strong electron beam.
Publication Title Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
Published Date 1994-03-15
Volume volume28
Issue issue2
Start Page 1
End Page 7
ISSN 0475-0071
language 英語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002307644
JaLCDOI 10.18926/19682
FullText URL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_33_2_91.pdf
Author Munesawa, Yoshiomi| Osaki, Hirokazu| Kajihara, Yasuhiro|
Abstract In this paper, we propose the method to determine the position of the 2 cameras for the multiviewpoints as the robot is the work place. The optical axit's direction of the 1st camera is determined in the base ot work contents in teleoperation. The multiviewpoints system uses the 2 camera units that aren't installed side by side, so that the direction of the 2nd camera is decided in the base of the angle between the optical axes' direction of 2 cameras. Next, the distance from the camera to the work place is determined according to the distance resolution of image on the monitor, and the camera type of which the point-blank range is not this distance is selected. And the efficacy ot this system is examined with an experiment.
Publication Title Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
Published Date 1999-04-27
Volume volume33
Issue issue2
Start Page 91
End Page 96
ISSN 0475-0071
language 英語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002309052
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15297
FullText URL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_33_2_97.pdf
Author Jindai, Mitsuru| Osaki, Hirokazu| Kajihara, Yasuhiro| Munesawa, Yoshiomi| Tano Masakazu| Okamoto Katsuyuki| Nishino Akira| Okamoto Asao| Nishimori Naoki|
Abstract We propose the recognition method of bridge soldering base metal on the circuits by comparing CAD figure and input image of image processing to locate the soldering iron tip accurately to secure the high quality Firstly, three dimensional CAD assembly drawing of circuits which are assembled perpendicularly in each other is projected on an imaginary two dimensional screen which is vertical to the optical axis of the camera The projected image is used as the standard CAD figure to inspect the location of the bridge soldering base metal. The positions among the bridge soldering base metals show the line state. So this line (connecting line) is used as the reference line to inspect the location of the bridge soldering base metal. The characteristics of the standard figure are represented by the connecting line, edge line and center points of base metal. Secondly, the position and gradient of connecting line among bridge soldering base metals in the input image is estimated. And the position of base metal and assembly accuracy of circuit units are calculated by comparing the shape and position of each base metal with its standard figure based on the connecting line Furthermore, the length between the opposite edges of the base metals are calculated to inspect the positions and the assemble accuracy of circuit units.
Publication Title Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
Published Date 1999-04-27
Volume volume33
Issue issue2
Start Page 97
End Page 103
ISSN 0475-0071
language 英語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002307283
JaLCDOI 10.18926/17831
FullText URL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_43_22.pdf
Author Totsuji, Hiroo| Chai Hong| Totsuji, Chieko| Tsuruta, Kenji|
Abstract For the transfer of quantum information and the creation of entangled states, the application of tuned spin chains, systems of spins with the nearest-neighbor coupling tuned so as to give high efficiency, has been proposed and some examples of high performance have been given by several authors. In this article, the effect of deviations from tuned values and the effect of resultant asymmetry are investigated through numerical simulations and theoretical analyses. It is shown that there exists a system where the transfer efficiency is comparable with exactly tuned ones and, at the same time, robust to noises in the coupling constants. It is also shown that the effect of asymmetry on the efficiency of entanglement creation is of the second order when the asymmetry is small.
Publication Title Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
Published Date 2009-01
Volume volume43
Start Page 22
End Page 26
ISSN 1349-6115
language 英語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002308966
JaLCDOI 10.18926/14134
FullText URL Mem_Fac_Eng_39_1_1.pdf
Author Vladimir I. Klochikhin| Fujii, Masahiro| Yoshida, Akira|
Abstract Improvement of wear resistance and durability of machine elements with sliding friction pairs is the important tribological problems. The wear resistance has been determined with many configurative parameters, technological parameters, and operational parameters. In this study kinematics of cylindrical joint (CJ), whose motion is reciprocating and rotating, and influence of various parameters on wear resistance of friction pair was investigated.
Publication Title Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
Published Date 2005-01
Volume volume39
Issue issue1
Start Page 1
End Page 6
ISSN 0475-0071
language 英語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002308183
JaLCDOI 10.18926/47005
FullText URL mfe_36_1_117_121.pdf
Author Shirosaki, Yuki| Tsuru, Kanji| Hayakawa, Satoshi| Osaka, Akiyoshi| Takashima, Seisuke|
Abstract γ-Methacryloxypropyltrimethoxysilane (γ-MPS) was grafted to silicone due to emulsion polymerization to induce Si-OH groups, in order to provide silicone with bioactivity spontaneous deposition of apatite in body fluid and to improve cytocompatibility. Apatite deposited on the grafted silicone within 7 days of soaking in 1.5 times as concentrated as the Kokubo solution. Osteoblastic cells (MC3T3-E1) were cultured on the specimens up to 7 days. After 5 days of culture, the number of MC3T3-E1 cells on the grafted specimen was much greater than that on the original specimen. These results indicated that the biocompatibility of silicone elastomer was improved by the grafting γ-MPS.
Publication Title Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
Published Date 2001-12
Volume volume36
Issue issue1
Start Page 117
End Page 121
ISSN 0475-0071
language 英語
File Version publisher
NAID 120003497031
JaLCDOI 10.18926/19956
FullText URL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_44_24.pdf
Author Kanatani, Kenichi| Sugaya Yasuyuki|
Abstract We present an improved version of the MSL method of Sugaya and Kanatani for multibody motion segmentation. We replace their initial segmentation based on heuristic clustering by an analytical computation based on GPCA, fitting two 2-D affine spaces in 3-D by the Taubin method. This initial segmentation alone can segment most of the motions in natural scenes fairly correctly, and the result is successively optimized by the EM algorithm in 3-D, 5-D, and 7-D. Using simulated and real videos, we demonstrate that our method outperforms the previous MSL and other existing methods. We also illustrate its mechanism by our visualization technique.
Publication Title Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
Published Date 2010-01
Volume volume44
Start Page 24
End Page 31
ISSN 1349-6115
language 英語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002309159
JaLCDOI 10.18926/14136
FullText URL Mem_Fac_Eng_39_1_16.pdf
Author Uchida, Tetsuya| Ishimaru, Sanae| Shimamura, Kaoru| Uji, Akihito| Matsuo, Toshihiko| Ohtsuki, Hiroshi|
Abstract PE film was treated with fuming nitric acid at 80℃ for 20 min, resulting in introduction of COOH moieties on the film surface. The COOH’s were reacted with ethylenediamine, whose amino groups were used for linking with (2-[4-(dibutylamino)phenyl]ethenyl)-3-carboxy-methylbenzo-thiazolium, photoelectric dye (NK-5962), which absorbs visible light and converts the photon energy to electric potentials. The dye molecules were immobilized on the PE film surface and they were able to stimulate chick retinal tissues on incidence of visible light. These facts hopefully lead to development of an artificial retinal prosthesis.
Publication Title Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
Published Date 2005-01
Volume volume39
Issue issue1
Start Page 16
End Page 20
ISSN 0475-0071
language 英語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002308066